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Cost Of Living To Increase; Price Gouges Hit Public
afl executive council postpones decision
Chicago.—AFL President William Green announced that
organized labor’s “hatred” of the Taft-Hartley Act has
grown “deeper and stronger” since its enactment.
His statement came after the opening session of the mid
summer session of the AFL Executive Council, at which
the oppressive administration of the Taft-Hartley Act was
considered as the first order of business.
At a press conference, Mr. Green revealed that members
of the Executive Council had spent several hours in a gen
eral discussion of the new law’s effects on labor unions and
particularly on the regulations issued by Chief Counsel
Denham of the National. Labor Relations Board.
Under Mr. Denham’s directive, no union affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor can bring complaint
cases or petitions for elections before the NLRB unless
every member of the AFL Executive Council signs non
Communist affidavits. This requirement is in addition to
the signing of such affidavits by officers of national and
international unions and by the officers of their local un
Mr. Green announced that the
Executive Council had decided to
defer its decision on whether to
sign the required non-Communist
affidavits until the final day of
its meeting. The postponement,
he said, was necessitated by re
quests tor further legal advice and
addition information from the
NLRB with regard to the new
Meanwhile, the1 Executive Coun
cil plunged into other pressing
business on its agenda.
Pint, the council unanimously
voted tq appoint Charles J. Mao*
Gowan, president of the Inter
national Brotherhood of Boiler
makers to the vacant vice-presi
dency of the ATL caused by the
former secretary-treasurer of the
International Brotherhood of Elec
tical Workers. Mr. MaeGowan
now becomes 13th vice-president
of the AFL and a member of the
Executive Council. He is expected
to come here from Kansas City
to attend, the current^ meeting.
Then the Executive Council took,
up consideration of the danger
ous price situation and the con
tinued inflationary trend. It is
expected to issue a strong con
demnation of the failure of the
government’s efforts thus far to
bring the cost of living down.
The entire legislative program
of the APL and a series of im
portant recommendations to the
forthcoming AFL convention will
come up for consideration and ac
tion later.
Another proposal to be presented
by Mr. Green is to make election
day in 1048 a national holiday
so that all workers can hare a
fall opportunity to go to the polls
and vote. He said that if this
could not be obtained by enact
ment of a national law, unions
would try to reach agreements
with employers to lay off work on
that day. Transportation lines and
public utilities vital to the pub
lic welfare would not be affected,
Mr. Green said.
Labor is determined to get out
the vote next year as never be
fore, Mr. Green said, in order
to defeat those candidates for
Congress who voted for the Taft
Hartley law and to elect a new
Congress more responsible to hu
man needs.
The AFL chief revealed that
Trygve Lie, secretary-general of
the United Nations Organisation,
had accepted an invitation to ap
pear before the Executive Council
later on at this meeting to ex
plain the work of the UNO in the
promotion of world peace and to
relate the progress made to re
lieve the postwar suffering of
the distressed peoples of Eurdpe
and Asia.
Pottsville, Pa. — The AFL’s
United Garment Workers * Union
announced it had* obtained wage
increases of 4 cents an hour for
time workers and from 4 to 8
cents for piece workers for 2,000
employes of the Phillips Jones
Corporation here.
Chicago.—More than 1,000 res
ervations have been received for
the testimonial dinner to be ten
dered David Dubinsky, president
of the International Ladies Gar
ment Workers Union, on Septem
ber 9.
This was revealed by Morris
Bialis, ILGWU vice-president, and
William A. Lee, president of the
Chicago Federation If Labor,
chairman and co-chainf** of the
committee arranging » •« dinner.
They stated:
"Organised labor is payfttfc hrOP'
ute to David Dubinsky for his la
bor statesmanship, his wise lead
ership and his humanitarian re
sponse to the appeals of the less
fortunate peoples throughout the
world. The Chicago Federation
of Labor, the Executive Council
of the AFL, and the Jewish La
bor Committee are jointly tender
ing this dinner to David Dubin
sky not only as a tribute to a
great man, but also to show la
bor’s complete support for the
great humanitarian work being
rendered by the Jewish Labor
Committee^ at home and abroad."
Money raised at the dinner will
help promote and continue the ac
tivities of the Jewish Labor Com
mittee in the care of displaced
persons abroad and in the fight
at home to combat < all forms of
intolerance and bigotry within the
labor movement.
Washington, D. C.—AFL Pres
ident William Green will speak
on the AFL's radio program, “La
bor, USA,” scheduled for Septem
ber 9.
