North Carolina Newspapers

    VOL. XIX; NO. 6
Subscription Price $2,00 Year
Meany Predicts Greater Role For Labor
In Political Battles Against Reaction
NEW YORK.—George Meany, secretary-treasurer of the
American Federation of Labort predicted that organized
labor will go as far down the road of political action “as
time and events prove necessary to carry out our basic
purpose of raising, maintaining and protecting the stand
ards of life of the workers of this nation."
Mr. meany reviewed me partici
pation of the AFL in political af
fair* in an address before the
6th annual dinner meeting of the
Liberal party of New York state
here. He was one of several
speakers including Senator Paul
H. Douglas of Illinois; Adolf A.
Berle, state chairman of the
party, and Louis Fischer, author
and political analyst.
Mr. Meany declared that_ the
real awakening as to the need for1
political action by labor came
after the enactment of the Taft
Hartley law in 1947, which dem
onstrated clearly that “there
could be no future progress made
by labor unless it became an ac
tive and dynamic political force.”
He. added:
“For the first time, I venture
to say, in the history of the
American Federation the entire
membership approached the ques
tion of politics realistically. The
result, as you well know, was
the action of the 1947 convention
of the American Federation or
Labor creating a permanent polit
ical arm for the AFL through
the establishment of Labor's
League for Political Education—
which provided a basis for direct
political action by the America®
FedeVhtion of Labor, all its con
stituent unions, as well as its
individual members and also pro
vided for comprehensive partici
pation in this political work by
all liberal and progressive groups;
Who believe in the principles and
ideals of the trade union move
“Starting along about the first
of April in 1948, Labor’s League
for Political Education achieved
a certain success :a the campaign
that followed—in fact, some of
our people thought that we had
won a complete victory over the
reactionary forces that had dom
inated the 80th Congress. Some
even thought that the results of
the attitude of the Hallecks and
the Martins and the others in
Congress who represent the phi
losophy and the interest of the
National Association of Manu
"However, what has happened
to date in the 81st Congress in
dicates quite clearly that while
labor won a battle in 1948—it
has by no means won the war.
“Despite the fact that the is
sues in which labor was interest
ed—including repeal of the Taft
Hartley Act — were presented
clearly and definitely to the
American people in the 1948 cam
paign, and despite the fact that
the American people gave a clear
mandate to the Congress on
these issues by its vote in 1948,
there is still more than 50 per
cent of the House of Representa
tives who refuse to recognize this
mandate. This is indicated by
the roll call vote taken in the
House a few weeks ago on the
Wood bill.”
Mr. Meany quoted from a state
ment released by the AFL Exec
utive Council which said that
the actual political situation in
the 81st Congress is a “tug of
war between reactionary forces
from both parties on one side and
liberals from both parties on the
The AFL leader charged that
the programs of the Chamber of
Commerce and the National As
sociation of Manufacturers which
demand every legislative advar
tage they can obtain from thu
reactionaries, represents a chal
lenge that labor “cannot sidestep
or ignore.” He said:
“We will not stay at dead cen
ter. We either move in the di
rection indicated by the program
of the Chamber of Commerce or
we move forward toward a better
day for America’s little people
under the program of labor. To
move in the direction of human
values we cannot depend on the
Tafts, the Hallecks or the Mar
tins in Congress. Nor can we ex
pect any aid from those on the
Democratic side of the aisle who
determine human values by the
color of a person’s skin. To meet
this challenge and to protect the
progress and achievements that
have come after years of strug
gle. labor must move in the di
rection of intelligent and ener
getic political action.
“I am firmly convinced that la
bor can produce men who will be
effective, in the political a rent.
What has happened here in New
Yorlc City in recent years def
initely indicates that men and
women who spent their early
days in the shops and factories
are by no means lacking in po
litical sagacity. Labor has many
advantages in politics which I
need not point out to this audi
ence. Labor has the will and
surely it has the incentive. The
stakes are high.
“JV* are. living today in a
world where millions of people
are literally hungry for freedom,
and democracy. These millions
look to the United States of
America with faith and hope. To
whatever extent America fulfills
its dbstiny as the citadel of hu
man progress depends in great
measure on the success of labor i
in the field of progressive politi-1
cal action during the next few
“Let me again assure you that
the American Federation of La
bor is going to play its full part
in this fight. As to the outcome,
I, for one, have no misgivings.”
J. Bunche, Negro acting U. N.
mediator for Palestine, today de
clined an offer from President
Truman of appointment as an
assistant Secretary of State.
Bunche told reporters on leav
ing the White House after a talk
with Mr. Truman that he had
turned down the offer.
He said he wanted to continue
his work with the United Na
tions, and also was concerned
about the high cost of living in
Washington and the salary cut
that taking the post would mean.
Do!,o Precautions
Children should he cautioned by
parent* to avoid swimming in pol
luted waters, particularly in areas
affected by polio epidemics, Chil
dren should use only beaches or
public pools declared safe by local
health authorities.
