miiiiimiir imn i ' "'"""
SLOW TO ORGANIZE.
MOTHER AND SOS BURNED TO DEATH.
II E. IKLLIAHD
rublirilicti Every Thur.-xlay.
Kntoreil at the postoffioe at S
X fir, X. ('.. a F-cmd-O. Matt
.Editor ' Mr. J. J.Laughinghouse spoke
: a great trutn m tne ianners
i meeting Monday, when he said
! the farmers of Eastern North
, i Carolina fail to get the beneht
TO WHICH UH' il I L villi 11 L1 a l i Will
In Tbeir Home Near Fuqiiay Springs,
Some Laws Passed.
Publisher's Announcement. j
Tt is a settle! pC'i::t in newspaper ethics that
c '.iters and publishers are nor responsible for the ,
1 ir-.vs oi rorresi-.n.le;ns, n-.d tlu- pubiicf.lv-n cf a j
foinmunic&tiiiti does not mean that the editor or
prbhsluT tmbirses Hie iro:;inu!iiic;:iiiti. T.);
'oM.vioNWKAi.if aclhures to tliase general pr.ci- .
. - ... j
AYilh the uncertainty of la-!
bor and the prices which are j
demanded in some places, farm-
ers will have to watch their in- j
tercsts closely this year, or they j
may not be in as good condition
at the end of VM)'S as they were I
at the end of 11)07.
' the government s aid in promo c-'
iiig agriculture because of a:
lack of organization, and the !
; farmers have only themselves j
j to blame for sueu lauure. it
i has long been a mystery why
there is not organization and
concerted action among our
farmers. G rcen ville Reflector.
All too true is it that the
farmers are slow to organize
and still slower to maintain
what little organization they
do have. Mr. C. C. Moore said
recently that the Southern Cot
ton Association had been the
means of increasing the value
' of everv bale of cotton in North
Carolina $10; and yet the farm-
i 1 1 j l x
; ers win not properiy support
There has been much com- j the organization by paying ten
:ment concerning the Presi- cents per bale.
dent's message to Congress last j
week. Many have said that j
no such document has ever;
been sent to Congress before, j
The "Washington Post is quoted !
as saving that it was '"vit-j
Among the laws passed by the
Legislature at its extra session which
are of general interest were the f ol-
(Xcws and Observer, Feb. 2nd. ! lowing:
In the broad daylight of yesterday j H. B. 156, S. B. 177: An act to
afternoon, within two hundred yards amend section sixty-three, sub-sec-of
a church in which services were , tion five, chapter two hundred and
going on, a country home was burn-1 fifty-eight of the Public Laws of one
ed down and in its flames there per- ; thousand nine hundred and seven.
An Address to tae Pecpie of Ncrt'i
ished a twenty-year-old mother
her two-year-old son.
This was the horrible fate which
yesterday afternoon befell Mrs. J.
M. Underwood and her two-year-old
We,"and others of the Anti-Saloon
League, called the temperance forces
together to meet in convention in
the city of Raleigh, on Jan. 21st.
The great convention that assembled
unanimously asked the present Leg
islature to gire the State a statutory
aorainst the manuf
!..T nr.f fU- 11-. "I '.Ml r.T-,.:
and i Kents and Drontis of real estate used . , . .i i.
. . , . ... I sale oi Jiquor at tne present stosioi.,
exclusively for charitable, religious, j but a -0rity of Uie members of
or educational purposes exempt from the Leislatui.e after ccn3idering
ta: I the matter, decided to submit the
ll. 15. Wo, a
' " ,,rtt-: TrAtn Af ho r.a.-n
boy, who with her husband lived I provide for the payment of burial i i;;T nB n,;,,:,, i."
A Remorkobte Colored Man.
Tilue has be
'ui:'emic in all parts of
country this winter. Almost
every family in every neigh
borhood has suffered from it.
(Correspondence to The Commonwealth.)
Halifax, N. C, Feb. 4, '08.
