I he charlotte Labor Journal
AND DIXIE FARM NEWS
MS Sooth Collect Street—(Soeood Floor)
uwtl a. Ma-CM u>er it lUI ■ «*• OrtUM M lM(M« M. c.
W. M. WITTEB__
CLAUDB L. ALBEA.
Editor aad Poblishcr
CHARLOTTE, N. C„ THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 1940
LABOR MOVEMENT HISTORY
The current management of the Federation is in the hands of the
president and executive council. It is the duty of the Executive Council
1) to watch legislation affecting workers and to initiate legislation as
directed by convention; 2) to use every means to orgamze new unions;
and 3) to secure unity of action in trade disputes without interfering
with the right of each trade to manage its own affairs.
me rigni oi eacn irure w —-- . .. „
From the inception of AFL in 1886, it has embraced practicaUy
every estobUshed union, excepting the “big 4 rail unions. When John
L Lewis set up a “dual organisation” to AFL in recent years, this was
the first real break-up of a united labor front of a truly American cal
Labor forward and upward; it has responsibilities for msking lsborex
ibre The rail unions have won sweping gains and today have splendid
organisations all over the nation on practicaUy every road.
The Federation is well on its way in the second fifty years of
service to the nation’s wage-earners; its power for progress can take
Labor forward and upward; it has responsibilities for making Labor ex
perience an active force in shaping future development. Jo be fully
successful it needs the cooperation of all Its unions *nd every wage
tamer. Being a rope of human hands—the American Federation of
Labor is powerful when linked together by the will of co-operation.
One Union is much stronger than its individual aaembers; a group
of unions is proportionately stronger than the separate units; a feder
ation of all unions can speak and act with authority Tor ■“"■**•*"“*
era in the nation. In our country the influence of the American Fed
eration of Labor is great, for it speaks for the welfare of four out of
every five citizens, that is, over 100,000,*00 people. Workers and their
families form more than M per cent ofour population. 0
The American Federation of Labor was formed at Columbus, O.
as delegates from 25 organisations, representing 316,460 members, met
and set about to make it a permanent body. Charter fees membership
dues and per capita tax was agreed upon as a basis of AFL funds, bam
MeT^°bl^^rthe*AFluJrMnRB beginning down to the present day—
is the craft union. The first real test of AFL s strength c»B,e in l892
when an industrial depression threatened to level the unions affiliated.
But—the AFL held its membership and was well on the way to perma
nency, following this victory over panic.
Agitation for the 8-hour working day—which began back In Civil
War dS^-was being renewed by the new set-up, AFL. Unions of AFL
began to launch drives for collective bargaining contracts,
B In 1904, the combined membership of AFL union* was
2 ooo 000 in 1914: and 3,050,000 in 1910. The Federation in 1919 em
braced 884 Federal unions. 111 international and national ,
city central bodies, 572 local department councils and 33,852 local
unions. Drogressed, departments were created to strengthen vari
ous units andPto settle jurisdictional disputes. Building trades d*P*rt
ment metal trades department, railway employes department, and
iTninn Libel Department ire the important ones in the set-up.
There Is considrable diversity of type among national unions—some
being strictly craft, while others have a wide jurisdiction over all work
SS sts tst
unions, 1 delegte each.
Two-Col. Slug Mot No. Ui-A if
Monday • Tuesday
Wednesday . Thursday
“TOWER OF LONDON”
Shingle Roofs In
Charlotte Number j
2,500 Says Chief
Fire Chief Hendrix Palmer esti
mates that there are 2,500 houses in
Charlotte with shingle roofs.
The antishingle ordinance, adopted
in 1926, will not go into effect until
1941 or 1942. Conflicting provisions
of the ordinance make the exact time
Shingle homes, it was said, easily
catch fire, and that was the reason
the council passed the ordinace to do
away with that type of roof. About
15 years was allowed before the or
dinance takes effect. That was done
with the view of allowing sufficient •
time for the elimination of shingle'
roofs and the substitution of fire-re
sisting material.—Observer. |
WHO ADVERTISE IN
A California woman brought auit
for divorce based principally on the
allegatijn that her husband had de
veloped a “W.P.A. Mentality" caus
ing him to believe that the Govern
ment would support him for the rest
of his life.
