Give Your Loyal Support to Your Labor Publications CHARLOTTE LABOR JOURNAL Oldest Bona Fide AFL Newspaper in North Carolina VOL. XVIII; NO. 43 CHARLOTTE. N. C„ THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1049 Subscription Price 32.00 Year LABOR ADVISED TO SEEK INCREASED WAGES T-H Law Inconastent On Commies; Unions Can't Demand Their Discharge Dan Tobin Says Labor Law Doubly Confusing By Daniel J. Tobin Endeavoring to prove to our people how absolutely un reasonable the Taft—Hartley Act is as it is written, let me call your attention to one section of that law as interpreted to us by our attorneys from all over the country. First they ask us (and we have complied) to sign affi davits that none of our board members are members of the Communist party, then in another part of the act they tell us we cannot refuse to work with Communists. In other word*, we can refuse to admit a Communist into our union under our constitution and under the law. 1 am not sure we qjm expel him after he gets in. I tffink we can and that is the opinion of our attorneys. But after we expel him and he is working on a job with our union men under a union contract, we cannot tell the employer that we do not want to work with this Communist. I don’t know why Republican leaders and many Democrats in Congress say out of one side of their mouths, “We don’t want Communists in your union” and then, out of the other side of their mouths they say, “but you must work every day with a Communist if he pays his dues or even if you expel him for that or My other reason, yot cannot ask the employer to discharge him.” A Communist works every day on his political beliefs. He id constantly mouthing around amongst the other employes. Ho never gets irritated if a non Communist into whom he is pumping his poison walks away from him. That does not dis courage him. He comes bacck the next day. backs into a few fellows eating their lunch and opens up the subject again in a clever manner. As long as he is working he Is continuously spreading his propa ganda. He tells of the great things the Soviet government is doing for its people and attempts to arouse hatred of the so-called capitalistic form of government in the United States. He will tell you of every mem ber of the government who la connected with Wall street and of all the other crooks and grafts (Continued On Pag* 4) * SOL BLOOM, LOYAL FRIEND OF LABOR, PASSES IN CAPITAL I WASHINGTON. — Organised i labor joined the nation in moum , in* the death of Congressman , SqJ Bloom of New York, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs . committee. A member of the House since 1923, Congressman Bloom had \ stood solidly with labor through out his long career. His voting record over the years was a per fect one from the standpoint of laobr. Sol Bloom sold newspapers as a child in Peoria, 111., and later, when his family moved to San Francisco, he found a job In a , brush factory, working the treadle on a lathe for $1.25 a week. On (Continued On Page 4) UNION IS DENIED FREE SPEECH UNDER THE T-H LABOR LAW WASHINGTON.—Right in the midst of the Senate Labor Com mittee hearings on Taft-Hartlev i »vr>eal. the National Labor Re , lations Board ruled that the T-H I Act guaranteed “free speech” to employers but not to workers. At issue was the action of a Carpenters’ local in peacefully picketing a Kansas builder who used materials made by sweat shop, non-union labor. Also, the builder was placed on a "We Do Not Patronise” list. The union argued it was mere ly exercising the right of “free speech.” but the board very re luctantly—in fact, with “anguish” —held that the plain language of the act gave it no alternative but to find the union guilty of violat ing the law. The “free speech” clause of the act does “not give immunity” to the union, it said. Gradual Price Declines Needed, Survey Shows Washington, D. C.—The American Federation of Labor Monthly Survey declared that “a gradual and orderly de cline in high prices is greatly needed now to increase buy ng power of workers and other consumers and brng them back into the market.” The danger of inflation is gradually disappearing, the survey said. “The need at present,” it said, is rather to make up the serious'lag in workers’ buying power so that business can reach a normal peacetime balance without sliding off into a recession.’ The present business situation was characterized as “pre carious. Unemployment could increase or inflationary policies “might check the normal downward adjustment of prices,” the survey said. “Much depends on the wisdom of union leaders, business executives, government officials,” it added. Suggesting that buying power of workers must increase each year in order to absorb the country’s output of goods, the AFL said it could be accompanied “by continued downward adjustment of prices" or by raising wages with out increasing prices as productivity rises.’ AFL research workers made public a study of an east ern metal-working plant. They found that three-fourths of the workers were exhausting savings to keep abreast of living costs. The items these workers had hoped to buy with their war bonds and savings, such as refriger ators, radios, furniture, houses and automobiles, now were beyound their reach. Funeral For Senator Broughton Held In Raleigh; State Mourns I RALEIGH, March 8.—Last respects were offered by sev eral thousand Tar Heels who gathered in Raleigh Tuesday for the funeral of Senator J. Melville Broughton who died suddenly in Washington last Sunday morning. The serv ice was held in Tabernacle Baptist church for North Carolina’s wartime Governor whose career as a U. S. Senator was cut short by his untimely death after two months’ service in the na tion’s law-making body. The services were conducted by Dr. F. O. Mixon, pastor of the Tabernacle church, where Senator Broughton labored for years as a lay leader, and Dr. Edward Hughes Pruden. pastor of the First Baptist church in Washing ton, of which Mr. Broughton was an honorary member and where he already had built up a large Bible class. Senator Broughton is survived by his widow, Mrs. Alice Willson Broughton, three sons, J. Mefville Broughton, Jr., Woodson H. Broughton, Advert Bala Broughton; one daughter. Alice Willson Broughton. Survivors, besides the widow and two brothers: Mrs. G. L. Vinson and Mrs. Willard L. Me. Dowell of Raleigh, Dr. Ernest H. Broughton of Raleigh, and James T. Broughton of New York City. Senator Broughton was admit