VOL. XIX; NO. 10 CHARLOTTE. N. C„ THURSDAY. JULY 14, 1949 Subscription Price $2.00 Year Southern 'Cheap Labor’ Said Not To Be Cause Of Industrial Movei II ent Claims by our Southern “Re publicrats” that cheap labor ia essential to the industrial expan* sion of the South have been dis proved—disproved by industrial ists themselves. A report by the National Plan ning Association says that plants locating in the South are inter ested in, first, the good markets offered by the region; second, J available raw materials in the area; and third, the Labor Sup ply. The report comments: “Labor came up third—which j may be a surprise to many. But the Committee turned up even more surprising information: New plants were usually not after cheap Labor; they wanted Labor supply itself and low Labor costs —quite a different thing.” The report, “New Industry Comes to the South,” was made by the Association’s Committee! of the South. It is based en painstaking research, not emotion-; al appeals which most Southerni Congressmen use in opposition to ■ Wage Hoar Measures. The Committee studied i8 plants built in the South since the end of World War II. They are in 13 states: Alabama, Ark ansas, Florida. Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi. North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Caro lina, Tennessee, Texas and Vir ginia. ine stuuy was puri.s.ea aa most Southern Congressmen and Senators continued their attack on the expansion of wage-hour legislation. Their arguments run like this:* Southern Businessmen cannot af ford to pay such “high” minimum wages as 75 cents or $1 an hour. (That amounts to the “luxury” rate of pay of $30 to $40 a week for 40 hours work.) To attract industry from the Northeast, thd | South must hold down its pay scales. But the report says, “ . . . Available Labor and satisfactory Labor attitudes were more im portant to these companies than the South’s alleged cheap Labor. “This survey indicates that companies operating plants in both the North and South pay roughly the same wage rates in towns of equivalent size. . . . “With few exceptions, those companies that are paying lower wages in their Southern than in their Northern plants told the • Committee that they would not have risked their funds in a new Southern location simply because of the wage-scale differences. They considered these differences only temporary. . . . “Many . . . companies knew their plants would be Unionized, and therefore were anxious to lo cate in a town that had a history of good Labor-Management rela tionships . . . “A few apparel, shoe, and tex tile plants were located in certain communities in order to try to avoid Labor Unions. . . . But, on the whole, the companies with Unionized plants elsewhere placed little or no stress on avoiding Unions.” VICTOR REUTHER. A BROTHER OF WALTER, SHOT IN DETROIT DETROIT—Surgeons today re moved the right eye of Victor Reuther, 37-year-old CIO United Auto Workers official and broth er of UAW President Walter Reuther, who was shot and ser iously wounded last night by an unknown assailant. Reuther’s general condition was reported as “satisfactory” at Henry Ford hospital after the operation. Dr. James Olson said he had to “abandon hope of saving the eye” because a great deal of tissue was destroyed. Meanwhile, FBI intervention to solve the attempted slaying of Victor and Walter Reuther was asked by CIO President Philip Murray. Walter was a victim of a would-be-assassin under sim ilar circumstances a year ago. As in the shooting of Walter, there was suspicion that the at tempted slaying of Victor might be part of a Communist plot. Victor is educational director of the UAW. The Communists hive attacked the Reuthers’ union leadership in the past. Others to ask FBI help were Senator Homer Ferguson (R Mich.) and Michigan Governor G. Mennen Williams. QUOTE FROM COa — LOBBIES ARE LOVELY The House Rules Committee this week reported out a bill pro viding for investigation of Wash ington’s 8 million dollar a year highpressure lobbies. Number one Dixiecrat Eugene Cox of Georgia proceeded to pass judg ment without waiting for the in vestigation. He Said ‘‘I have never seen any evidence of lobbying that I thought was detrimental to the public wel fare.” LABOR VOTES WILL BEAT SENATOR TAFT IN 1950 Every vote counts. Whenever a Trade Unionist starts thinking that his lone vote is unimportant, he should remem ber the election of Senator Rob ert A. Taft (R., Ohio) in 1944. If only 3.1 voters in each pre cinct in Ohio had switched their votes from Taft to his Democratic opponent, the Labor-Hating Ohio an would have been defeated. In 1944, Tart received 1,500, 609 votes. His Democratic op ponent, William G. PickYel. got 1,482,610 votes, only 17,999 less than Taft. And there are 5,710 precincts in Ohio. It’s as simple as that! Every Unionist in every state should vote against Labor’s En emies! [NOTICE The reason this issue of The Journal is late is due to an ex tensive job of remodeling which has been going on in our plant since the first of May which put our facilities out of order until it was completed. The back wall on our building was ready to topple over and the landlord was compelled to rebuild the wall at once. The need was 10 urgent that only little notice :ouId be given us. While this work was underway we asked the landlord to make other improve ments and from now on we will lave The Journal to you on time each week. For this delay we are deeply apologetic and thank our sub scribers and advertisers for their