. 't.. .
!KV0TK! To !MM!i;i;Ano. Till; INUrsTKIAU AGRICULTURAL, MINERAL, CX1MMEI.GTAL, EDUCATIONAL AND GENERAL "DEVELOPMENT OF NORTH CA Ro'lINA AJJ) TllB SOUTJlj
V f t. SO. 17.
WILMINGTON, N.- C, SUNDAY MORNING; JANUARY; 7, 1883.
14 UUfSfT. WT 9'JCC.
W -1, l
.111 -v ' 'vr.i
I. k- II
'I' . I
' ! . i.'i. rii
' -i - lit.- ! .-iU in I i.r. i.uiiU-t ' uul ;
! V... '1 . fi. Wf"t- .:!
M fw li(.. ft- i .. ;.r'rf U r.'t
li ,'t ' !.' I f U-v .-..M
A CCOUftlPMICl.. HIMT.
ill 1 f
t'tru li ir it r'tiiarkl th.tt -vti
if r t j r- tf intrlltvut-v
'if. 1 i r:i t .( u.r jn nr j-
: t!.: "(it-. U"lwtk-r thi I-
r :. t. t rr-ut utt rt'it a
1 1 . i" . f !. ri iriu-.ci.ti.ihli m
ii.if! ;h- ':l'Ht ni iu-
I'ii ir. itii nt iirr- 111:111 4,.t.ill i
. , t . . 1
it th- l tV r th
i ii u w rrt-r.ov-
( I ii it ii iti.i 1 c n
tLi.i ( rn j.r -tit luiiiH" twid
ii.i!! r U'
l';lii- .1' li
vv . k i . 1 1 1
vti In tau
nt' tt.li.-i'. 11.
n ' i 1.1't ,1
:ui l it i 'ii
h it true that 'Vb.-iriCv
. 1.' if. t,- tnu' tfi.it ilriui
..t liim. It r th- rtrt a-
t n ; ti- n art m:pf-l
f!uii,. Oin1 tat!iT. tir
t. .. (!, irl. vri.tjf,l ;tnI
?!" ar t tiiitt kn,
1 .1 u ;ru( U!i-r that
iiifviitii " ti i-fi lh' i:ur mu k rv-
t 1 !u- 'lif.uit ui! ( li vaWf, V
v A-t'-n i njr:tiIat ur I' u tlo
c Hf iir'r iiivnt ir tli- vti-iii t.f
ilnrut ! 'it Hi tliw S'.itt cttxl iti ithT
t 1 ttii'ii 1- tli1 ii ij'niVit ' tuirkl
th mi in tf: hm ..("'r:if . And
t!M .iri" trr th' il,m.?l f r ; ll-
ti r -t in. .i vtitiit'. tlf rvr nt
t . ..... t
111.it it tii t . t. ft ii.i ttiin'ti
V .t t ' ,
. f'.r tin-
.: it ih'w iua; i
.um r :t.-i, ttn.l t
,tl Sir'' m ItuC itnt!i r tn.-iurn'.
itli'iiit lw f.it tiu in tl U ti-t . lr tfi.
t !,. fu.rit. f( ' 1 ii r tii tjh-r t
f r f.!n-v ;trv f-'tli .ilu.t't think
ft. 1 1 tin- f.U- ..ftntv :' t f . z tit.',T;.ipfv .'
. "J. u if ."iii-vt- f' -i!ii.triv fittt-l
wli.tt i'cvi.ti ;;:rti-u.)tr . .rti
. ' i .
ii-iUii.t ilif'i-r trrn th" other Atlantic f
.-ctU- ' I it if t in t'let f.v t that her :
tli.-' n ixt iial.i hian f'-untain Svlem .
aSt.tnt. it. lushest rU- ati"ii. and velU
i,. u in. Mt matiitU-vnt irt.f t.st T '
and t' tin
tlantte State to th rth.
Smt!i have their divti'n f
ct-fanifiH-'O. mi. I. lie t
Idle t.lateati. n l umiiii-
tain eeti. u.. NearU u!t thre Cit-
have the fcaple erupt in eorimn. and
we toav iy tU.il vith the exception 41
cotton." rue. and t.'bmco. all the erot.
rained in anv one of thee State are
r:u.-l in u!t "tl.e other. NWth Car
lm. in 't apart by her p-eliar conform
ation.. What especially di.tiulhe
her, s;e(igraphiaUy. front the" other
Sfate tt- Ioj- . .f her urfaee. Thi
l in the in,-- I hold that the map
which ino,t plainly and nit aceurately
Vt thl forth the l-t map to put ia
i. the hand. of . hildrvM. ;tn i of ur-.wn
peopl-e. One Im i aeen.t mcd t the
jM ieittilie twdv i' ;i:iv n.a; w f.u h gi
the .Iraina'xe vtein of a t.,Hntrv d
Hot mnl thalhe iimiiiUi;ii hoold le
tft.t L k'l 1 il 1 11 With - ! nice be take.
in the chief topographical feature
if a Ut:l- nlv t!. nuicr ot
iir iiM IO m it f '.
