North Carolina Newspapers

    (July 10, 1765.)
North - Carolina
And Wilmington
Frhued by ADdtewSxuart; bv whom Sub-
pcr Annom : — Advertirements of a nuy
It for each Continuance. Blank Inf-
^From the New-York GAZETTE.
leaden always cxpcA to be entertained with the
Mbeft adricet from England, the lace arrivals of
ai vedels fi^m thence, hav^ taxi wt tt««dcf a necefficy
^ ‘'filf deferring the publication of Icverai pieces, fome of
of coofiderabie length, on the right* and op
f the Colonics, th>* delay has occahoued the
leticr froiB the author of oi.e of uiem.
To the PRINTER.
[OUR dcUy in publiihing the piece I lint, is
occaiion'd, you fay, by want uf room—— I
would jntt hint to you. that at the fame time
yoa niake this apology, many articles of no
great importante appear m your papers;
the fubjed of my piece is a natter of the utmoft
tacc lu every man :a the Englifh dominions, more
ly in Amenca. Vt'ben the power which Ihculd na-
lly proted and defend as, is employed to opprcls us in
deareft rights. a*r deprive ns of that liberty which
litation of fo’v !*>'! entitles us to, which God has
tiahliAicd in the s'l t ina.t ut our r.ctures, and made our
iadei'cafble right of inhcntar..c. which uis our duty locttcem
aaiMe than lifcideif When tbefc rights are invaded,
wi'.x.ai ai)v other realoo than the arbitrary witi of the power
that coes It, which our picfent weaknefs mukt us utiahle to
reiidi —at fuch a time, fhould we bear our wrongs in fi-
le*ice f Ihottid we fuffex the cruel violation without complain-^
iag. and remoii:i^uag, and ubr.g every efFor: to awaken
the latent prio«^*. '*• of jullice :d companion, in thofc who
kavc the pow'i ^ .nasr haixu. preient, and will one Jay
be •cwooncabls im neif ufe . , Would no: o^r tiieo. c .'.t
acr.oiicud interG*'ility, ur ladi^tn'nce, abr .i
th,*pofle®«»a of one of the moll v aluable gifts oj uod, and
Ibow us to be anworthy to enjoy it » .And would it 10: be a
ws d iba'ac’ul breach of d-jtv to poftentv, n we bv our mdo-
Irme, fufer thofe rights w meh ought to be tranimmcd :o
them iaviclate, as we received them from -yur anesuor;, to
bek4 in puffing thro' car ha.n ^ it fil'i rre with the moll
anxionsconcern, n find—notc.x.ya geuerai indolcn.e for
the prefervatjon of liberty—but a fetiii.i g combination a
•amtf it,—while every tongue and pen, and preis, Ihould
1 sbour in defence of it h^w m.inj do we hnd as indi*fc-
xent as if they had no ccrccrn in the matter; and a» if be-
caafe they are only pafTengtrs, they would not be drowned
feben tSe fhip hnks. as well as thofe that are employed in
i Managing the vciici. H.'w many do we hnd, who, beeaufe
were not born A men. a.. 1. feem to interell thenifelves
.againR it, as if the attacks m.^de upon their rights, did not
wound thole of e^erv .fubjed of Grsjt iiritain, tho’
May not all immediately feel it. How do mod of
: letters from the merchants in London (hovv the writers to
dia ineered of the minillry, and give us region to be
to be employ’d as their inftruments, to fpread in
a fpiritof acquieiTence under the lUvery to w htch
to be ticvoccd: How do they, upon ail occations.
iQfeial, abfard, lalacious arguments of the mim-
•—aoftf alas ! what a refuainc has unmediately
^ce spot the freedom of the prefles! — At iirlt
a few complaints, but mud of them prclently
^ IUmmM fileaoe, and were heard no more—unfefs to caprefs
leading to check the fpint of liberty, and cu..rt
' 4^.ikaimr of its enemies. However, bit, 1 v^ould not let
/.^y caafures fall indifcrimirately,—from fom** orcL^cs—from
/▼ypni't in particular, the laneuage of liberty has hitherto
VJMIke utterance, and I hope rr«av ftil be heard But 1
f fj^pcebentl the feme reafon that ha-, buherto prevented your
^'^uifiling my piece, mav ftill prrv. nt it, onleis u be bv
, ^ecc tneai, in fuch a menner iha: the conaccbon and force
, of my reafonmg will be Inif to the reader. 1 have (hef. fc'c
CMclodcd to desill from my f.ri't de^iign cf puhliihing my
fMtiments at large in your paper, hut perh-ps I tr.ay f.c;e-
t dFtvr let them ap}>ear in a pamphlet, where i lital! have mcr'
room to explain my ftl.v Mean wM.e, to prevent the m f
takes of weak people, and oi thoie who will noi be a^ much
THE
(Numb. 45.)
Gazette;
Weekly Poft-Boy.
fCiinti'^ns for thi; Paper ere takri in at if
derate Length, inicrtcd at 4s r'f> -J
trurrents of all Sorts acne bv laid Struait.
pains to think for thtml'clves, 1 fhall in as few words as p^f-
sible, give the fobfia.n'.e of fcire pans of the .vrgumeri 1 had
drawn up more at Urge agamd tiic minilterial pretences of
taxirg the colonies, Ac.
