WILT UAWf OTHWHWT WBH H Mt1.lt BWW For > Weekly Its Readers Represent the LARGEST BUYINQ Offlctel Organ Central Labor Uaion; the A. F. of L. Che Charlotte labor Journal paper Thor Mate YOU* poonhlo hr thrft Truthful, Honest, Impartial br tho H. C. Mato and dixie farm news Tenth Tear Of Continnona Pnbication Endeavoring to Serve the VOL. X—NO. 31 raua u»nrniant ia Toe - * •— CHARLOTTE, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12,1940 UVUT $2.00 Per Y< GOOGE PRESIDES AT MEETING OF FEDERATION HEADS OF THREE STATES—SHAPE PROGRAM FOR CO-OPERATION OF EVERY UNIT By “JIM” BARRETT (Southern Publicity Director A. F. of L.) Inaugurating a plan of cooperation between Stott Federations of Labor in the South that promises great benefit in tha future, officials of state bodies of Georgia, South Corolina ond North Carolina met hern lost Saturday and Sunday and adopted a program of action that will hove for* reching effect. Dewey L. Johnson, president of the Georgia Federation of Labor, President Al Flynn, Secretary-Treasurer Fred E. Hatched ond Leg* islative Chairman Earle R. Britton, of the South Carolina Federation of Labor; President C. A. Fink, First Vice-President H. L Kiser, Secretary* Treasurer H. G. Fisher, Vice-President Stough Campbell ond State Organ izer A. E. Brown, of the North Carolina State Federation of Labor, attended the meetings. George L. Googe, Southern Repre sentative of the American Federation of Labor, presided at the conferences and directed the shaping of the pro gram for cooperative action by the three State Federations of Labor. Numerous International representa tives attended all conferences and contributed largely to the success of the tri-state meeting. monthly meeting of the North Caro lina State Building and Construction Trades Council was held in the county courthouse, attended by delegations from nearly all points in the state. All State Federation of Labor offi cials, International officers and Southern Representative Googe also attended the meeting of the state building trades. First action of the visiting State Federation officials was a conference held with the management of Belk’s Department Store, at which time nego tiations were begun for an agreement that has for its purpose the creation of a plan that would be mutually ad vantageous to the building trades members in the three states and the Belk stores. The Federation officials then turn ed their attention to the matter of state legislation affecting labor in Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. It was decided that all three states would offer identical state minimum wage and maximum hour bills. Labor in the three states will also oppose adoption of experience rating for state unemployment com pensation. * - , South Carolina and Georgia will at tempt to obtain Workmen’s Compen sation laws for their states similar to that operating in North Carolina. It was agreed that North Carolina has the best Workmen’s Compensation of On Sunday afternoon any state m the South. All three states agreed to make an effort to get each state to adopt the state fund plan, instead of the present plan which insures through insurance com panies. It was brought out that states hav ing the state fund pay to the injur ed worker one hundred cents of each dollar paid into the fund, which ito states where insurance companies un derwrite Workmen's compensation funds the worker gets only one dollar out of every $ 1.84 paid into the fund. In other words, the state fund is op erated as other state business, while insurance companies and overhead ex pense eat up 84 cents for each dol lar paid to the injured worker, or al most as much as the injured worker gets as compensation for time lost be cause of injury. Much discussion was had on many other matters of importance to labor in the three states represented, and action taken that will expedite the work of organisation, legislation and all other activities essential in labor's constant forward march. Reports made at the Sunday after noon session of the State Building and Construction Trades Council were most encouraging, except that report made of deplorable conditions existing at Fort Bragg. A plan of action was decided upon by the executive board of the State Council in a meeting held Sunday night, at which time Mr. Googe and International representa tives assisted the state council board in formulating a plan of action. The January meeting of the State Council will be held in Fayetteville, near Fort Bragg. The two days may in all earnest ness be referred to as marking the passing of another milestone in the American Federation of Labor’s on ward march in the South. NINE MILLION HOMES NEEDED BY POOR-LOW COST BUILDING IMPEDED BY INTEREST RATES WASHINGTON, D. C.