North Carolina Newspapers

God Advertising
Good Advertisers
Uue theee column for
ls f,, Bn.i!..-j! what Steam is to
iu j,.::iovy; t!nc pat propelling
power, Tuns pa,er gives results.
ua TT Tj
An advertisement na thi pa
will reach a good class ol people.
V. C. MOOilC, Icltiilor and Manager.
'Excelsior" is Our Motto.
Subscription Price $1.00 Per Year.
VOL. XXIV. New S'-rlesVo!. 11.-6-18
d A U A
Women us Weil as Men
Are Made Miserable by
Kidney Trouble. .
llidnsy trouble preys i;pon ihe mind, dis-
jns ambition; beauty, vijoi
and cheerfulness soon
ri:'j,rpe'r vhen the kid
neys are oat cf order
' or diseased.
Kidney trouble has
V 5-fe
bc.'nrne so crevaler.i
"S y that it is net urtoo
, . !' for a child to I
be born
.: fc.fiiicteci '.vit'i weak kid-!--
ncys. If tlift chili urir.-
C '-K' i'.er too f i'rsT, if th;
";!ds the flc-sIT or if, vhen the chile
an as vhsn it shc.U be abb to
-.troi f.c ra.-.-a;e. n is vet affticted with
i., cenc
cause o:
i d:f:'iciiily .i i;:d:iy t.
i ' should be towards
bie and the firsi treatment oi
t ;se important organs. Thi? unpleasant
t- -uble is due to a diseased condition cf the
i- '.neys and bladder and net to a habit as
r..5t people suppose.
omen as weil rr.en as e. made mis
e uble with kidney and bladder trouble,
iird both need the same great remedy
"!"..s mild and the imiedia'e effect oi
S-v2mr:RGoi is scon realized. It is sole
i- it.
cent and one dollar frrJKStf
sLss. You "ay have ajjljfill.
f- e. aiSO tei)- Homo oi Swavip Root.
ir. all about it. including many of the
thousands cf tsstimcr.ial letters receiver
fr-.-.-n sufferers cured. In vri'irg Dr. Kilmc;
Co.. Eir.ghamicn, 4. Y., bz sure anr
' this traper.
Oon't make any Tnistake, but ro
'si. .,nhor the name, Swamp Root, Dr
C: liner-- wainp Hoot, and the suMres
.V.-;u-i:;iiirm. X. Y., on everv bottle.
Attokxev and Counselor at
Scotland Xeck, N. C.
Practices wherever services
are required.
Physician and Surgeon,,
Scotland Ieck, X. C.
Orfieo on Depot Street.
ggggk Oflloe tip -f airs in White
.jrr?r-' I,.';!;- udiue,
03ice hours from 9 to 1 o'clock
and 2 to 5 o'clock.
$m W. NIXON,
Refracting Optician,
"Watch .Maker, Jeweler, Et;
Scotland Xeck, N. C.
Attorney and Counselor at
219-221 Atlantic Trust Bmldincr
Norfolk, Va,
Notary Public. Bell Phone 7Cf
Attorney and Counselor at
Halifax, N. C.
Money Loaned on Farm Lands
General Insurance Agent.
Scotland Neck, N. C.
Full and Complete Line.
. A A A
Coffins and Caskets
Burial Robes. Etc.
Hearse Service any Time
N. B. Josey Company,
Scotland Neck. Nortli Carolina
r?-T ""oAssif'SoVo 1
t-m m v'A rf
;.vSPJTf mau beaut ificg the hair, j
A? hA Promotu s luxuriant powth. 1
f ''iV . . Jfi Hai- to its Youthful Color. I
Cures scalp tfijrasM ft hsir fa!!:ug. I
Send in Your Subscription to
The Commonwealth. Don't wait
to be called upon.
fakes Kidneys and Bladder Right
1ft AN
fed V H
How They Are Kept in Good Condi
tion in Sections of Missouri.
There are three tools that are being
used in Missouri in keening the dirt
roads ia good conditiou, the grader,
the drag and the harrow, writes a cor
respondent of the Farmers' Voice. The
grader, costing from $200 to $500, is
used in rollins: uu the roada. Thi ; la
I 4 , r
i ' ' L lt abL' suouia oe none, in
j i"m 11 mo ir-,-i
are gvaaed in the fall they get
terribly cut up by the travel after
the rains in the late fall and some
rimes become almost impassable. To
say the least, they are miserably
rough. Vi'hen graded in th spring the
roads get bad enough in the winter
and spring, and it is only of late
year3 that farmers have learnl the
use of the drag and harrow in putting
them in good condition again.