latience. All back issues of The Journal will be coming to you n short order. THE PUBLISHER. ^—Qy^^ts.uwons To nva.mta.vixtli\ertv,>we buy \ \ from firms tKat display . mm urns, shop cards! , * buttons? , ■ < **»**«,. -- JUST AS OUR FOREFATHERS, IN 1776, WON POLITICAL IN * ~ DEPENDENCE, AMERICAN WORKERS CAN WIN ECONOMIC FREEDOM, TODAY. THE SHORTEST ROUTE TO THAT GREAT GOAL OF SECURITY IS TO JOIN A LABOR UNION, BUY UNION LABEL GOODS AND USE UNION SERVICES. j L M. OHNBL’EN. B«nUrr-Tmnm, UNION LABEL TRADES DEPT, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR U. S. Steel Corporation Starts Talks With The CIO Steel Workers PITTSBURG, PA. — The CIO United Steelworkers today de manded a general wage increase —plus pensions and insurance benefits—in the opening contract session with the U. S. Steel cor poration. The specific wage hike sought and the amount of pensions and insurance desired were not dis closed. No comapny reaction was forthcoming after a two hour, shirt-sleeve conference. Vice President John A. Steph ens of “Big Steel” made a joint company-union announcement of the union’s demands. They were: “1—A general (wage) increase for the entire membership. “2 —- Adequate pensions upon retirement or disability for each member of the union, to be paid for entirely by the employer. Compulsory retirement shall not be permitted. “3—Decent social insurance bene fits for members of the United Steelworkers of America and their families, to be paid for by the employer. These shall in clude life, accident, health, medi cal and hospital benefits.” The corporation told the union previously it would not discuss pensions this year. LEWIS’ WEEK STOPPAGE CAUSES PA. R. R. TO LAY OFF 15.M6 EMPLOYEES PHILADELPHIA. — The Penn sylvania railroad announced today that 15,000 men will be laid off next Monday as a result of the work stoppage of John L. Lewis’ coal miners. A statement by the nation’s largest railroad said that as a 4 result of Lewis’ directive, with consequent decreased de- j mand for rail transportation as1 | well as the- general current de cline in the railroad's traffic, it will be necessary to curtail opera tions. AFL SENDS FOOD TO BERLIN TO AID THE RAIL WORKERS NEW YORK — Matthew Woll, chairman of the AFL’s interna tional labor relations committee, announced that the AFL has ar ranged to send $5,000 worth of CAE food parcels to striking Berlin railroad workers. This action is the latest ges ture on the part of the American Federation of Labor which, through its relief arm, the Labor £,eague for Human Rights, dis tributed during and since the war , thousands of dollars worth of ! relief packages to free trade un j ionisbs in Europe who are bat , tling against the infiltration tac tics of Soviet Russia. Announcing this action. Mr. Woll released the text of a cable sent to the U. G. O., the anti communists federation of labor in Berlin, which reads as follows: “Please convey Berlin striking railroad workers our warmest solidarity, their courageous fight against Russian totalitarian op pressors and Moscow’s menial German stoogea, the Communist scabs, is vital phase of interna tional labor struggle for social justice and human freedom. In token of our moral and material support we have arranged imme diate shipment of $5,000 worth of food in CARE parcels for strikers and their families. Long live free trade unionism through out Germany and the world.” I “UNION INDUSTRIES SHOW" WILL TAKE "TO THE ROAD” CLEVELAND. — organized la l>or’s big annual exposition—the “Union Industry Show,” sponsor ed by the A. F. of L. Union Label Trades Department — wound up here after playing to an audience of several hundred thousand Clevelanders. Many more saw the big, ani | mated array of the products and services of union fel>or over tele I vision hookups, and great num bers heard about it in a coast-to coast radio broadcast. The exposition is going to be put to a unique purpose. Secre tary-Treasurer I. M. Ornburn of the Label Trades Department re-' vealed. Movies were taken ef the show, and these are to be equipped with German sound track, then sent to Germany te illustrate achievements made pos sible by labor-management co operation, Ornburn said. Also, similar movies are being made available for showing dur ing the coming months at union meetings, public gatherings and local theaters, Ornburn added. Polio Precautions i A flood health nil* for parent* to impreea upon children In infantile paralyaie epidemic areae ie to avoid crowd* and place* where cleae con* tact with other pertone ia likely. H THE NATIIM FOUNDATION FOR INFANTILE PARALYSIS I Organized business, as repre sented by the United States Chamber ef Commerce, put itself solidly in the camp of reaction this month. On almost an assembly-line ba sis. 50 policy resolutions de nouncing nearly all phases of President Truman's “fair degl" program were given a rubber stamp “okay” by 1,700 delegates at the Chamber’s annual con vention in Washington. Many of the resolutions raised the scare that the Truman pro posafs paved the road to “so cialism.” One denounced all forms of “government-controlled economy.” 