iT —ALLY INDEPENDENT WEEKLY In Mocfcknbarr County For a W—kiy It* Readers tho LARGEST BUYING POWER la • Lotar Ukka; i u» A. r. «r i* Che Charlotte labor Journal PatrwdM mt A4r«r tlMn. They Mika YOUR Truthful, Honest, Impartial kj tk N. C State Fktrt AND DIXIE FARM NEWS Endeavoring to Serve the Ms VOL. IX—No. 89 VMI AOVnTiaiHMT IN TH« CHARLOTTE, N. C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1940 8S.00 For Yoar PARKS & RECREATION COMMISSION DEAL IN THE DIFFERENT PHASES OF WORK IN LAST INSTALMENT FOURTH INSTALLMENT This is the final instalment of the report ending Dee. 31, 1939, made by the Park and Recreation commission. The report in its entirety has been carried in The Journal, due to the fact that Central Labor Union is sponsoring the Off-the-Street Play Areas for children, and gives some idea of our need for more rec reational faculties for all the citizens of Charlotte. Looking at the sheet on finances would give one an idea that building is about the limit of our program. Most of the year’s revenue from city taxes hut been devoured by construction, though that was not the ultimate aims of the Commission—it is a last resort to complete what we believe will be a great benefit to the public, and at the same time assist the Department iu future financial conditumk. The lower nine holes of the old Mu nicipal Golf Course are being reno vated and reconstructed. This is be ing done at very little cost' through the help of the Works Progress Ad ministration. The tees and greens have been re-arranged and rebuilt in cluding two completely new green lo cations, and several new tees. All greens and tees have bene completed and sown with rye. The fairways are being lenovated at present. The course will actually measure 3,264 yards, making it a par of 34, or perhaps 36, depending upon the No. 8 bole, whisk is by actual measurement capable of being either a par 4 or 6; and since it is on a steep incline per haps it is best to make it a 6. The Mecklenburg Drainage Com mission is dredging the creek at pres ent through the Golf Course and ex pects to go approximately one-half mile below the course. This will be a great service to the course in keep ing the creek within iU banks. There have been several improve ments made in the different parks by the WPA beautification project which has terraced areas, sodded banks and bare places, and put out shrubbery. This project has not been Ktive on park properties all of the time since June 30th, but is now on the Golf Course doing considerable work (over considerable time). They are sched uled to grade and terrace Eastover Park in the near future. Some conactruction and improve ments hhve been made at the Stadium, namely, the construction of a tool house oy the WPA, the installation of a time clock by the Western Union at the expense of the Standard Oil Company, the purchase and installa tion of a public address system at the expense of the Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Charlotte. The latter may not be considered much improve ment by those who heard it at first, but it can be used on various occa sions during the entire year; church services in the summer, Easter' serv ices, and at different times at the swimming pool. Considering the fact that this service, was free to every game in thet stadium this year as compared with $15.00 to $50.00 for service at every game up to that time, it was not a bad investment as it cost nothing in the beginning. The 25c parking in tne past was eliminated this year because of the public criticism and resentment to the charge. The set-up was not a finan cial success anyway, according to re ports on deposits for the period. This year the supervision of parking area was given to a private individual, who supervised free parking at all high school games, at the other games he was allowed to charge a small fee of 10 centst as pay for his services at all contest*. We feel that this arrange ment was not unreasonable to the pub lic. It was handled in a very efficient manner, and there is no doubt that his receipts did not exceed the total amount reported last year when the charge at all contests was 25c per car. Up until July of 1939, there was a mall small fee charged for wood and serv ices at the various parks, for wiener roasts, steak frys, fish frys, etc. This charge was also eliminated by the Commission thereby making such services free to the public. Since July 1, 167 parties were registered in our office with an estimated total at tendance of 5,275 people in the three parks—Cordelia, Bryant and Revolu Information As To Labor Calls FOR CENTRAL LABOR UNION, call Wa. 8. Greene, Secretary, 229 S. Tryon Street. Phone 2-1459. FOR BUILDING TRADES HALL, call 9149; 