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VOL. XVIII; NO. 42
CHARLOTTE. N. C.. THURSDAY. MARCH 3, 1949
Subscription Price $2.00 Year
TEXTILE WORKERS SET FOR SOUTHERN DRIVE
Tuft-Hartley Repeal Nears Showdown; Anti-Labor Coalition Looms
Committee May Approve
Truman Labor Measure
Washington. D. C„ March 2.—With public hearings over,
the Senate Labor Committee is now hammering out the fi
nal draft of the Thomas bill to repeal the Taft-Hartley Act
and expects to report it out to the Senate within two weeks
for debate and action.
It is considered certain that the majority forces on the
committee will approve a repeal measure satisfactory to
organized labor. Only minor amendments to the adminis
tration-supported Thomas bill, which was indorsed by the
American Federation of Labor, are expected to be made.
However, at least three minor
ity members of the committee
were reported working on sub
stitute bills which merely "mod
ify” the Taft-Hartley Act in
stead of repealing it. Senators
Taft, Ives and Morse—all Repub
licans—are planning to wage
bitter fights in the Senate to
have that body adopt their pro
posals instead of the committee
bill. Efforts also are being made
to get the three senators to
agree to a single substitute bill.
If that happens, there is con
siderable danger of a coalition
between Republicans and aeme
Southern Democrats in support
/ of the Taft-Ives-Morse substi
tute.
AFL President William Green,
Vice President George Harrison
a*l other lpltfr , ladders wag
preparing to undertake a vigor
ous radio campaign to mobilise
renewed public support for out
right repeal of the Taft-Hartley
Act.
President Truman, himself, in
his Jackson Day address, declared
that he may be forced to “get on
a train again” and take his case
directly to the people, as he did
during the last campaign, if
Congress attempts to thwart his
campaign promises and platform
pledges for repeal of the Taft
Hartley Act and the enactment
1 of liberal social and economic
legislation.
Meanwhile, it appeared likely
that a Southern filibuster against
the administration's anti-filibus
ter rule for the Senate might
crop up and delay all legislative
action in Congress. (It has crop
■ ped up as of Monday of this
week).
Labor scored heavily in the fi
t nal testimony submitted to the
| Senate Labor Committee on the
I Thomas bill, even though indus
i try spokesmen had the floor most
of the time. »
At the conclusion of statements
I submitted by representatives of
the National Association of Man
ufacturers and the United States
Chamber of Commerce, Senator
Morse bluntly accused them of
t adopting an “un-Christian atti
,tude” toward labor and refusing
islation which would give the na
tion’s’ workers a fair break. This
charge, coming from an inde.
pendent Republican Senator whose
views on Taft-Hartley repeal dif
fer in many respects from those
of organised labor, put a devas
tating crimp into the validity of
the testimony of the industry
witnesses.
One of the most effective wit
nesses for T-H repeal was Ger
hard Van Arkel, former counsel
for the National Labor Relations
(Continued On Page 4)
President Hits ‘Diehards’
Blocking Liberal Laws
Washingon, D. C., March 2.—President TVuman, in a
slashing attack against “die-hard reactionaries/’ accused
them of trying to cripple labor unions and thwart his en
tire program of progressive social legislation.
In his Jackson Day “victory dinner” address here, the
President threatened to stump through the country to
force congressional enactment of his campaign pledges if
obstruction by “the special interests” continues.
Mr. Truman emphatically repeated his support of the en
tire Democratic platform, with special stress on repeal of
the Taft-Hartley Act, which was, he said, “an insult to the
working men and women of this country.”
The special interests, he said, “are using every trick they
can think of to defeat our labor policy,” but he warned
that they could not succeed because “all the oratory in the
world won’t change a bad law into a good law.”
Obviously hitting at Senator Robert Taft of Ohio, the
President continued:
‘The same die-hard reactionaries who want to cripple
labor unions have also started a campaign of confusion
against all our other measures for the welfare of the peo
ple. They say they are for extending and improving social
security—but they call our proposals a bureaucratic system
that will destroy the charactter of every American.
“They claim to be in favor of housing—but they say our
low-rent housing program is a mistake because it does too
much for low-income families.
“They make speeches about the American home—but
they encourage landlords to lock out their tenants until
rent control is repealed.
“They say they are in favor of good wages—but they
argue that the minimum wage should be held down to a,
starvation level.
“They claim to be in favor of developing our great river
basins—but they raise the old cry of ‘super-state* against
every practical step we propose.”
He expressed confidence that, “despite efforts to con
fuse,” the programs he espoused would be enacted.