Stars Respect
Picket Line
Because of rain and wet
grounds. the widely Herald
’•triple-header” event at Wrigley
Field on Saturday, July 9, was not
much of a success. The Sunday
Times estimated that 10,000
turned out to watch Hollywood
play ball in a 45,000-capacity
Proceeds of the “triple-header”
were to be shared by City of
Hope Hospital, the Motion Pic
ture Relief Fund, and the Herald
American Benefit Fund, according
to promotion material put out by
the Herald-American, which list
ed the beneficiaries in that order.
As any one knows who is fa
miliar with Hearst-paper tactics,
Herald-American actually intend
ed to make itself No. 1 on the
list. This was to be another
“stunt" to rebuild Herald-Ameri
can circulation.
When President Pilch advised
the AFL Screen Actors Guild
that the names of Hollywood un
ionists were being used as cir
culation bait by a strike-bound
newspaper, which is being picket
ed by union printers and is hid
ing behind a Taft-Hartley injunc
tion, the actors’ union responded
at once with a pledge that none
of its members would cross the
picket Jine. ^ ~
It is an old Herald-American
custom to inveigle big-name per
sonalities into its plant and pho
tograph them while there. On
past performances, it was easy
to figure that the Hearst paper
would arrange for several of the
visiting stars to pose in the
struck plant, with at lea>t on:
of the femine celebrities sitting
down to a Vari^Typer.
The co-operation of the Screen
Actors Guild and the presence of
No. 16's pickets put a crimp in
such plans.
President Pilch was informed
by wire that the Screen Actors
Guild had “contacted Motion Pic
ture Relief Fund and City of
Hope Hospital, and they like us
are shocked and terribly sorry
that this situation has arisen.
Neither Screen Actors Guild nor
its members involved nor Motion
Picture Relief Fund nor City of
Hope were informed or aware
that advance exploitation man at
Chicago had made tieup with
newspaper picketed by AFL un
ion. Had we been® informed in
time, we certainly would have
used our best efforts to have
other arrangements made.”
President Pilch has made it
clear that Chicago’s striking
printers have no desire to injure
City of Hope or the Motion Pic
ture Relief Fund, both of which
are worthy causes. For that
reason, plans to picket Wrigley
Field were dismissed. No matter
how disgusted we are with Her
ald-American promotion schemes,
we wish the best to the hospital
and the NPRF.
Pickets at the Herald-American
and other struck newspapers are
raising a fund to aend the actors’
guild for disbursement to City of
Hope and the Motion Picture Re
lief Fund.
mwiti nuKiiiAuc
mortgage debt of the United
States climbed to $33,355,000,000,
an all-time record high in 1948,
the Home Loan bank announced
today. This was $4,785,000,000,
or 17 per cent higher than the
1947 level.
According to the board, these
figures were obtained by a sur
vey of one-to-four family nonfarm
dwellings. The 1948 figure also
compares with $19,208,000,000 in
1945, the last wartime year.
I .
New Officers Of State P. O. Clerks
First row, left to right: Chester L. Stevenson. Fayetteville, first viefc president; A. J. Garner, III,
Asheville, president; Jere C. Gmy, Raleigh, State legislative representative. Back row. left to right:
W. D. Farmer, Rocky Mount, sixth vice president; lack D. Cliff, Raleigh, third vice president; Thomas
B. Moore, Fort Bragg, editor Tar Heel Fed; Wilson A. Forbes, Gastonia, second vice president; B. E.
Singleton. Asheville, fifth vice president; S. F. Blackwelder, Charlotte, secretary-treasurer; Stanley G.
Curtis, Raleigh, fourth vice president, and Frank Overman, Burlington, national State representative,
were not present when this photo was taken.
New Auxiliary Officers P. O. Clerks
Seated—Left to right: Mrs. J. B. Snyder, secretary-treasurer, Winston-Salem; Mrs. Jack Garner,
HI, president. Asheville; Mrs. Samuel R. Kenley. editor of The Tattler, Asheville. Standing, left to
right: Mrs. F. fe. Stanley, tree president, Wilmington; Mrs. J. B. Houser, Jr., vice president, Gastonia;
Mrs. Hal Stafford, vice president, Greensboro; Mrs. J. B. Howell, vice president, Shelby, N. C„ and
Mrs. W. C. Evans, Raleigh', vice president. Mrs. Keneth L. Adams, vice president of Fayetteville, was
not present when this photo was taken.__-_
President N. C. F. P. O. C.
Asheville, N. C.
President pf Woman's Auxiliary
Jack Garner And Wife Are New Heads
Federation Of P.O.GerksAnd Ladies Auxiliary
Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Garner of
Asheville will head the North
Carolina Federation of Post Of
fice Clerks and Auxiliary for the
coming year. Both of these dis
tinguished Federationists won de
cisive victorias in the elections
of officers at the state convention i
of the N.C.F.P.O.C. and Auxili- j
ary in Asheville on June 11
For Gamer the state presi
dency tops a distinctive career in
Federation work. On January 18.
