jC * mj Bom Fide AFL N North Carolina CHARLOTTE LABOR JOURNAL Giro Loyal Support to Your i Publications VOL. XIX; NO. 20 CHARLOTTE, N. C„ THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1949 Subscription Price $2.00 Year IHJ Local Ratifies $10 Raise Contract LATE BULLETIN CHICAGO.—Members of Local 16 of the AFL’s Inter national Typographical Union prepared to return to work in the composing rooms of the major daily newspapers here following settlement! of a 22-month-old strike. Union members voted 1,287 to 279 in favor of new contract granting them a 810 boost in wages and binding the pablishers to abandon the substitute varitype pro cess which they used while the printers were on strike. John J. Pilch, president of Local 16, said that the new .pact, which was reported on in the September 16 edition of the AFL Weekly News Service, was the best obtain able at this time. CHICAGO LOCAL NO. 16 MUST RATIFY AGREEMENT COVERING 810 RAISE Chicago. — A tentative agreement to end the historic, nearly two-year-old strike of 1,500 AFL union printers against the major Chicago daily papers was reached Sep-i tember 14 between negotiating committees of the Chicago Typographical Union, Local 16, and the Chicago Newspaper Publishers Association. The new contract was subject to ratification by the rank and file at a membership meeting scheduled for September 18. Ratification was considered likely. The agreement al ready has been sanctioned by the executive council of the parent International Typographical Union. It provide# for • #10 weekly wage increase, and union aecuri ecutive council believes are the best that can be bad within the restrictions of tbs Taft-Hartl. Act With tbs wage i print-. ers would receive $95.60 for a 06 1-4 shift, ■ on the day I $101 for a 00-hoar the third shift, which includes the early morning hours. Some of the major provisions of the new contract provide for j the following: The publishers entinue to roe-' ognize Local 16 as tne exclusive bargaining agent for their com posing room employes, but exper ienced non-union employes may, be hired. This section states that, “membership or non-membership in a labor organisation shall not be a factor in such hiring or in the tenure of employment.” A "journeyman" under this section is defined as a person who previously worked for Chicago’s newspapers; a person who has completed his apprentice train ing, or any person who has had a minimum of 6 years experi ence at the trade. The "priority on shifts” clause provides that the “senior" man has first choice to a vacated job. I or, if he refuses it, the top man on the "extra” list has the choice. The contract runs to July 15, 1951, but has a wage reopener as of July 15, 1950, when either J side may reopen the matter of wages only. A new section in the contract provides for the use of teletype setters, which are to be manned by members of the union if they J attain the degree of competency, required; if not, the employer hM n&uirs&ftt retinc machine oa which storiee end advertising metier U set. The tape is then fed to the linotype machines and operates them auto*, matically. Local Id, however, is granted jurisdiction of the tele* type machine operations. The contract provides that Lo-, cal 16 members need not process, aay work “received from or des-j tined exclusively for” a job shop or newspaper shop that has been, legally struck by an ITU local or where members of the ITU have been locked out. The strike has been one of the longest and toughest in labor his tory. The printers left the com posing rooms of the Tribune, the Sun, the Times, the Herald-1 American, the Daily News and the Journal of Commerce on No vember 24, 1947. During the strike the Sun and Times were merged into a single paper, the Sun-Times. While the printers were on the picket line, the newspaper con tinued to publish, using a vari type and photo-engraving process. News stories were typewritten, the stories were pasted up on a dummy page and photographed, and the photograph was printed as a complete page. On March 10, 1049, the pub lishers made a “final” offer, which contained the |10 weekly wage increase. The offer was made at the 134th negotiation session between the bargaining committees. It was rejected by the union after the ITU found some of the clauses failed to con form with the international's laws. Output Rises First Time Since Oct '48 Washington. — Industrial pro duction rose in August for ths first time since October, 1948. the President’s Council of Economic Advisers reported in its monthly summary of economic conditions. On the less optimistic