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Fleming Asks U. S. To Acquire
Needed Public Building Sites
CALIFORNIA EMPLOYMENT
IS LOWEST IN TEN YEARS
San Francisco, Cal.—In Janu
ary of this year the sharpest drop
in California factory employment
since 1939 was reported by the
State Director of Industrial Re
lations, Paul Scharrenberg. He
described the reductions as both
seasonal and nonseasonal.
The percentage of layoffs
amounted to about 5 per cent, cut
the number of production work
ers from 480,700 in December to
457,600 by the end of January.
Mr. Scharrenberg said the pri
mary steel industry appeared to
be an exception to the downward
trend.
In industries making durable
goods, the layoffs were greatest
in lumber, iron and steel fabri
cating machinery, furniture and
shipbuilding. Food products and
apparel were most affected in the
nondurable goods industries.
CARAMAR WORKERS SAY
PAY HIKE IS ESSENTIAL
WORKERS SAY
Toronto.—Canadian wage-earn
ers are campaigning vigorously
for pay increases this year in or
der to combat the severe reduc
tion in the value of the worker’s
wage dollar which has taken
place in recent years.
Soaring living costs are cre
ating dissatisfaction and unrest,
the Canadian Trades and Labor
Congress declares. It is “urgent
ly necessary,” the Congress adds,
to secure substantial wage in
creases during 1949 “in all indus
tries and trades.”
Canadian workers are not shar
ing equitably in the vast pro
duction improvements made dur
ing the past decade, the CTLC
charges.
While labor in Canada, in seek
ing higher wages, has to appear
before government boards and
plead for just treatment, a brief
prepared by the CTLC points out
that industry is “practically un
controlled” and increases prices
“arbitrarily."
Washington, D. C.—A $40,000,
'000 program for the purchase of
sites and preparation of plans
i for currently needed federal build
ings throughout the country was
advocated by Maj. Gen. Philip B.
Fleming, Federal Works Admin
istrator, testifying before a Sen
ate Subcommittee on Public
Works.
“For years I have been preach
ing to the States and their polit
ical subdivisions that they ought
to have plans on the shcl ’ pre
pared, ready to go when the
time comes when employment is
needed in the construction indus
try," General Fleming said. “I
would be remiss in my duty if I
did not take the same position
with respect to the Federal gov
ernment.
“It takes a considerable period
to acquire a site and design ade
quate plans for a Federal build,
ing. I recall that when I was
executive officer of the Public
Works Administration at the
start of the Roosevelt adminis
tration and when we had $3,000,- '
000.000 for a public works pro
gram it was 18 months before we
had 100,000 men at work on that
program because we had to go
through a process of acquiring
sites and preparing plans.
"So, on this proposed legisla
tion, since I have preached it for
States and political subdivisions,
I think we certainly should ac
quire sites and complete plans in
the Federal government. We can
not prepare plans unless we have
the sites, because we cannot pre
pare plans for an unknown site.
“While our construction indus
try is at present almost fully oc
cupied, although we do find peo
ple in the building trades now
looking for jobs, the time will
come, I am very much afraid,
when we will not have as full em
ployment in this industry as we
have today. Some of the unem.
ployment could be taken up with
public buildings, Federal public ,
structures and Federal and non
Federal public works.
“Our population since the last
building program has risen about
II or 12 per cent and in some
sections a great deal more. Post*
(ConUaaed On Page 4)
SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS
INJUNCTION AGAINST FIRM
VI0LAT1M6 LABOR STATUTE
Washington, D. C.—The Su
preme Court ruled that the Fed
eral Wage-Hour Administrator
may use a civil contempt action
to force an employer to pay back
wages which the administrator
contends were unlawfully with
held.
Justice Douglas delivered the
7-2 ruling. Justice Frankfurter
wrote the dissent, joined by Jus
tice Jackson.
The ruling specifically affects
the Jacksonville Paper Co., of
Jacksonville, Fla.
A United States District Couit
in 1943 enjoined the company
from violating the minimum wage
and maximum hours provisions of
the Federal wage-hour law. Three
years later the administrator
asked the District Court to hold
the company in civil contempt
on the ground that it used vari
ous practices to violate the law.
The District Court found viola
tions by the company. It said,
however, that since its earlier
judgment had not pointed speci
fically to any particular practices
as illegal, the court could not
find the company in contempt.
“To constitute civil contempt,”
the District Court said, “there
must be some evidence of a will
ful and intentional violation of a
court order.”
GLOVE WORKERS OBTAIN
FIVE PER CERT INCREASE
Ballston Spa, N. Y.—An 8 per
cent wage increase for employes
of the Acksand Knitting Co. hero
has been announced following ne
gotiations between the company
and Local 137 of the AFL Glove
Worker^ Union.
