North Carolina Newspapers

    Woll Charges Trade
Treaties Let Cheap
Goods Flood Market
Washington, D. C. — Charges
that present tariff rates, based
on foreign values, permit com
petitive products of foreign
workers to flow into* American
markets at total costs below those
of American production were
made by Matthew Woll, presi
dent of America’s Wage Earn
ers’ Protective Conference, com
posed of national and interna
tional unions affiliated with the
AFL. ~
Mr. Woll, in a formal presen
tation to the Committee for Reci
procity Information, demanded
that commercially competitive
products of American workers be
given an equal opportunity with
like products of lower wage earn
ers of. foreign countries.
At the same time, Mr. Woll,
president of the AFL Union Label
Trades Department, reminded the
committee that it was definitely
’ specified in the reciprocal trade
law that American labor must
be protected, and he declared
that no representative of labor
or the Labor Department is a.
member of the group.
“We challenge any contention
that trade treaties entered into,
and. the reduction of tariff rates
on commercially competitive im
ports have either enlarged the
employment opportunities or pro
tected the job opportunities of
America’s industrial workers, as
intended and promised when the
authoritiy was asked ^for and
■ granted to enter into trade
treaties with foreign countries,”
he said.
“We contend that an unbiased
and honest survey of competitive
conditions will show that the ex
’pressed purposes of the Recip
rocal Trade Agreements Act have
not been accomplished,
__“We contend that the conditions
_ existent at the time the authority
was granted to enter into trade
treaties and to reduce tariff rates
no longer exist. There is no avail
able evidence that would indicate
that comparable conditions will
exist before the period for which
this -authority was granted has
again expired.
“We have a limited market, so
far as we can see, in foreign
countries and that market is de
pendent upon our Government
loaning the monies with which to
purchase such export products.
Foreign countries, in most cases,
will buy only if—
nc lUttn iuciii uic mvucjr
with which to p^y, or (2) if we,
in turn, will purchase, at their
price, certain items from which
they will realise unusual profits.
In some cases. Governments have
taken it upon themselves to re
fuse to permit the export of cer
tain types of machinery for which
we have a need and are willing
to buy.
“In addition, we contend that
the form of commercial trading
which prevailed when this author
ity was granted no longer pre
vails. Today we have Govern
\ment barter or direct, or indirect
governmental control of imports
and exports. At the time the
authority\was granted to enter
into trade treaties and to reduce
tariff rates commercial trading
was carried on by private parties
and under free enterprise.
“America cannot retain or re
gain its economic health by
transferring the jobs 04. its work
ers to lower wage paid workers
of other countries simply because
by so doing the foreign markets
for a compartively few mecha
nized industries will be enlarged
or expanded.
“We contend that there is no
authority for your committee to
recommend or to approve tariff
rate reductions to a point where
in commercially competitive im
ports can be delivered into Amer
can markets at total costs which
are less than American costs of
Chicago—Bakery goods sold lh
the last year ..reached a total of
approximately $2,500,000,000, it
was announced here by Harry
W. Zinsmaster, chairman of the
Board of Governors of the Amer
ican Bakers’ Assciation. ,
Sunday School Lesson
February 2, 1947
John 4:43-45; 1:1-12
GOLDEN TEXT—I am the resur
rection, and the life; he that
helieveth on me, though he die,
yet shall he live. John 11:25.
In the first chapter of John's
Gospel he tells us that Jesus or
the word was the fiver of all -life.
Now in the fourth chapter he
gives specific examples of Christ’s
power over life.
The Nobleman’s Son’s Life
The nobleman, one of the
Roman royalty, came to Jesus at
Cana of Galilee, requesting that
he came down to Capernaum
where his son lay sick unto death
and heal him. In order to bring,
out the object of th» nobleman’s
quest and to. clarify-the situation
Jesus made the statement that
unless you see sights and wonders
you will not belrfeve. The father
of the sick child ignored this
statement but continued his ap-|
peal by telling him that unless he
did something for his son the boy
would surely die. It is clear now
that whatever' the manner in
which the knowledge of Jesus’
healing power had been brought
to him, the nobleman had faith
that Jesus could heal his son.