1946, he was elected Secretary of|
Local 277. He wa* also a dele
gate to the state convention oi
that year and represented the
substitute employees of he Ashe
ville office at a later meeting in
Washington. He was re-elected
Local Secretary the following
year and was agam a delegate to
the state convention in 1947. At
this convention he was elected a
vice president of the state organ
isation. He represented Local
277 at the Miami National Con
vention in August of 1948 and
i(tin served his Local as renter
Lainment Chairman for the 1949
State Convention.
Mrs. Garner has served as
Secretary of Local 277 Auxiliary
and has for several yepra been
a Vico President of the State
Federation Auxiliary.
Other Federation officers are
Chester L. Stephenson, Fayette
ville, First Vice President; Wil
son A. Forbes, Gastonia, Second
Vice Prseident; Jack B. Cliff,
Durham, Third Vice President;
Stanley G. Curtis, Raleigh, Fourth
Vice President; B. E. Singleton,
Asheville, Fifth Vice President;
W. B. Farmer, Rocky Mount
Sixth Vice President; Thomas B.
Moore, Fayetteville, Editor, Tai
Heel Fed; Jere C. Gay. Raleigh,
Legislative Representative and S.
F. Blackwelder, Charlotte, Secre
Auxiliary Officers are: Mrs.
K. L. Adams, Fayetteville, First
Vice President; Mrs. F. E. Stan
ley, Wilmington, Second Vice
President; Mrs. Hal Stafford,
Greensboro, Third Vice President;
Mrs. W. C. Evans, Raleigh, Fourth
Vice President; Mrs. J. B. Hous
er, Jr., Gastonia, Fifth Vice
President; Mrs. J. B. Howell,
Shelby, Sixth Vice President;
Mrs. S. R. Kerley, Asheville, Edi
tor, the Tatler, Auxiliary publi
cation; and Mrs. J. B. Snyder of
Winston-Salem. Secretary - Treas
urer.—Tat1 Heel Fed, _ j? ’ •
- ■■
Take 300 delegates, a dash of
conviviality, a convention minded
hostelry and put them together
in the scenic setting of a moun
tain-top retreat. These are the
ingredients of the happy pleas
ures experienced by delegates
and visitors who attended the
twenty-ninth annual convention
of the North Carolina Federation
of Post Office Clerlts and Aux- ,
iliary in Asheville on June 10-11.
Although the convention offi
cially began on Friday, The
George Vanderbilt Hotel which
served as convention headquar
ters, was being rapidly filled by
Federationists as early as Thurs
day afternoon. By plane, train,
bus and automobile they poured
into Asheville from all sectiona
of Carolina.
And on hand to greet them was.
genial Broadus E. Singleton, host
Local 277 Chairman of Arrange
On Friday registration of del
egates and visitors was carried
on continuously from 8:30 in tha
morning until 6:00 in the after
noon. The initial business sea
sons of Clerks ana Auxiliary
'onvened at 9 A. M. and contin
ued until lunch at noon. An of
ficial luncheon for state officers
ind committee chairmen was held
by the host Local arrangements
Business sessions convened
again at 1:30 P. M. and ad
journed promptly at t P. H. to
permit attendance at an open
forum meeting where John ML
Torka, Assistant Secretary-Treas
u^r. N F,r.OC,J£.*.
Torka was assisted by Oscar
L. Whitesell. Vice-President, N. F.
P.O.C., and Henry C. Wyman of
the Post Office Department.
Members of the Auxiliary were .
entertained at a Fashion Show
and tea in the late afternoon.
An old-fashioned picnic, swim
ming and dancing party was held
during the evening at the Royal
Pines recreation park, a rsrai re
treat near Asheville.
Business sessions again claimed
the attention of visitors and del
egates throughout Saturday morn
ing. During the afternoon the
elections of officers for clerks and
auiliary were accomplished.
During the early hours of the
evening the official convention
banquet was held in the Vander
bilt’s main Ballroom. Dr. Walter
T. McFall, Asheville dentist, waa
master-of-ceremonies for the oc
casion and entertained the gath
ering with many humorous anec
dotes. Appearing on the pro
gram were John M. Torka,
Washington; Oscar L. Whitesell,
Greensboro; Frankljn Overman,
National State Representative,
Burlington; Mrs. George Williams,
Vice President, N.F.P.O.C. Auxil
iary, Raleigh; and Broadus E.
Singleton, who introduced stata
and Local Federation and Auxil
iary officials.
Eva Boatwright and orchestra
provided music for dancing which
followed the banquet and con
cluded the festivities of the eve
ning.—Tar Heel Fed.
The reason this issue of The
Journal is late is due to an ex
tensive job of remodeling which
has been going on in our plant
since the first of May which put
; our facilities out of order until
; it was completed.
The back wall on our building
was ready to topple over and the
landlord was compelled to rebuild
the wall at once. The need was
so urgent that only little notice
could be given us. While this
work was underway we asked the
landlord to make other improve*
ments and from now on we will
have The Journal to you^On time
each week.
For this delay we are deeply
apologetic and thank our suh*
scribers and advertisers for their
patience. All back issues of The
Journal will be coming to you
in short order.

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