'.... .... .ii .i t . 1 1 1 i .n - ..d.t I-
..ft toe map, 1
tfwii ti-- -tt sr-
,,- tbf ::it.ee Jnik'
t I i . i "
t. t . I s-n
, i to' t'tin in
!:. t h !
oil I .o . ""H.t.
I... . ti. ''M,
tin- in.: '. i
tit t. . .:..!
ii.ii .tti to :. ii"! f
l',w..im Mount at n. it
til-:. , Ik'tt - lllln
t!icv .tff t
Tin:ti;- .t-tt. ! r that
I'onutv. toe n
rlh ;'id lite ot.i. r . eir
of tlie I 'heoAV .ni
3lomit.tin N.-r Nr
uch an e-
wtMtt.i it b' neee-tMurv tt
iitark the nortli and aotitrt rt.iv a.i
naountain pur in .-wain 4intv. p
! t,a blot out the moonUiu. th?
map ' U'twfii I'.orke Cntnty n ihd
jutl. ami A-rw County en tha north.
.ind-'r Comity on the ra.t. and
jlurn.vilU. Yaney t'omitr. on the vot.
hi rouUI otly t U that tht aectioti
of the State a. very high laml. Ilotj?
y ot-an-rvitig hw mi nirt. are the
trvm tlut rw' there. It U ly ntewiw
rK. dramaw vtem that we Judge of,
.c ..... h.rnitu.ii'iif the land, tiitru a
thviihly accurate delineation of
drioT UJ untry. and it wi old '
l ptibltf to put th map a toUra- ;
1,1 acvurt nwuutain yteiti. Aol
thu triage owe t. the main iWnt the ,
, ,tJ tfttr of thi paper, til-th lh
,.,i5catin of eiatie by thIf drain- ;
4a ,pttxu aidt uu vVry niAterUlbr in j
ctttriojjr thrwgh knowl! uf th I
nw - - ..;. . .
trtr-. ri iaiijr i 4hi Iriu ir tlmt
- ,1 . ."1. .
nun,; i.m-ir, jiip IIH)UII13IIW Ul tl
trtri North ar!it.t. Stiulinl thn the
ni.unu.nn .ir-trm nnfl.l in tliorinipli?:
; nitwt U auti.ri:I ajr. For itjit.nni-c,
lw ri'k. an. (lay (Viinti-4 Itclon to
, liv r !y(t :i. rxcril tlu extrrnte
rrtt jart f Claj. which lvl.t f. the
.MUioii rtrm. . ir..iAtu ( antv La.
atrf riMt mt th T r.n..- River in
.'. t .
3l 'triUuini h;vi thr ant .vtvn. t!o
rriturrv rurka. 'v I liver !vtetu.
' 1 1 jy :whj. Vrtiuty hat it own jtytrni,
vi., th I it I'it'itn rir vtrni. It
Irtivhnnia. the rmter funrt of
!ln.w-ru. IU:n .tnilf. nn.l Maiiimn
havr the -iWive .v9teiit. vix. the French
Hna. River v.tetn. S. that the
h4r (K'titlt wi st mrt I" the State etn
irUin nhtut " tuare mileji. can U
ilivill intu f.tir ilramaie v.teni?. vi;
t I . ' The Itiwa.ee. oniiriiu the
etrtiutie ivt' t'herukie anl ( Iay. (2.)
1 he 1 i-ntit'KH-t--1 urkaTi:e, c)ruiri
in-,; tlie itttnttie f Maon. .Jack.ii.
Swain nnl (trnhant. 1 3. Tlwr Ui
"len. llavwtMkl CMtntv. (4.) The
Frrtwh lna!. -rjritu: the ctuntic7
f Tran. Ivanta. Iunoinle. Mali.ii.
nl imut ( . Ilen.lerx.n. It will In
! rvel that in thi niujini; thrw
river ( ctnilrab!e iie have len
inrtu.!l in the reut liviitti. viz: The
Cliet.wuh. which IrAttfc the southern
jar: of Graham ( 'unty; the Natitehalch,
wliieh frain t!e ea-tem trl of Clay
anl tlw wtern jtrt f Macui. ami the
i Vanaluttre, wturlt tlraia northwot
Ja kMtt ami n.trtheatt Swain. Thcx
arr ulnlinate t the rcat ltvLion,
ami can thu le inelu!,'l in theia.