The road drag is easily constructed
by means of two timbers of split logs
from eight to ten feet in length and
about the size of heavy fence posts.
They may be fastened together with
oak cross pieces or by round spokes
extending from the holes in one piece
to those in the other. Good chains
can be fastened to the pieces to which
the double tree can be attached. If
the drag is extra heavy, two teams
may be used by hitching one at each
e:id. When dragging the road one
team should be kept a little ahead of
the other, so as to pull the dirt toward
the middle of the road. It is a good
idea to have a sharp cutting blade o:
si eel on the underside of the front
timber If this extends about half an
inch below the edge of the timber and
slants forward it will help wonder
fully in cutting off the rough points in
the road.
The drag, though simple, is a great
invention. It is a power for leveling
the roads in winter just after a dry
f veeze or in the early spring when the
roads begin to dry. By running the
drag over the road, ruts and horse
tracks will be easily filled. If they
contain water, it will run out and
away, then the road3 will soon be in
good condition.
The common field harrow, while not
SO eon d 2S tliA rlrno- ia .tio'n.u htI -"Vo.
quently for leveling roads. Best re
sults are obtained by using the harrow
v hen the roads are rough, but dry. It
acts as a leveler, but not as a grader,
by raking off the clods and bumps,
pulverizing them and filling the de
pressions. The neighbors in a community, with
the use of the drag and harrow, have
no trouble keeping the roads about
their farms in very good condition
during most of the year. Of course
ihere are times in rainy seasons when
the roads must be let alone.
It Is Easy to Load, and Easy from
Which to Dump Load.
Here Is a sled that will work either
side up, and from either end. It is
handy for hauling stones or other
heavy material, as it can be over
Self-Dumping Sled.
turned and the load left where de
sired. If necessary, it can be drawn
from either end, and will save a lot of
extra lifting in unloading the material.
Get Such Work Out of the Way Before
Ground Gets in Bad Shape.
With the old plan of managing the
farm there was always much hauling
to do iu the winter and in all kinds
of weather. I have learned one thing
about hauling, says a writer in Farm
and Home, and that is it pays to do
it when the ground is solid.
There is much feeding to be done
during the winter. Generally the hay
is stacked in the field at harvest time
and hauled to the feed racks as need
ed. I have learned to haul and stack
in the rack at harvest time. This
takes a little longer, but saves time
in the end and extra hauling.
I do my hauling, as far as possible,
when I have firm footing for the
horses. Trying to haul loads when
the ground is soft has made more
balky horses than any other cause. I
believe, at any rate, this is a good
time to bring out the balk in them if
there is any. If you want to save
horses, do the hauling when they can
do it easiest and it will be easiest for
you at the same time.
Easily Made Vinegar.
We make If- to 12 gallons fine ap
pie vinegar every year. As soon as
apples come, we take the parings anri
put tbem in a six-gallon stone jar ar.d
tamp them with a potato masher till
they are pretty well bruised, then
pour water over them till covered.
We continue to put the parings in till
they have been in a week or more,
then we strain out the parings and
pour the cider into a keg and repeat
the operation till one keg is full. We
then lay an old piece of cotton cloth
over the bung and let nature do the
rest. In two months we have a keg of
the finest kind of vinegar.
First-Class Job Work done at this
office .
Judgment in the Work Is an Essential
No two shrubs or varieties of shrubs
should be pruned in the same man
ner. One important object in prun
ing is to keep down the growth i.f
superfluous wood. Another is to kep
the shrub in such a shape that it wlil
be attractive. In old times it was
thought that pruning should be in
the direction of the artificial, and
shrubs of all varieties were trimmed
in the sane general manner.. The re
sult was a mass of shrubs all trimmed
in about the same general manner.
The artificial effect was not in ac
cordance with what is now considered
good -taste in landscape gardening,
and the natural tendency of the
shrubs Is r.ow considered. Every
shrub has its own habit of growth,
and this should be encouraged. It is
not desirable to have one variety of
shrubs look like another variety cf
entirely different nature of growth.