•00 Went Fifth Strre.
CHARI/HTE. N. C
Get Charter And i
Officers of the newly-organised Fire
Fighters association were elected at
an organisation meeting Saturday in
which more than 100 members of the
fire department participated.
The officers are J. J. Thomas, pres
ident; C. H. Boone, vice-president;
E. F. Dixon, secretary and treasurer.
The board of trustees is composed
of Glen Beckham, J. F. Dillon and F.
Our popular "Style-Croft"
Saddles with Sport Rubber
Soles. Stop in and try 'em onl
You’ll save 43c on every pair.
Brown A WhHtl
Blade A WhHtl
107 East Trade
Jnit Below Tfce Square
| tits* tmm
'uiitrMe*- -f onMik i-r.raMH
Un« Year PnUw af
Ml SC1TE PIANOS
r a.rws ,
» f i
•.»«-. r.nnunro 'itaeaan rttue
f C ROBERTS
i »l*TOM ETKIr**!
! U4S X Trim SU Pfcoae S-S914
(hariart*. N. t
It Pays to Trade With
ill E. Pork At*. Phone M7f
Ravins qualified a* Administrator at the
Estate of 1. r. rauft. lata of Maaklaabars
County. N C.. tbi* •» to notify aU >—101
bavins claims asaiaat hH aatata to >ifwt
them duly verified to the undaraisaed at dM
Law Baildias. Charlotte. M. C, eo or before
the eisbtb day of March. INI. or this aotlao
will be aloadad la bar of their iniiai.
AU person* ladebtad la aaid aatata will
planar make Immediate aotttamaat with the aa
deraisaad. Thla the aareath day af Htnk
Sisnrd A. M. FAULK.
Administrator af the Batata af J- F. Mb.
March 7-14-21-28. April 4-U.
The various committees and dele
gates of the association will be elected
this week, it was stated. The charter
of the association was approved at
Washington headquarters several days
The new officers were installed
yesterday by Hugh Kilgore of At
lanta, a vice-president of the Inter
national Association of Fire
The local chapter, affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor, ia No.
The constitution and by-laws will
be adopted at the next meeting, it was
The fair-minded man is cross-eyed ,
and can see both sides of the question.
| Zi You Know Your Lemon Garnish
By BETTY BARCLAY
> you make the most of lemon
t ■ iug c.it flavor in other foods?
A ate of lemon quarters may very
wc 1 take its place on the table
alcig with the salt and pepper
fthrkor, for in any meal there la
always some food the flavor of
" which can be enhanced by lemon.
It is well, therefore, to see that the
family shopping list always pro
vides an ample supply of this fruit.
Lemon quarters or sixths are
suggested because they are most
practical for Juice. With a sharp
knife, cut a lemon lengthwise In
four or six pieces. These lemon
pieces .may be squealed without
getting juice on the fingers. They
are decorative additions to the
foods they accompany, as are lemon
slices, plain or cut in fancy shapes.
To heighten decorative effect, the
lemon may itself be garnished with
chopped mint, plmiento strips and
The lemon garnishes pictured
are easily copied with the use of a
sharp knife or scissors. They are
used to decorate and provide flavor
for an appetising plate of aspara
gus, summer squash, beets, corn
Here are some other suggestions
for food combinations that may
very well Include lemon garnishes.
Lemon with Tea: The custom of
serving lemon with tea has grown
and many guests now prefer lemon
with this beverage, so the thought
ful hostess will always include a
plate of lemon slices and quarters,
a Cloves may be Inserted in the
lemon for a decorative touch. Iced
tea, in particular, calls for generous
additions of lemon.
Lemon with Other Fruits: The
Juice of half a lemon adds a tang
to the morning glass of orange
juice. Quarters of lemon cut
lengthwise give keener flavor as
accompaniments for such fruit
cocktails m tomato, pineapple ft! I
prune Juice. Lemon does someth ,n?,
too, (or atewed prunes, apricot,
peaches, pears and apple, both
dried and fresh, and there's nothing
like lemon juice to bring out the
full flavor of melon or provide Jurt
the right dressing for avoceo;.