Mr. Green will report to the
nation on the action taken by the
AFL Executive Council then in
session in Chicago. 1 His remarks
will be broadcast at 10:30 p. m.
Eastern Daylight Time over the
nationwide network of the Amer
ican Broadcasting Company.
Consult your local newspapers
for the exact, time of the broad
cast in your community.
Waukegan, 111.—The AFL inter
national Chemical Workers Union,
representing about 1,800 Johns
Manville workers, signed an
amendment to their current con
tract which calls for a 10c hourly
basic wage increase, elective im
The amendment also provided
for extension of the present one
year contract six months beyond
the scheduled termination date,
March 29, 1948, and stipulated
that union dues would be checked
off by \he company only upo^
written authorization by individual
inion members.
Forest Perk, Pa.—The general
executive board of the AFL’s
International Ladies Garment
Workers Union authorised the
establishment of a political de
partment withift the union and a
fund of $600,000 to wage its light
for the repeal of the Taft-Hart
ley law.
The action was taken by the
board at its regular meeting here
at Unity House, the union’s huge
summer resort.
David Dubinsky, president of the
jnion. said the function of the
new department would be political
education and organisation among
the ILGWU's 400,000 numbers
for “more effective assertion of
their rights ak citizens against
the rising tide of reaction."
He and other members of the
executive board made it plain that
“effective assertion" of rights by
the .membership meant electing to
public office “candidates pledged
to progressive legislation in gen
eral and the repeal of the iniqui
tous Taft-Hartley law in particu
TIm $100,000 fund to supplement
the new department's activities
is to be raised by voluntary con
tributions from union members.
Tbe emcutive board said that it
had "every reason to believe that
our asasabership will respond eag
.•*lr*Uibw*uir to »“•
'aiia ealTto'action*
According to the board, the im
mediate goal of the political de
partment will be to “mobilise our
full voting manpower or every
state and community in every lo
cal union and sub-division."
“This means,” the board added,
“a nationwide drive for registra
tion of voters and for fu^l parti
cipation in forthcoming elections
by our members, their families
and friends.’
Other action by the board in
cluded approval of a proposal to
petition the United States Gov
-rnment to allow 10,000 displaced
Europeans to enter this country
andjOll, the need for experienced
manpower in the cloak and suit
Mr. Dubinsky said the industry
had been complaining for more
than two years about the acute
shortage of trained men, and “we
are offering a solution to the
Members of the executive board
said that the petition was based
on a manpower report of the Na
tional Cloak and Suit Industry
Recovery Board and they were
confident that none of the 10,000
would become public charges.
According to the board, the
shortage of trained workers re
sulted from many experienced
tailors retiring under the union’s
retirement plan, death, and the
fact that there were very few
persons training to work in the
Mr. Dubinsky announced that
the board had agreed further to
establish a legal deepartment for
the union and had named a* its
director Morris P. Glusheim, for
mer associate general counsel for
the National Labor Relations
Philadelphia—The AFL’s Broth
erhood of Pulp, Sulphite, and Pa
per Mill Workers announced the
signing of a revised^ contract af
fecting 1,100 emplqgres of 19 firms
The revised agreement provides
for extension of the no-strike and
union shop clauses of the original
contract and awards a 10 per cent
wage increase. In addition, the
union gained an additional paid
holiday, bringing the total of such
holidays to seven.
NEW, HIGH. If* OVER 1946
Washington. D. C.—The food
bill for workers’ families rose
again by 1.4 per cent during the
period from mid-June to mid-July,
the Bureau of Labor Statistics re
The increase sent the BLS food
price index up to a point 16 per
cent above a year ago. 106 per
.ent over August, 1939, and 193.1
n*r cent greater than the levels
if the 1935-39 average.
The over-all increase resulted
from substantial jumps for some
commodities and was not a re
flection of price increases on all
products. Prices of fats and oils,
ruits and vegetables and coffee
were lower during the period,
while consumers paid more for
neats, eggs, and dairy products.
New York City.—Alexander J.
Gompers, youngest and last sur
viving son of Samuel Gompers,
the labor leader, died in his home,
1146 79th Street, Brooklyn. His
age was 69. He retired on June
2 as a referee of the Workmen’s
Compensation Bureau of the New
York State Department of Labor.
Mr. Gompers was born in this
city and educated here. He first
adopted the trade of cigar-mak- j
ing, which was his father’s origi
nal trade. Later he went into
cigar manufacturing.