This fully apparent to the
Master fle immediately told the
"nan to return home, that his son
would live, Gladly the boy’s
father returned home and found
as he had fully expected that his
son > was healed. Here Jesus
demonstrated his power to pre
serve life to a young man.
The Cure Of A Chronic Case
John 5:2-8
Again in Jerusalem Jesus vis
its'the pool of Bethesda where at
certain times the diseased and
: rippled gathered that "they. p*lgnt;
plunge into its waters after the
troubling of the angel in order
that the first one. in might be
healed of hi* trouble. Here
Jesus' heart was touched by the
suffering of the unfortunate. See
ing a man of especial need who
was hopelessly crippled and
without friends. Jesus filled with
compassion asked him if he de
sired to be made whole. Through
the man’s pathetic4 answer could
be seen not onlythe man’s great
desire but his faith in a super
natural healing, Jesus answered
that desire but not by the method
contemplated by the sick man.
[ Jesus told him to arise, take up
his bed and walk. The man im
mediately obeyed and1 was healed
by Jesus, a more difficult case
of healing than that of the noble
man’s son. Through the centuries
different methods of healing have
been employed but back of every
successful healing stands the
power given by the great creator.
The Supreme Test Of Life Giving
John JU:1
The supreme test came in the
case of the raising of Lazarus
from the1 dead. Lazarus was a
dear friend of the family. It
grieved Jesus to see His friend’s
sorrowing, but the strange
statement is made that Jesus tar
ried two days before going to
their aid. The) Lord of Life djft
not want any question as to the
certainty of the state of death
of L&zarus. He desired above all
that their faith in him might be
made complete. The story is
familiar to all how Jesus went
to the tomb of Lazarus and com
manded, it to be opened in spite
of the protests of Lazarus’ sis
ters. Calling with a loud voice
after praying to his Father in
Heaven, the Lord of Life com
manded Lazarus to arise and
come forth. The only God that j
man can depend upon in a world
like ours is a God who is power
.f<ll enough ' to restore life, to
"bring life out of death and order
out of chaos.
—Discuss^ by Ben F. Favell,
Employers’ Spokesman
Backs Labor In Opposition
To Forced Arbitration
N\w York City.—Unqualified
support of organized labor in its
Intensive battle against compul
sory arbitration was volunteered
here by a. management spokes
man, who declared such legislation
would never succeed and could
result only in eventual slavery
of both labor and management.
Walter B. Weisenburger, ex
ecutive vice president of the Na
tion Association of Manufactur
ers, asserted such legislation
would provide for compulsory ar
bitration of unsettled disputes
about existing agreements. Such
a step, he fcaid, would tend to
substitute a political solution for
free collective bargaining and
voluntary arbitration, which, he
said, are the sole democratic
methods for attaining industrial
“Compulsory arbitration,’*
Weisenburger declared, “is uncon
stitutional, unfeasible and im
practical for attaining the ends
desired, and it would create a
condition of involuntary servi
tude which eventually would lead
to sabotage or violence.”
Proposals for special labor
courts and “other devices as a
cure-all for industrial strife,” al
sq draw Mr. Weisenburger’s fire.
Schemes for compulsory arbitra
tion, he said, “may be disguised
by varying terminology, but all
of them are substitutes for vol
untary collective bargaining and,
in greater or less degree, impose
settlement by judicial decree or
by board fiat.”
Agencies bearing such titles as
mediation boards, labor tribunals,
fact-finding commissions, arbitra
tion boards, labor courts and in
dustrial commissions are prone to
order rather than induce disput
ants to agree, he argued.
“Any such system, no matter
what its* name,” the NAM offeial
continued, “is actually a system
for compulsory arbitration if it
involves the determination by a
third party of conditions govern
I ing the relations between manage
ment and labor."
Secretary of Labor Lewis B.
Schwellenbach, who opposed last
week the setting up of a perma
nent mediation board Inside or
outside his department, “is ex
actly right when he says that
such a board would Jjgmper ef
forts to achieve industrial peace,”
Mr. Weisenburger declared.