112ft S. College Street. CHARLOTTE LABOR JOURNAL, call 2-2994; 292 S. College Street. CENTRAL LABOR UNION meets in Pythian Hall, Piedmont Build ing, 218 S. Tryon Street every Wednesday night at 7:29. H. A. BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL meets every Friday night at 112ft 8. College Street, at 7:29 P. M. H. L. Agent. FOR TEAMSTERS AND CHAUF FEURS LOCAL NO. 71. call 2-5691; office. Builders Bldg.. 189; H. L. McCrorie, Basi l-6288. tion. The greatest number attending any party was anticipated by the Pa triotic Sons of America at Revolution Park, September 4. The next highest estimated number was at the water melon feast—park reserved by Mr. L. 4 Ledbetter for the Veterans of 'Foreign Wars. 300.00 590.00 200.00 300.00 RECOMMENDATIONS This should be divided into two classes: first, the vital necessities which must be attended to for preser vation of properties, and the success ful operation of others. These are listed with fairly accurate cost prices —where prices havJ been received. Paint seats in stadium (ap proximately) -$ 500.00 Three gang mowers for fair ways and parks- 260.00 Build cdddy house at golf course Paint swimming pool Buy lights and fixtures for bath house at pooll 800 lbs. Bermuda seed in May Operating expenses which usually run per month about - 1,000.00 We list second the items which are important—and perhaps should be listed above: Nets and playground equip ment _ Wire and repair backstops for tennis and softball courts ____- 250.00 Recreation leaders through summer supplementary to WPA program. At least 12. Two maintenance men and one professional at Golf Course. Build bath house at Fairview Park. Item three is most necessary for a successful recreation program. This statement i > jnade with all earnestness and sincerity.' Charlotte will never have a com mendable program for its abundance of leisure time in all classes of people and all ages until adequate trained leadership is provided to stimulate the desire to play and direct the ac tivities throughout the city. Twelve is just a start toward the necessary number needed through the summer, but, with that many we could do a world of good for that age and class of people who need the service most. There is a definite need for more adult recreation in the city, and for oragnization and leadership of those activities for adults, but that age group is not suffering like the younger people are. The teen age of the city has very little opportunity for active recreation which is so impor tant and necessary to the growth of a sound, healthy mind and body. We often hear the question asked, “Where should we spend most money on rec reation or juvenile delinquency?" Charlotte has a good answer for that question. According to an appraisal summary of Charlotte’s public recre ation facilities and program by a number of the National Recreation Association, it is just about at the bottom of the heap in the Southern section. The juvenile delinquency of the city is rated just about at the Statistics taken irom oo cities in the United States between 60,000 and 100,000 people by the National Rec reation Association, show that an average of $12,640.36 was budgeted and spent for recreation leadership. The greatest amount spent by any one city in that range of population was St. Joseph, Missouri, of $67,913.00. The next highest was Austin, Texas, which 0pmrt $36,731.00 for leader ship. Charlotte is included in the 66 with nothing budgeted for leadership land nothing spent. The average number of leaders for the 66 cities was 37.7 per city. St. Joseph was also first on the list in number of leaders with 232. Greensboro, N. C.t was third with 128 paid leaders. Charlotte, according to population, is the biggest city in the State, but Greensboro spent $19,697.00 for leadership, Durham spent $14,460.00, Winston-Salem $8,838.00. These fig ures do not include the WPA lead ership. The number of recreation leaders listed by all cities did not in clude emergency workers. The WPA workers are fine as a supplementary part of the program, but it si diffi cult to build a program with that type of leadership exclusively. Mrs. SiUs has done well with the material she has had to do with this year, but as t oon as she could train a good leader he would get a job in private employ ment. Those who were not able to get a job elsewhere usually were of little service to the program. There are, however, exceptions to this, but generally that is the case. Durham has 26 WPA workers on their recrea tion leadership staff, working with the 66 regular paid leaders, and Mr. Woods commends them highly for their assistance to his program. EXPLAINED I Tourist: “What’s in hers?” Guide (leading the wuy into a morgue): “Remains to bo soon, sir.” SOUTHERN LABOR CONFERENCE CREDENTIALS COMING IN AT A RAPID RATE FOR ATLANTA MEET ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 12.