'lv By contrast, however, the con vention called for retention of practically all of the most vicious provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act. 4 •. In ether words, the Chamber put itself on record as wanting a free hand for business, shackles for labor and no social welfare legislation for the people. Same Old itogey Before the convention ground out the swarm of resolutions, the delegates also heard a lot of in dustrialists, Tory congressmen and other speaker^, who brand ished the bogey of “socialism” igainst the Administration’s do mestic program. There was one significant ex ception. At a session devoted to the “dangers” of the “welfare state,” the Chamber made a ges ture toward hearing the “other side” by inviting Nelson H. Cruikshank, A. F. of L. director of social insurance activities, to speak. He was pitted, however, against three other speakers who sought to tar the Truman program as “socialistic.’ One applied the label to government housing, an-j ther to Federal aid to educa tion, and a third to health in-1 i Ciles The Constitution Cruikshank answered in a man ner unexpected to the delegates. He read from the Constitution, adopted way hack ip 1789. to show that nothing in the Truman program conflicted with that great charter. No one, he said can brand the Constitution a “socialist” docu ment, yet its preamble committed this nation to “promote the gen eral welfare” through the power of the governmenw This aim is reinforced, he add ed. by Article 7, Section 8 of the Constitution which gives Con gress power to “collect taxes” duties, imposts and excises” for the “general welfare of the United States." Furthermore, Alexander Hamil ton was one of the first to “de fend the broad power of Congress to act for the general welfare” when he argued that the Con stitution gave Congress authority to establish a national bank, Cruikshank said. Was Hamilton a “socialist?" Is Tariff Socialistic? “Since that date there have been a host of enactments spon sored by every political party to implement the welfare activities of our government,” the A. F. of L. speaker declared. “Every time Congress has passed a tariff act we have engaged in an ac tivity of the welfare state.” he said. Cruikshank cited other exam ples: The establishment of a system of public school over a century ago; the Homestead act of 1862 which turned over large sections of the public domain to the plain people for settlement; the grant of huge amounts of public land to the railroads. “Servants Of The People” “When the frontier was ex hausted and the public lands were all settled or given away, we found ourselves still faced with the insecurity of old age and un employment,” he said. “So the government simply continued its basic policy of dedicating its re sources and instrumentalities to the aid of the people through a system of social insurance. “'That is how our social secur ity system came into effect as on activity of the welfare state . . . At the bottom of it all is the idea that the state can be the servant of the people.”—Union Reporter. TRl'MAN LABOR BILL LOOKS LIKE THE TAFT HARTLEY ACT DUPLICATE WASHINGTON. — The Senate today added three amendments to President Truman’s labor bill and thereby made it look a little more like the Taft-Hartley act. The senators approved all three pro posals by voice votes without any audible “noea." ^ But despite the amendmqpU, the administration bill still was far from identical with the T-H act. It did not contain a long array of T-H features like the use of injunctions to delay strikes and the bans on closed shop con tracts, mass picketing and certain other union activities. The three amendments, spon sored by a bi-partisan group, would do these things: 1. Make it illegal for a union to refuse to bargain in good faith. The administration bill already contained a requirement that em ployers must bargain. The amendment had the effect of im posing the same duty on both sides, u3 in the Taft-Hartley law. 2. Guarantee freedom of speech in labor relations unless the speech in question contains threats or premises of benefits. Tho amendment is similar to, but not identical with a Taft-Hartley pro vision. 3. Require both unions and companies, if they want to take cases before the National Labor Relations board, to file annual financial reports. The Taft-Hart ley law requires only unions to do this. Considering of a fourth amend ment on non-Communist oaths was deferred until tomorrow.. It was expected to pass like the others. CHICAGO PUBLISHERS 1 STILL PREFER REAL TYPE Graphic-arts technicians meet* ing in Detroit late in June, the Wall Street Journal said on Juno 30, “admitted major dailies aren’t impressed” with “new develop ments like typewriter contrap tions marketed as substitutes for typecasting machines.” “Speed must be set above costs, in big-newspaper opera tions,” continued the Journal, which quoted one of the techni cians as saying that the standard “multi-stepped printing operation satisfies split-second newspaper edition schedules—and the new streamlined developments just don’t do this.” Another paragraph, of interest to members of No. 18. particularly and to ITU members generally, is this: “Chicago newspapers, strike-bound over a year and a half, have been able to get by with the type-like machines. But they look forward to the day when then can go back to the old typecasting operation.” Italics are the Picket’s. The Wall Street Journal merely re cited the plain facta about era tax newspaper methods. NLRB HANDICAPS f LEWIS’ DEMAND i V FOR A UNION SHOP WASHINGTON. — Coal indus try sources said today the recent National Labor Relations board decision forbidding John L. Lewis to demand a union shop gives them a potent weapon in nego tiating a new contract. The NLRB ordered Lewis and his United Mine Workers union to refrain from demanding a union shop as part of any new coal agreement He was directed to give his promise to comply by June 13.