Earl Willi, local president, said
the old contract would be con
tinued “with some changes an<j
adjustments.” The new contract,
which includes a union shop
agreement, would become effec
tive Feb. 1, he said.
Executive Board Calls
For $1 Minimum Wage
Atlanta, March 2.—The United Textile Workers of Amer
ica, AFL, Executive Council, concluded its mid-winter ses
sions in Atlanta with resolutions urging the organization
of all textile workers in the South and a $1.00 per hour
minimum wage law. “Our Southern Organizing Drive,”
said Anthony Valente, international president of UTWA
AFL, “is the most important job ahead of us. We have
been overwhelmed with requests for organization in recent
days.”
DANIEL T. CRUSE TO
AID SHISHKIN IN PARIS
Washington, D. C.— Daniel T.
Cruse has been appointed as
trade union relations representa
tive on the staff of Boris Shish
kin, chief of the labor division of
the Office of the Special Repre
sentative in Paris. This was an
nounced by Economic Co-opera
tion Administrator Paul G. Hoff
man.
Cruse, who is president of Local
V94 of the International Brother
hood of Electrical Workjprs. AFL,
Chicago, has left for Paris to
take up his new duties. He will
be responsible for maintaining
close relations with Europear
trade unions with a view to bring
ing to them a better understand
ing of the European Recovery
Program and enlisting their co
operation in the plan.
From 1944 to 1947, Cruse wai
labor relations adviser to the Chi
cago regional administrator of the
Office of Price Administration.
He had long experience in labor
relations problems, having repre
sented electrical workers on the
Illinois Central railway system
under the National Railway La
bor Act and employes of the
Postal Telegraph Company un
der the Wagner Act.
The resolution urging the or
ganization of all Southern textile
workers condemned the “raiding”
CIO tactics and charged that the
CIO was seeking to bolster its
faltering drive by efforts to take
over AFL locals.
The UTWA-AFL Board called
for re-enactment of the Wagner
Art with certain amendments.
One amendment was the demand
for the extension of the non
communist affidavit to employers
1 as well as union officers. The
I UTWA-AFL Board was not op
posed to this Taft-Hartley fea
ture if it would apply to employ
ers also. It .was understood that
support of this requirement was
forthcoming because it would
exclude 11 CIO Unions stilt under
communist domination or which
are pro-communist would not be
able to use the services of the
NLRB.
The UTW' Council lashed out
at thf Soviet satellites of Hun
gary and Bulgaria and denounced
them as Communist gangster
“states for their destruction of
freedom of worship, the right to
religious organisation and free,
dom of conscience, as exemplified
in the trial and sentencing of
Cardinal Mindzenty in Hungary
and the trial of the Protestant
leaders in Bulgaria.
The Board also went on record
in favor of the North Atlantic
Pact which is currently up for
discussion between United States
and Canada, and the western
(Continued on Pago ))
Picket SignsNow Identify
Enemies Of Chi Printers
Chicago, March 2.—Identification of strikebreaking typ
ists by name and address on union picket signs has proved
effective in the International Typographical Union's’ strike
against the major Chicago daily newspapers.
Since the printers struck on Nov. 24, 1947, the papers
have continued to publish, substituting for movable type a
<ew process. Typists write stories in flush columns on vari
type machines. The stories are then pasted up into pages,
the pages are photographed, and the picture is printed.
Three weeks ago, the union began experimenting with a
picketing technique beamed directly at the varitypiats who
were scabbing on the union printers. Though begun on a
small scale, it will be extended if the publishers persist in
their stubborn resistance to the union’s demands, said John
Colbert, strike committeeman.
The experiment began with the varitypists in only one
department of one newspaper, the classified advertising de
partment of the Chicago Tribune, biggest and richest of
the five struck papers.
Varitypists crossing the pickets’ line of march in front
of The Tribune Tower one fine morning saw their names
and addresses in large type on the pickets’ signs, along
with Jack London’s definition of a scab.
A busband who saw his wife’s name on a picket sign
asked the pickets if they would remove it if he went into
the building and brought her out. They would. He did.
. Several varitypiats quit outright. Several others report
ed themselves ill, and did not show up for work.
The Tribune, self-styled champion of freedom of the press,
complained bitterly when the union turned on the pressure
with a picketing and card-passing campaign near the homes
of a few selected varitypists.
Still going strong after 15 months, the printers’ strike
is probably the longest continuous strike of its size by any
skilled craft in history, although the same local union’s
strike against the huge Donnelly printing house, begun in
1905, never has been called off officially.
Issues of wages and jurisdiction are still the principal
obstacles to settlement of the strike against the dailies.
    

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