Shrubs should be pruned a little each
year rather than a great deal in any
one year. The cutting off of com
paratively large branches is as detri
mental to a shrub as the cutting off
of a big limb is to a tree. The prun
ing should be so given that the shrub
will become more graceful from year
to year. This means taste on the
part of the pruner. This is a limi
tation that cannot be escaped. If the
pruner has not that indefinite thing
we call good taste, his pruning work
will not be good, but for this fault
there is no remedy, unless it be the
securing of a pruner that has taste.
How to Manage When the Apples
Have Been Stored.
After the apples are in the cellar,
that place should be kept as cold as it
is possible to keep it without reducing
the temperature below the freez
ing point. With a little care the win
dows of the cellar can be so adjusted
as to let the cold air pour in during
all the night and then shut the cellar
and keep in the air during the day.
Even if the temperature outside of
the cellar is below freezing, the ad
justment of the cellar windows can be
such that the volume of inflowing
cold air can be only enough to keep
down the general temperature to be-
j low 40 degrees. This is low enough
for several varieties of apples. In
' fact, a few onitf soft varfotioc- ea
to keep better near 40 than near 30,
though the data on this point are not
yet extensive.
The barrels in which the apples are
stored should be headed and kept in
a dry part of the cellar. Many farm
ers leave their barrels of apples un
headed, with the result that the air
is constantly drawing the moisture
out of the apples. This is now recog
nized as detrimental to the long keep
ing of the apples.
Depth to Which Roots of a Peach Tree
Were Found to Have Gone.
This illustration shows the depth
to which the roots of peach trees will
sometimes go in search of water.
TK number: represent
This design was made at the Arizona
station, where the roots of a peach
tree were followed to the depths in
dicated. It also shows that a root
system may be much larger than the
tree supported by the roots.
Fertilize Liberally.
Orchards should be fertilized liber
ally in order to keep up the fertility of
the soil. Mineral as well as vegetable
fertilization is necessary because ca
crop of apples removes much more
potash from the soil than does wheat.
It requires large quantities of both
vegetable and mineral matters to pro
duce trees. Unleached wood ashes are
excellent and if potash is used in the
muriate form from 200 to 300 pounds
to the acre should be sown broadcast
among the trees.
Pull Out the Stumps.
To get rid of large stumps get a
straight tree 25 to 30 feet long and 12
to 18 inches at the butt. Get
a strong chain, the stronger the bet
tor. Attach a good yoke of cattle to
the small end of the lever and draw
it to the stump. Pass your big chain
around a large root and the lever at
the same time about three feet from
the butt. Fasten the chain tightly
and start the team, driving in a cir
cle. See how easily the stump will
twist out. A small stump will come
out whole, but large ones will usually
split in two or three pieces. These
can be piled and burned after d; y
ing a short time.
Don't break your New Year resolutions.
ff! at
A Suitable Building and Good Care
Are Requisite to Success.
If possible dig the potatoes on a
sunshiny day. Leave them in the
windrow till afternoon, then remove
them to the dry house and place them
on the racks. Care sho.ild be taken
that they do not teach on the rack.
A house 40x"00 fee: v-;,i hr.iri 1 000
bushels, rhe rack? s .ould be five
inches apart all art ua the "fcr.-jse as
shown in the cut. If the potatoes are
small you can have the racks iearer
together. The objec'i is not to have
the potatoes touch. They always go
through a sweat, and will soon decay
if they touch each other.
The stove should be in the center
of the building. Keep a moderate fire
until they are thoroughly dry, then
Modern Sweet Potato House.
remove from the racks and pack in
boxes or bins. Put in a layer of
shavings, then a layer of potatoes so
they will not touch, then enough shav
ings to cover them well and so oil un
til you have packed them all. Then
remove to a place r.ecure from frost.
If you have a dry cellar they can
be placed in it. The essential thing
in keeping sweet potatoes is dryness.
If you wish to keep just a few you
can dry them and wrap them in pa
per separately and lay in a box.
AVTien ready to ship pack in venti
lated barrels. Fill the barrels round
ing full, put cover cn and screw on
the top so there will be no chance for
the potatoes to move in the barrel.