—Creden tials to the Southern Labor Confer ence to be held in Atlanta on March 2 and 3 are simply pouring into the office of George L. Googe, Southern Representative of the American Fed eration of Labor. These credentials are coining from Central Labor Un ions, Building Trades Councils, Metal Trades Councils, Women’s Auxiliaries, Union Label Leagues, Local Unions, Railroad Brotherhood Lodges and lo cal unions of the 21 Standard Rail road Organizations. They are com ing from Textile Unions, Federal La bor Unions, Longshoremen, Miners, and Service Trades Local Unions. In spection of the credentials already received indicate two things: First, that the Southern Conference will, indeed, be the largest meeting ever held by the American Federation of Labor in its long history; Scond, that all groups of workers affiliated with the American Federation of Labor and the Standard Railroad organisa tions will be represented in the Con ference. While these credentials are pouring into A. F. of L. headquarters in At lanta, reports from the hotels in this city bring the heartening message that reservations are being made for the Conference from all parts of the country, and from practically all Ns-' tional and International Union offi cials. Reservations have already been made in the hotels here for Pres ident Wm. Green, Secretary George Meaner, Secretary Emeritus Frank Morrison, and many other members of the A. F. of L. Executive Council. Executive officers of numerous Na tional and International Unons also have been made, and others are cont ing in daily. President, Dewey L. Johnson’s com mittee on arrangements headed by Albert W. Gossett as chairman, is working long hours to have everything in readiness for the reception and en tertainment of the visiting thousands. The mayor and leading citizens rep resenting the business and profes sional life of the city of Atlanta are lending every aid in making complete these preparations. That March 2 and 3 will be busy days is indicated by the program of activities which begin early Saturday morning, March 2, when President Green will be guest at a breakfast to be given him by leading business executives of the south, registration of delegates and visitors will start at 9 o’clock in the City Auditorium, and for an hour while registrations are being made and the great crowd as sembles, a musical concert will be riven b ythe Union musicians of At lanta. “AM I MY BROTHER’S KEEPER?” BY CHARLES STELZLE It was a murderer who first asked the question. He asked it in an at tempt to create an alibi. He used it to switch the argument from the main issue. He attempted to get1 away from the cold truth and raise a heated sociological discussion. But Cain could not avoid the fact that he had murdered his borther Abel. There are some men today who would promptly deny that they are their brothers' keepers, but, scording to the rules of civilized people, they, are their brothers’ murderers. This! may seem like a brutal statement, but let's examine a few facts. It should be borne in mind that not all murder" ers fcse “gats” and daggers. For ex ample, it is quite as possible to kill ample, it is quite as possible to mur der a little child with a rotten tene ment as it is to with a battle axe. When an industrial concern main tains dark, dirty shacks for its em ployees, denying them even the com monest conveniences—no sewers, no water, no sanitary facilities—with the result that those who live in them are already on the undertaker’s list, it is murder. When a factory owner fails, to make adequate provision for escape from fire, when he refuses to supply even the minimum of safety devices, he is a potential murderer. When, merely to add to his profits, a manufacturer uses impure materials and sells them for pure food, causing people to become sick and to die, that manufacturer is a murderer. The question as to whether men of this type are their “brother*’ keep ers” cannot enter into our discussion, because their action belies every ar gument they might offer. Most of us, and this includes every decent em ployer in the country, would agree to the condemnation of those who wil fully bring suffering and death to helpless people. We instinctively become indignant when such things are done to indivi duals, but what about nations whose armies ruthlessly despoil a whole people, destroying its homes, wreck ing its institutions, sealing its tres urers and its lands, devastating its accumulated riches of culture aud re ligion, and killing thousands of its women and children—at the same time piously declaring that they have “the divine right to rule?” Can such nations escape their responsibility, and shall they fe free from the penal ties which are imposed upon us as individuals? To such nations comes the same condemnation—although in larger measure—that came to the first mur derer. And here is the condemnation as recorded in sacred history: “The Lord said unto Cain, ‘Where is thy brother?’ And he said, ‘I know not: am I my brother’s keeper?' And the Lord said, ‘What hast thou done? The voice of thy brother’s blood crieth un to me from the ground. **• A fugi tive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth’ *** And Cain said unto the Lord, “My punishment is greater than 1 can bear.’” P. O. CLERKS AUXILIARY TO HAVE ANNIVERSARY LUNCHEON SATURDAY The Woman’s auxiliary to Local 375, National Federation of Post Of fice Clerks, will have an anniversary luncheon Saturday at 12:30 o’clock at Efird’s dining room. Mrs. E. E. Phelps, of Winston-Salem, state pres ident, and Mrs. Earl H. Bergen, of Augusta, Ga., district national vice president, will be guest speakers. “There never has been a Presi dent who did so much for labor, organised or unorganised, as Franklin D. Roosevelt Union la bor, particularly. The Wagner Act, Social Security, Unemploy ment Insurance, WPA, Wages and Hours—all these were initiated un der the New Deal. No other Pres ident has done anywhere near as much.”—New York Datty Newt. ................... -|-|-ii-i nji. Hie yak, an Asiatic beast of burden, has the head of a cow, the tail of a horse, and it grunts like a pig. Equal Recognition Is Protested By A. F. L Int. Labor Confe’nce MIAMI, Fla., Feb. 11.—The Amer ican Federation of Labor executive council uttered a sharp protest against equal recognition given the rival C. I. O. before the International Labor office's regional conference in Havana last fall. Through President William Green, the council sent its official objections to the Labor department against ap pointing one representative from the Congress of Industrial Organisations and another from the A. F. L. for the Cuban meeting. Green said he would tell Secretary Frances Perkins that the federation, in the .future, would participate in such meetings only if given exclusive Recognition. SAFE Mother (to her son): "Tommy, you mustn’t go fishing with Peter; he’s just getting over the measles.’’ Tommy: "Mother, I- never catch anything when I’m fishing.” A. F. L PLANS MILITANT CAMPAIGN ALONG LINES OF ORGANIZATION IN THE SOUTH AND THE FAR WEST MIAMI, Fla.—The Executive Coun city of the American Federation of Labor, at its mid-winter session here, completed plans for one of the most important organization campaigns in thejristory of the Federation. strength of the Ameri The entire_0.. . can Federation of Labor will be util ized in a comprehensive and system atic effort to bring the many thou sands of unorganized workers in the Sitith and Far West into the organ ized labor movement, with special concentration on-textile workers, the retail trade, office and white-collar workers, marine workers, Govern ment employes and miscellaneous in dustries. In announcing the plan for the na tion-wide organization drive sponsor ed by the Executive Council, William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, said: “We are going to make a determin «?*prt to organize the unorganized m fields which have hitherto resist ed unionization. Particular empha sis will be placed on the Far West and the South. LOCAL UNION OFFICIALS WILL DIZCCT CAMPAIGN “We are enlisting the full strength of our far-flng organization in this drive. But we realize that each sec tion of the country has its own special problems. Therefore, local union leaders best familiar with these prob lems will be called upon to direct the drive in each locality with the full as sistance of our national organization. “The first step in the campaign was a survey of all non-unionized in dustry in the country which was re cently completed. We called upon more than 800 of our city and county central bodies to report on all unor ganized plants in their vicinity. Charlotte Teamsters & Chauffeurs Local Is Striving Hard For A 1,000 Membership Mark By The Middle Of This Summer Organiser H. L. McCrorie, of the Teamsters and Chauffeurs, reports that many contracts have been re newed or negotiated du.ring the past 15 days, some of them being: Akers Motor Line, Gastonia, a pay increase of $2 to $6 per week, affect ing nearly 160 employes. Harris Bros. Transfer Co., Char lotte, increase of $2 to 66 per week, about 75 employes being affected. Ross Motor Lines, Gastonia, $4 to 65 wage increase for week; about 25 employes. R. & W. Transfer Co., Gastonia, $8 . weekly increase affecting 