Lemon with Fish: Lemon's affin
ity for fish and shell fish is well
known. Oysters or clams on ?
half shell; seafood cocktails of i. I
kinds; baked, broiled or fried fi"h
gain by lemon Juice, which may be
provided in decorative lemon
wedges or quarters. Canned art
mon, sardines or tuna should be
garnished with greens and a gene •
ous supply of lemon quftrtr
Again — and this is a trick v. (
knowing — sprinkle a hit ot J-rr. i
juice on canned salmon or tu .
before creaming or scalloping.
Lemon with Vegetables: Wbetfci—
you eat spinach for duty or
pleasure, lemon Juice makes the
eating more enjoyable. Other
greens and many vegetables are im
proved by lemon Juice. Here's a
chance to do a bit of experimenting
for yourself. See what lemon Juice
does for each. Ton’ll make many
Lemon Qarnlsh for Soups: Novel
but good is the idea ot a lemon
garnish for soups. Float a slice of
lemon on each bowl, the next time
you serve bouillon or conaommd.
Decorative and good, too, on bean
or lentil soup and such cream soups
as tomato, asparagus, spinach or
green pea. Lemon is especially
good with iced or Jellied consomme!
Lemon with the Breakfast Waffle:
From England comes this surpris
ingly good but novel lemon use.
Sprinkle waffles or pancakes with
sugar and follow with a generous
squeese of lemon Juice. You’ll never
believe how good this Is until you
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» f iliflf Lt—.Al^_
oeuae ini entirely • matter at tarte.
aAa§Llakl]M« .M J L^.
• IWVIHB ^WnMnVM W ■VWTHW VI
rule* of color harmony and (onto concid
oration of tho architectural qutilfUi of
tho homa and tho notnro of Ht surround
fevon with o given aoloctod color com
bination, by varying tho emphatic of tho
predominating colon, you can materially
change tho appear once of your homo.
Thom may ho too much oontrort or not
enough for your haute.
When appropriate colon are appiiod in
a tasteful arrangomont you will never grew
tired of thorn It la only novelty off nett
and clothing tenoe that offend.
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112 Wot Fifth St. _Dial <148.
Please ignore any rumors that
“Tim*" magasine has been union
“Time," like its sister paper
“Life," is still a non-union prod
uct, printed by the anti-union
f ^N^22s^>*NI hare been
aient to that affect will be made
by the Chicago Printing Trades
Unions. In the meantime the
campaign against them will not
“Time" is now conducting a
direct-mail drive to bolster up its
circulation. “Prospects” are be
ing sent a 3-page sales letter, to
which is attached an airmail reply
card that requires no stamp~ If
please uudi the card after writ
you receive such a sales letter,
ing thereon something like this:
“I might be more interested in
your offer if Time* were printed
under IN per cent union condi
Pitch and slime mentioned in the
building of Babel were products of
Try This Orange
By BETTY BARCLAY
-This Orange Lemon Marmalade
la Jnat the thing to restock pantry
shelves aa the summer's Jama and
IJellien run low. Slice very thin
S’ unpeeled lemona and 4 unpeeled
medium - alsed oranges. Measure
the sliced fruit and add three
times as much water. Mark water
Une with pencil on Inside of kettle.
Boil 4§ minutes. Replace liquid
boiled away with water to pencil
cups of cooked fruit mlxtur
in 1-cup lots in a large kettle, boil
ing vigorously until syrup gives a
Jelly test of thick, reluctant drops
from side of spoon (11 to IS
minutes). Now add 1 tablespoons
lemon Juice. Boll again for about
1 minute and make a second Jelly
test. Pour Into sterilised glasses.
Cover with paraffin when cold.
■ Baton pooling Into glasses, it is
well to cool marmalade t minutes,
atirring frequently to prevent float
ing fruit. California Navel orangea
are beat tor this marmalade, being
flrm-meated, clean-skinned and easy
to slice, because seedless. In Feb
ruary and Uarcb they are at just
the right state of ripeness tor fine
Martin’s Dept. >Store
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