Chicago.—The Labor Day cele
bration held in Soldier Field proved
o be a more gigantic affair than
most optimistic estimates predict
Chicago police said that 2 75,
060 people were attracted to the
rally with only 125,000 of that
number gaining admission to Sol
dier Field. Private cars, taxi
cabs and public transportation
units were tied up in traffic jams
on all approaches to the Field.
Shortly after 1 p. m. radio sta
tion WCFL broadcast special mes
sages at regular intervals an
nouncing that the Field was full
and urging people who had not
yet started for the scene to re
main at home or change their
plans for the afternoon.
The celebration was, the great
est Labor Day rally in the history
of the country, declared AFL1
President William Green who gave
the principal address which was
broadcast over the National
Broadcasting Company nationwide
Speeches were kept to a min
imum and for a full afternoon the
vast crowd was entertained by
some of the nation's best circus
performers, stage representatives
and musicians. Midget auto races
and runs over the Held by Capt.
Bill Odom in his globe-circling
“Bombshell” plane provided addi
tional thrills and excitement for
the throngs.
The overwhelming success of
the occasion reflected to the
credit of the Chicago Federation
of Labor, which sponsored the
rally and made alb necessary ar
rangements as part of the Fed
eration’s celebration of -its fiftieth
East Brookfield, Mass.—The Na
tional Urban League, an associa
tion which conducts social work
among Negroes, coademned the
Taft-Hartiey law. '
Southport. England.—George I.
j Richardson. Secretary - Treasurer
: of the AFL's International Asso
| ciation of Fire Fighters, branded
the World Federation of Trade Un*
ions as an instrument used by
the Soviet government to further
; its “expansionist and aggression
ist policy.”
In a forceful speech before the
British Trades Union Congress,
Mr. Richardson, in hi9 capacity
of fraternal delegate from the
American Federation of Labor,
■harmed the present differences
; between the Soviet government
and America are due to the
| “Kremlin’s violation of every
| agreement it made to guarantee
the independence and the demo
cratic rights of its weak and poor
neighboring states.”
Reiterating the AFL’s opposi
tion to the WFTU on the grounds
that it is impossible to co-ordi
nate the aims and activities of
state-controlled worker groups on
the one hand and free trade un
ions «n the other, Mr. Richard
son said:
“The record of the World Fed
eration of Trade Unions, the con
tents of its publications, the ae
[tivities of its general secretary,
its consistently hostile attitude
toward Groat Britain and the
United States, its failure to level
■*ven the slightest criticism of any
Soviet action, its continued glori
fication of the state-controlled un
ions behind the ‘Iron Curtain,'
should compel every free trade
union group connected with this
organisation to re-examine the
entire international labor situa
tion and the • part being played
in it by the so-called World Fed
eration of Trade Unions.
"What we actually have today
is not an international federation
of free trade unions, but an or
ganization dedicated to confusion
and discord with the ohviouq ob
jective of undermining all of those
nations where free and unfettered
rade unionism is still possible.
“The World Federation of Trade
Union* today ia not an economic
organisation of labor organised
o protect the rights and interests
of workers. It is primarily a po
litical auxiliary of forces reflecting
the foreign policies of certain
governments — governments that
are either satellite or dictatorial
in nature and, therefore, in effect
opposed to the existence of gen
uine free trade unions in their
own countries."
Mr. Richardson criticised the
Soviet government and asserted
that differences have arisen with
Russia because of her “determ
ined expansionist course, her
stubborn rejection of every at
tempted effective international
control of atomic energy."
New York City—Mayor O'Dwy
er named Theodore W. Kheel as
director of this city's Labor Re
lations Division to succeed Edward
C. Maguire, who resigned to re
sume the private practhre of law.
Mr. Kheel was deputy director
of the division prior to his pro
motion. Before he entered city
service he served as executive di
rector of the National War La
bor Board and as chairman of
the New York Regional War La
bor Board for New York and New
Jersey. He also served as co
chairman of the Steel Commis
sion and was a member of the
Mayor’s Transit Advisory Com
mission named last year to settle
a Board of Transportation labor
Washington. D. C.—The American Federation of Labor
launched a vigorous campaign against the rising cost of
living as reports from all &ver the nation indicated that
prices are soaring to new high levels. ,
AFL President William Green directed a letter to the
local AFL affiliates in all cities and towns in which the
l Senate-House Committee on the Economic Report is pre
paring toehold hearings on the prices of consumer goods,
urging the local groups to flood the committee with evi
dence of exorbitant prices now gouging the consumer.
