North Carolina Newspapers

    VOL. XVIII; NO. 36
Subscription $2.00 Per Year
Buick Roadmaster
Sedan Tops Gifts
Approximately 4,000 people heard the “Quiz Kids” ip
their broadcast last Sunday evening at the, Armory-Audi
torium, at which time the “Kids” officially opened the 1949
March of Dimes campaign. The appearance here of the
famous youngsters, helped somewhat in getting the cam
paign off to a good start, but Mecklenburg’s goal has been
set by the National Foundation at $100,000 and much work
and considerable giving must be put into action in order
that the quota will be raised by January 31.
A large list of gifts, donations of Charlotte and Meck
lenburg county firms and individuals, is on file at the head
quarters office and these gifts will be awarded to the win
ning contributors when the campaign comes to a close. Top
ping the list will be a four-door Buick Custom Roadmaster
Sedan, which will be awarded the contributor who submits
the lucky line to complete the jingle, which accompanies
this article. Altogether more than $15,000 in prizes are to
be given away by the donors. An impartial list of judges
has been selected to select the contest winners.
Anyone is eligible to compete. All he or she needs to do
is add the last line of the four-line jingle, the first three
lines of which appear in the accompanying entry blank.
The line contributed may rhyme with any of the other
three, officials of the contest announced.
The entry then must be accompanied by a contribution
to the $100,000 March of Dimes quota.
All entries should be mailed to March of Dimes Head
quarters, 127 East Fourth 'Street, Charlotte, K.C.
The prizes offerred in the jingle contest are:
First—1949 new Buick Sedan, valued at over $3,000.
Second—Complete Basic American Central Kitchen, in
stalled, donated by A. K. Sutton, Inc.
Third — Complete Laundry Assembly, consisting of one
deluxe Bendix washer; one deluxe Standard electric ironer;
one deluxe dryer, gas or electric, together with another
prize; one hydraulic Kaiser dish washer, all the gift of the
Southern Appliance Company, and can be seen on display
at Bridges Furniture store.
There are several other prizes. See the sample jingle at
the bottom of this column, complete it and let your con
tribution be in dollars instead of dimes.
The following are the county workers who are assisting
County Chairman Mrs. Ralph Miller:
Mrs. Joe Craig, Oakhurst; Hugo Sapp, Davidson; Mrs.
Lee Kearns, Long Creek; Berdette King, Hickory Grove;
Mr. and Mrs. Byrum Faires, Robinson; Mrs. A. B. Connell,
Arlington and Clear Creek; Mrs. Carl McBwen, Mint Hill;
Mrs. Lucille Thompson, Mint Hill; Miss Gladys Warnock,
Huntersville and Mrs. R. H. Atwell, Cornelius.
Perhaps there are many people who do not know that
there are many polio victims of the 1948 epidemic who are
in the hospitals here and throughout the State. The local
and national funds were exhausted in providing atten
tion for the stricken ones by last fall, and the National
Foundation has assigned larger quotas to North Carolina
counties this year than ever before because of the great
number of polio cases in this State. Your dollars and
dimes will certainly be used to aid those victims who re
main to be cared for and also others who may be attacked
by the disease will require the same careful attention.
Turn your dimes into dollars and march forward doing
your part to aid these unfortunate ones!
Complete this jingle, enclose your contribution and
mail to March of Dimes Headquarters, 127 East Fourth
Street, Charlotte, N. C.
My contribution is in dollars this time
Instead of the usual dime;
To fight polio harder than ever
rThejr Said It Would
Protect Labor in the END!
AFL Prepares To Protect
Workers If Slump Comes
The American Federation of
Labor is studying a proposal for
a 30-hour week as a means of
spreading employment and main
taining 60,000,000 jobs in the
event of a slackening in the pres
ent business boom.
This was announced by Daniel
W. Tracy, president of the AFL’s
International Brotherhood of Elec
trical Workers and head of the
AFL’s shorter workday commit
tee, which was created to study
the employment problem.
“We don’t know how long pres
ent employment will continue,’’
Mr. Tracy added, “but we must
be prepared to move toward a
shorter work week when the
Marshell European recovery plan
and the rearmament program
are no longer sufficient to carry'
us along.”
