^»g_OTfLY_REALLY INDEPENDENT WEEKLY in Mecklenburg County For ■ Weekly Its Readers tbo LARGEST BUYING POWER ki Owritto Offktel Organ Labor Inioi ihe A. F. of L. Che Charlotte labor Journal oar Adrer Mate TOUB Truthful, Honest, Impartial Endorsed by the N. C. State Federa tion of Labor and dixie^farm news Endeavoring to Serve the Masses VOL. IX—NO. 49 VOUB A OV KMT I •■MINT IN TNC JOURNAL INVIRTNIMT CHARLOTTE, N. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1940 ILOQ Par Ywr ENACTMENT OF NORTON BILL IS ASKED BY PRESIDENT GREEN HAS FULL A. F. OF L SUPPORT DALLAS, Tex.—The greatest or ganizing drive ever undertaken in this territory was launched here with resounding success by President Wil liam Green and a thousand other labor leaders at the Southwestern Labor Conference. President Green, in a nationally broadcast address, declared the Am erican Federation of Labor is stronger today “numerically, financially and in every other way than ever before in its history. He called on industry and the farm ers to join with organized labor in a national unity program to promote America’s material welfare and safe guard American ideals. He pledged the American Federation of Labor to do its utmost to keep this nation out'of the European war. He warned members of Congress that the A. F. of L. will judge whether they are deserving of re-election on their votes on the Norton Bill, amend ing the National Labor Relations Act, which hase the full endorsement of the American Federation of Labor. Enthusiastic cheers greeted Mr. Green’s denunciation of the policy and activities of Communists in this country. He pointed out that Nor way’s key cities fell victom to the Nazis because of treachery and he asked whether the current anti American campaign of the Commun ist Party did not fall in the same category. Secretary-Treasurer George Meany, several members of the Executive Council, A. F. of-L. Department heads and a large number of officers of national and international unions also addressed the delegates who repre sented practically every A. F. of L. organization in five states—Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona. The two-day meeting was one of the most outstanding events in the history of Dallas. Government offi cials, business men, religious leaders and the press all co-operated in mak ing the labor rally go over with a bang. W. R. Williams, Southeastern Representative of the A. F. of L., was in charge of all arrangements and presided at the meeting. A constructive and progressive pro gram for State legislation was adopted by delegates to the conference, in vHM eluding increased benefits under State unemployment compensation systems and ratification of the Child Labor Amendment. The two outstanding national leg islative measures endorsed by the con ference were the Norton Bill and the amendments to the United States Housing Authority Act providing new appropriations for slum clearance. President Green predicted the Nor ton Bill will be overwhelmingly adopted at this session of Congress if Congress is given an opportunity to vote on it. He said: “This measure has the full en dorsement of the American Federa tion of Labor because we are confi dent that it will cure the present maladministration of the National Labor Relations Act without weaken ing or impairing the fundamental protective principles of the Act which are so important to labor. “We will welcome the vote of any member of Congress for the Norton Bill as an act of friendship toward labor. We will be forced to regard the vote of any member of Congress against the Norton Bill as an un friendly act.” Harry C. Bates, president of the Bricklayers Union, made a strong plea for support of new appropria tions for slum clearance to provide decent housing for the underprivi leged and to provide jobs fpr unem ployed building trades workers. He said: “The USHA program is one of the means to achieve these objectives. It is not a partisan program. It bears no political imprint. It is in a real sense labor’s own program. “Having done as much as it has to launch the USHA housing program labor must not permit it to be scut tled at the time when the real worth of this program has been demonstrated and proved to the world beyong chal lenge. That is why I ask every dele gate to this meeting to act without delay and to appeal to their congress men urging them to give their full and unqualified support to S. 591 in order to insure the enactment of thi important labor legislation. On you: action now depend the future jobs oi thousands of workers. On your ac tion now depends the future of low rent housing.” ATTENTION! Mr. I. M. Ornburn. Secretary Treasurer of the Union Label Trades Department of the Amer ican Federation of Labor will speak on the subject “Union Label Ac tion" on April 30. 