North Carolina Newspapers

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The occasion was the second
annual mass .graduation of ap
prentices from courses operated
jointly by labor, management and
the public School system. Cali
fornia, these in the audience were
told, leads the nation in appren
ticeship training, and the two
counties of Alemeda and Contra
Costa, represented in the gradu
ation exercises, have 20 per cent
of all the apprenticeship commit
tees im the state.
Secretary Tobin said that the
lesson to be drawn from World
War 11 was “that we must learn
how to apportion our strength
between the armed forces and in
“By putting a toolmaker or
patternmaker in an infantry
regiment,” he continued, “we
might cost the lives of as many
as that entire regiment for lack
of production from the tools or
patterns such as craftsmen could
Mr. Tobin asserted that the
skilled workers he had in miad
could not be turned out on an
emergency basis, and that “the
training of apprentices for the
skilled trade is just J>T important
to the security of the nation as
in the training of our military
Both Gov. Earl Warren and
John F. Shelley, president of the
California State Federation of
Labor, hailed the success of the
state’s apprenticeship program.
Mr. Shelley, while in the legis
alture was author of the Shelley
Maloney apprenticeship act of
1939, which laid the foundation
for the system.
Mr. Shelley commented that
the presence of Secretary Tobin
and Gov. Warren at the gradua
tion “is proof of the dignity and
essentiality of skilled craftsman
ship, whether it be manual or
DETROIT—Surgeons today re
moved the right eye of Victor
Reuther, 37-year-old CIO United
Auto Workers official and broth
er of UAW President Walter
Reuther. who was shot and ser
iously wounded last night by an
unknown assailant.
Reuther’s general condition was
reported as “satisfactory” at
Henry Ford hospital after the
operation. Dr. James Olson
said he had to “abandon hope of
saving the eye” because a great
deal of tissue was destroyed.
Meanwhile, FBI intervention to
solve the attempted slaying of
Victor and Walter Reuther was
asked by CIO President Philip
Murray. Walter was a victim
of a would-be-assassin under sim
ilar circumstances a year ago.
As in the shooting of Walter,
there was suspicion that the at
tempted slaying of Victor might
be part of a Communist plot.
Victor is educational director of
the UAW.
The Communists have attacked
.the ^teuthera' 'anion leadership in
the past.
Others to ask FBI help were
Senator Homer Ferguson (R
Mich.) and Michigan Governor
G. Mennen Williams.
The House Rules Committee
this week reported out a bill pro
| viding for investigation of Wash
ington’s 8 million dollar a year
highpressure lobbies. Number
one Dixiecrat Eugene Cox of
I Georgia proceeded to pass judg
ment without waiting for the in
vestigation. He said
“I have never seen any evidence
of lobbying that I thought was
detrimental to the public wel
Demand For Coal Miners Safety; 1,259,081
Killed Or Injured In Past Nineteen Years
WASHINGTON—John L. Lewis roared a demand today
for a Federal safety law to prevent coal miners from being
“mained, mangled and killed.” The nation’s coal is stained
with blood, he said, citing figures to show that 1,259,081
miners were injured or killed in the Dast 19 years.
He spoke before a Senate labor
subcommittee in support of a bill
(bat would give Federal mine in
spectors the right to close mines
they think dangerous.
At present, the states handle
safety enforcement. Lewis con
tends they fall down completely
on their job.
Lewis, referring to a magician
in King Arthur's court said:
“If I had the power of a Mer
lin, I would march that million
and a quarter men past the Con
gress of the United States—the
quick and the dead.
“I would have the ambulatory
injured drag the dead after them."
“I would have the concourse
flanked by five weeping members
of each man’s family, six and a
quarter million people, wailing
and lamenting."
During the course of the hear
ing the leader of the United Mine
1. Sneered at mfne operators
and the men they hire to repre
sent them, especially the men
they hire, since they have ap
peared here to oppose this bill.
At one time or another, he re
ferred to them as "lobbyists,”
"human leeches” and "polecats.
2. Made a 36-minute, extempo
raneous speech during which he
flowered, roared, whispered, re
minisced, banged the table. Part
of the time he sat with his legs
crossed sideways in his chair
and lectured the senators like a
college professor talking to a sem
3. Made but one reference—
and that was indirect—to con
tract talks with operators (Their
contract expires June 30.)
“They’re fat,” said Lewis of
the mine owners. “In 1948 the
industry exceeded all other years.
And the first quarter of 1949 ex
ceeded a similar period of last
year—by millions and millions.’’
Mostly, Lewis developed this
theme: that the states have failed
to enforce safety regulations, and
that the operators are not going
to pay any heed to safety unless
the Federal government forces
them to.
