North Carolina Newspapers

Working For A Better Understanding Between
North Carolina AFL Unions and Employers of Labor
Charlotte Labor Journal
* ; > . .... .
A Newspaper Dedicated To The Interesta of Charlotte Central Labor Union and Affiliated Crafts—Endorsed By North
Carolina Federation of Labor and Approved By The America n Federation of Labor.
“Were it not for the labor
pres*, the labor movement
would not be wrhat it is to*
day. and any man who
tries to injure a labor pa
per is a traitor to the
cause.”—Samuel Gompers.
VOL. XVI; NO. 39
Subscription $2.00 Per Year
AFL Sees Danger In Flood Of Punitive Labor Bills
Asserts Such Measures
And Lower Production
Miami, Fla.—Launching organized labor’s, first major of
fensive against oppressive legislation, the AFL Executive
Council warned Congress that enactment of the punitive
measures now pending would shatter existing peace on the
industrial front and could precipitate a new wave of strikes.
The Executive Council issued a sweeping blast against
the anti-labor bills now |looding the Congressional hoppers
as the AFT* leaders concluded their first season of their
mid-winter meeting here. Promising to analyze these bills
more specifically later and to expose the fallacies and
dangers they contain, the AFL chieftains confined their
opening statement to a general indictment of this type of
legislation on the following counts:
1. Tnstwtd sf entering stsihs>, IB>^WN—d regulatory
laws would have the opposite effect.
2. They would interpose bureaucratic federal agencies
between employers and their employes and usher in a new
system of government controls that would be more op
pressive to the American system of free enterprise than
anything the Nation has ever before experienced, even in
war tjme.
3. They would jeopardize immediate prospects of real
izing full and uninterrupted production, which is the key to
future prosperity.
4. The sponsors of such legiislation are either ignorant
of the dangerous potentialities contained therein, or are
motivated by a vengeful desire to cripple and destroy the
trade union movement, regardless of the great harm caused
to the Nation in the process.
Repudiating this kind ox ap
proach to the solution of labor
management problems, the Ex
cutive Council promiaeed toi draft
a legislative program of ita own
for submission to Congress. The
objectives of this program, the
Council said, would be to “raise
the standard of living of our
country and to strengthen the
protections at our social security
| astern against the hazards of
old age, illness and destitution.”
Moving to other business mat
ters, the Executive Council ap
proved an application for the
granting of an international on
ion charter to the Airline Dis
patchers Association, a small
group of highly-skilled techni
cians in air transportation.
The Council authorized an ed
ucational program to offset at
tempts to influence ex-servicemen
against unions. It also voted a
$20 weekly, increase in pay for
full-time organizers on the AFL
The Council also had under con
siaeration an invitation irons tne
International Transport Work
ers’ Federation, with headquar
ters in England, to affiliate with
that organisation—a bid regarded
by some reports on the lalyor
scene as carrying important sig
nificance in the politics of world
It is the understanding of the
AFL leaders that the transport
workers regard the Wrold Fed
eration of Trade Unions in the
same unfavorable light with which
this organisation has been viewed
by the AFL, which refused to
participate in the WFTU on
grounds that it was dominated
by the Soviet.
In announcing that the AFL
Council was “sympathetic” to in
vitation of the transport work
ers, President Green said the. bid
was being passed along to the un
ions directly concerned. These
groups include the railroad craft
unions, the teamsters, and the
street car and bus employes,
whose combined membership runs
above tfiOOfiOO.
AFL Experts See
Better Days Ahead
Washington, D. C.—Ths current
year should bo a period of high
pormise for American workers
if collective bargaining can be
pursued to establish wage in
creases without raising prices and
if living costs can be reduced, it
was declared in the AFL Monthly
Labor Survey for January.
Emphasising the chief ta#k of
American workers this year is to
raise “real wages,” the report
saw grave danger to American
labor if it makes unusual de
'*• mands upon management. It de
eland flatly that industry cannot
afford a 15 per cent wi|« to*
crease this year and asserted
saeh a proposal by the CIO "is
a moot irresponsible policy.”
Reviewing the outlook for 1947
the report said in part:
"This is to be a year of prom
ise and of danyer for American
workers. Promise because wise
policies can raise workers’ living
standards to the highest level
ever reached Danger: because
industry has a difficult adjust
(Contiseed oa Page 4)
Green Praises
St. Louis Unions
For Good Work
• St. Loius, Mo.—John I. Roll
in**, executive secretary of the
Central Trades and Labor Union
of St. Louis and Vicinity, has
received a letter from AFL Pres
ident William Green warmly fe
licitating that organization on
the splendid labor record it has
proven by its survey of labor
management relationss in that
Some months ago it was sug
gested by a daily newspaper in
that city that a committee be
established to adopt a plan for
settlement of labor disputes. Not
satisfied that such a committee
was needed, the Cenrtal Trades
Union undertook a survey of its
total agreement* (companies)
negotiated, 10,117; without
strikes, 9,069; with strikes, 488;
percentage without strikes, 95.6;
percentage with strikes, 2.2; pos
sible man-days to be worked,
27399,406; actual man-days
worked, 27,608,128; man - day*
lost as result of strikes, 811,283;
percentage of man-days actually
worked, 98.9; percentage of man
daps lost, 1.1.