1940, from 3:35 to 3:45 p.m. E.S.T. Mr. Ornburn’s radio address will be carried by the Columbia Broadcasting System. The Union Label Trades Depart ment desires to have all members of Organized Labor, their families and friends listen in. If possible, kindly phone your neighbors of this broadcast. Union Label Trades Department TWAS EVER THUS! I’ve always noticed great success— Is mixed with troubles more or less. An’ it’s the man who does his best That “gits more blame than all the the rest!” —James Whitcomb Riley. American Federation of Labor. Labor Favors the Passage of Wool Labeling Bill All members of A. F. of L. are urged to write their Congressmen and Senators urging the passage of Jthe Wool Labeling bill (House Bill 944). A great deal of “shoddy” mixed wool and cotton, labeled wool—on the mar ket that the necessity has arisen that a distinguishing label should appear upon such goods to protect the con sumer. The Typographical Auxiliary took this matter up at its meeting Mon day night of this week and its mem ber# are complying with the request. “Yes, mum,” Agnes declared: “My sister and me ain’t no more alike than if we wasn’t us; and she’s jus’ as different as me in the other way.” China entered 1940 internally stronger than any previous time. On the other hand Japan is far worse off than ever before. THE MARCH Of LABOR NtWYORK ACTRESSES.COSTUMER SKELETONS, FORMEO A PICKET LIME IN PROTEST A6AIMST I, DISMISSALS.I9ST 1MC MECHANICS'UNION** S ASSOCIATIONS. I IN PHILADELPHIA rM I02T WAS-fNeFMST CENTRAL UBOR ORGANIZATION. * *S0 LQK6 AS THERE IS ONE MAM WILLING TO WOtK(BUT UNABLE TO FIND EMPLOYMENT, THE HOURS OP LABOR.ABE TOO LONG? LINCOLN i President Issues Proclamation For “National Employment Week" Urges Interest In the Workers Over Forty The Federal Security Agency is sending out the follow ing in regard to “National Employment Week. The letter addressed to Charlotte Central Labor Union was read and given whole-hearted endorsement at its meeting Wednesday night. The proclamation by the President reads: Both the State and Federal Governments have been especially con cerned with the problems of older workers, many thousands of whom, despite their persistent efforts, still lack a place in industry. Among these are a considerable number of World War Veterans, men who now average 47 years of age, and who, I feel, have a particular appeal to our national sense of responsibility. Our public employment service—a Nation-wide network of 1,600 offices now operated jointly by the State and Federal Governments— has made special efforts in behalf of workers past 40 years of age, including veterans. We know from the facts gathered by this Agency that men and women in middle Mfe possess abilities and skills which would fit them for employment in nearly every line of work. We knew further that these older workers, when given an opportunity, demon strate a seasoned experience ami a mature application to their tasks which in many callings outweigh the physical advantages of youth. A year ago, with these considerations in mind, 1 designated a National Employment Week during which I asked that all our citi zens give particular and active attention to the problem of older workers who lack employment. During the month in which the special week occurred, over a third of a million jobs—a third more than dur ing the same month of the previous year—were filled through the public employment offices, and a uartqer of a million of these place ments were in private industry. Moreover, placements proceeded at an accelerated rate in the month following the week set aside. Because of the concerted efforts of government, many public-spirited groups, and particularly of employers throughout the land, thousands of workers past 40, among them veterans, shared beneficially in this fine result. I am grateful for the wholehearted response to my first appeal; and as President, I desire to encourage a continued Nation-wide inter est in this persistent problem. NOW, THEREFORE; I, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, President of the United States of America, do hereby declare the week beginning May 1, 1940, as National Employment Week, and Sunday, May 5, 1940, as National Employment Sunday. I urge all churches, civic organiza tions, chambers of commerce, boards of trade, veterans’ organizations, industry, labor, public-spirited citizens, radio, and the press throughout the United States to observe that week as National Employment Week, to the end that interest in the welfare of all the unemployd, and s pecially the worker over 40, may be stimulated and employment be ex tended to them. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, 1 have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States of America to be affixed. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT Fertilizer Supplies Assured Despite Wajr In contrast to the acute shortage of fertilizer materials suffered at the be ginning of the last European war, the present purchasing season for ferti lizer finds the country prepared with adequate supplies for this year’s crops. “At the beginning of the last World War an immediate deficiency of nitro gen carriers occurred,” said Charles J. Brand, Executive Secretary and Treas urer of The National Fertilizer Asso ciation. “There was an almost total absence of potash. Although there was plenty of phosphate rock, there was a shortage of sulphuric acid need ed to make superphosphate. “When war disrupted shipping from 1914 to 1918, nitrogen materials for fertilizer became scarce, as we were once bound to Chile for nitrates,” said Mr. Brand. “Today, we