Iy "rlertin.: tlie stream the
rutire western jrt f the State may !
t'iith! into ilrainae ?y.tem, and the
.tij!...t' m-Hmtaiu nta.Ie to aMimc an
tLr.frt ntiil -vMtt iimii tr.lijfff.. I n r
''Tt . .'tt'ttt.
raneuient. hat is trite i i!e real
UMtiuttain pi.ntran i tnir aU l the
iVdnwi.; ectin. ami th mnldle ami
eastern eeti'n. The itraimtp 5yteni
of the i;rrat iii.nintain j!at an i n .uh
t!t !i.rt nf the Tcntn;v nutl Ohio
River vten:. and th" in turn of the
Mi.t.'ii vtem. S. that iHlnni'i
w ith Cherokee an. I Clay Oumtif. we
end with the reat father n( waters that
hear gn it liim the cvnuncrce of a
mighty empire, and oine of whe
drbri may have come from the Rlaek
MottuUin.. a well a the irandfathcr
1 and fhunky Cial.
The hint are given
The liint arv
in the hope-
that mH tme will develop them in the
ehoo-rum. Tliere are mitnf teach
er in North Carolina who are capable
of doing thi. and I trut that me one
w ill d o.
M '4.-14 Ifw''.
h k. i. b. vi rt Mr. 1. 1..
t 'hina U --ail to l- the native country
of the ilk-worm. Silk culture legan
in that rntpin under the ujer ri-ion of
the emp n r Iloang-ti. 1 75 Ik C. Si
lfnc hi. hi wife, had an apartment -prpriatel
tor the nmring ofilk-wrm.s
which he nitrturel with much care ami
interest. She i ?aid to have dlcrvenl
tlie mean of raUing them domestically.
nU tfie maimer of reeling the silk and
of initios ing it in the manufacture oft
Thj fn.ni the carlit hVtory. f
tie fmd ilk rnltnrr eiioMiraged and
.tt.tained by the n .bility. and an eay.
pleasant and pr titabh enplynielit
tlubtthed. j-uit iblf to all rank, all
rt-T- ml Utl e.nlii.ai TI. iU4ry.
w r.i.-h ?rov. ! grcru bh.-in to the
p.r. eontitiitd for a-,- the n ilioii il
ru'lls, ot the empire. I
I p to tti iiu.l.tt--oi in.Tiin cemnry.
va. : know n U ..nd tlie pn'iiiet
t Kiu i thut t!k w. inliicel 'v a
Mil lljJ "l
v .HIH' I ie
ma. le from flee growing
or front Utrk or tlower. ty ttner inai
it wjm the pro.Iu.tion of a j'ci of
What little thing will mctimc
. . .i .i..
make the h-tjnv of a man or a natiou
U hero exemplifi.Hl. Two vWuw Ncto-;
rian monk., exil.nl bv the ptvernment t
of iWxaotium. iuctratcl into the t
.i - . -a .. t... i
Thev n,X.M the hamlsorue .Irr" of tlie !
Chinc-. their manufactorie, of -ilken f citnlry was mine,. min H. wu.- j uu,..,, ... ;' 1 " "i:m-
fabrio and the milli-m of insert con-, ing cotton and agricultural product , can forests, and affords the mt cora
verting the leave of the mulUrrv into ww the chief industry there and still is, , prehensive survey of the s.tuatmu yct
mm . .... I at . . . . " ,IA I laint Wa rAtl V I 11 W. 1 aif4.-.A . . I 1
Knowiu- the ?.dicitude T the.
Kurttnn on thl subiect. they went to
Constantinople and revele1 to the
enirr Justinian a national cret.
preserved for many centmini with
an unvaried vigilance uncmaled iu the
aniral.a of man, Silk wa produced by
inevt hit cggi might bo conveyed
to htsi dominion.. Ry promising hand
oiue rvwant. the monk 4 were imlucnl
to return to China. Kluding th vigi-
lancv of a joaloits nconle. thev nLtninl
'c fs, M-crcted them in the hollow of
their cane, and thu in Ji-Vi Euroiv
Hjc-Mcd a fundamcutal nrinciple of
Dr. Ianlen iys, "Tlte inwts thus
produced were the jimfjeiiiton of all the
prneratiuna of -ilk-worina which havo
ion lieen rrarttl in Europe and -.viia,"
ami Dr.ClarkaihU Africa and America.