Washington, D. C.—The Nation
al Labor Relations Board dis
missed 50 representation election
cases involving supervisory em
ployes because the board has no
authority to handle such cases
-inder the Taft-Hartley law.
The law amended the National
Labor Relations Act so as to re
move supervisors from the def
inition of employes, and accord
ingly from the jurisdiction of the
The 50 election cases, which
were awaiting action by the
NLRB in Washington, involved
about 5,400 supervisors in Id
Unions affected by the action of
the NLRB include the following
AFL affiliates: District 50 of
the United Mine Workers of
America, International Union of
Operating Engineers, Interna tinn
ers, International Brotherhood of
Papei' Makers, and the Insurance
Supervisors* Union.
Washington, D. €. — Appren
tices in the building trades
reached an all-time high of 103,
640 during July, according to a
report released by the Appren
tice Training Service of the De
partment of Labor.
Establishment of the record in
July is the culmination of a
steady 26 per cent increase in ap
prenticeship programs for build
ing workers since the first of the
in commenting upon tne joint
sponsorship of thes« training pro*
grams by labor and contractors,
Mr. William F. Patterson, Direc
tor, Apprentice Training Service,
said, “It reflects the get-together
spirit of contractors and labor in
this all-important task.”
Near York City. — The Labor
League for Human Rights de
clared it will proceed with plans
to ship 2,500 food packages* to
Greece for distribution.
This announcement by the
League, which is sponsored by the
American Federation of Labor,
came when the Co-operative for
American Remittances to Europe
(CARE) said it would terminate
its Greek program due to differ
ences with the Greek government
over the manner in which CARE
packages are distributed.
The AFL food packages for
Greece consist of 600 special par
cels for babies and 2,000 for
They will be distributed to per
sons selected by a joint commit
tee of American and Greek trades
unionists. No interference by the
Greek government is expected.
This action by the Labor
League for Human Rights rep
resents an extension of the aid
program instituted to help the un
fortunate peoples of Europe.
Food packages have been donated
by the League and already dis
tributed to groups abroed includ
ing German and Austrian trade
Opinion of experts revealed
that the cost of living is due to
go up rather than down, as the
profit-hungry interests boosted
prices to maintain or increase
their record take.
In produce markets, dealers
confidently predict retail prices
of $1 a pound for butter and $1
a dozen for eggs. *
In Chicago, prices of corn an 1
oats hit new highs for the second
consecutive day, while wheat ad
vanced several cents a bushel to
a new peak for this time of year,
at the height of the harvests
The Bureau, of Labor Statistics
reported an increase in the whole
sale price index for 900 commod
ities for the ninth straight week.
The index now stands at a level
20.1 per cent above a year ago.
The jump in corn price was
blamed upon more bad weather
reported from the corn belt. On
top of this came the warning
from John F. Frey, chairman of
the American Meat Institute, that
the corn crop may he damaged
further hy fronts.
‘f? frost comes at Kwr average
time this year, from one-third to
one-half the corn crop will be
in danger, Krey said.
He forecast a drop in meat
production this year, ”at a time
when there is more need and de
mand for meat than ever before."
Meanwhile the Agriculture De
partment told the world that
farmers this year have averaged
about 42 cents a doten for eggs,
the highest price in history and
about 7 cents above last year’s
Aimougn egg production
higher than a year ago, prices
are expected to remain high be
cauae of the shortage of red meat,
the department said.
Mr. Green, in his letter to all
local AFL groups, urged them to
present to the congressional com
mittee the facts of the present
price situation “in their true
light.” He said:
“Tne continually rising prices
of the necessities of life is the
single most important problem
confronting America today.
“Government figures, which can
only partially measure the rise
in the cost of living, show that
I the prices of products purchased
by an average family hit a new
high during the month of June,
when they were 56 per cent high
er than in January, 1941. Food
| and clothing, which require the
.•bulk of the average worker’s
wage, rose in price 95 and 84 per
I cent, respectively. Preliminary
figures for July and August are
even higher.
“The first session of the 86th
Congress closed its eyes to this
continually rising cost of living.
Its only action was to authorize
the present investigation of the
high cost of living. Labor should
take advantage of the oppor
tunity to present the facts in their
true light.”
Boston—The United States Dis
trict Court fined 15 coal distribu
tion organizations a toal of $24,
600 on charges of conspiracy to
fix prices and to monopolize soft
coal distribution in violation ot(
the Sherman anti-trust law.
The Department of Justice said
the companies, which handle 95
per cent of thd soft coal sold in
greater Boston, oonspired to elim
inate competition among them

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