AFFILIATE ♦ WITH YOUR CENTRAL LABOR UNION AND THE N. C. FEDERATION NOW! VOL. VXI: NO. SI Unionists, Do Everything Within Your Power To Akl In the Southern A. F. L. Membership Drive Working For A Better Understanding Between North Carolina AFL Unions and Employers of Labor Charlotte Labor Joumal J . ^ fin A Newspaper Dedicated To The Interests of Charlotte Central Labor Union and Affiliated Crafts—Endorsed By North Carolina Federation of Labor and Approved By The American Federation of Labor. CHARLOTTE. N. €., THURSDAY. APRIL 21. 1947 * “Were it not for the labor pros*, the labor movement would not be what it is to* day. and any man who tries to injure a labor pa per is a traitor to tho cause."—Samuel Gompers. Subscription $2.00 Per Year Anti-Labor Bill Is Blasted By Meany Before House Vote Washington, D. C.—The position of America’s workers as cham pions of freedom against^ en croachment by Communisn and profit-greedy corporations, is ser iously threatened by the Hartley anti-labor bill. , ' -- This was the blunt declaration of George Meany, Secretary Treasurer of the American Fed eration of Labor, in a eoast-to coast radio address carrying la bor's vital Iegialatire message to the American people. In a blistering assault upon House proposals to shackle Amer t ican workers, carried over the Mutual Broadcasting System, Mr. Meany pulled no punches when he declared tmphatically that House Labor Chairman Hartley of New Jersey, in drafting this anti-labor bill, was merely taking the dictation of the National As sociation of Manufacturers. I "Throughout the 68 pages of the Hartley bill,” Mr. Meany de clared, "we find the ideas and the very language of the NAM’s anti labor program lifted bodily and incorporated into the bill. . . . The bill should be known as the National Association of Manu facturer’s bill, which in fact it is.” The AFL official lashed at the NAM for not caring about any thing except "profits, more prof its and still more profits,” carry (Ceatiaued on Pago 2) 70 Teachers Locals Chartered During Current School Year New Haven, Conn. — Seventy new locals have been chartered * by the American Federation of Teachers (AFL) since the start of the current school year—30 of them since January 1, the largest number chartered in an compar ' able period in the history of the AFT. This disclosure highlighted an address by Irvin R. Kuenzli, AFT national secretary, before the newly formed Connecticut State Federations of Teachers at the Yale Divinity School Auditorium. The campaign of the National Education Association to check the rapid progress of the AFT, Mr. Kuenzli declared, “rather hindering its expansion, is serv ing as a boomerang and acceler ating the organisation of teach ers. “On March 22,” Mr. Kuenzli said, “Willard Givens, national executive secretary of the NEA, gave an address to a group of teachers in Cleveland, Ohio, in which he emphatically condemned the organisation of teachers in unions affiliated with organised labor. During the week following Mr. Givens' address *ve new lo cals of the AFT were organised. 'Since the NEA is controlled largely by superintendents of schools, most of whom occupy political jobs and many of whom have been imported by certain organised groups for the purpose of keeping teachers’ salaries down, it is not surprising that officials of the organisation should feel that teachers should not or ganise in groups which would give them real power and the advan tages of collective bargaining. “Herein lies the basis of the never-ending school crises which have culminated in the present critical situation in the schmis. In a profession in which the em ployer—who hires and fires the • teachers—controls the employes1 organisation, it is not surprising A that salaries and working eondi V tions have been at such a low professional level that teachers am leaving the profession in s mass exodus. “In 1943, Mr. Givens, address lag the samual convention of th< NEA, described the weakness of the NEA as follows: u 'The Association’s chief weak ness is in the field of teacher welfare and in mustering legisla tive pressure where rapid and in tegrated action is demanded . . Is it possible that teacher’s asso ciations as now organized, with small dues and limited welfare program, can compete indefinitely with the organized groups that have expansive and powerful pur poses?” "This failure of non-union groups to provide for the profes sional welfare of teachers and to muster legislative action when needed is a basic cause of the present school crisis. Our answer is a clear-cut 'No’ to Mr. Givens’ query as to whether teachers’ as sociations as now organized can compete indefinitely with the or ganised groups that have power ful and expansive purposes. In this question, asked by Mr. Givens three years ago, lies the cause of the present crisis in the schools. "Teachers