He declared that the drive for
a shorter work week was only in
the “preparedness stage,” and that
the union had a “tremendous ed
ucational job” both among labor
and management to “sell” them
on the idea.
While there had been some
slackening in employment and
some cutbacks in production re
cently, he said that economic
conditions generally were expect
ed to remain good enough to de
lay the start of the real drive
until the AFL’s convention next
A series of layoffs rcently de
veloped in the textile, shoe and
other “soft foods” industries. The
railroads also have been laying
off men because of s drop in rail,
The ultimate goal of the AFL’s
program is to maintain 60,000,
000 jobs and to stave off the kind
of mass unemployment that re'
suited from the depression in the
The “watchdog” committee, Mr.
Tracy said, was made up of the
research staffs of the AFL, the
Electrical Workers and other un
ions. The group will make its
first report at a meeting of the
parent union’s executive cpuncil
in Miami on January 31.
The committee was authorised
by the AFL’s 1948 convention.
It ia studying the poasible im
pact on employment of any cut
back In the European Recovery
Program or a cut in defense
spending if peace should be re
stored to the world.
In addition, the committee is
weighing the probable effect on
the job market of rmproved pro
duction methods, including time
and motion studies, incentive sys
tems and similar proposals for
boosting output per man.
Mr. Tracy said that the AFL
was not opposed to these methods
as long as they did not destroy
the worker's earning power and
as long as the union had a voice
in setting wage standards.
He held that the fears of some
industrialists that a shorter work
week would lead to a drop in
production were groundless. In
fact, the drive for a 30-hour work
week, he said, very well might
guarantee a better distribution
of the increased production stem
ming from mechanization of in
Washington.—The government’s
civilian work force at home rose
16,400 last month to a total of
1,896,000. Reporting this, the
Civil Service Commmission noted
that the capital itself had 211,
000 at work on December 1, a
rise of 1,600 in the month. The
figures are for executive depart
ments and agencies. Inside and
outside the country, the employ
ment total was 2,100,300.
TOTAL PUT AT 148,000,000
Washington. — The Bureau of
the Census reported the popula
tion of the United States stood
at about 148,000,000 at the year’s
end, roughly 12.5 per cent higher
than the 131,669,275 counted in
the last 4ecennial census in 1940.
The final approximation for
1948 represented a population in
crease during the year of about
Chicago.—The National Execu
tive Council of the AFL’s Amer
ican Federation of Teachers,
meeting in Chicago, took an em
phatic stand in opposition to a
proposal that the nation’s schools
be closed so the teachers can be
used as enumerators in taking
the 1950 census.
The national body also empha
sised that any participation by
teachers in the census taking
should be on a purely voluntary
basis without any pressure from
administrators. The council also
recommended that not only teach
ers but other professional per
sons, such as lawyers, doctors
and dentists, should be called
upon to assist in the census and
that the regular wage scales of
professional employes should be
paid for such services.
The full statement issued by
the national officers of the A. F.
of T., which is a professional or
ganization of classroom teachers,
is as follows:
We believe that if any teacher
wishes to apply for the position
of enumerator, he should apply
as an individual citisen.
We believe that no application
should be solicited, accepted or
transmitted by school adminis
We believe that we should op
pose any change in the school
calendar to have the teachers par
ticipate in the program since any
such change would adversely af
fect the statutory school year and
interfere with the teacher’s vaca
tion period at which time many
are called upon to meet personal
agreements previously made.
We believe that since the salary
offered enumerators now is not
even as high as that offered
teachers, it would therefore be
doubly unjust to "expect” teach
ers to work at a reduced scale in
their vacations.
We believe that it is essential
that the National Advisory Com
mittee be enlarged to include at
least two A. F. of T. classroom
Advisory Council Urges
Better Unemployment
Insurance Program
Washington. — The Advisory Council on Social Security
reported to Congress on the deficiencies of the present
state-federal unemployment insurance system and recom
mended a. 16-point program for its improvement.
In a report to the Senate Finance Committee, the coun
cil, which is composed of 17 prominent labor, business, and
educational leaders under the chairmanship of Edward R.
Stettinius, former Secretary of State, preposed greater
benefits and a broadening of the system to include about
7,000,000 workers who are now excluded from unemploy
ment insurance protection.