—Urgent ned for vast extension of low-cost housing construction was stressed in a report by econom ists and housing experts on the staff of Senator Joseph C. O’Ma honey’s Monopoly Investigating Committee. More than 9,000,000 American fam ilies with incomes below $1,600 a year •need new homes, the report declared. If tfcese homes were built, the de pression would be cured to a “surpris ing” extent by “getting idle men back to work”- and “finding an outlet for idle investment funds,” it was found. The report is a reminder that the national defense program is not the only way to put men, money and ma chines to work, because this can be done by clearing slums and providing decent homes for the American peo ple. “The difficulty, however,” the re port says, “is that under the present £et-up the housing industry is geared to provide homes primarily for fam Alice earning $2,000 or more per year. “We build largely for this limited group because the home-building in dustry has followed traditional prac tices and failed to keep up with pro gressive methods that have enabled other industries to extend their mar kets to low-income groups. Moreover, Sof the raw materials of the ng industry are concentrated in a few hands, with a controlled *nd inflexible pricing system." It points out that construction costa are highest in some cities where build ing trades wage rates are lowest, and I lowest where labor costs are highest. | Other important facts disclosed at the O’Mahoney committee’s hearings are cited to explode the idea that “high wages” are the cause of the high coat of housing. On the other hand, the report ex plains that high interest rates are a real obstacle to home construction, and that “rental housing for the lower gotiations. half of the middle income group i ($1,000 to $2,000) might well be stim 1 ulated” by reducing the rate of inter est charged on the money invested. Fly the FLAG THE A. F. OP L. STANDS WITH AND FOR IB FLAG d SCOGGINS UNANIMOUSLY ENDORSED BY CENTRAL LABOR UNION FOR THE VACANT SEAT ON CITY COUNCIL MINUTES OF THE REGULAR MEETING, DECEMBER 11, 1940 The meeting: was called to order by President Scog gins, and the pledge of allegiance to the Flag taken by the assembled delegates. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. The Carnival Com mittee turned over a signed contract and report was re ceived with thanks. Brother Moore deserves the thanks of the members for this work. Various regular and special committees reported. The roll call of officers, delegates and locals followed. The letter from the Internal Revenue department was ordered to be answered with the statement that we have no salaried employees per the report asked for. Certain highly skilled crafts are reported wanting the assistance for organization, from the Central body. President Scoggins was asked to leave the hall, and Brother Moore acted as president, while the delegates debated the endorsing of Brother Scoggins for the vacancy in the Council. It was decided, as this was not an election, but an appointment possibility, the sub ject was not political, and was in the same category as the appointments approved for the draft Boards, Federal Housing Authority, Parks and Recreation Committee, etc, A motion passed unanimously to endorse Brother J. A, Scoggins for the vacancy caused by the passing away of Brother Hudson. Brother Scoggins was recalled into the hall and the chair. Brothers Kiser and Greene were authorized to see that $e papers were notified. The Tri-State A, F. of L. meeting last Sunday was a great success, and accomplished what it was designed to do. Delegates were asked to concentrate on the State A. F. of L. convention to be held in Charlotte. The stand on the ‘Experience Rating System’ is harmful, according to the officials of the A. F, of L, LABOR’S CO-OPERATION PLEDGED IN PROGRAM OF UNINTERRUPTED PRODUCTION IN INDUSTRIES OPERATING DEFENSE PROJECTS . The Labor Policy Advisory Committee of the National Defense Advh' ory Commission mode public, on December 9, a statement pledging labor's continued cooperation in a country-wide program of uninterrupted produc tion in defense industries. This statement was unanimously adopted at a regular meeting of the Labor Policy Advisory Committee, which comprises sixteen representatives of the three great labor groups—6 representing the A. F. of L., 6 representing the CIO, and 4 representing the Railroad Brotherhoods. The session was presided over by Sidney Hillman, chairman of the com mittee, and Commissioner in charge of the Labor Division for the National Defense Advisory Commission. The statement follows: In this time of world crisis, American labor is awake to the crucial Mod for a strong national defense program. Labor recognises fully that if the democratic way of life is to be preserved, and enlarged, our country moat prepare itself for total defense—morally and materially. Labor knows that it is the first to be trampled under the march of dictatorship. Labor knows that if workers are to remain free men, and keep their free choices, 4trn*f racy—as a living fsyth, as a living reality—must be equipped to meet th* threat of totalitarianism, within and without. Labor has been and is to operaing whole-heartedly throughout the entire defense effort. Until very recently no single serious interuption of production in defense industries had occurred; and then only too such work-stoppages took place—the first i«««W six working days, and the second four days. ‘This record Is ample evidence that labor recognises the importance of continuous production to meet defense needs. Labor again re-affirms its as surance of cooperation with the national defense program and further pledgee itself to take no action which may in any way impede production before all conciliation facilities of the Federal Government for resolving any controversy have been exhausted. ~ Mr. Hillman declared that “the point of view expressed by this SOB mittee, which speaks for all sections of organized labor, again confiraa. fM underscores, what has been and remains the serious determination of labor's leaders and its rank and file to give unstinted support to ipaure the soecess of the National Defense program.'