arfi beginning to realise this fact and are disre garding the advice of the NEA officials to stay out of tbs AFT. The AFT now has locals in all but one of the 25 largest cities of the Nation. There are also AFT locals in nearly three-fourths of the cities of the Nation over 100,000 population and in hun dreds of cities and towns under 100,900. Some of these locals are still new and relatively small but a large percentage of them are strong organisations represent ing ,a majority of the teachers in the school system.” Mr. Kuensli outlined the recom mendations of the AFL in the field of education and stated that there would be no crisis in the schools today if the teachers had been organized with sufficient strength to carry out these rec ommendations. “Inadequate education "is very costly in the long run,” he added, “since crime and delinquency are costing several times the total costs of education and most of the arrests are in the field of school age children.” FLOOR DEBATE BEGINS; SEN ATE MEASURE HIT BY WAGNER, AIKEN Washington. D. C.—In a Anal plea on behalf of America's toiling millions, AFL President William Green addressed letters to every member of the House urging rejection of the. omnibus anti-labor bill which would wipe out gaind won by workers over long years of heart-rending struggle for a decent standard of living. Striking sharply at labor’s foes who are sponsoring such legislation, Mr. Green declared in his letter: “These millions of workers who will be the victims of this restrictive and oppressive legis lation are the same workers who served so patriotically dur ing the recent war, and who produced, the airplanes, ships, tanks and guns and who serv iced the transportation systems of the Nation to win the war. Is this to be their reward? Are they to be punished, oppressed, and their rights and liberties restricted by vindictive, punitive laws? “Why this drive to weaken and exploit labor? The men and women of labor here in America who cherish the blessing of free dom and liberty cannot accept or become reconciled to such drastic legislation. No nation under the sun has proposed or considered the adoption of such legislation as this since the close of the war. “This earnest and sincere per sonal appeal is based upon my knowledge and understanding of the heart and mind of the work ing people of the Nation. In their name I earnestly appeal to you to vote against this bill.” me appeal irom air. ureen reached each member of the House as the overall bill to par alyse the union movement" ar rived on the floor for debate: The measure would ban the closed shop, industry-wide bar gaining, jurisdictional strikes, sec ondary boycotts and mass picket ing. ' It would make unions liable to law suits and authorize use of injunctions in strikes which were held to threaten national health, safety or welfare. It would go far beyond these limits and its ef fect, labor leaders agreed, would be to render the union movement impotent and block any* effort to obtain wag* increases for workers to meet sky-rocketing costa of living. As the House opened debate on the measure, members of the Sen at Labor Committee, drafting a somewhat similar but less drastic bill was rejecting some of the more punitive proposals sponsored by labor's foes. The Senate r ~UP voted 8 to 5 against a suggestion by Senator Taft of ‘Ohio to allow individual employers to bring taw suits and obtain injunctions against juris dictional strikes, secondary boy cotts, strikes in violation of con tracts and strikes for recognition. Tbs committee agreed to make these items “unfair labor prac tics” to be handled by the Na tional Labor Relations Board. The Senate group also voted 7 to 6 to strike out a section restricting union welfare funds and dues check-offs. Sections approved by the Sen ate Committee would: 1. Create an independent Fed eral mediation service and a Fed eral mediation director. The lat ter would be aided by an advisory panel composed of six labor and six management members. (C—tinned Os Page 4) DUTY DEMANDS OF YOU THAT YOU VOTE! Duty demands of every Charlottean that he or she go io the polls Monday. April 28, and cast a vote in the primary election. The right to vote is one of the sacred privileges of all Americans. The right to vote, experience has shown, maintains our political system free from dictatorships, the like of which have sprung up in other nations. No patri ot1* American desires to sit idly by and let the other fellow select the public servants of the commuinty without having a voice in the elections. But the real danger facing America ,«day is due to the indifference of millions of voters in tali* ing an active interest in our elections. National, State, City and CountyTJIections in our land fall far short of being anywhere near fully represented at the polls on election day. This