I obf(. ed that k wasadir.itted in parliament, even '^y th^
greatefi ' ^tnics to the colonies, tha? they had m the ful'eil
fenfe. a * to be taxed oniv by their own content, given
by their rnprefentatives. E-it :» wes faid by theft gentlemen,
that the rolonjts were virtually repieienicd by ,hc Engbih
parliament——Here let the reader note well, 1 hat the mi-
nifter grounds his pretence ol the patli?’"..cni’s right to tax
the coUaiict eniuely upon thi*, th .r xHtr west via.
TUAi.LV sr>sivEKiTfn IN PAELiAMENT ; If therefore he
fails in tbe proof of their being 10" re prefer ted, he muft, by
his own argument, give up the point, and allow that :he
paxliament has no maiioer of right to tax the columcs
Now, in order to prove this pa/adox. (upon whA.*! the
whole weight of his argument depeiids; *' 'I hat ihc co!oni s
are TirtuaUy repreienied in the F.nglill, parliament, it is laid,
that they are in the very lame situanon as me inhabit.'tnts ol
Leeds, Halifax, Birmingham, Manchei'er, ?nd frvcral other
corporate towns, fnme of iher' much more t rr.sidetable t’lan
any in the colonits Also, ct the talblndia company. ;hc
bedy ff the London iiierch..r.ts, the proprie'ors uf the pub-
IK funds, and of a'l the monied intcrelf; of all perfri.s un
der age, and of women : iikewise, of ail copy hold, and
leale-nold efiates, ur.cer the c.'own, the church, or private
perfert, and all landed property whatl'ocver, c'v.ep: free
hold ; The right of eltaing, he fays, being ann'*xed to cer
tain fyeciesof property, pecul;.ir franchifei, arid habitu.cy
in partieular places.; which Jiferiptiens do not cnmpr hend
ary r/^’he places cf pci feus before-r.it-ttioned, noi rtbove
one tent'i part of the pei''pk m hnglanu, any more ti ar. they
do -he colonics; and yet that all tnoie placet and perfors,
together with the foionies, are virtually icprefcntcj in par*
’’.iC’cnt, whc.e the electors ire to be consider'd by the mem-
ixrs chofen, only as th-. mc.'ws appointed by law for their
*dniiiiion into the icgidativc body ot the nation, the objedl
oi whofe attention fhould be the mtereft of the whole, w th-
out ,.ny partial regard ti the particular perfons by v’ho.-n
they were thofen.”—This is the lum of the :"y .m-r • !>
fhow that the colonics aie reprereuted in parliu.nent ; ard I
obferved, that if on examination it appears that the fore
going ctfes in England, which are cited to juilj'y thr tav-
ation in America, arc no way Mruilar to i;, nor any tniiiT
ala'll to the purpoic ; h-u that l.'i-h an encroachment upon
private property is entirely unpictedented by any similar
Uiation in England, is indcfcnsibie by the pnncinks of the
Engliih conllitution, and abfolutcly me nj-uent with it
then the neceiiar) conicquence is, that the taxation is uiLi-
trary and tyrannical, and what the parliarr.cnr m England
have no right to impofr.
I obferved that the fundamental principle of the Englifh
laws and confiitution, is reason, and aa.'ural k' t,
which is always, in apparent cafes, to con roul ile rr-o,*
and miilakes tiut human frailty or i.nadvertcncv may oc. u-:on
in the ads of the legiflatcrr ; who, tho' ihcy toa.e a p«wer^
to make laws, have no power o.*^ execution— Is ^
that (lamps the principal—the inrlb.maLic vaiu ■ upon the
Engliihconfbtution, and makt^ ir worth deftrd.ng v,;th
our deareft blood. It has within itfcli a pr)r.^i['c uf icif-
preiervation, and corredion, anc improvcmtn..
i obfcrve that the Engliih !.:w«. nptv.ai’y w.icre our
.rights and libcrtici are more iir.r.cdiatc'y unr:crr.eo. .nrril-
ways to be undcr'.focd in a icnfe vor.jiilent rtun t'c pru.ci
pies and fpirit of the contlu'jiioK, ^Cijrd.n^ .0 rr-*,..')
common fenfe-^il.at our adherence the bnglifl. cci.tbf
tion, and obcdicr.ee to lU Las ai.u g'-vernment is on atcoun*
of it.- real cxceliency, and t.ie -.;va't.;£Cs wc aCtur'-.v cnio)
under It. it is not the meer r..inir of hngi.ih kigi.r. auJ
Property, that can fatisfy us. dut it is an a^fua' cie and
enjoyment pf the Real:ry, ihatuculaim a. c^r inh r.u 'cr,
and would defend with our lives.
Vi hen the miriidcr tells us, “ :hat ur hav e a right ro b*
•• (axadooljf b/ pux ownconent,” arc we y'ik..;Lr.'
    

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