Uncle Frank Epps, a very worthy
old colored man of this place, who
. was known perhaps by at least half
n almost of the people of Halifax county, by
t,e j seeing mm on tne streets wun ins
heavy stick trying to lull butter-tlies,
he sa'd, died here last week with
Uncle Frank was somewhere be
tween 90 and 100 years old. He
. i . t n i i n: i - -
i j i i m , ll la a CCmTjOijiLC Oln i)vC'tl--U oy tile
Grove Church tat which services were Twenty dollars to be appropriated , besfc tho of temerancs me in
being held when Underwood s home , from general county fund upon rec- j Tfc Js Rot &3 slrinffent as
was seen to be on fire. ommendation of chairman of pension , f ,d . to b but
Mr Underwood was at churcn board J it is an extension of the Watts end
when the flames were first seen and H. B. 10, S. B. 19: An act to amend ; yanj tnis to the whole State. On
ue, wun uiw utiicta y,L uic t-uiigico sections two tnousunu anu eigniy-one ; T i r it ;an.. , pP
presented to the people of North
Carolina, are you "For or
the manufacture ar.d sale of intoxi
cating liquors'.'" The praise for this
issue being submitted to the people
of North Carolina is due to the great
heart of the masses of its citizenship
demanding this reform, the minis
ters of the Gospel of peace and good
tion, rushed to the place but the ' and two thousand and eighty-nine of
flames had gained too great a head
way to be checked. Terrible was
cf one thousand nine
hundred and five, relating to mar
the grief of the young husband, who riage ceremony. May be solemnized
June 1 st (cperJng)
December 2d (Monday)
A growth during Ike most stringent pen-
but su Bering has been (puitc
There have not been a great
many de-.ths from it, however, j couid not hear at an(j could talk
very little, but would guess any
body's name if allowed the proper
He has been a familiar figure in
our town for fifty years or more,
and was never known to absent him
self from a burial if not sick. One
peeularity of his was finding out
about a death almost immediately
after, and presenting himself as a
He was scryant for years in the
Bowers family, and nursed Miss
Leonora Bowers (the late Mrs. C. H.
B. Howerton) as a child, and all of
her children afterwards.
He was never known to get into
any kind of trouble or to steal any
thing. Since Mrs. Howerton's death Mr.
and Mrs. II. V. Gowan have been
taking care of hirn, provided medi
cal aid, and waited on him with their
own hands, but the poor old man's
age was against him in this crisis.
. With high grade cotton
scarce and the demands in
creasing, it seems altogether
probable that prices for cotton
will remain at good figures for
the balance of the season. The
outlook now is for greater
consumption during 1908 than
during 1907, and therefore
greater demand, which ought
to assure good prices.
When the weather is cold
and things move off rather
slowly on the farms at the
ilrst of the year, many are in
clined to become '"blue" and
despondent. Put it is Avell to
remember under such circum
stances that Spring will come
again with its cheering sun
shine, its bursting buds, its
fragrant flowers and singing
birds. Winter will not last all
THE GROUND HOG WENT BACK,
Big Fire in Morebead City.
(News and Observer.)
Morehead City, N. C, Jan. 31.
Last night about ten o'clock this
j town was visited with one of the
Sunday was ground hog day I most disastrous fires it has ever had.
knew that within the burning build
ing were his young wife and little
It was only after the flames had
burned themselves out and the house
and its contents were ashes it was
positively known that Mrs. Under
wood and the little boy had lost their
lives, this being only positively
known when in the ashes of the
building were found the charred
bones of the two bodies lying close
together. No suggestion is made as
to foul play and the only thing that
would tend to indicate anything
wrong was that a partly burned pock
etbook was found without there be
ing in it the silver money there be
fore the fire.
No one is able to account as to the
orign of the fire, as the first to see
it saw only the house in flames. It was
a one-story, three-room house, and
it seems that under ordinary circum
stances Mrs. Underwood and her
baby could have escaped. She and
the little fellow had stayed from the
church service and as the fire took
place between one and two o'clock
it is thought that after dinner while
at the fire her clothing caught and
that she became unconsicous, the
house catching fire from her clothes.
No one heard any screams or cries,
and there is only guess-work as to
the cause of the disaster.
Mr. Underwood runs a one-horse j
farm, he, with his wife and child be
by ordained or authorized minister.
LIQUOR IN PROHIBITION TERRITORY.
The act to prevent traveling sales
men from soliciting orders or pro
posals for the purchase of intoxicat
ing liquors in prohibition territory j will towards men, those Senators
in North Carolina, provides that it j and Representatives who voted for
shall be unlawful for any person for j the bill, most of the press of the
himself or as an agent or traveling i State, the Educators of the State,
salesman for any person, firm or cor- i and other splendid men of the State,
poration, to solicit orders or propos- The bill leaves intact the higher
als of purchase by the jug or bottle j the local prohibitory laws now in
or otherwise of intoxicating liquors ; force in the several counties,
within the borders of any or all coun-1 We have patiently borne for years
d oi recent years.