side, the council said that the buying pow er of per capita income dropped one percent during the second quarter of the year, and that the rate of savings slowed down by nearly $1,000,000,000. While the decline in purchasing power was slight, it snould serve as a reminder of the warnings voiced by AFL leaders that a per sistent trend toward lower mass buying power will hasten de pressed economic conditions and prevent the realization of the na tion’s goal of full productoin and full employment. The following are highlights of the council’s report: Consumers’ prices continued to decline in July, according to the report, hnd stood at the lowest tees April, 1948—a point r cent below tre postwar peak- Wholesale prices, however; declined only slightly in August, and most of the drop was caused by _lpwer farm prices, other is prices showing little country’s labor force in creased by 400,000 in August, the i split said. In non-agricultural iadiltries the gain was nearly I^MfeOOO but a decline in gain to SOOyfOO. Prices received by farm ers, and the parity ratio, con tinued the decline which started last April. The average weekly hours of work were about one hour below the level of July. Production o f manufacture 1 durable goods tended to decline in July. Iron and steel fell off sharply, but recovered somewhat in August. Nonferrous metals continued at the same rate as in June. Lumber and machinery were produced in slightly less volume. The nondurable goods field showed about the same tendency, with textiles and chemicals drop ping in July. Food processing and petroleum remained at the June level. Automobile; ana trucks, on tne other hand were turned out dur ing August at the highest rate sine* April* 1929, and electric power waa produced at rates higher than a year ago. Now construction increased in August over July, and waa lees than two per cent lower than the peak in August, 1948. Hous ing during the first seven months of 1949, reported as 549,000 new units, was four per cent lower (Continued On Page 4) Continue To Protest of Local 1129 of Ik Intornotiooal Brotherhood of Elec ye^ootuudo, to gkn ^ m wm wm wmsiiii wfiT w>niir§fv S following I loaf period of negotiation* in efforts to out n now iffMoeat with the station. An Editorial SUPPORT THE RADIO TECHNICIANS Charlotte Labor should give its wholehearted support to the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Lo cal 1229 in its trouble with Radio Station WBT, whose management on September 3 discharged 10 of its members. This local union has for a long period endeavored to ne gotiate a new agreement with WBT which would set up a clause in a new agreement providing for settling disputes which may arise over discharges cases, but the technicians claim that WBT management has steadfastly refused to recognize such an agreement, although this kind of clause is stipulated in the expiring contract. C la uses providing for settling discharge disputes and also any and all other disputes that may arise in labor management contractss are not uncommon in this day and time. In fact, without clauses of this nature in labor management contracts are not uncommon in thb day and at aM is provided for men and women who came under their provisions. Clauses that protect the workers in their jobs, making it impossible for unscrupulous employers to fire their employes at will without an opportunity to pre sent their cases are just about as unpopular these days as are no contracts at all. Wherever they have been in corporated in labor-management agreements and lived up to for what* they are devised to do disputes have almost always been ironed out satisfactorily to both parties in the dispute. The case of WBT and the local radio technicians is none too far dUtaunt from thousands of such agreements in r.lfect throughout the country. SENATE UNIT OK’S BILL FOR RURAL PHONE AID Washington.—The Senate Agri culture Committee approved a bill intended to piteride better tele phone service for farmer*. The bill, already pasted by the House, would authorise the Ru ral Electrifleaition Administration to make loads to co-operatives and private companies to improye rural telephone service. The Senate committee wrote in a restriction against loans to duplicate existing lines and facil ities unless it proved the present system was unwilling or unable to provide “reasonable" service. 1st critie: But you said she sang beautifaBy. 