They are Dacked in the barrels just
as you wouid pack apples for ship
Apples irons ou'tlvated Orchards
Bring Best Price.
It is claimed by seme that apples
from uncultivated orchards are more
highly colored, havft a , high flavor, are
firmer and keep betier.
On the other hand, these apples are
usually smaller, and statistics recent
ly compiled by the Cornell university
show that the apples from cultivated
orchards sold for a slightly higher
price per bushel duriug the past five
years than did those from the or
chards that were not cultivated. That
is to say, the extra bizp. of the ppples
from the cultivated orchards more
than compensated for whatever differ
ence in color, flavor or firmness there
may have been.
In the adoption of the box as a ship
ping package, Pacific coast apple
growers are leading other parts of the
country and those growers obtain
good prices for their fruit. .j,
lf the trash and decayed fruit M
not removed, the "left overs" of slugs,
borers and other animated orchard
pests, which are preparing to go into
winter quarters, will be on hand next
spring lively and ready for business.
It is usually a safe plan to beware
of the traveling orchard doctor who
offers for sale farm and county
"rights" to make and use his "killem
all" nostrums. If there is merit in his
commodity he can reach the fruit
growers in a better and more honor
able way.
After Hardy Orange Tree,
Experiments are bctns made by bot
anists In the employ of the United
States department of agriculture with
a view to creating an orange tree that
will withstand cold weather and thrive
in the latitude of the northern states.
If the experiment proves to be suc
cessful orange groves may be grown
in parts of Missouri, Kansas, Illinois,
Indiana, Kentucky and Virgiuia. The
plan is to cross the citrus tree of the
south, which produces the table or
ange, with the hardy citrus tf ee of the
north, which bears the bitter, unedible
orange. The botanists express con
fidence in their ability to accomplish
the cross.
Cultivation of Garden.
Few gardeners fully realize the im
portance of cultivation in connection
with garden crops. Cultivation should
never cease while crops are develop
ing. The general feeling in this re
gard is that it is too much work.
Planting that is properly done will
permit of the cultivation being done
with horse power, thus facilitating the
work of cultivation. Instruments suit
able for small vegetable cultivation
can be purchased to be worked with
horse power, and effective cultivation
will bring ample returns for all time
spent at it and all work done.
Spray for Scale.
In order to get rid of the San Jose
scale it is well to spray both in the fall
and in the spring. Where the scale Is
bad they are so encrusted on the
branches as to be four or live deep,
consequently only the tops receive the
benefit of the spray. It is, therefore,
advisable to give a second spraying.
In the fall the scale are loss resistant
than in the spring. ,
Start the New Year jrifchtby payW
mg wnat you ow. -
They Are Coming to Fill a Place of
Real Utility.
Automobiles have been a feature at
the state fairs this year, as an addi
tion to the machinery exhibits. So
marked has been the display that
nearly all reporters for the agricul
tural press have commented upon the
pr'--sr-:c5 of the automobiles designed
'V-: :i:;:i use ia their resumes of the
There a reason to believe
tl c atrrr-K hi is coming to be a live
i proposition as a farmer's conveyance
for general road woik where extreme
weight-carrying power does not enter
into the problem, declares Prairie
Farmer. Automobiles, for instance,
are seemingly being put to various
uses by farmers on the coast. After
discussing the usefulness of the motor
tar, the Pacific Rural Press sums up
the probable expense as follows:
"The expense of upkeep in some
cars has been reduced until to-day a
man can operate a car, spending less
for oil and gasoline than the cost of
feeding a horse. The car is a matter
of expense only when in actual opera
tion, and while in operation its
road capacity is at least four
times that of a horse-driven vehicle.
As for repairs, if the car is given
reasonable care and attention, they
should be little in excess of the cost,
of shoeing and repairs on harness, etc.
tn point of operating knowledge, even
where this is not simple enough, the
farmer has a great advantage, as he is
of necessity more of a mechanic than
ihe city man."
Few reasonable persons will look
forward to the time of seeing the au
tomobile drive the farm horse out of
business, but there is a strong possi
bility that the motor car will ultimate
ly share a portion cf the road work
of the farm horse.
Made from Five-Foot Strips and
Practically Indestructible.
Two pieces of railroad iron five feet
long are required to make the road
drag shown in the accompanying illus
tration, says the Prairie Farmer. Drill
holes in each end of these irons and
Drag frem Railroad Rails.
bolt them with iron rods 1 feet apart
on one end, and two feet on the other.