We SoKclt Your Account, Iztqq er Ss?.c!S.
4 Per Cent. Interest, Compounded Quarterly, Allowed in
ties, townships, precincts, towns and
cities in the State of North Carolina
wherever prohibition prevails or the
sale of intoxicating liquor is prohib
ited by law. Provided, that this law
shall not be construed to prevent the
sale of intoxicating liquors in not less
than five gallon packages to all par
ties or persons wdio are duly auth
orized by law to sell intoxicating li
quors. PREVENT RAILROAD MERGERS.
The act amending sections 25G7
and 2574 of the Revised, preventing
railroads from merging with or se
curing stock in competing lines,pres
cribes that the railroad or other trans
portation company, or its officers
shall not acquire, hold or guaran
tee the stock for, or lease or be leas
ed to, or purchase or buy or consoli-
the galling yoke of the saloon, dis
tillery and drink evil with all their
attending curses and woes. The
time lias coine when this enemy to
Scc!!ar.J Ned.', Ncriii Ceroitaa.
jk AVx yT Jtt. -""V m'w7 Tffv
i' y s& ry -'w' '0? 'yc &
with the ''body of this death," re
assert their freedom and manhood
and enter the contest. We especial
ly appeal to those who have been
araiast us in the pnst to forget all
deferences for the public good
enter this contest. It is a con
against the saloon, distillery f.rd
m prep a:
my old cujiO
... .. ...
pubhc generally viUi the
d to eerve
id's end tl;c
the human family must be destroy- j drink evil, and not against the rm.n; very best o4 i:e.h
ed. No family, high or low, rich or
poor, has not felt the awful curse- of
the drink habit. It is the canker
worm that has eaten into the heart
of the body politic; it has made the
sweet water of life bitter; the tears
that have been shed by an army cf
mourners speak to our neaas as wen
as to cur hearts.
"In the sweetest bud,
The eating canker dwells."
No race is exempt; especially it is
injurious to the. negrc, to whom the
white race owes a duty. The peo
ple of the State, in the generations
srone by, have resisted to th
an issue of merit and morals, and
not of men and politics.
Friends of temperance, organize,
work, watch and pray. If this i.s
done victory is ours.
Jno. A. Gates,
Chairman Executive Committee.
President of State Convention.
Ail orders filled
every customer s vzv.lz rc
'Main St., next to Prince's StaUes.
Have your p
' pure paim:
uso the L
last guarantee the L. ii Isl. PAINT,
date with or be merged into any par- j ditch tyranny and oppression, era-, lty thus g
.ntec- your pa
nlcr s n
4 gallons L
. :. K r. P
f 3 :
allpl or ffimnntinT railroad or trn- jinrl wrnnir. Thft nower is with them. It 3 U
ing the only ones who lived in the ; portat ion company, nor shall any and tRey are ones more call id upon & A- Paint and G gallons hnsced oil,
honsp Mr and Mrs Underwood I railroad or other transportation com- to do battle in a righteous curse. Be make 7 gallons paint at cost of $1.20
house. Mr. and Mrs. Underwood
were married about three years ago, j Pany or its officers, sell any of its
his wife having been formerly Miss : stock or bonds to any holding or
T.ilHo filivpr dantrhtpr of Mr. W. R. i voting company or its officers
Oliver, who lives near Wilborn. The
couple had lived happily together
and one child, the two-year-old son,
who died with his mother, had been
bron to them.
The Two Msia Dills.
not deceived with false arguments. per gallon.
and the Wilmington Star refer
red to the momentous da v as foi
lows: "This is the day on which
the much abused ground hog is
supposed to arouse from "his
slumber awl come out of his
hole to take a look at the weath
er. ''We hope it will be to his
satisfaction aud that he will at
tend church. It is some years
since a ground hog day came
"Should he see his shadow he
will immediately return to
Winter quarters and we may
know that there will be six
more weeks of Winter weather.
But should the day be cloudy
lie will remain out and we may
know that the backbone of
Winter is broken.
'We don't beleive in all this
nonsense but there are a great
many people that do, and we
suppose they have as much
right to their individual opin
ions as Ave have to ours."