*’ The C. C. L. U. endorsed the inclusion of occupation al diseases as compensable in the State Workmen's bill to be brought before the State legislative bodies. After much discussion for the good of the order the meeting adjourned. WM. S. GREENE, See. of jf *timing a Local Union having the youngest officers ” ■**yJLo?.1 affiUatloB with the American Federation of Labor. The local is that of the «rrml..i Jm. Workers Local Urion, organised sis months ago, and is now preparing to negotiate am . theiTages a^aaHroUo“?’PW,rt * the A»h*ville Mica Company, In the picture above the officers aJf/ ■t_,eft’ Mis* II"el WhAUk.er’ recording secretary, 20 years of age; standing, left to right ***“• Grace Cosgrove, vice-president, 21-plus (and this is the age she gave); Clenon Clark, president, man Of thi Y'180"’ 20 >'»rs of age, and Clarence Jackson, chair ln u"lon "**>■ *“l ■“» WSWNSSWSSaw Lee KeUy, 72, Labor Warrior, Passes Away for Coca R. Las T tWO Baptist. ..urch. Rev. Raymon_ pastor, officiated, assisted by «... Jeta Baker, of Wiimot Baptist church. Rev. Eugene Intery, of Statesville Ave. Baptist church, and Rev. Q. W. Burke, of Fort Mill, S. C. Bur ial was in Elmwood cemetery. Mr. Kelly, a retired carpenter, was formerly a resident of Georgia bat M lived in Charlotte for the last fifteen years. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Sara Kelly; three sons, Claude Kelly, Leirne Kelly, and Roy Kelly, all of Charlotte; two daughters. Min Gertrude Kelly, of the home ana Mia. Mamie Thompson, of Ocala, Fla.; and a brother, A. S. Kelly, of Sooth Carolina. Pallbearers wil Ibe J. J. Watson, O. E. Mathis, J. F. Lane, S. C. Boom, T. A. Martin, and W .H. Ferguson. [And in the passing of Brother Kelly, a good man has gone to his re ward. He was a faithful union man, and a man loyal to every doty—the home, the church, as a citizen and a lover of his fellow man. Peaea be to his ashes.—Ed.] PATRONIZE THOSE WHO ADVERTISE Of THE JOURNAL IDEAL LABOR LEADER BY DR. CHARLES STELZLE Moses was the great labor leader who delivered from cruel bondage millions of Israelites who were slaves in Egypt. He might well serve as an example for the modern labor leader. The devel opment of such a leader is always a slow process. For in the labor movement there is so much at stake, and there are so many in terests involved, that the row enthusiast can not be entrusted with the power of leadership. Enthusiasm there should be, but it must be enthusiasm founded upon intelligence, knowledge and self-control. It re quired long years of solitude in the land of Midian to transform Jhe hot-blooded Moses, the adopted son of Phoroah's daughter, into the modest Moses whose name has become a synonym for meekness. "Learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians," never theless he needed the solidarity, deep-thinking life of the shep beard on the hillside to prepare him for the great task of leading out into liberty the slaves of the Egyptian ruler. He came, too, with the consciousness of sure victory, because he knew that his cause was just. But more than that, he was because he came in the spirit of a strong moral faith. Tlli* tfngpcjpation in which he was about to lead was more than an eeonomie deliverance dependent upon brute strength, and the ability of a mere man to exercise unusual power. He had back of him the Omnipotent God of Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob, the forefathers of the afflicted Israelites. T*!* •*"* 'rare so conspicuous in Moses must be found in the modern leader. He must have had an experience which sobered him, so that ha is familiar with the deeper, truer things of life. He must depend not so much upon his speech as upon his character. Ha must have the power which can come alone through the consciousness that his cause is just, and that back of him, too, as He was back of Moses, stands the God of the com mon people, who is saying through him: "Let my people go." Journal Readers Co-operate With Those Who Advertise In It THE MARCH DF LABOR • ! •fat NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL MAW. AN CMKOYtR-SPONSORtO NATION, MAK A SURVIV IN IMO OR M HANTS WHICH MAO SWITCNEO NMM SK-ON 6-RAY WEEK TO DC 9-NN WEK THE STUDY REVEALED THAI NCARLV TO MAO EXPERIENCE* EITHER NO ROOD IN OUTPUT ON AN ACTUAL INC NIAS! . FAMOUS SWRJ6 ORCHESTRA LEADKR, STiU KEEVS HIS COAtMlWCftiS VIMOH CARD. A good mcad deserves a Good HAT; A (MON MAN DESERVES A UNION LABEL J Vt>U ARE CERTAIN OF BOIH Bf LOOKING UNDER 1ME SNEAf' BAND OF VbUR NEXT HAT MR IMIS UNION LABEL • In W $*£*1 a0"***- I 194<>

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