not only have adequate shipping service from Chile, but our country is the third largest producer of synthetic nitrogen in the world, and the largest producer of am monium sulphate The shortage of sulphuric acid during the last war was due to the heavy requirements of munition manufacturers for process ing their goods. Improved methods of munition makers no longer require sulphuric acid. This leaves an ade quate supply for use in making super phosphate. “In 1914 we were entirely dependent upon Germany for potash. Today, we produce at home over 60 per cent of the potash we use and have sufficient reserves to care for our entire needs. In addition to this, French, German, Palestinian, and Spanish potash are available.” Prices farmers pay for fertilizer are now lower than before the World War; prices they pay for all commodi ties average 22 per cent higher. I IF YOUR SUBSCRIPTION IS IN ARREARS SEND IN A CHECK Indirect taxes on transportataion are about $26 annually on each fam ily, in addition to gasoline and regis tration fees. Central Labor __ Uitttai While the attendance on Central Body Wednesday night of this week was not up to those of the past few weeks there was no lack of enthu siasm among the delegates. Dele gates from the newly-formed Fire fighters’ Local were obligated ’ and the representatives of this newly formed unit were given an ovation. Reports of locals were very good, and committees, both standing and special, gave a good account of their activi ties. Reports of Charlotte’s two vice presidents, on the State Federation executive council, reported on the meeting of that body in Salisbury on Sunday, the council promising whole hearted support in the setting up of a labor headquarters here, and of the appointment of a state organizer. Announcement was made of an and county offices will be present and given an opportunity to express them solves* Brother L. R. McElice of the Lo cal Housing Authority, made a re port of the progress being made, and paid his respects to some of the at tackers of the project in no uncertain terms. President J. A. Moore presided, with Secretary Green back at nis post after being absent last week. GARNER SNUBS LEWIS (The following is reprinted from the Washington Merry Go-Round Column by Drew Pearson and Robert S. Allen. Vice-President Jack I Garner will hare nothing to do with the man who assailed him as a “whiskey drinking, labor-baiting, evil old man.” Recently a Senator friendly to John L. Lewis asked Garner if he would see the CIO chief. No reason was given for the request and Garner didn’t inquire. He was merely told that Lewis would like to talk to him. “My door is always open," Garner said. “If he wants to see me, I won’t stop him. But I can tell you frankly I have no desire to have any dealings with him." Labor Unionists and their families as consumers have a vast purchasing power, which if wisely directed to the buying of Union Label goods, will be a tremendous force in America. ATTENTION, CANDIDATES The CHARLOTTE LABOR JOURNAL is the only LABOR PAPER published in this section. It covers a field that you can reach in no other way. Take ad vantage of its paid circulation for your Political Ad* vertising. Phone 3-3094. A. F. L UNIONS WIN TEN PLANTS IN GENERAL MOTORS ELECTIONS THERE WILL BE RUN-OFF IN THREE WASHINGTON, D. C.—The United Automobile Workers of America, af filiated with the American Federa tion of Labor, won exclusive bargain ing rights for employes in five General Motors plants in a nation-wide elec tion conducted by the National Labor Relations Board. In addition, the union will be a contesting party in run-off elections in two or thiee plants where neither the A. F. of L. nor CIO unions polled a majority. The Patternmakers League and the International Association of Machin ists, both A. F. of L. affiliates, also won collective bargaining rights for their members in five additional Gen-1 eral Motor plants, according to the election returns. Victories for the U. A. W.-A. F. of L. were scored in two Kansas City plants, two Norwood, Ohio, plants and in the General Motors factory at Meriden, Conn. Officials of the union said these victories would give their organiza tion a strong foothold in the General Motors setup and prevent the CIO from obtaining a strangle-hold on the automobile industry. They are al ready preparing a new and vigor ous organizing campaign in the expec tation that within. the coming year there will be heavy defections from the CIO ranks. “BUDDY” POPPY SALE BY Y. F. W. ON MEMORIAL DAY HAS THE ENDORSEMENT OF ALL LABOR New York, N. Y.f April 18, 1940. Dear-Editor: We are sending you the enclosed informative material on the annual National Buddy Poppy Sale of the Veterans of Foreign Wars which is conducted during -the week of Mem orial Day. We are also enclosing a tear sheet from Foreign Service, the official publication of the Veterans of For eign Wars, showing an article by Claude M. Baker, President of the International Typographical Union. You may quote from this story or take excerpts from any of the other infor mation. Cordially, G. W. LEFFINGWELL. “The Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U. S. has long demonstrated its friendship for