"Wu here in St. Louis feel,1*
Mr. Rglling* informed Mr. Green,
"that there is available adequate
machinery to aid employers and
unions in reaching agreement
through negotiations, and no ne
cessity for a local committee for
settlement of industrial disputes.
We have excellent conciliation
service in this area, staffed by
e.. eient people."
la his letter of commendation,
Mr. Green said:
"I And this an exceptionally
worthwhile study. To give facts
of this kind to the American pub
lic is an important service, and
I can only hope that more cen
tral labor unions will follow youf
example. When the public knows
the constructive work of the AFL
and our ability to secure gains
for workers without a strike, it
will bring to us greater recogni
tion of the value of our organi
sation in the Nation’s life."
Atlanta, Ga. — More than 800
bua employes in the Atom Bomb
area at Oak Ridge, Temu, mem*
Ren of the Amalgamated Associ
ation, of Street and Electric Em
ployes have been organised. The
employes of Leo Coach Lines, Al
bany, Ga., and the LaG range
Coach Co., employes have also
joined the Amalgamated and have
been placed in Division 732 of At
lanta. i!
Text Of AFL Statement
The Executive (found! is highly gratified by reports from
all over the natioip>that the reconversion of labor-manage
ment relations to a peace-time basis is constantly, improv
ing. An era of good feeling is setting in on the industrial
front. Unions and employers are showing a returning con
fidence in their ability to cope with the mutual problems
through peaceful collective bargaining and without any
need for outside intervention. Today industrial strife is
definitely on the wane. The number of current strikes and
lockouts is almost negligible. America faces a great op
portunity of establishing lasting labor-management peace
and sustained full production.
The chief disturbing factor in the situation at present
is the threat held out by Congress of enacting sweeping
legislation which would entirely disrupt the normal pro
cesses of collective bargaining and stir up widespread in
dustrial unrest.
Demands for such legislation have gained support be
cause of the wave of strikes and lockouts which took place
last year after the war ended. The Executive Council
wishes to emphasize that the industrial disturbances of
1U46 were not a normal development but a passing phe
nomenon resulting from a national economic upheave!. The
change from a wartime to a peacetime way of life could not
have been accomplished without severe dislocations in the
way of prices, wages and labor-management relations.
It would be a tragic mistake, for Congress to use the ab
normal occurrences of 1946 as the basis for reorganizing
by ill-considered’and punitive legislation the whole system
of free and effective collective bargaining which has been
built up step by step over more than half a century and
which has been built up step by step over more than half
a century and wnicn represents the only democratic process
of assuring a square deal to workers, employers and the
public as a whole.
The Executive Council intends at this session to analyze
the major legislative proposals pending before Congress
with detailed attention to their specific provisions. At the
moment we wish to make only a few* genera] observations
on these bills: -
1. That, instead of reducing strikes, they would have
the opposite effect.
2. That theyi would usher in a new system of Govern
ment controls that would prove more oppressive to the
American free enterprise system than anything our nation
has ever before experienced.
, 3. That they would jeopardize immediate prospects of
< realizing full and uninterrupted production which is the
key to postwar prosperity.
I 4. That the sponsors of such legislation are eUher ig
j norant of the dangerous potentialities contained therein or
• are motivated by a venegeful desire to cripple and destroy
I the trade union movement regardless of the great harm it
would cause to the nation.
j Instead of a negative and destructive approach, the Ex
'ecutive Council urges Congress to adopt a broader and
more profound view of the needs of the American wage
Y Even a casual glance at what is happening in other coun
tries throughout the world should prove that Toryism only
breeds class warfare and is not the answer to America’s
future. To protect our free way of life and to promote the
welfare of the American people, we must raise the standard
ot living of oijr country and strengthen the protection^ of
our social security system against the hazards of old age,
illness and destitution. The Executive Council plans to
draft a legislative program carrying out these objectives
during its current session. .
20,000 On Air Networks
| Benefit By New Contract
New York City—Inert—■ of
20 to 30 per cent in the pay rnte
of union members ore provided
in n contract signed by the Amer
ican Federation of Radio Artists
and the . four national networks.
The agreement is the culmination
of four months of negotiations.
The new agreement will be ret
roactive to November 1 and will
continue through October, 1948.