The colonial rcttler of Georgia lx"in
eiUmltnm under the cilmini-trubon
of Gen. "Olethorjv. Tm-5 an l .yilk
worm rj were neut over hy the colon
ial Trustee., and a native of I'ioln:on(
wa cncavtl to instruct the ct,.le in
rearing tl worm and in reclin-' the
In 17.'i-" Georgia oxjortel her Hr.-t
raw j-ilk, which wa. woven and prcent-
cil to the tJuen of Kii'Iufd. A ntihlte
filature hiu otahliheil in Savannah in
The ilk lu .imf w il iri'fit:il)Ie
and eontinuetl on the in-reae until
IT"H, when the filature and tori-hotic
ami ciht thouand muiuI of cM-oon
were coiisumetl hv hre. The tn-onle
were greatly li.oura2tl hv their lsos
ami ere Ion; the cultivation of cotton
claimed their attention.
Ihelat account we hti' of nuv iik
lring srnld in Savannah for extirpation,
wa. in 171X) and bruirht twentv-six
hillingji jnr uml.
it. r.iuoi sars, "raw stiK exiiorlol
from tteorgia sell. at IHidon fnm two
to three shillings a. ix.und more than
that from any other art of the world."
.I. that he had leen uilorimtl bv
prMliien. that it was more profitable
th:Mi anv other onlinarv busiue?s."
Wlmt ( leorgia hm Uoim and murr
ain le actimplLhed ami Mistaiucd bv
her enterprising jieople of to-day. There
are several iilaturei in the I nited
State, and a miinler of uiauufactorii
of silk ioid in succtsful operation.
atixioii and with ready cash to mir-
chase Vie ilk crop at remunerative pri-
ce. R!.(K0,0O dollan. worth of raw
-ilk ha liven iintxtrteil annuallv to .ni-
lv these mill. This i tinnecesm. !
mn In raided sucetvsfullv any- I
where where the ...ullerry .ill griw. '
Silk culture i intcntiii" and protita- !
blc, and require little e-aiital that .
the m.t humble may cnga-e in the '
We have the climate suite I to the !
growth of the mulbcrrv and to the
rcarinir of the .-ilk-worm." If the farm-
cr w. uld lu;t .tudv their ojtn interest
there would le mulleirv gn- plantil j
. - .i r- 1. '1 r. ,T !
III i t iiiuimu i lin'iii-itiiiiiu-ii i
ami coooiicrii ejuioiunei mi r t
.-l I! v i ' :.. .T :
rural home thonughout our Southern !
land. Thi done, it would not U loug j
aim. m in-. , ..- - - j
U-fore the ilk croj would espial in
vt.io tl... .m;r. .iiin i-rnn nf ihe
S,nth. I do. without hesitancv. re- :
..mimeiid silk cultnro to the women
nn.l r-lolilrtr.il i.f mir tiiitine rlitnr If I
, h.-nllhe i.le,!.!!!! nn.l nrnfitidde em- !
plovimnt when judiciously managetl, i
nn.i .iH..r M-imiiierativrt oeVlln.iti.ili to i
labor or the heavy duties of n housc-
I would be glad if all the children
who received stamp eggs from inc. would
write me of their success or failure,
giving full name, joft-otHcc, county
Now i the time to secure eggs for an
early start in the spring. I can furish
egg in any juantity at the lowest
market prices and warrant them. I
have experimented in ilk culture for
some time and am prepared to answer
all wuestion in regard to this ir.du.-trv.
All letter mn-t eiu l. a : tamp
. f.r Jr .vw.
COLD MINES OF THE SOUTH.
nv u. M. T.
Two moot!-, ntt ntly sH-nt in North
Carolina and Georgia "convim-e met hat
large lej-a.it-of gold and silver cxi.t
ia t!ie iituu ral U It extending fm Vir--itiia
t Alalmina Of the two guld is
. 1 .A '
more prevalent, l iic.iinn-swun exisus
that the ores are of too low grade for
.. Til.1.. .l..-L.t.ii.tfrif liftire itivet.
ment in W estern mines are generally1
thought preferable. The opinion among
Wt-tern men is that if these Southern !
mine - t wen? g 1. Intern capitalist
would secure and work them, laying as j
they lo in nuch che proximity to them. ,
lnil tKn li.verv of irolil
in lM-4. all the gold produced in thi
crv little attenuon was gi.cu w
ini?, aim unuer the iave jieui wjuhm ,
from abroad felt too unsafe to make j
extensive outlays for that purpose there.
Until within the- last few . year such
mining as was done was the work of
lves and consisted in what is termed
-surface work," the common practice
beinc to ston oiratiow whenever water !
came in to hinder working very eirni-
lar to early lead mining in Missouri; i
simply a careless scratching of surface
treiierally of hut a few; ivt in depth,
leaving vein and deerieiisv'ork to be
done hy larger and hv?r: oreratorg.