There being no clouds, but
sunshine Sunday, we suppose
the wily creature saw his shad
ow and darted back, though to
be honest about it the editor of
The Commonwealth did not
rise early enough to get to his
hole in time to see just how
Mr. Ground Hog demeaned
himself. At any rate all might
as well prepare for some more
The fire was of incendiary origin
supposedly, and was first discovered
in the rear of the the "Paragon," a
large dry goods store on Railroad
street, and swept everything in its
path and burned all the buildings
east of Dr. Headen's office, to. the
drug store occupied by the More
head City Drug Co. There was noth
ing saved at all from the buildings
as the wind was blowing fresh from
The town authorities wired to New
Bern and Beaufort for assistance,
but before they could get special
trains to bring their equipment.they
were wired that it would do no good
as ail had burned that would likely
The people of Beaufort came over
on launches and rendered all the as
sistance that they possibly could, and
about twelve o'clock the fire was un
der control. The losses were $35,000.
Aiivc in His Coffin.
lio!b all Woo! and Paint all Paint,
Is cheaper than shoddy cloth or
paint. The L. & M. is Zinc Metal
made into Oxide of Zinc combined
with VVhite Lead, and then made in
to paint with pure Linseed Oil in
thousand gallon grindings and mix
ings. Wears long: actual cost only
$1.20 per gallon.
L. & M. Pain Agents.
E. T. Whitehead & Co., Scotland
(Rocky Mount Echo.)
In a letter received by a friend in !
this city information is given that
near Hamilton last week a Mr. Gur
ganus who was ill with pneumonia
and who was thought to be dead,
narrowly escaped being buried alive.
The body had been, prepared for
burial and had been placed in the
coffin, when sounds as if coughing!
were heard coming therefrom. Up
on opening the casket the man was
found to be alive, and at last accounts
was on the road to recovery.
To Bueak ix New Shoes Always Use
ALIEN'S FOOT-EASE, a powder. It
prevents Tightness and BIistering,cures
Swollen, Sweating, Aching feet. At
all Druggists and nhoe stores, 25 ctt.
Sample mailed FREE. Address, A. S.
Olmstead, LeRuy, N. Y.
FOR SUPERIOR VEGE
TABLES & FLOWERS.
Twenty-eiglit years experience
our own seed, farms, trial
grounds and large warehouse
capacity give tis an equipment
that is unsurpassed anywhere
for supplying the best Beeda
obtainable. Our trade ia Beeda
both for tha
is one of the largest in this country.
We are headquarters for
Grass and Clover Seeds, Seed
Oats, Seed Potatoes, Cow
Peas. Soja Beans and
other Farm Seeds.
Wood's Descriptive Catalog
elves fuller and inoro complete Infor
mation about both Garden and Farm
Seeds than any other similar publica
tion issued in this country. Mailed
free on request. Vite for it.
T VJ Wnnd fL Snne Qcsrlcmon
I 11 1 IlMUU VWIIU) UbtoUOlllbilj I
RICHMOND, - VA.
The two main bills passed by the
Legislature in its extra session which
adjourned last Saturday, were the
railroad passenger rate bill and the
The passenger rate bill was passed
according to Governor Glenn's rec
ommendations.raaking railroad rates
2 1-2 cents per mile, with no refer
ence to mileage tickets.
The prohibition bill submits the
question to the vote of the people in
an election to be held on May 26,
1908. and if carried by a majority of
votes, prohibition goes into effect
January 1, 1903. j
While over two hundred bills of j
various kinds were passed the rata
bill and th prohibition bill were of
most vital importance. The Legis
lature was called together especially
to consider the rate bill, and after
Governor Glenn's call was made the
people of the State were so pro
nounced for legislation on prohibi
tion, both through the press and
through the Anti-Saloon League, the
Legislature passed the act submit
ting the Question to a vote of the
Following is a pertty clear synop
sis of the rate law, from the Tarbo
"It repeals the 2 1-4 cent rate and
increases this to 2 1-2 cents; requires
only first class fare and exempts from
liability or indictment in civil or
criminal suits instituted or hereaf
ter to be instituted, any railroad
company agent or employee for any
violation of the 2 1-4 cent rate.