HAINES- CITY, Fla. ■— Em
ployees of the Sunny Citrus Pro
ducts. Company recently voted in
an NLRB election to authorise cit
rus workers Local Union, Haines
City, to represent them in collective
bargaining by a vote of almost 8
to 1.
Throngs Attend Union Industries Show
Crowds like tkot shove thronged the vest Poblie Auditorium in Cleveland to witneoo the epeetarle
presented bp the 1949 version of the Union Indus tries Show, on snnosl event sponsored by the AFL’s
Union Label Trades Department to tell the pnblie the story of successful labor-management rela
tions. The photo shows the main door of the ex hibit halL Similar scenes were the rale in a larger
basement area.
J. L. Rhodes, Regional Director
of the American Federation of
Labor has advised the National
Labor Relations Board that the
AFL has an interest" in the fight
over which union will represent
the Southern Bell’s employees in
collective bargaining, according
to a spokesman for the Southern
Bell Telephone and Telegraph
Recently the Communications
Workers of America, which has
been the bargaining agent for
Bell employees, announced that
as a result of an election the
Union’s members had voted to
affiliate with CIO.
The Company challenged this
action on grounds that it felt
that CIO affiliation was not in
accord with the majority wishes
of the telephone workers.
Typical of the exhibits which drew the admirinc glances of thou
sands of spectators was that of the National Brotherhood of
Operative Potters shown above. Union members are demonstrating
the skill and techniques required in their trade.
Employers Advised By Kiplmger Magazine To Read Labor Papers
Employers, be sure to read the
labor press; it will be an “aid
to better plant management.”
That advice comes hot from
some circulation - hungry labor
editor, but from a magazine for
businessmen — Kiplinger Maga
zine, sister publication of the “in
the-know” Kiplinger Letter.
The magazine estimates 'that
the 700 to 900 union papers in
the country are read t>y about
20,000,000 adults.
“One of the Met ways to And
out (wliat the unions are think
ing) is to read union newspa
pers.” Kiplinger says.
“They give an accurate reflec
tion of labor thought, and often
provide a solid t:p-off to possible
future issues. They’re far bet
ter than any makeshift pipeline
to the union’s inner councils.”
Kiplinger says that business
associations such as the U. < S.
Chamber of Commerce “make it
a steady habit to read a few key
labor sheets: CIO News (circu
lation: 160,000), Labor, Mine
Workers’ Journal (about 600,000),
AFL weekly clip sheet to its
member unions, and the CIO’s
high-brow Economic Outlook” —
strike of more then 7,000 car-*
penters in the Philadelphia area
ended in agreement on a wage
increase of 15 cents an hour.
Representatives of the Metro
politan District Council of Car
penters (AFL), meeting with of
ficers of the General Building
Contractors Association in the
latters headquarters, agreed to
send their men back to work at
the usual starting time at an
hourly rate of 12.40.
ITU Demands NLRB Ban
Denham’s Injunction Club
WASHINGTON—Attorneys for the AFL’s International
Typographical Union urged the National Labor Relations
Board to withdraW from Robert N. Denham, its general
counsel, authority to ask for court injunctions in unfair
practice cases brought under the Taft-Hartley law because
he had abused his discretion.
They criticised the 5-man board
too. asserting that it had put the
union through a needlessly long
and expensive trial.
Henry Kaiser, delivering the
union’s final arguments in the
Taft-Hartley Act case brought by
the American Newspaper Publish
ers Association, said that Mr.
Denham was guilty of “contemp
tible, craven, knuckling down to
the pressure” of the newspaper
The ANPA case was started
in the fall of 1947, and the union
was enjoined by a federal court
in Indianapolis in March, 1948,
pending the board’s disposition
of the publisher charges. The
main accusation against the union
is violation of the law’s anti
closed shop section.
Mr. Denham, who is independ
ent of the board, does not concede
that his discretionary authority
to seek injunctions is a grant
from the board. He holds that
the authority is conferred by law.
Gerhard P. Van Arkel, associ
ate of Mr. Kaiser, accused the
board of “shoddy treatment” of
the union’s motion early in the
case to dismiss one of the charges
in the complaint. This referred
to a charge that the ITU had
coerced or restrained employes in
their rights by refusing to bar
gain or causing local unions to
refuse to bargain.
When trial of the case started
in December. 1947, the union
moved for dismissal of this
charge. The board directed that
testimony be taken on this point
and said it would rule later
whether the law intended that a
refusal to bargain coerced or re
strained employes. Since then
the board held in a National Mar
itime Union case that this section
of the law was aimed at physical
and violent coercion.
