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CHARLOTTE LABOR JOURN iL ft DIXIE FARM NEWS
Published Weekly at Charlotte, N. C. __
B. A Stella, E ’.Itor and Publisher W. M, Witter, Associate Editor
Knterio as second-class mail matter September li, 1931, at the Poet
Office at Charlotte, N. C.. under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879
SUBSCRIPTION KATES: 82.00 per year, payable in advance or
5c per copy.
The Labor Journal will not be responsible for opinions of corre
spondents, but any erroneous reflecting upon the character, standing or
reputation of any person. Arm or corporation which may appear in
the columns of The Labor Journal will be gladly corrected when called
•e the attention of toe publisher. Correspondence and Open Forum
Were it not for the labor press the labor movement
would not be what it is today, and any man who tries
to injure a labor paper is a traitor to the cause.
—AFL President Gompers.
MUST BECOME LIBERAL OR DIE
The Republican Party must demonstrate sincerely that
it is concerned with the welfare and economic interests of
the plain people of our country, if it is ever again to be
come a dominant force in American politics.
This is the view of the I.A.M., expressed by General
Vice President A1 Hayes in a letter to William B. Millius,
Jr., Chairman of the Young Republican Club of Washing
ton University In St. Louis.
Millius had . written to the I.A.M. expressing the views
of his club that the Republican Party must be liberalized,
the “Martins, Hallecks and Tabers” stripped of their power
in the party, and he asked labor support of this program.
In replying to Millius’ letter, Mr. Hayes said that “the
sentiment and objectives” expressed by the Young Repub
lican Club are “admirable”., although the I.A.M. does not
agree completely with the club’s reasoning.
Mr. Hayes said that labor has not “inevitably” drawn
all support of the Republican party or the Republican can
didates, and that it will in the future, as in the past con
tinue to support principles, not parties.
“We are ‘partisan to principles, non-partisan to party.’
We do not intend to deviate from that non-partisan policy,”
Mr. Hayes said.
Labor Backs Liberals of Both Parties
Thus in the last election, Mr. Hayes pointed out, labor
supported liberal Republicans and liberal Democrats, and
opposed reactionaries in both parties.
The people of the Uniied States have long1 igo cast aside
the ancient theory held by Alexander Hamilton, that the
country should be run by an “aristocracy" of the wealthy,
of the so-called “best people,” Mr. Hayes said.
“However, the unpopularity of this theory does not mean
it has been eliminated in the minds of all the people of
the United States.” he said. “We never had a clearer
demonstration of how tenaciously the old Hamiltonian
theory is still embraced, than to examine the attitude on
legislation passed and rejected by the 80th Republican
“Therefore we agree with the policy statement of the
Young Republican Club that the Republican Party must
substantially change its complexion—not only in convention
platforms and political speeches, but in actual practice.
“In our opinion the Republican Party must demonstrate
in a four-square, sincere manner that they are concerned
with the welfare and economic interests of the plain people
of our country. 1 might add here that the plain people are
the greatest number of people and although they always
have been a majority, the difference between today and the
past is that fifteen million or so American workers are af
filiated with organized labor and as the last election shows,
the plain people of the United States do know how to par
ticipate in government when the opportunity is given them
to understand the issues.
G.O.P. Liberalism Is Window Dressing
The greatest fault of .the Republican Party, Mr. Hayes
said, is that it uses liberal principles merely as window
dressing, and tries to “get by” by giving mere lip service to
the people’s demands.
He said that genuine liberal and progressive Kepublicans
are “few' and far between.” and this proves that “true lib
erals are not being attracted to the Republican Party.”
“Before the Republican Party can gain the confidence
of the plain people, it must prove that it has stopped being
the party of special interests; it must act affirmatively
to prove that it no longer embraces the theory that democ
racy is a concept of government for only those who have
power and wealth—that only those who have power and
wealth can decide the degree of democracy which is to be
enjoyed by the common man,” Mr. Hayes said.
“There is a power in our democracy which is not based
on wealth and special privileges, as last month’s election
made crystal clear.
