f Oldest Bona Fide AFL Newspaper in North Carolina VOL. XVIII; NO. 44 CHARLOTTE, N. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 17. 1949 Subscription Price $2.00 Year 9 T-H REPEAL APPROVED BY SENATE GROUP Lei’s Watch Our Dollars And Not Pinch Pennies The following editorial in The Machinist of March 10 of fers food for thought during these hectic times when, as The Machinist points out, suspicion is spreading that there is waste and inefficiency in the use of our spending dollars, and the publication goes on to say that if this attitude be comes general it could lead to foolish disarmament and se riously damage the security of our country. The editorial follows: “Some pretty good Americans are beginning to wonder whether this country is getting a good buy for the money it is spending for defense. The suspicion is spreadng that there s waste and inefficiency in the use of military appro priations. # “If this attitude becomes general, it could lead to foolish disarmament, to still further disintegration of the aircraft and shipbuilding industries and seriously damage the se curity of our country. “Trustees of the National Planning Association, includ ing Eric Peterson, I.A.M. General Secretary-Treasurer, re cently cited four factors which appear to be adding unnec essarily to the cost of defense. Here they are: “ ‘An intense rivalry between different branches of the armed services, especially between the Navy and the Air Force. “ ‘Easy-going attitudes toward spending on the part of the armed services, a result of habits formed during the war when money costs just didn’t count. “ ‘Top-heaviness in the military establishment. In other words, too much top brass. (NPA reported that the Army, not counting the Air Force, now has 150 Major Generals alone, although it has only 11 Divisions to ve commanded by those Major Generlftf.) “ ‘Lack of long term planning with the result that each service is pressing for heavy appropriations now for fear that sentiment may soon turn toward foolish disarma ment.’ “After the Civil War and again after World War I, Con gress met similar problems by putting a rigid ceiling on military appropriations. This resulted in the elimination of funds for needed experimentation more often than the elimination of traditional waste. “This time, the National Planning Association is propos ing reform of the administration and budgeting in all three military arms. To make sure that these reforms are car ried through, and to let the American people know when they ae not. the NPA has proposed that a body of highly qualified civilians be established as a regular agency of gov ernment to investigate defense expenditures. This body would be authorized to look into any and all aspects of de fense administration at its own discretion and to report its findings to the President and, subject to security considera tion only, to Congress and the public. “Union members, like most Americans, could stand some reassurance that Uncle Sam is getting the most for the money he spends on defense. We think the National Plan ning Association has offered a worthwhile suggestion.” 'remember H ME 7' W.' V' ;vv, >0* & Voters Decreed T-H Repeal, ' Rep. Madden Tells Hearing WASHINGTON. — Representative Ray Madden of Indi ana, testifying before the House Labor Committee as it be gan its public hearings on the administration bill to repeal the Taft-Hartley act, called upon Congress to carry out the mandate of the last election. That mandate, he said, was for the prompt repeel of the iniquitous statute foisted upon the country by the 80th Congress. Mr. Madden, a former member of the House Labor Committee, said the Taft Hartley Act was ‘rammed down our throats” in 1947 at a “secret session” when the Republicans, then domi nant in Congress, limited i consideration of the far reaching measure to four hours. Asked to comment on the Taft-Hartley Act, the Indi ana legislator said: “When you study the hid JUNIOR MARSHALLS Pictured iktri in the Marahalls who npnm jaaier daw. TWy win flap aad M the Claaa. Dt; aad Cwl are fraai .eft ta right, fraat ly elected at tha ef tha _Thay Barbara With GoiijhtJy. PmUy ehlsf). (chief), _ Grtkui, Hwm ami Nik) Roberts; i, Bsbhy Skid awe, Prvri Prise* (assist* Ripriatod Through Omrtoqr of HahHig Hi-Utco, Official Piper Hviag High School den booby traps in it, you I find that it is all bad.” As the hearings opened on the House side of the Capi tol, Senators were waiting for the Thomas bill to be brought out on the floor of the upper chamber. The Sen ate Labor Committee has concluded its hearings and has reported the bill without change. Because of the fil (Continued on Page 3) VOTING PLACES C ITY PRIMARY. APRIL 25, 1949 CITY ELECTION, MAY 3, 1949 Following is a list of the Voting Precincts and their locations, as furnished The Labor Journal by the office of Elections Chairman Brenizer: Precinct 1—Court House Precinct 2—501 8. Alexander St. Precinct 3—401 East 9th St.