ted to the Naval hospital at Be thesda, Md., last Sunday mornin# about 7 o’clock after a restless night in his apartment in Ward man park. He had suffered from a cough, having recently had a severe cold. Only the day before he consulted Dr. Caiver, the offi cial physician for members of Congress. Death came to the North Caro linian less than two hours after he entered the hospital. All that medical science and skill could do was unable to stay the weakened heart. Mrs. Broughton was at his bedside when the end came. The Senator remained conscious to the end and bis last words (Continued On Page 4) J. MELVILLE BROUGHTON PRINTERS SCORE GAINS IN PITTSBURGH DEAL PITTSBURGH. — Five-dollar weekly wage raise* and increased vacation benefits go to typograph- ( ical workers on three daily news papers here in a new one-year. contract. Members of Local 7, Interna tional Typographical Union, vot ed 207 to 32 to accept the pay increase and a three-week vaca tion clause for men with five or more years’ service. Printers will draw $95 for day work on a 37 1-2 hour week, and $99 for night Joba. The weekly increase on the one-year contract is retroactive to January 1. BRICKLAYING CONTEST AT UNION INDUSTRIES SHOW Finals for a nation-wide brick laying contest for apprentice brickmasons is scheduled for the Union Industries Show to he held May 18-22 in Cleveland Ohio. The national competition, first of its kind ever to be held, is being sponsored by the Bricklay ers. Masons and Plasterers Inter national Union which will seek to name the champion brickmason apprentice from a field of about 5,000 younr aspirants from every State in the Union. The final con. test will see 80 fledgling brick layers competing in a suss exhi bition of masonry skills. Mri»4 the F«bef«wi fCOTj f i Consumer Buying Power Must Be High-Key serling NEW YORK.—Leon H. Keyserling, vice chairman of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, told representa tives of 100,000 trade unionists that labor should work “militantly” for higher wages and a better standard of living. Only by keeping purchasing power high can this country sustain full production and forestall a general business re cession, Dr. Keyserling declared in the Hotel Astor at a dinner that ended a three-day meeting of Districts 1 and 2 of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America, AFL. The sessions were attended by 350 delegates from 80 locals in 15 eastern states and Canada. » BILLION DOLLARS ASKED BY AFOFL FOR EDUCATION The Administration asked for 300 million dollars aid for our de teriorating schools. The AFL ex ecutive council asked for one billion dollars last week. What ever the amount Anally voted by this Congress, the need is just as great as when the Un-American 80th Congress voted the magniA cent sum of sis million last year. WALL STREET SEEKS 6000 WILL OF A F OF L AT LUNCHEON IN N. Y. NEW YORK CITY.—The chiefs of the New York Stock, Curb and Cotton Exchanges are going to “break bread” with union officials at a “goodwill luncheon.” Leaders of the AFL union that represents employes at the ex changes, as well as officers of the Central Trades and Labor Council, and Matthew Woll, Fed eration vice president, are among the trade unionists to be at the luncheon. And the exchanges will be represented by all their top executives. The union contract with the exchanges expires in the spring and it is hoped that a new one can be negotiated amicably. DEEP IN THE HARTLEY OF TEXAS The House of Representatives voted 109 to 23 (that's right, 109 to 23) against a resolution which would have memorialised Congress to retain the Taft* Hartley law in full strength. Insisting that a business reces sion could in* avoided, Mr. Key serling said that igfcnt unem ployment figures ana market con ditions were only “very small signs of so-called softening of business’* that could be reversed if consumer purchasing power were kept up. “Nothing at this time would do mote to accentuate the begin nings of a softening-up that wa have seen in a small way," he declared, “as to follow up price adjustments hy wage reductions which would cancel out the con sumers' increased buying power. Softening-up starts because con l*u»e*s throughout •Uhe country do not have enough money to buy goods in amounts that will keep production and employment at a maximum.” Mr. Keyserling said he would not suggest that the leaders of unions become “labor statesmen.” “ ’Labor statesmen’ is a fine sounding expression,” he ex plained. "Too often it is used to mean that labor should make the sacrifice play first. I don’t ask you to do that. I ask you to be good trade unionists, to be mili tant trade unionists in the best sense of thst word.” Mr. Keyserling held that if “any temporary sacrifice is need ed” in the national economy, it should not be made at employ ment or wage levels. He said there was “plenty of room for ft to be made elsewhere, in accru als of fat earnings of the last I several years.” . “We can raise our living stand* ards and our real wages, which t believe means raising our money wages, year after year,” the speaker declared. « j Mr. Keyserling said thst recent ; price eats in some foods and oth (Continued On Page «) Retail Clerks Secure $3,000,000 Increases LAFAYETTE, Ind.—A $3,003,000 wage increase fcf 5,775 food clerks in 1049 has been negotiated in one-year contracts by six California local unions of the Retail Clerka International Association, AFL, it was announced by James A. Suffridge, international secretary-treasurer. The multi-million-dollar wage boost represents a $10-per week individual raise in all categories, since it is on an across-the-board basis. This sets the minimum weekly rate of journeymen food clerks at $65 and managing clerks at $85 for a 5-day, 40-hour week, a work pattern which was established two years ago. Figured on an individual basis,, the $3,003,000 sum will give each union employe approxi mately $520 more money this year. The one-year agreement covers an area roughly from the middle of California to the Mexican border. The ex ceptions are San Diego county, where food contracts expire in April; Los Angeles and San Pedro, where agreements expire this fall. «* With the exception of wages, there were but few changes made in existing agreements. The new pacts were nego tiated with employer associations on a friendly plane. Hus labor-management relation is historic wth the RCIA-AFL which has not had a major strike in a quarter of a cen tury.