30 mem bers. Negotiations with the Miller Motor Express Line for an increase of about 130 employes is in the making. The above contract does not take in many that have previously been suc cessfully negotiated. The employes of the companies contracted are mem bers of the Charlotte Teamsters and Chauffeurs local, which is striving for the 1,000 mark by the middle of summer. Do You Want A “Skating Area” Named After You Any person who agrees to under write the cost of one oflh# pseposed “off the street” play areas will be recognised by having the area named u JSm> Henry Stalls, president of the Charlotte Labor Union, announced last night. Twelve such areas in widely scat tered parts of the city have been pro posed where children may skate and play without being subjected to the dangers of the street. These areas will consist of a concrete pavement, 40 by 800 feet, and each will cost ap proximately $375. Mr. Stalls said that if any one agrees to underwrite the cost for one of these areas will be honored and the area will be named for him. HITLER & STALIN TAKEN CRACK AT BY THE A. F. OF L. MIAMI, Fla.—Condemning unre servedly the principles of Communism, Nazism and Fascism, the Executive Council of the American Federation of Labor, at its mid-winter session here, assailed “Soviet-Nazi imperial ism,” denounced Hitler and Stalin as outstanding “enemies of mankind," urged the United States Government “to do everything it can without en dangering American neutrality to help Finland resist Soviet aggression,” in sisted “that the United States main tain strict neutrality and keep out of European wars,” called for “every possible assistance to the victims of bacial and religious persecution in Europe,” repudiated “all attempts to Bovietize American labor,” and refused “to have any traffic with Communist agents.” HORSES “Did you hear about the Lady Go iiva stunt a girl is going to pull7” “What’s that—Lady Godiva?” “A girl without any clothes on is going to ride horseback down Fifth Avenue 1” “Great! I haven’t seen a horse in rears.” Subscribe for the Journal TO THE MEMBERS OP ORGANIZED LABOR AND THEIR MANY FRIENDS im always endeavored to create and Maintain food will between em and employees. highly competitive conditions of today require more harmonious efforts in every endeavor in order to achieve the highest degree of success, efforts in this regai&are nude possible by the firms and individuals advertising Mtamas. By their co-operation they prove conclusively that they are interested relfare of the working man and that they appreciate his business, iditioa to thanking these advertisers for this expression of their good will, we cry member of Organised Labor and their families to demonstrate their good will and favor these firms with their patronage. ★ Yon are assured of sincere, courteous and reliable service in dealing with these places of business which handle choice selections of dependable merchandise in their respective THE CHARLOTTE LABOR JOURNAL WHO'S WHO IH UNIONS WILLIAM L. HUTCHESON | f i o WILLIAM L. HUTCHESON William L. Hutcheson, President of the United Brotherhood of Car penters and Joiners of America, is also a member of the Executive Council of the American Federation of Labor, succeeding: Frank Duffy, who recently resigned. Mr. Hutcheson is a strong: advo cate of the fundamental principles of Trade Unionism. He believes in the Union Label and has pro moted the Union Label of the Carpenters' Brotherhood with great effectiveness. He believes that the Union Label stands for fairness toward employer and employe alike. It is a mark of mutual cooperation and good wilL His address Is: Mr. William L. Hutcheson, President, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Carpenters' Building, Indianapolis, Ind. CARPENTERS AND JOINERS' LABEL While the Cigar Makers are gen erally understood to be the in ventors and sponsors of the earliest Trade Union Label in America, a similar device was used six years earlier, in 1869, by the Carpenters’ Eight-Hour League of San Fran cisco. This League furnished a stamp to all planing mills operat ing on the eight-hour plan, in order that they might be able to identify the work of the ten-hour mills. The carpenters still have a Union Label and are today one of the most active Unions in the Psion •Label Trades Department. The Label of the United Brother hood of Carpenters and Joiners of America should appear on all fc—fc, bar, store and office fixtures, furni ture,' millwork and other, wood > products. O For further information regard ing Union Labels, Shop Cards and Service Buttons, writs Mr. L M. Ornbum, Secretary • Treasurer. Union Label Trades Department, American Federation of Laber Eui’ 'ing, Washington, D. C.