Its benefits will be shared 1*y 20,
000 members of the AFRA, an
iffiliate of the AFL.
The most controversial provi
■ion of tho now poet relates to
stations affiliated with tho net
works. Originally the union had
sought a clause prohibiting a net
work from feeding programs to a
station declared “unfair” by the
union, a stipulation that the Mt
works had' insisted amounted to
a “secondary boycott” or "the un
ionising by employers of other
employers,” *
The final provision ■ accepted by
the networks, as summarised by
the union in a statement, follows:
(Continued on Page S)
. 4
Central Labor Union
Passes Resolution To
__ ...
Combat House Bill
A resolution strongly con
demning House Bill No. 229.
a proposed anti-closed shop
measure for North Carolina,
was unanimously passed by
Charlotte Central Labor Un
ion at its regular weekly
meeting this week, in a meet
ing hall in Labor Temple
which was filled to capacity I
with the delegates from
Charlotte A. F. of L. un
ions. This was Charlotte
Labor’s answer to the pro
posed anti-labor measure
which was signed by Repre
sentatives Scott of Beaufort,
Martin of Martin, and Hath-j
away of Gates counties, or ^
any other anti-closed shop!
proposal which may be intro
duced before the 1947 legis
lative session.
It was the sense of the dele
gates attending the CLU meet
ing that there is absolutely no
necessity for such a hysterical
law in North Carolina due to the
fact that North Carolina employ
ers and workers have through the
yeara been able to amicably settle
their differences through collec
tive bargaining, in the greater
majority of cases. The discussion
also brought out the fact that
Governor Cherry in his message
to the 1947 session of the Gen
eral Assembly reported that la
bor-management relations in
North Carolina during his' term of
office have been very satisfactory
as a whole.
The letter ordered sent to the
North Carolina legislative repre
sentatives, together with the
resolution, follows:
Charlotte* N. C.
February «. 1947.
Hon. Joe L. Blythe. Senator.
Hon. Harvey Morns.
Hon. Frank K. Sims,
Hon. E. D. Tonniaon.
Hon. Janies B. Vogler,
Mecklenburg County Representa
North Carolina General Assembly.
Raleigh. N. C.
Enclosed please find a resolu
tion virogously condemning and
branding as un-American any
anti-cloeed shop proposal which
may be introduced before the
1947 session of the North Caro
lina General Assembly, but spe
(Please Turn to Page 3)
TW A Pilots Assured
$1,000 Per Month
Chicago.—Member* of the Air
Line Pilot*' Association (APL)
on Trans World Airline*' four
engined Constellation and Sky
master planes, won the unanimous
approval of a three-man arbitra
tion board in a pay and rules dis
pute which puts the pitpta into
the 91,000-a-month salary brac
First pilots flying "trsns-world
airline overseas routes will re
ceive from $926 to 91,100 a month,
depending on seniority, on the
basis of 900 flyling hours a year.
This is sn increase of 910 a
month. Additional flying will be
paid at 913-00 an hour.
Their co-pilots will receive 9290
to 9020 a month, an increase of
|t with an additional 900 a
month for those qualified in celes
tial navigation.
Ort domestic routes, first pilots
flying Constellations will be paid
on a formula involving base, hour
ly and mileage pay. On the
basis of 80 hours et flying a
month, this will produce about
91,000 a month, a rise of 900.
Their co-pilots will receive 940
more, for a total from 9280 to
|4<0 a month.
The decision, announced by
Frank M. Swacker, a lawyer of
New York, board chairman and
neutral memlfer, was filed with
the Federal District Court here.
It is binding on both parties for
at least a year, and its pay
swards are retroactive to No
vember 15, 194®, wnen tlM arbi
tration agreement waa signed.
The agreement ended a 25-day
■trike of pilots, which grounded
116 planes.
Besides Mr. Swacker the board
included Robert N. Buck of West
field, N. J. for the pilots, and •
George A. Spater of New Talk,
counsel for the line.
The dispute involved wages and
rules only of personnel flying the
company’s Skymasters and Con
stellations, about 260 of the lias’s
1,400 pilots and co-pilots.
Company representatives said
the increases would cost the air
line about |16,000 a month.
In announcing the award Mr.
Swacker said he was “impressed
by the fairness shown by repre
sentatives of both the pilots and
the carrier not merely because
of the effect on this one case, but
because it affords a Aria basis
for continuing good employe re
lations in this young aad aggres
sive Industry.1*
The award provides that the
company pay pilots’ trip ex
penses; moving expenses overesaa
and within the international divi
sion after two and one-half years
at one base; sickness and in
jury benefits of 75, per cent of
pilot’s salary the first seven days
and full pay thereafter; foreign
cost of living" differentials equal
ly with other TWA employee, and
month’s vacatiorf for pilots *»eted
overseas and two weeks for those
here. ^

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