‘ Precinct 4—1600 N. Brevard St. Precinct 5—601 North Graham St. Precinct 6—329 Irwin Ave. Precinct 7—825 Westbrook Drive Precinct 8—2000 North Allen St. Precinct 9—Y. M. C. A.. E. 36th St. Precinct 10—3501 Plaza Road Precinct 11—1620 Club Road Precinct 12—Mid wood School, Central Ave. Precinct 13—1400 Louise Ave. Precinct 14—1241 East 10th St. Precinct 15—537 Lamar Ave. Precinct 16—2539 Westmoreland Ave. Precinct 17—1028 Waterman Ave. Precinct 18—2701 East Seventh St. Precinct 19—Mint Museum, Eastover Precinct 20—500 Cherokee Road Precinct 21—111 Barnett Place. Off 1800 E. 4th St. Precinct 22—2108 Vail Ave. Precinct 23—1601 Park Drive Precinct 24—2131 Raddiffe Ave. Precinct 25—1026 Providence Road Precinct 26—Myers Park Club, Myers Park Precinct 27—Avondale Com. House, Avondale A Lilac Precinct 28—1612 Kenilworth Ave. Precinct 29—Dilworth School, 405 E. Park Ave. Precinct 30—1716 Lyndhurst Ave. Precinct 31—1927 Dilworth Rd., W. Precinct 32—1004 Poindexter Drive Precinct 33—Wihnqre School, 428 West Boulevard Precinct 34—Alexander Graham Jr. High School Precinct 35—Wesley Hts. School, 128 S. Summit Ave. Precinct 35—Seversville School, 1701 Sumter Ave. Precinct 38—2436 Wilkinson Bivd. Precinct 39—West Charlotte High School Precinct 40—Fairview Homes, 1026 Oak lawn Ave. Precinct 41—Hutchison School, 1400 Hutchison Ave. Precinct 42—1607 Statesville Ave. (Additional Date On Page 3) Committee Sends Labor Measure To Senate Floor WASHINGTON, D. C.—The Taft-Hartley repeal bill suc cessfully surmounted its first major legislative hurdle when it was approved without change by the Senate Labor Com mittee. This encouraging action sends the measure sponsored by Senator Thomas, the committee chairman, to the Senate floor for debate and action. However, immediate action by th Senate is not likely be cause of the filibuster in progress against the new cloture rule to prevent unlimited Senate debate. A showdown on the filibuster is expected within a week. V\ hen htc bill is called up before the Senate, however, a veritable bombardment of amendments is certain to l>e fired at it. Senator Taft, co-author of the Taft-Hartley act, has served notce that he will try to reincorporate many Taft Hartley features in the new bill. Senators Ives and Morse are also planning to push major amendments in their turn. In view' of this situation, the Senate fight to repeal the Taft-Hartley act is due to turn into a prolonged pitched battle. Meanwhile, despite the Senate filibuster on proposals for a new cloture rule, other congressional committees made headway in advancing key legislation supported by labor toward passage. Sponsored by 11 Democrats and 11 Republcans, a long range program of low-rent public housing, clearance and farm housing was reported favorably to the Senate by its Ranking nd Currency committee. Despite bitter opposition from real estate lobbyists, the committeee cleared the compromise measure which provides for consruction of 810,000 units of public housing for rent to low-income families during th£ next six years and for loans to cities from slum clearance and leans to farmers fro better homes in rural areas. Congressional leaders ex pressed confidence that the measure would be adopted as soon as an opportunity to take a vote is permitted. . At the same time, the House Ranking and Currency Com mittee approved a measure extending federal rent control in somewhat strengthened form for another 15 months. The bill eliminates existing provisions for “voluntary” agreements between landlord and tenants to increase future rents, provides for recontrol of hotel accommodations, but does not include criminal punishment for rent violators. Meanwhile, the House Labor Committee was preparing to report out amendments to the Fair Labor Standards Act which would raise the federal minimum wage to 75 cents an hour and broaden to some extent the coverage of the law. The present minimum wage is 40 cents an hour. Under the definitions of the new amendments, employers who are only partly engaged in interstate commerce would have to comply with the minimum wage and maximum hour regulations for all their employes. Furthermore, farm enterprises which employ hired labor to an amount exceeding 5,000 man-hours in any one year also would come under thp law’s coverage. These changes are not as broad as organized labor wanted, but represent an improvement over the present law, Walter Mason, legislative representa tive of the AFL, said. Spring Seen Ending Dnemphyment Rise WASHINGTON, D. C.—There is a good chance that the usual March-April upswing in jobs will halt the rise in un employment within 30 days, federal officials believe. Most of the experts were uncertain whether the upturn woud have the "kick” of the last three years that provided jobs for more han 60,000,000 persons in all during the summer employment peak. Robert C. Goodwin, director of the United States Em ployment Service, and Ewan Clague, director of the Bu reau of Labor Statistics, said that improving weather and the start of outdoor industries should bring the expected employment gain. Goodwin said that on the basis of unemployment compen sation claims there was a further slackening in the number of new industrial layoffs for the week ended February 26. "The continuing downward trend in the filing of new appli cations is the most encouraging sign regarding unemploy ment," he said. The Department of Commerce reported that 3,221,000 persons were unemployed in February. This was a seven year high. But, it said, the 67,168,000 persons working last month were the highest number of employed in history for February. The increase in the labor force, expected to amount to 1,000,000 this year, accounted in part for both increases.

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