Nelson H. Cruikshank, director
of the AFL’s social insurance ac
tivities, served on the council as
a representative of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor.
The report highlights the fol
lowing deficiencies In the pres
ent system which the council
singled out for special criticism:
1. Inadequate coverage.—Only
about 7 out of 10 employes are
now covered by unemployment
2. Benefit financing which
operates as a barrier to liberal
ize benefit provisions.—The pres
ent arrangements permit states
to compete in establishing low
contribution rates for employers
and therefore discourages the
adoption of more adequate bene
fit provisions.
3. Irrational relationship be
tween the contribution rates and
the cyclical movements of busi
ness.—The present arrangements
tend to make the contribution
rate fluctuate inversely with the
volume of employment, declining
when employment is high and
when contributions to the unem
ployment compensation fund are
easiest to make and increasing
when employment declines and
when the burden of contributions ,
is greatest.
4. Administrative deficiencies.—
Improvement ia needed in meth
ods of finwcni administrative
coats, provisions for determining
eligibility and and benefit amount
in interstate claims, procedures
for developing interstate claims,'
and methods designed to insure
prompt payments on all valid
claims and to prevent payments
on invalid claims.
5. Lack of adequate employe
and dtisen participation in the
program—Workers now have less
influence on guiding the admin
istration of the program and de
veloping legislative policy than
they should, and some employes,
employers, and members of the
general public tend to regard
unemployment compensation as a
handout rather than as social
insurance earned by employ
ment, financed by contributions,
and payable only to those whc
satisfy eligibility requirements.
The 16-point program for ac
tion by Congress was designed
to correct these deficiencies, the
report declared. Among th<
recommendations, the following
are of special significance to or
ganised labor:
1. The council urged lifting
the limitation which excluded em
ployes of small firms from cov
erage under the Federal Unem
ployment Tax act.
2. Employes of nonprofit or
ganizations with the exception of
clergymen and members of re
ligious orders, should be granted
the benefits of coverage by law,
the council said.
3. The council urged the devel
opment of a procedure under
which wage credits earned in
more than one state may be com
timed for the purposes of th*
4. On the subject of disqualify
rations, the report recommended
a federal standard which would
prohibit the states from (1) re
ducing or canceling benefits as
the result of a disqualification ex
j cept for fraud. (21 disqualify
I ing those who are discharged be
1 cause of inability to do the work,
1 and (3) postponing benefits for
j more than 6 weeks as the result
! of disqualification except for
While signing the report, 5
members of the council appended
a statement declaring in their
opinion that regardless of the
improvements made in the exist
ing system, anything snort of a
national plan to replace the pres
ent state-federal system would
not achieve the most desirable
objective of attaining a highly
efficient unemployment insur
ance program. These were: Nel
son Cruikshank, Sumner H. Slich
ter. Harvard University professor;
J. Douglas Brown, of Princeton
University; John Miller, assistant
director of the National Planning
association, and Emil Rieve. pres
ident of the CIO’s Textile Work
ers union.
Washington. — The \larshail
Plan was hailed here as an in
valuable aid by Norwegian labor
leaders who are battling against
heavy odds in their efforts to
strengthen Norway’s economy and
I to resist Communist attempts to
weaken the nation.
This view was expressed by
Haakon Lie, secretary-general of
the Norwegian Labor party, and
spokesman for a group of Nor
wegian labor representatives who
are visiting this nation under the
auspices of the Economic . Co
operation Administration.
The delegation ia in the United
States to study American pro
duction methods. It is the first
group to visit this nation under
the Technical Assistance Program
which is supported by the Mar
shall Plan.
At a press conference at ECA
headquarters, Mr. Lie declared
that the European Recovery Pro
gram has enabled Norway to keep
her factories operating and to
maintain full employment in the
face of dwindling financial assets,
and the loss of large segments of
the Norwegian merchant and
fishing fleets during the war.
He stressed, however, that the
Communists are trying incessant
ly to promote discora among in
dustrial workers in Norway by a
stream of propaganda aimed
against the United States. The
Communist party line, he said,
is to portray the United States as
an imperialist nation and the
Marshall Plan as a means to en
able Wall Street to capture and
run the world.
To counteract this campaign,
(Continued on Page 4)

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