2nd critic: No, I didn’t. 1st critie: What did you say? 2nd critie: I said she was a beautiful singer. IBEW Calls Upon All Organized Labor To Aid Charlotte Union Members of Local 1229 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, which is composed of Radio Tech nicians, continue to picket Radio Station WBt’s facilities in Charlotte. Ten of WBT’s engineers were discharged September 3 following an eight weeks period of picketing by the local IBEW union in protest of the refusal of the Jefferson Standard Broadcasting Company management to recognize in a new contract provisions for settling dis charge cases. The men had been peacefully walking oil picket duty hoping thereby to gain this security recogni tion in their, new agreement with the broadcasting station. Officer John Says: A lunatic behind the wheel is no more dangerous than the driver who has been drinking. The man who is “dead drunk” is not as big a highway threat, however, as the man who has “had a few." This is the driver who speeds, who Is careless and reckless, prone to lose his tem per, and whose reactions hare been slowed. These are drieers whose actions are as criminal as blindly firing a revolver in a crowded theater. IF YOU HAVE BEEN DRINKING. TAKE A TAXI HOME — DON'T DRIVE. _: U. S. POPULATION RISES; TO HIT ISO MILLION BY ’50 Washington. — The Census Bu reau estimated that the United States population was 149,452,000 on August 1. This was an increase of 237,000 over the July 1 estimate. At that rate of increase the population will pass the 150,000,000 mark before January 1. The August 1 figure represents an increase of 17,782,000 or 13JS per cent over the 131,669,275 per sons actually counted on April I, 1940, the date of the last census. BLOODSHED BOXSCORE On N. C. Highways Killed September 17 tnrough . September 19 3 Injured September 17 through September 19 -. 6* Killed through September 19 this year 548 Killed through September 19. 1948 484 Injured through September 19 this year. 4,455 Injured through September 19. 1948 . 5,133 AFL President Willis* Gma pots a Mat across la aa infernal conference with Waal Canal AFL leaden. Shown fraa left to right are: Dan Flanagan, AFL regional director; C. J. Haggerty, aeere tary•treasurer of the CaUfernia State Federation of Labor; Mr. Green, and Jack Shelley, president of the CaUfernia federation. The picture was taken daring Mr. Groan’s riait to the ceoveatiee of the state affiliate. Charges of unfair labor prac tices against the Jefferson Standard Broadcasting Company were filed by the local IBEW union shortly after the technicians were dis charged and it is understood that NLRB representatives have begun an investigation of the affair. John A. Thompson, interna tional representative of the I. B. E. W., last week submitted a pro posal to the management of WBT which would restore all those men discharged to their former posi tions and which would submit the question of whether or nut tne discharges were warranted to an impartial arbitrator, end that upon settlement of the dis charge dispute all parties con cerned would enter into collective bargaining conferneces in good faith, in efforts to roach an un derstanding on all points in dis pute. The WBT management re fused Mr. Thompson’s proposal to reinstate the discharged men and to submit the matter to arbi tration. This culminated in the filing of unfair labor practices against the radio station’s own ers. Members and representatives I of the International Brotherhood j of Electrical Workers are calling upon all members of organised labor in this area to rally to their cause and a series of meetings with the unions in this area has been begun. Charlotte Central Labor Union is meeting tonight and will receive a report from the delegates of the electrical workers. This meeting will no doubt result in a 100 per cent co-operation of American Fed eration of Labor Unions in Char lotte and vicinity. ,H% 'YES’ VOTE WINS POLL FOR APL TEXTILE WORKERS Atlanta. — The AFL’s United [ Textile Worker* of America wa* | selected as the collective bargain* [ ing agent by 100 per cent of the | employes of the Beaunit Mills, | Inc., at Childers burg, Ala., in an election held by the National La bor Relations Board. The tally of ballots made by NLRB Field Examiner R. T. Gardner revealed that every one of the 110 employes voted for the UTWA-AFL. There were no challenged or void ballots. CARSON NOMINATION APPROVED BY SENATE Washington.—The Senate con firmed by 45 to 25 President Tru man's nomination of John Carson, of Michigan, to be a member of the Federal Trade Commission. Republicans bucked the nomina tion because of Mr. Carson’s sympathetic views toward co operatives and public power proj ects. He was backed by the American Federation of Labor ind other labor groups. ,.