Hence the numerous old a id abandoned
1nine3 there, many of them showing that
much work ha.- been doTjo v. inch would
not havo been jK-rfornied - had it - not
iKt-n remunerative. Tef :5eems to
have leen but very lUi,'-i tlay for
machinery and applia'- xUer Jhan
cM Wnih-TnHl!,-rrn kt-vlVia "Zi(llvC&
In many of these working ojer:iliou3
have Ionjinee ce:i5ed, and their owners
are too jkmt to ojrrate them now,, even
in the .-inijht ways, much It's.-! to make
outlays for nuHk-rn machinery. Manv
valuable i)pfTtie are iv in thie
condition, several of which I visited,
and from some of them I obtained
amjIe of ore which I treated in a
recently invented amalgamator, where
in every particle of gold La. to pass
through several feet of hot Mercury. In
several runs made with tlcne ores I
savetl from to SI'k'iS to Sb'4 per
ton. where only from 81 to 810 per ton
had heretofore been saved.
The larger part of the cold in the
slate ores i. exceedingly fine; fiiur than
irold lent. This eseanes amaliramation.
i owing to it tendency to iloat; onlv the
f hevier particles have biten s:ivel, conse-
! ipiently meager" ret urns hav? been oh-
l tainexi, not oeenuse tlie goiu is not
the ores, but iHHtr.ise the ors were not
projM-rlv brought in contart with the
mercury. In the fjiuntz veins the ores
are often very rich, yielding coarse gold
in large amount. (J.mhI tites to these
I projMTties can be had for small sums,
depending upon the extent, location and
developments already made. The slate
ores arecaily worked, the mining leing
generally done with pick.; and shovels
and requiring very little blasting. It is
said that "0 cent a ton will cover the
! entire exix-nses of mining, crushing.
grinding and amalgamating this kind
of ore. At Dahlonegn, (in., most of the
i mining is done by hydraulics, at a cost
of from only 2") to .')') cents
ixt ton. '
utains contaii an average of j
5 k i- tv--rJd.' ly the ,
preent methods immenso quatitities of '
earth, rocks, etc., are was iel down trojn
the sides nf the mountain- and carried
uv iuiceways linoer siaiiiri., ami inence
bv. r copper plates si lvere and etatel
with mercury, some nuUrorking MO
t'is a day ami saving oii jiom SI to
'2 1" r ton, the operator-rwown.- a
the time that they are Jr.Ug uom.i ;i
. i , .
i.m. ii r more 111:111 L i v .nil. txuiui
' It 1 a.... . . . I
mine owiieu oy r.asicrn wrw are in .
- Ill li
gb"h companies have rcckntly liought
succcssiui operation, anuiseeiai i.n- (
properties. Among them lire the asso-
cuUe ot t . II. King, oi i. finsvine. i. a.,
who have organ iced the 1
Mining Company and
It night 1,000
acres of hllld 111 Lumpkin
cent to an oxbow lieud in (that stream,
and who W ill dam UU(1 tl ' 11 tllO HVer
I from its bed for over tw A and a half
miles bv cutting a canal w-toss the bend,
i thus enabling them to work the rich
sands and gravels of the ii-'cr bed. It
is expected to accomplish Ihe construc
tion of this work during n xt summer.
There are many other interesting
things which ought to be fated, but I
will conclude by saying tll.t I am satis
fied that among the sevoval hundred
more or less well-develojf d mines in
North Carolina and Georia there are
many that are valuable properties, even
w hen compered withminesrintJic Rocky
mountains. While the ores generally
may not lie as-rich, thev are abundant j
ami rich enough to pay well. The j The total destruction of these interior
government rejiort: give $l?b" as the forests, followed by the most appalling
average assay yield in gold and silver, j consequences, can be predicted unless
w hich is epial"to the actual yield of ! active measures are taken to save -them-,
mnny profitable Western, mines, where ! for, once destroyed, they: are probably
it ctwts from $ to $10 per ton for min- gone forever. Some arrangement for
i.ig and working them only during four joint forest preservation between the
favorable months, whereas in the South j government and ' the great railroad
work can be prosecuted all the - year j corporations which own alternate sec
round, ami residence and s'H-ietv are tions would be desirable, for what bene-
delights, and lalwr abundant for $1
day. Young man, go South I
OUR AMERICAN FORESTS.
, . .