Hitch a hofs to each end of this
drag and drive the narrow end toward
the ditch every time. This brings the
dirt to the center of the road. By
spiking a plank through the center
one can ride on the drag. Drag the
roads after rain as soon as the mud
Success of the Latter Movement De
pends Upon the Farmed.
In an address before the Good
Roads! convention at Buffalo, N. Y., a
few days ago, the Hoii. N. J. Bach
elder, master of the National Grange,
put the good roads situation in a nut
shel when he observed:
"It 13 true that all industrial inter
ests are affected by the nature and
condition of the roads over which the
products of our farms are transported
to market, but it is the farmers who
suffer ihont from the inferior roads
which constitute so large a percentage
of the road system of the United
States. And I am confident that it is
to the farmers that we must look as
the active force and influence that will
secure the enactment of the legislation
needed to bring about that improve
ment in road conditions that we all
That is right, exclaims the Prairie
Farmer. It is to the farmer that tho
public must look ior the solution.
When he becomes thoroughly satisfied
the road question will be settled right.
Advantages Which Are Gained from
Its Use.
The advantages to be gained from
the persistent use of a road drag may
be summarized as follows:
1. The maintenance of a smooth,
serviceable earth road free from ruts
and mudholes.
2. Obtaining such a road surface
with the expenditure of very little
money and labor in comparison with
the money and labor required for oth
er methods.
3. The reduction of mud in wet
weather, and of dust in dry weather.
There are also several minor bene
fits gained from the use of a road drag,
besides the great advantages which
always accrue from the formation of
improved highways, of which may be
mentioned the banishments of weeds
and grass from the dragged portion of
the road.
Tell the Children the Why.
Little children like to see, under
stand, and enjoy farm operations and
the working of farm machinery. Al
low them to see these things and ex
plain their workings. Make them feel
that all parts of farming is fun to you,
and it will be to them. They will grow
to love the occupation. ,
The Neglected Garden.
A neglected garden is an eyesore on
a p5rm and next to a c.ilapiuated and
weed-smcthered road fence.
Subscribe to The Commonwealth
during 1909.
t'. n-p
Character of the Feed from Different
Mills Varies Considerably.
Letters received at the station In
dicate that in some parts of Michigan
a prejudice exists against roller proc
ess wheat bran, says Prof. Smith of
the Michigan station. Some farm
ers prefer finely ground bran,
are prejudiced in fa;v,r ut . i
samples. The p" d-n- -r ..
Is not unifc?--:- v
tome samples ?.--. . : -.
with the br.
germ is fou.:.; . :. -
as a senaratp tiv-r.mii.i t
some light on the relation of the com
position of bran to Its physical ap
pearance, 14 samples were ana
lyzed, some of them from roller mills,
some from burr stone mills, some
from mills of large capacity and oth
ers from smaller establishments. The
per cent, of protein varied from 14.32
per cent, in the bvan of a roller proc
ess mill with an nnual output of
1,200 tons to ID per cent, iu first
grade roller process brans from one of
the immense mills in Minneapolis. Lit
tle variation was found In the com
position of extremely coarse bran and
the finer articles. The chemist says
on this topic: "The two extremes,
the very coarse and the very fine, are
of much the same composition, while
neither shows the best sample so far
as feeding properties are concerned.
The medium grades generally show
a better analysis than cither of the
extremes. Theoretically the bran pro
duced by the roller process should be
more valuable than that produced by
burr stones, as in one the germ, which
is rich in fat, is separated out with the
flour, and in the other this part goes
into the bran. The roller process
brans are all perceptibly higher in
protein than are those of the burr
stone process. It is not so much
the amount of starch present in the
bran, as the amount of protein and fat
that Is of consideration to the feeder.
The end for which the millers are
constantly working in the milling pro
cess, the most complete separation of
the starch possible and the needs of
the consumer of the bran, a food rich
in protein and fat, are identical. The
new milling process, instead of supply
ing the feeder with an inferior grade
of feeding stuffs, furnishes him with
one much superior to that supplied by
the old process."
Structure Which Will Prove Economl.
j cal Tor 'Dairy Farm.