laxity demands the honest and sincere attention of our whole citizenry. ( Monday Charlotteans will be called upon to ballot for a new Mayor, a new City Council, School Board members, and others. It is deubtful if one-tenth of the population will be sufficiently interested to vote. Do not be one of the nine tenths who may fail to cast his ballot. You have a duty to perform for yourself, your city and your Nation! Text Of AFL Statement I Washington, D. C. — The full text of the letter addressed by AFI* President William Green jto every member of the House, ap pealing for defeat of the omni bus anti-labor bill, follows: I am making this last appeal to you, ip behalf of the millions of members of the American Fed eration of Labor, to vote against the highly objectionable anti-la passage by the House Committee on Education and Labor. Please bear in mind that these millions of workers who will be the victims of this restrictive and oppresive legislation are the same workers who served so patrioti cally during the recent World War and who produced the air planes, the ships, the tanks, the guns, and served on the trans portation system of the nation in such a wonderful way in order to win the war. Is this to be their reward? Are they to be punished, oppressed, and their rights and liberties destricted by vindictive, punitive laws? Please consider this phase of the question for a moment. I cannot help but think if jron will vote against H.R. 3020 as I have herein requested. What is hack of it all? Why this friea to weaken labor and subvert jt to exploitation ? , The men and women of iafror hare in America who rheetsa tho blessings of freedom and liberty as a common heritage, can not accept or become reconciled to such drastic legislation. No na tion under the sun has proposed or considered the adoption of such legislation as this since the close of the war. This earnest and sincere per sonal appeal is based upon my knowledge and understanding of the heart and mind of the work ing people of the nation. In their name and for them I earnestly appeal to you to vote against this | measure. Urges Restoration Labor Dept. Funds Washington, D. C.—Sharp pro test against a trend in Congress to “short-change” labor by slash ing appropriations financing serv ices invaluabli-fco American work ers was registered by AFL Presi dent William Green before the Senate Appropriations Committee considering the budget of the La bor Department. Reviewing the history of the Labor Department, established in the Cabinet after a long cam paign by the AFL, Mr. Green pointed out the necessity, recog nised many years ago, of main an efficient Federal labor sta tistics bureau to determine the progress of American workers. Attacking the proposed cut of 43 per cent below the Bureau of Labor Statistics budget estimate as “unwise and wasteful,” Mr. Green told the committee: “The Bureau of Labor Statis tics is providing the Nation with more than half of the over-all economic statistics outside the field of finance and agriculture necessary to the President's Coun cil of Economic Advisors, to sound legislative planning, to business analysts, labor arbitrators, and labor and management in nego tiations. When you are figuring in terms of the budget of more than $30,000,000,000, a saving of $3,000,000 is pitifully small and in terms of value received is uneco nomical.” Mr. Green, commenting' upon a $14,000,000 slash in the Labor Department appropriation bill, ironically called the attention of Concrete to its plant for tpending more “for the protection of migra tory birds and other wild life" than to “protect workers’ mini mum wage standards.” The labor leader said tome $5, 000. 000 was proposed to fid wild life in the fiscal year ending July 1, while the House “has appro ! priated only 14.057,000 to protect workers’ minimum wage stand ards.” Mr. Green did noff ask or res toration of any specific amounts, but urged "adequate” funds be cause, he said, the “department’s function is to promite the welfare of more than 40,000,000 wage earners and salaried workers.” Terming the maintenance of high production important at this time, Mr. Green added: “It is not economy to paralyse the services that can assist man agement and labor to effect wise adjustments.” He said funds for the Labor Department “are pitifully small when compared with the millions of dollars Congress provides for 0,000,000 farmers through the Agriculture Department funds. *Tt amounts in all to much more than * $100 per farmer per year,” Mr. Green said, compared with a proposed outlay under House terms of “less than $2.25 per worker.” “The American Federation of Labor favors economy in govern ment,” Mr. Green said, “but we (CinthMMd Ftp Fage 1). Cleveland Council Attacks Coercive Anti-Labor Bills Cleveland. — Claims made by. anti-labor lawmakers that they have a “mandate” from the “grass roots" to enact legislation curbing workers rights were rid dled in an unusual “emergency resolution” adopted by the Cleve land City Council. Passed by a landslide 26-to-l majority, the resolution memo rialised both Congress and the Ohio state legislature net to rash through any measures “which will make for industrial strife,” hut instead to “give careful and de liberate consideration of any measures seeking to restrict eg deny any of the inalienable rights of the workingman.” The resolution stressed that “the progress and prosperity of the nation and this state depend upon the preservation of free enterprise, which necessarily in cludes a system of free labor,” It also pointed out that "or ganised labor is one of the mov ing forces which have made America groat, helped win two rt world, wars, and achieved America Ute highest standard Of living in the entire world.” Finally, the council insisted that mace can od$ be by "good labor-manage relations rather than by a legislative process.” Sharp Conflict Marks Radio Debiting On House Labor Measure Washington, D. C.—Sharp con flict over the possible merits and dangers of the newly drafted House anti-labor bill marked the latest nation-wide discussion by business, labor, farm and legis lative spokesmen on the “Amer ica United” program, broadcast over the facilities of the National Broadcasting System. A minority member of the House Labor Committee, which drafted the punitive, omnibus menpure, Representative Lesinski, of Michigan, declared: “It is quite fair and accurate to say that this bill has been de signed to permit crippling, if not total destruction, of the labor movement, and at the same time to guarantee that if the labor movement survives stall it is to survive solely ss a labor front, controlled, operated and regulated by the Government in the interest of employers.” In this position Mr. Lesinski was supported by Boris Shishkin, American Federation of Labor economist, who charged that the proposed legislation would outlaw most unions and place the others completely under Federal control. "This bill.” Mr. Shishkin de clared, “goes far beyond any known precedent in any field in peacetime Federal intervention. It extends Federal control into the very heart of collective bar gaining. It allows Federal au thority to cut across the binding fibre * of private contracts. It thrusts Federal jurisdiction into the area now reserved, to State and local jurisdiction. It writes a detailed script for collective bargaining negotiations, every step of which must represent Government ukase, and if any body departs from those steps, he is in violation of the law and he is outlawed. It regiments the active workers and employers. It subjects organisation to all-em bracing Government,.control.” Granting that the rights of the public should predominate in con sideration of any legislation, Mr. Shishkin observed: “And yet today the public is subjected to the worst fleecing we have ever known because of the runaway prices. All of the labor disputes during the last year and a half have been due to that squeeze to which we are sub jected, now worse than at any time before. We have a situa tion in which we must deal with the causes of our present diffi culties. The Government is dere lict in failing to deal with them, and Congress is not moving a finger to protect the general pub lic.” Milton Smith, assistant counsel of the U. S. Chamber of Com merce, and Fred Bailey, of the National Grange, took issue with the positions of Representative Lesinski and Mr. Shishkin. Mr. Smith said the pending legisla tion seems on some points to be drectly in line with the Chamber position but on other points does not deal as effectively as that group would desire with regard to certain problems. Mr. Bailey said his farm group believed labor legislation passed in the last ten or twelve years was lopsided and that the farmers believed the tima had come to strike a balance. Declaring that the House bill deprives labor of gains won over a long period of years of struggle. Representative Lesinski asserted his belief that workers “should be permitted the right to raise living standards and to see that everybody is paid a living wage.” Such efforts, he said, would he gravely jeopardised, if not wiped out, by the pending legislation. He added: “Business has a right to organ ise and labor should have the same right/ the same protections. This bill in its entirety given no protection to any type of labor. | It would drive labor leaders under ground and would be a real bid for communistic views,” he added. AFL COUNCIL TO WEIGH PUNITIVE LABOR BILLS AT 8ES8ION MONDAY Washington, D. C.—The Execu tive Council ef the American Fed eration of Labor will here Monday, April 21, ..to ■■■ aider some of the gravest loess posed before the «w»tam meat in many years.