Trof. Charles S. Sargent's article on
"The Protection of Forests, in the Xorih
.lmcncu,i ueneir may oe legai.ieti as
a summary of the coucliisions drawn
T. 1 ... ' . 1 1
iron, n is ivorK a. ine neauoi tneiorestry
it is one of the. mosT imiiortant contri-
",n"u , ,,UJ-' -6ov .-r-wimua.n-
soiiie laiiaim nr)e,rtnwi.f, njiesia.,
notably, the lclief that they have
any effect on the rainfall, and he urges
the repeal of the timber culture act. a
step which the Herald has can2i-vlfn
1 1 r. 1 .-z.i "
auvisei, since u nas iaiien enyreiy 111
accomplishing its purpose and has
already -cost the governiwent several
millions of acres of land, fithout anv
return whatever. vApa.t
worthlesiiess us ft means of securing the
growth of forests, this lawr ia deceptive;
and therefore dangerous. It encourages
the planting of trees where ' trees can?
uot grow unless artificially- irrigated,
and thus entails losses upon honest
settlers, deceives in the belief 'that the
government would not encourage, im-
. ,11 1 1 1 ,-!!'"."-
pracucajue nun useless planting
s to our , timler r resources, we . are
told that the forests of the country, are
uiitf.ok if yKrldhl-'anmiaSyr
amount of material, andijf doing -so for
many years. The effect of local ex
haustion, hcAvever, is already felt in
many parts, and the steadily increasing
distance between the torest and the
great centers of distribution is advancing
the price of all lumber. But the days
of a real timber famine are not very
near, and "we can still boast, although
in somewhat less exalted terms than
tormeriy, or the torest covering so
generously spread out for us.
The forest is regarded, however, from
a far more important point of view than
that of timber supply. Its influence,
climate and fertility of the soil, its
storing un oi the rainfall and prevention
j i j.
of both disastrous droughts and devas
tating floods, are its most important
functions. The great -economic value
r of the American forest is shown in the
fact that every year it yields not far
from $450,000,000 worth of raw material,
giving employment directly and in
directly to nearly 1,000,000 pair of
hands, while its maximum . productive
capacity is not yet nearly reached: his
is the first authentic statement of the
commercial worth of the forest in itself,
and it is surprisingly large. It, there
fore, is most important that this! most
important element of our natural pros
perity should be carefully guarded, not
only for the sale of its direct yield, but
for its protective pow-ers, now seriously
threatened in many quarters.
In certain of the country, where
there is sufficient rain, the forest growth
will take care of itself, as on the north
west coast in other charts, now well
covered, the conditions 'of the climate
are at present such, -tjerhftiariigMi
geological changes, that, should the
present gpowin ne ues5iru,yeu, n coum
not renew itself, and tlaiintry 'would
be inaile 'desert. Such for instance, is
the condition of the interior torests
bctweof.' the Iacific "ranges and the
Rocky mountains. "Fire is the greatest
enemy to the American forest ; next to
fire the browsing animal inflicts upon
il the greatest damage ; and the Ameri-
. vAnnln ii rrr -tt I I Tf nomrv fh r
t i' b-j
i uxuam iu. pwiaBc, ii.v,c auuCu
lestruction of their forests."
The question of a remedy is discussed
aud the, duty of government in a matter
that the welfare of the entire people is
considered. In the Eastern States the
time has passed for action by the
National Government, most of the forest
land being in private hands. The sub
ject is therefore, commended to the
special attention of the State govern
ments, which, "by stringent laws in
regard to forests fires, and providing
that lumbermen shall destroy the
debres of their camps, which now causes
most terrible conflagrations, like those
of the Michigan woods, can make forest
property secure. Such steps are especially
needed, in Michigan, Wisconsin and
Minnesota, where the grossest careless
ness has prevailed. The field of action
for the - general government is in the
great acres for forests stretching over
the mountains of the Pacific region
fits the community benefits, in the long
run, the railroads also. We are told
that the American people must learn
several economic lessons before the
future of their forests can be con
considered secure. It is the duty of the
press to teach those lessons, and the
columns of our exchanges from all
sections show that they are alive to the
importance of the subject.
' A TALK TO THE COLORED PEOPLE.
Durham Tobacco Plant.
Ut quuque eonfidii, ita maxime excellit.
(The more one confides in himself the
more he excels.)
True the Northern friends' have done
much for us since the emancipation,
whieh are very grateful t them for.
rv.-fwill I condemn the many good
deeds and kindness shown us by their
charitable gifts and Christian benevo
lence. But their hands of charity have
almost withdrawn. We are left to
depend somewhat upon ourselves. We
are still in the South. The interest we
have and all we hone to have,,' is' in the
LSooth. vThis being true, Jet ius then
Iepend upon; ilfor jout futum-Success.
The southern soil is yet prjodactive.
Underneath her surface lie tnq coal, the
eopner and the sold. In her forests
stand the oak, the pine and other tim-
oers irom wnicn- tne -uaucasian: race nas
excelled arid by which fWe if. -we
f have confidence in ourselves and the
properly, is there any reason 1 why tfe.
should not excel? But many of p.s Tiave
made this mistake: We havel left our
farms and workshops, and rushed to the
cities and towns to work for low "wages,
and the consequences are we ares, often
worse, at the end of the year, than at
the beginning. Upon an average, an
industrious farmer can raise from two
to three bales of cotton ; from; twenty
to thirty barrels -of corn, besides wheat
and other products,-which "is certainly
of more profit" than wok at -$10. per
month and m debt Christmas-eve. A
seeond mistake some of us have made is,
we have given too much time td politics.