"It is especially set out that the
North Carolina Corporation Commis
sion is to have nothing to do in any
way with the enforcing of the act
or any penalties, this to aviod any
injunction of them by the Federal
"Railroad companies violating any
provisions of the act, or counseling,
ordering or directing any agent or
employee to do so shall be guilty of
a misdemeanor with a penalty of
from $500 to $5,000; agents, servants
or employees violating, to be fined
or imprisoned or both, in the discre
tion of the court. '
"Persons not entitled, who accept
free transportation to be fined or
imprisioned, or both, in the discre
tion of court; railroad or employess
giving this, to be fined from $500 to
$2,000 for each offense,'
whereby such consolidation or
merger may be effected, and
any such purchase, contract,
merger or sale shall be void.
And that no railroad or transporta
tion company, or its officers, now or
hereafter doing business in this State,
shall purchase, lease, absorb, take
over, buy stock in, merge with, or in
any way secure an interest in a com
peting line of railroad or transporta
tion company, nor shall any railroad
or transportation company or its of
ficers enter into any contract, agree
ment, understanding with a compet
ing line of railroad or transportation
company calculated to defeat, or
which may defeat or lessen compet
ition in the State. This act shall not
prevent railroads independently own
ed and operated in this State not ex
ceeding 100 miles in length from sell
ing its road and property.
Chapter 217 of the Public Laws of
1907 was amended by addding to sec
tion one thereof the following: Pro
vided, further, that the Corporation
Commission shall have power, when
it is made to appear that it is just to
do so, to exempt from the operation
of section of chapter 217 that part
of the charges of a joint haul which
is over the line or lines of a railroad
company, which company now owns,
leases or operates not more than 125
miles of railroad in or out of this
The business man and corporation no
longer want one who drinks in their
employment. The Mill and Manu
facturing towns of the State haw re
fused to license the tra.Hc fraught
with such evil to the moral and ma
terial prosperity of the community.
Kow wonderfully they have proper-
This issue appeals to men o
parties; to men of all
We want every man and won-an ia
th.j United States to 1-av.Av what we
o eui-hig Cancers,
I Wi;e UUii;
! Tumors ant
! riif ii if cti tV.rk l. mff r.f .-.: "V
aoove party, aoove crecu, aooye nr-i avo endorsed by L!:e Senate
ticnalities; it is a matter oi consci-1 lsiature ot Virginia
ence. With malice toward none, ar.d
with an eye single to the public good,
we call upon all to join with us in
the contest. If any have mad?, wit
tingly or unwittingly, entangling al
liances, hurtful to themselves, or the
good of the human family, we appe:-.l
to them to sever their connection
S 1 ! I a .
T, CUA7.Ar-T.TEE 0US CURES.
Na. 113 Fcit ?.kh Sircct,
t7 f rp
li.iy or lii-'ifc wc nn
to ;iC(-n;ni;!o,( ow '.
ni; tho Public (ic:i:-:.i
Scot! ai:d Xcck Xorth Car. dir. a
Geatli Near Aureiian Springs.
(Reported to The Commonwealth.)
Near Aurelian Springs, N. C, on
January 24th, 1908, our Lord in His
infinite mercy saw fit to call from
this world Mrs. Bettie Dickens, wife
of Mr. W. L. Dickens.
Mrs. Dickens was 57 years old and
a member of the Methodist church.
By her request she was quietly lafd
to rest in the burying ground of
She is survived by her husband
and six children, three boys and
three girls. She has left her tem
poral home to dwell in the mansions
prepared by Christ. We have His
promise, "I go and prepare a place
We shall not forget her, and when
we get home to the Father's house
she will be waiting for us. May the
all loving Father prepare us to meet
her in that beautiful home eternal
in the Heavens, where we shall dwell
xiings Little Liver Pills wake up lazy
livers, clean the system and clears the
skin. Try them for billiousness and
sick headac he.- Price 25c. Sold by E.
T. Whitehead & Co.
?-f mmmi m
Grows the finest Tobacco becaui
it is prepared expressly for
bacco--from twenty-three years experience
no guess work, but careful study of the
requirements ot tnis panic
Ask your dealer for Orinoco and see that the trade
mark is on every bag.
Sk 'F Sa. Oyster uas0 Gmpany Mm
fev .K0RFQL5C VSiSGSm.
Cures Coughs, Colds, Croup, La Grippe, Asthma, Throat
and Lung Troubles. Prevents Pneumonia and Consumption
- r , .w.vv. murm uaroima.
The Genuine ia in the