“How the Young People’s Republican Club can change
the characteristics of the Republican Party, how it can dis
card the McCormick’s. Taber’s. Taft’s, Ball’s, Hartley’s,
Martin’s, and such leadership is the sixty-four dollar ques
tion. We believe that is your problem; we wish you suc
GOMPERS ON RUSSIA
(27 Years Ago)
“In Soviet Russia the Bolsheviks are using many words
with a new meaning. It has been shown how they some
times employ the word ‘democracy’ to mean the reverse
of what all civilized peoples and all the labor movements
of the world have hitherto meant by the word. So also,
after abolishing all the rights of labor and labor organiza
tions and of co-operatives, the Bolshevists, nevertheless,
continue to apply the terms ‘trade unions’ and ‘co-opera
tives’ to the empty shells that remain.”
Commodities are designated by brand names and human
beings are distinguished by Union Labels!
By WILLIAM GREEN
The year 1949 brings to all citizens of the United States
grounds for deep gratitude for democratic institutions and
the Bill of Rights which our forefathers provided for them
selves and their children and which were transmitted to
The richness of this heritage stands as a priceless pos
session as we daily witness the slavery which marks the
new invasions of the barbarians from Asia, who darken
the churches, regiment the press, institute forced labor
camps through the espionage of secret police, and impose
one pattern for the whole of life. Against Communist re
version to the Dark Ages, the American way of life stands
out even more glowingly—freedom of decision with re
sponsibility for using that freedom with due regard for
the rights of others.
Last year, those hostile to unions prevailed upon Con
Tress to modify the law assuring workers the right to col
lective bargaining with regulations and restrictions that
would nullify freedom of contract, and hedged this regu
lation about by granting the government the right to in
junctions to control labor disputes, by facilitating lawsuits,
and by imposing “class” requirements on workers.
American workers did not resort to violence or illegal
resistance, but like democratic citizens sought to- establish
the meaning of the law by legal machinery. All this led
up to our action in carrying the issue to final decision by
the voting citizens of this country in a presidential election.
That decision was unmistakable in the vote given to the
presidential candidate of the party which pledged repeal
of the Taft-Hartley Act in its platform and whose presi
dential candidate pledged himself to that end. The election
of President Truman and the vote giving Democratic Party
control of Congress, was the reply to the reactionary ad
v<>cate8 of anti-union legislation which echoed round the
world as evidence of the effectiveness of democratic prin
The American Federation of Labor is deeply gratified by
this victory which vindicated constructive methods and we
are confident that campaign promises will be kept. When
freedom of contract is restored to labor, the American Fed
eration of Labor is ready to assume the accompanying re
sponsibility for wise use of rights.
Not only do we want rights and opportunities for work
ers in the United States of America, but for the workers
of all countries. With the growing interdependence of the
; economies of all countries we find that un-freedom in one
| country menaces the freedom of workers in other countries,
so we believe in international organization of the workers
I of all countries for mutual progress and protection. We
fought the second World War to rid ourselves of the men
ace which totalitarian states became to human freedom
only to find that the most cruel dictatorial state had used
the years of war to scheme for new opportunities for ag
gression in order to impose communism on other peoples.
During the war we carried on relief for victims of op
pression by dictators and since the war we have tried to
aid and restore free trade unions as the bulwark of human
freedom throughout the world.
Since we as trade unionists have rights and responsi
bilities in keeping with our democratic institutions, we, in
turn, should work for the advancement of democratic ideals
nationally and internationally and support our government
in promotion of these same ideals.
The USSR has declared war on all free govrenments and'
free societies and plans to impose a controlled press and
controlled education upon such people, together with sup
pression of church and family life as we know it. The
Communist regime recognizes no personal rights and no
law—only the will of dictators designed by party officers.
Party members seek to infiltrate all our institutions to con
trol them in the interests of Moscow.
As members of the world’s strongest, most militant
trade union organization, let us arm ourselves in this world
crisis with a determination to maintain freedom that will
make us invincible. By uniting with free trade unions in
ether countries, we can form a global chain for defense and
maintenance of human freedom. We must be on guard
against the enemy in our unions, our press, our community,
and in all world relationships.
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