Colored men, we will never rise to any
very great eminence dealing with poli
tics. Only a lew have ever been bene
fited by, it." Poor trade. A third mis
take is, we envyTeach other success too
much. Where there is one trying to
accumulate a little property, there are
ten trying to pull him down. It is not
so with the white race. When they see
one attempting to rise, the others help,
such an one. Not only of their- own
race, but they: stand ready to ajssist you
if you will accept of it. Of course there
may be some who are not . in ' favor - ot
the negro's rising, but that is? not the
Christian and thinking class.'. Good
people everywhere want 'to: see you
advance and educate yourselves, and be
good, honest citizens. v e have an ex
ample of such men in your own town.
Mr. J. S. Carr, who is supporting three
young colored men in Shaw University
at Raleigh, to become useful, in the
ministry or whatever course they may
pursue. iir. is a man mucn ieijpjfc
who know him.
. 1 , ,
TTT 1 'J . - . n n . 1
It eaivtfot be saia inui no
iie v" 1, .1 , 1 .
acts from any political stand)0int ; he
is certamly &ot a candidate; tor any
office. " Yvre "Wcfer him to, rest quietly
at homeWyattend to his : business in
Durham tilil884, at 'which j time we
want him to the front for Governor bf
North Carolina, and the intelligent
colored men will come to his relief. Do
not judge from this that I am a poli-:
tician, nor take, steps in advance to
either party. But why not bring him
out? He would be the right man in
the right place. The secret is this : He
is a servant of God, and wants to see
everybody do well;, his acts i prove it.
Such men need to be sought for the
head of a government much more than
simply party men; who care for noth
ing more than their election. Ohj ;
colored men of the South, wake up !
Wake up from sleep ! "Come, let us
reason together." Has -not - the time
come that we should arouse ; from our
lethargy, and reach hither I our own !
hands? Have we not been carried by
our northern friends, assisted by good
men of the South, long enough ! Cer
tainly we have. Let us depend more
upon our genius. Some of us have
waited seventeen years' for our forty
acres of land and mule, and we are
without them still, except si few who
w:aited not for what some one-; else had
to give them, but depended upon their
own muscle. Some coloredi men say
now, that if President Garfield had lived,
all the southern plantations would have
been divided up and each colored mari
would have received his portion. Col
ored men, listen nodongar to! such folly.
A thousand Garfields, nor iany other
field, will give it to you unless you labor
for it. You can get your forty acres of
land, but you must. depend upon your
own industry for it. Labor lies at the
root of aU we get, whether land or mule,
much or little, but by it we,- like other
races, can excel. Ixi6or omnia vincit.
the oyster industry. '
Wilmington Pout.' I . '
We have often advocated; the plant
ing of oysters by our friends! along the
sounds, betweon Kew Inleti and New
River. And we are exceedingly glad j
that it has commenced. Mif Winner,
a gentleman of .enterprise and inteli
gence has planted an oyster garden in
Murtle Grove sound, and the oysters
already taken therefrom has; proved the
experiment to be a grand success, and
we may expect ' from now - on a con
tinued increase in the business. :Mr.
Winner will.be followed by pothers who
will probably go in on a jstill larger
scale, and in a- few) years we hope to:
see V llmington one tot the largest oyster
markets 01 the United btates.
It is very certain that something will T
have to bo done very soon "or We will
have to order oysters frpm Norfolk and
other places, for they arc rapidly play
ing out in ;the soirnds. I The people at
New Ri ve are biinginsr them fort v-
five miles In carts id wagons, and they
are being ferought .1'nXldit.lQ.Biver; S.
C. -Kow if these people can brin& thpm
from 45 to 100 . miles herejmd - make
money, why cannot ournwn pconle whoi
,will onlyhayiB to bjing thenj some 7'ox
8' miles raise them at "aVv?rv 'lifinrlcnnin
thev can. ! -:.-.V'.-':' - -' -R - i
WehopMo see in tenyears'a thousantll
oyster gardens in the neighborhood of
Wilmington if they cannot be sold
for homej consumption they can be
canned and shipped at a large profit.
ne iiiupL jiiyc iiiu.i iuuuBuiraiio cm
ploy our jdle Jabor and pay the laborers
we already hjive, larger vages, so thev
can live and ' ediicatet their, children,
v e w ant to see ana in xaci we expect
to see in a verv short time at least 'AM
men employed in the oysfcr
following j tlie good example of Mrj
V inner, 111 planting oysters,
THE COLORED PEOPLE.