organized labor. It is the only veterans' organization of which I know that has consistently required that the union label be used on all its printing. “That fact, coupled with its con sistent refusal to permit any of its Posts to adopt any measures detri mental to labor, warrants the support of every union member who is also an ex-service member. “The V. F. W. has rigidly adhered to the principles and policies to which it is dedicated. It has never injected itself into the internal affairs of labor unions nor has it sought to set ex service men in labor unions against those who are not eligible to mem bership. “The V. F. W. confines its activi ties to the affairs of veterans and has never in any sense indulged in partisan political campaigns. “Thousands of the members of the I. T. U., saw foreign service in the Spanish-American and World War and many of these, like myself, have long been affiliated with the V. F. W. “Since the V. F. W. is, like the I. T. U., a democratic organisation to a most marked degree, every union printer who is eligible because of having served his country in time of war, will find affiliation pleasant and profitable. “The V. F. W. is to be commended for its advocacy of legislation de signed to protect and benefit veterans. “No other veterans’ organisation has a record which so thoroughly jus tifies the co-operation and support of those who believe in the American labor movement. "In the V. F. W., real comrad hip is found. Every veteran, particm . jy should be happjr to par ticipate In the program it is c out. V.'F. W. of the u“s7‘ I Typo Auxiliary Met Monday Night With Mrs. A. B. Furr Despite the. fact that some of its members are sick at home, or hos pitalized, the ladies of the Typo graphical Auxiliary held a well-at tended meeting last Monday night with Mrs. A. B. Furr, 2516 West moreland avenue; Officers present were Mrs. C. B. Capps, president; Mrs. H. E. Carriker, vice-president; Mrs. J. E. Kumpie, secretary. Mrs. Robert White, chairman of the label committee made an excellent report, as did Mrs. C. L. Granger, of the educational committee. The sick committee reported that Mrs. Hugh Sykes and Mrs. Buford L. Green had recovered after recent operations, and that Mrs. George S. Coble was still in the hospital recovering from an operation. The meeting date was changed from the fourth Monday of the month to the first Monday, which will make the next meeting date fall on Mon day, May 6th, at which time the Aux iliary will meet with Mrs. Herrin, at 229 Trangell avenue, who will act as hostess. P. 0. Clerks Auxiliary Held Meeting Mon. With Mrs. Freeman On Monday afternoon at the home °* Mrs. A. H. Freeman, on Dixie road, the Women's Auxiliary held a meeting, Mrs. F. T. Alexander act ing as joint hostess. The regular business was held following a lunch eon, which was enjoyed by all. WORK ON A & P WEST TRADE STREET STORE IS BEING DONE UNION _ C. Hower, Charlotte Carpenters Local No. 1469 business representa tive, informs The Journal that all carpenter work on the new A. A P. store on West Trade street is being done union and that many other union contracts are being made. •smmswwwwvmwwwwww Teamster-Chauffeur Union Gets Members; Holds Gains Made H. L. McCrorie, business agent for Teamsters and Chauffeurs Local No. 72, one of the largest in this sec tion of the south, reports that mem bers are being added at each meet ing, and the gains made in recent months are being held, with pros pects for further contracts in the near future being exceedingly good. This organisation has been buut up to a membership of around 600 in this territory, with Charlotte as the foun tain head. Don’t Forget Mother On “Mother’s Day; Sunday, May 12th ISunday, May 12, will be Mother’s Day, and we all should wear a rose red or white, to suit the case, and we all should remember her in some way —with floaters, kindness, candy, a gift or a more substantial remem brance; but the least we can do is to remember her wit!) reverence and love; remembering she is our mother; that she went through the valley of death and was ever and will ever be our best friend. MRS. HARRY BOATE VISITING FRIENDS IN WASHINGTON, D. C. The Journal is in receipt of a card from Mrs. Harry Boate, widow of the late Harry Boate, who is in Wash ington, D. C., where she is visiting old-time friends, she having resided in Washington for many years where her late husband was in the employ of the government. Mrs. Boate has many friends in and out of labor and they will be pleased to hear that she is in good health and spirits. HERE’S FUN Jones: "Well, how do you find married life?” Bones: "Great fun! My wife cooks and I guess what the dish is!” Labor Journal's Anniversary Edition The Labor Journal will issue its Anniversary Edition the 16th of May, the 11th of May marking the completion of nine years of service in the labor field in Charlotte. It will mark the beginning of its tenth year, and it is proud of the fact that it has won the distinction of holding on longer than any other labor publication has ever carried on in this section. Its editor has striven for peace, harmony and good will between Capital and Labor, and the edition will carry cards from many of its well wishers.