Organised labor is “under
standably opposed” to compul
sory arbitration for several rea
sons, the industry spokesman
said. Many of the* primary func
tions of laboq unions would then
be taken over by the courts, he
San Francisco, Calif.—Governor
Earl Warren recently sworn in
for a second tern, has submitted
three significant proposals of vi
tal Intercast to labor. They are a
State health insurance plan, the
estsablishment of a commission
to elimnlate racial and econoi.iic
inequality, and the creation of a
State mediation board that would
intervene in any labor dispute up*
on request by either of the two
parties involved.
The Governor emphasised that
the major effort of the State
should be to promote “free col
lective bargaining and the avoid
ance of a war of legislation be
tween Labor and Management.”
New York City.—Freight load
ings in the first quarter of this
year wi)l approximate 7,091,603
cars, an indicated increase of 8.8
per cent, over the actual loadings
in the 1946 period, the Associa
tion of American Railroads re
ported oh the basis of estimates
compiled by 13 regional Shippers'
Advisory Boards.
All geographic regions expect
higher loadings than a year ago,
the greatest estimated gain being
32.4 per cent in the Great Lakes
area. For the Atlantic States the
gain is placed at 13.6 per cent,
and for New England at 3.1 per
cent. The smallest indicated in
crease is 2.5 per cent in the
Northwest. ' »•
For individual commodities in
creases are estimated in the, load
ing of 23, and decreases in 4.
Washington, D. C.—Charges
that, the World Federation ’ of
Trade Unions is acting as the ip.
strument for a world-wide attack
on American foreign policy were
made in the House by Represen
tative Dondero q{ Michigan. This
is being #i5ne, he declared; .“to
force us td accede to Soviet ex
pansionist aims.” /
Citing recent declarations of
AFL leaders that this is a “des
perate attempt by the Kremlin to
grab control of organized labor in
Germany,” Mr. Dondero-told the
House that, despite denials of
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U. S. mili
tary governor in Germany:
“The charge of the American
Federation Of Labor that the four
American military zonal manpow
er division chiefs in Germany had
recently conferred in Parrs with
officials of the so-called World
Federation of Trade Unions “to
stampede*German trade, unions
into affiliation of the WFTU to
secure eventual affiliation of the
German trade unions,” has not
been denied by Michael Ross,
American CIO representative at
the WFTU meeting.
“It should also be noted,” Mr.
Dondero added, “that Mr. Max
Lowenthal, recently appointed
general counsel to Lieut. Gen.
Clay, is a man with long-estab
lished ties to Communist organi
zations and whose loyalty is high
ly questionable.
“Another adviser and close as
sociate of Mr. Lowenthal is
George Shaw Wheeler, 'whose loy
alty record is , even more ques
tionable.” f
Representative Dondero cited
the Natinal Maritime Union of
the CIO as one of the affiliates
of the World Federation, which
he assorted had shown “a policy
of definite hostility toward the
United States.” This was so
marked, he added, that he was
"seriously concerned about the
attitude taken toward this fergan- j
ization by our representatives
not only in Germany but throughT!
out the world.” •
‘-‘Coupled with this agitation,"
he went on, “is an attempt to ac
cuse the United States of incit-1
ing war against the Soviet Un-i
j “The WFTU and its affiliated
organizations have sought to en-'
courage the Communist policy of
international strikes intended t«
disrupt American commerce and
“While the World Federation of
Trade Unions has not dared to
demand independence for Poland,
Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria,
Hungary, Rumania, Czechoslo
vakia, Finland or any other So
viet puppet state, it has taken up
the cudgels for th« independence
of Puerto Rico.”
Washington, D. C.—The Later
Department disclosed that LOMk
00 women workers left factonw
and office jobs last 'you to gr
back to their kitchens.
Imposed Scotch Grain
Handsomely styled
oxford in rich brown
leather with medal
lion cap toe, heavy
leather sole and heel.
Sizes 6Vg to 12; B to
D widths.
Weyenberg Moccasin Oxford
A young man’s favorite oxford with dou
ble leather sole and leather heel. Brown
only. Si/* to 12; B to D widths.
• >.
Join the
January 15-30
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