" VonnIey V is the exclusive high -tone
high priced hotel of Washington, and if
proprietor, aiier ttinom ii is nameu, is a ifiirk
verv dark, mulatto, but he certainly knotvi
how to keep a hotel, if repfrts are- true, audj
many ot t lie very hrst people oi tlie ooiiiitrv,
foreign embassadors, and literati, fare uuu.nd
ius customers, or, as ine , popular piirMM is
STATE INDUSTRIAL ITE1BS,
The Goldsboro Rice Mills nre doinc a'
flourishing business. , ; , 1
Last winter there were exliibited nti
Atlanta, rough and dresselt.)eciincnsf"ro(t
Scotch . granite" from quarries ' in Wikonl
county, N. C, within a short distance of the
W. .& W. Krailroad, near the towii of Vjlnon,
and. about 35 miles North of' (ruldsboro.
Proprietor of largd marble and .wtone works
from, Memphis produced thisstone.miiteemial
to the imported, and signified flair iiurooefJ
to use it exclusively when it was made jictwaiti'
investment by MrMIenry Bilue,fruit-grdwer,
of llidgeway, who made -$750.00 adove all ex
penses on a three and a ,half acre vineyard,
and will soon . finisrr planting 40,000 vines,
mostly early shipping varieties, j He and hi ,
brother, Harry, have large fruit interests near
Kidgeway and Mansoii, on the II. &-G; K. K.r:
and are increasing their srea every year. The
above exhibit beat cot-toil badly:
' On a recent vi.sit to New,-York, Col. (A. .
15. Springs, of this cityy visited the "Sandfard
Fibre Machine," a new invention anil nateht. '
. and now iu operation at JJrooklyn, N. Y., and
being a cotton planter 01 many years, was
much struck with the fibre produced from the
cotton stalk. lie is strongly impressed with
the idea that it is highly practicable to make
this fibre from tlie cotton plant itself the hanis
of a cheaper and better bagging for the ttaplet :
than the present India fibre. The Colonel jis' f
nw engaged in investigating the subject, and.
tlie farther he goes the more he is jiersuaded
that this great addition to the (economy and
industry of the South may be snccessfu
accomplished. - Charlotte Journal. '
Dr. Jas. Wilkins' is erecting buildidgs
and putting macliinery on the North Stat
Copper Company's property, in Guilftird
M.essrs.' D. Petty and A. Hold en ha
opened a copper vein, a feet , wide, near, Bush
Hill, Randolph county. Prospects are gkHl
lor a paying mine. Watchman.
Win, Freshville, . the i: present Si!TVruT
tendent of Hoover, Hill niincj liantlofph
county, has just cut a rich - vein on the
property. The new management have spent
all their time and money irr developing the
property, and we chronicle .this "find" with
pleasure. Watchman. . ' f
There is 5,000 to 8,000-dolars worth of
machinery on the Rocky, River mine, Cabar
rus county . which ; is being erected. The
Chillin mill is running day and night.' Iiast
clean up, 31 ounees-of a:nalgura from three
"and a half tons of 'ore. Between 20 and I 30
hands are employed. Thisis a flattering
start tor this property.-.- n attfiman.
At Silver MWntajn, ore similar to ) that
of Silver Vallev has been foiind. : The' new
vertical uliaft at the latter mini;. has disclosed
the lireseni-j. of an iinL nnu n irold vein. TtrI
rcgtilir zinc blende ore will be cut i a ifeur
feet, j With the favorable contract for the kale
of the mine's output, share holders oughtj td;,
receive large remuneration for-their enterjirise
and energy. Tlie stamp mill at LaJor niinc
gives fair returns, and the (elJen tlate
Amalgamator and Concentrator marks a new
era in .handling sulphuretii. The cold , incle
ment areather retards tflic conipletion of j the
fqrnace from which favorable results are ex
pected.! The outlook for mining , was never
before as bright as now
r- - -1
A Baltimore company is Imildihg a factory
for the manufacture ot; guano Jbags out. of jrood
The process is the cutting of wood into veneers,
there pieces of which are glued together, oiled,
pailited, and pri p ted by one , operation, ifter
which it is formed into an oval cylindrical
shape and headed, and then is ready for I use.
Wood being a non-conductor, the propertied of
the OTiano are not lost bv evaporation. Gretng-
boro Patriot. .$
It costs at the rate of one dollar and forty
cents a minute to light the city of Chicago
with eras, in sdite of the economical effects of
( courting couples to burn as4ittlc a . possible. 1
1 - " . .
: 1 - Vf . .