Mr. Van Arkel said the ITU
would have been spared many
weeks of hearing and thousands
of dollars if the board had heard
its motion and made a ruling
when the ITU first raised the Is
LAUREL, Miss. — The United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners of America won a collective
bargaining election at the Greene
Lumber Company, Laurel, with a
vote of about 8 to 1 in favor of the
Union. _»
Opposed To Any Provisions
Authorizing The Issuing Of
Court Injunctions In Disputes
CLEVELAND—The AFL executive council today agreed
unanimously to four amendments in the Truman admini
stration’s original bill to repeal the Taft-Hartley act. The
concessions were made in conferences with government
leaders. President William preen said. The council ratified
that action.
Bridges, head of CIO Longshore
men, was indicted by the Federal
grand jury today.
The indictment accused him of
conspiracy to obstruct and defeat
the naturalization laws, and of
Two other men were indicted
with the left-wing longshore
leader. They are Henry Schmidt
and J. R. Robertson, both officials
of the ILWU. Bail was set at
$5,000 each.
The three were charged in one
count with conspiracy to defraud
the United States by obstructing
and defeating the proper ad
ministration of the naturalization
laws, between June and October,
A second count chafged Bridges
with perjury. It accused him.
on September 17, 1945, at his
naturalization hearing, of swear
ing falsely that he was not a
member of the Communist party.
A third count charged Schmidt
and Robertson with perjury, al
leging tf'nt they, as witnesses
in the hearing, swore falsely,
knowing it to be false, that
Bridges was not a member of
the Communist party.
Schmidt is a member of the
Longshore Coast Labor Relations
committee. Robertson Is first
vice president of the ILWU.
The reason this issue of The
Journal is late is due to an ex
tensive job of remodeling which
has been going on in our plant
since the first of May which put
our facilities out of order until
it was completed.
The back wall on our building
was ready to topple over and the
landlord was compelled to rebuild
the wall at once. The need was
so urgent that only little notice
could be given us. While this
work was underway we asked the
landlord to make other improve
ments and from now on we will
have. The Journal to you on time
each week.
For this delay we are deeply
apologetic and thank our sub
scribers and advertisers for their
patience. All back issues of The
Journal will be coming to you
in short order.
Polio Precautions
/Children should guard against
sudden chilling during the wmmir
polio epidemic soaaon. Wot ohooo
and clothing ahould bo removed at
ones and oxtra blankets and heavier
clothing kept handy for sudden
weather changes.
H IKE Kim f Mil
une woma allow presidential
seizure for 30 days of “any struck
plant or industry whose idleness
threatens to bring about a na
tional emergency.” The AFL also
agreed to these amendments:
1. A requirement that em
ployers as well as union lead
ers sign non-Communist affida
2. A requirement for filing of
financial reports by unions.
3. A guarantee of free speech
for employers in dealing with
their workers, short of intimi
dation or coercion.
In other respects, the AFL
stood pat for the Thomas-Lesin
ski bill offered by the administra
tion early in the 81st session of
Congress. That calls for repeal
of the Taft-Hartley act with
“.ertain improvements” which
Mr. Truman proposer..
The AFL council ended its
quarterly meeting with the Taft
Hartley statment. It emphati
cally declared itself opposed to
“any provision authorizing the is
suance of court injunctions in
Ijsbqr-mamMreroent dispute*.” ,
The injunction weapon was In
serted in a compromise bill in
the House, but the whole question
was referred back to committee
after close roll call votes. Many
AFL leaders think the injunction
provision was aimed at stopping
a possible coal strike this sum
mer by John L. Lewis’ coal
The recurring question of affil
iation of the minera with the
AFL came up again. Lewis and
Green lunched in Washington laat
week. Green said he reported on
that conversation to the council.
But he expressed the view at a
news conference that re-affiliation
of Lewis and his 600.000 miner!
—who walked out in 1947 for the
second time—was not imminent
Green said:
“There’s nothing that has taken
place or statement made to war
rant the conclusion that he will
become affiliated with the Amer
ican Federation of Labor for the
present at least.
“I might aay ‘no’ and ’yes’ to
the question whether he is consid
ering affiliation. I don’t think ho
has any inclination to become af
filiated now, but he is rather in
favor of it some time in the
“There were no condition* at
tached. I’m sure that when ha
return* it will be unconditionally.
The laat convention of the AFL
expressed regret that he had
grone and hoped that he would re
turn. That was expressed by the
convention itself.”
The council will meet August
15 in Toronto, Canada.
employment in New York State
continued it* downward trend in
April with an estimated drop of
52,900 workers from March, ac
cording to a report by Industrial
Commissioner Edward Corsi, pro
duction workers’ payrolls de
creased 5.4 per cent *
Seasonal factors, strikes and
lack of orders were mainly re
sponsible for the drop and losses
occurred in all major industrial
Sonconal curtailment in aU
branches of the apparel industry
caused the heaviest losses in both
employment and payrolls.

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