On dairy farms where a permanent
ice house is desired, a concrete struc
ture will prove economical. The first
cost is slightly greater than where
wood is used, but the ability of the
concrete to stand constant dampness
on the inside makes it more desirable.
As shown In the sketch taken from
Farm and Home, the building should
An Everlasting lee House.
have an opening extending from sur
face of the outside ground almost
to the gable, which will allow ice to
he put in.
A small window for ventilation
should be placed at the lop of each
gable. The walls of this house may
be constructed double by inserting a
mold between the forms when the con
crete ls poured. Two three-inch walls
with a two-inch air space will serve
best. The roof may also be made of
concrete by laying forms for rafters
and reinforcing it with light iron
Good Barn. Good Feed and .Fresh
Water Necessary to Success.
. Calves dropped in September and
October are most desirable because
they thrive better at the start and can
quickly be converted into veal at a
time when "baby meat" is at the high
est price. Another advantage ls the
cow will go dry at a time of the year
when flies are bad and when the
weather is warmest. To make winter
dairying a success it is necessary that
the cows have a comfortable barn and
plenty of good feed and fresh water.
In the winter the farmer or dairyman
can give the cows more attention than
during the summer months, says the
Jonrnal of Agriculture, and In spare
time improvements may be made in
the stables and outhouses. The fall
cow can start into the winter in good
condition and with proper attention
can be kept in shape all winter. Cows
that milk heavily should be fed freely
from the silo. It will be found that if
calves are kept for breeding the win
ter calf will do better than the one
born in the heat of summer when flies
are bad and grass is short. In the
summer raise plenty of feed of all
kinds for winter and when the cows
finally are placed in winter quarters
make them comfortable and they will
yield milk in the exact proportion in
which they are housed and fed. Calves
may be given skim milk with grain
and hay.
Dairying Pays the Year Round.
Dairying is often referred to as the
Harvest that never ends. This Is cor
rect, if the cows are good milkers; if
they arc not, it ends soon after it com
mences. The Australian gum trees grows
to a height of 415 feet
Largest and Best Eqttippad
Plant in the State.
Chas. Miller Walsh
Quarrier and Manufacturer
. . . i
autet d. V-rile Ki Cleocin
and prices.
Iron Fencings for y&K
Lemetery and other
purposes a Specialty.
Peterskuro, Va.
J. Y. SAVAGE, Agent,
Scotland Neck North Carolina
Whether on busi
ness or pleasure,
you should make
it a point to call
at our Studio and
see our Latest Cre
ations in the Art
of Photufrraphy.
Every day we are
pleasing people
who have never
before had a jrood
Photograph of
themselves by any
other Photograph
er. Easter-tide is
a convenient time
to give us a trial
while you are nice
'y "rigged."
S. R. Alley,
A .in PL. Lewis Ki.ildiru-..
Tarborn, N. I.
.'.very.!. ing n
Burial Cases!
A" V ? ?? .. "?
nearseoervsce arv jurat:
-.! .ire .11' 'ill t it i lf ! i 1 14 If-
i ml Uu Puldii- 'iiiiHf.illv
M. Hoffman & Bro.
Scotland Neck North Carolina
Cough Syrup
Relieves Colds by working them out
of Ihe system through a copious and
healthy action of the bowels.
Relieves coughs by Cleansing tho
mucous membranes of the throat, chest
and bronchial tubes.
"As pleasant to the taste
as Maple Sugar"
Children Like lb
EeWltti Kidnej and Bladder Pills-Sure and Safi
Sold by E. T. Whitehead Co.
Stranger My friend why are you
swearing so? Cussity Why? Be
cause of a blank fool of a doctor. I
got some pills for a pain in my back,
and the directions read "Take one a
half hour before you feel the pain
comming on" Judge.
It requires a proper coriibiu;itin of
certain sicid with natural digentive
juices to erfect a dyHpepsiaeuro. And
that is what Kodol is a perfect diges
ter that digests all the food 'you ent.
If you will take Kndol for a litttle while
you will no longer have indigestion.
You then couldn't have indigestion.
How could you have indigestion if your
t r.d w n- to Hz'- 1 ICoihil d'frt. all
you eat. Ii is pV-.-n.t t.o t;i!:e, net-t
promptly. by K. T. Wli h'
Don't forget to write it "1909."

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