North Carolina Newspapers

    - -V. .
est:.; li:i;i;d hi i::.-
Oldest North C&ruL.a N'w. .per
West of Atevl!!a
DEDICATED TO MACON
County and the Welfare
of its- Good People
I!
PROGRESSIVE,
LIBERAL
INDEPENDENT
?i i J '
' 1
2
v " pcdi
VOL. XLVII. NO. 7
urges sons
0? L1SM0SZA
M.
Fred S. Sloan Points out
Advantages of New '
Legupie
ENRICHESTHE .SOIL
Improves Pastures and
Yields Good Crop
Of Hay
BY FRED S. SLOAN t
(Macon County Farm Demon stra
tion Agent)
The use of lespedeza by Macon
county farmers as a soil improver,
pasture legume and' for hay has in
creased rapidly for the last three
years. The real value of lespedeza
as a legume for this county has
not yet been realized, for it has
been grown by so few farmers for
so few years; but from observa
tions both in other "counties and
locally the prospects are that it
will be', the leading legume in the
near future. '
.,' . Improves Soil ;
For, soil improvement Icr Jedeza
works into our system of. cropping
as well t or better than any other
legume. Its soil building qualities
are betterthan many of the other
legumes fer it grows thick and
-yields a heavy growth to be -turned
under. ' Each plant has nodules on
the roots which' put nitrogen into
ine sou, just 3 cowpeas, rea cio
ver, soybeans" and other legumes,
and by-growing so thick there are
more plants dqjng the same job.
It will grow on soil too poor to
produce other crops and will stand
as much dry weather as any other
crop we grow. It grows well on
both upland and bottom land,; mak
ing the ..best growths, where the
land is fertile, but will make a
fair growth on land too poor to
grow good corn or small grain.
Increase Corn- Output '
George Dowdle obtained a"h in
crease of 44 1-4 bushels of corn per
ere by turning under one crop of
lespedeza on land which was sowed
in oats the year before. The gen
eral practice is to sow if in some
"".small grain crop such as wheat,
rye or oats from the first of Feb
ruary until the last of March, us
ing 25 pounds' (one' bushel) per
acre and covering the seed very
lightly with a brush or drag haf
row. By using it in this way we
can eliminate, a part of our farm
work in June when we " cut our
small grains, and then prepare' the
stubble fields by cither plowing or
discing to sow cowpeas or soybeans. !
This is one important factor for at
that time of the year we are very
busy and many times the land is
either too wet or tea dry to pre
pare. About October we " have a
good legume to turn under for soil
improvement, to cut or hay, or to
save our crop of seed for next year,
instead of the usual crop of rag
weeds.
At A Hey Crop ;.
the feeding value of lespedeza
hay as compared with soybeans, ac
cording to , analysis, is that les
pedeza is the best, as it contains
nc and one-half more pounds of
protein per hundred pounds of hay
than soybeans. It is easy to cut
and to handle for the small stems
and leaves will cure out with very
little sunshine. It cures bright and
at the present time some farmers
are feeding it to their poultry as
a green . feed. This year E. V.
Ammons cut part of his lespedeza
crop for hay and reported a yield
of a little more than two tons of
cured hay per acre. George Dowdle
also said his yielded two tons per
acre. Mr. Dowdle and John Fer
guson both reported that they got
an increase in milk production
when they changed? froi'n soybean
to lespedeza hay and that the live
stock would eat every particle of
'..it: . ' A-,' ;"
As a Pasture Plant
' All pasture specialists recommend
' that every pasture have some les
pedeza in it. They also say that
it should have some of the common
and some of the Korean variety,
because the Korean comes earlier
in the 'summer and thf common
, lasts longer in the fall. The farm
ers in the county who have tried
it in their pastures say that they
want to sow ' some on - all. of the
land they 5re pasturing. Bartlett
Bennett, Car Slatfc,- C. W. Hen
derson, Gilmer . Crawford, .George
- Dowdle, W. R. Higdon, Jake Deal
nd others found that on new pas
ture it was one of their most im
portant plants, for it affords a lot
cf- pasturing the first year and on
(Ct&ttatU in rkgi f:-fj ,
: NEWS SUMMARY
A Survey of State and National Events Concisely
Told in Brief Up-to-Date J
News Reports " '
STATE NEWS
Judge Harwood Arretted . '
Judge John H. Harwood, of
Bryaon City, waived preliminary. ,
hearing at Raleigh Tuesday on
charges of tampering with rec
ord t of the . ttate in connection
with civil and criminal actions
againtt hit daughter, Mitt Lola
Harwood. Judge Harwood was
placed under $1,000 bond. Trial
of the criminal . case againtt
Mitt Harwood wat ttarted in
Wake tuperior court t Raleigh
Wednesday morning. She wat
alleged to be short about $4,828
, in hear accounts at clerk in
' the revenue department. Trial
of Judge Harwood, who wat
'suspended as special member
of the tuperior court bench latt
week, it expected to start next
" Veek. " ,. . .
Sayt Wat Hired for Arson
Admitting he set fire to a Bear
Poplar store in Rowan county,
Maurice Carr, negro, was given
seven to .12 years in prison on
Monday, On his statement he was
hired to commit the, arson by J. C.
Carriker; Arrest of Carriker was
ordered. " '
Bank Cashier Arretted
' J.. B. Storey, cathptr of the
doted Cherokee Bank of Mur.
phy, wat placed in the CheYo
kee county jail latt Friday in
default of $5,000 bond on charg
et of embezzlement and making
" falae entriet. Storey wat arrest
ed, at hit home in . Jefferton,
: Ga on a warrant twora out by
C. F. GiuTiiquidating agent of
th Cherokee bank, who said
: that between $10,000 and $15,
000 of the bank't fundi were
missing. Storey waived prelim-'
inary hearing.
Dump Big Liquor Cargo
A truck and trailer, bearing
Michigan license plates, left the
road at Dunn, Monday -morning,
trying tb round a curve too fast.
Two men escaped in a trailing car,
Officers dumped out '2,000 gallons
of ..bonded whisky.
t, $30,000,000 Lota in Tobacco
Tobacco farmert in North
Carolina got -30,000,000 lett for
the latt. crop than the preced
ing one, the ttate reporting ser
vice tayt with 458,129,286 poundt
told, at $8.93 per hundred for
$40,910,935. The previout crop
average wat $13.14.
Postmaster Surrenders
a .
Charles E. Boone, 26, sought
since January 24, for alleged spec
ulatton from the Black Mountain
tiostoffice, gave-up to federal of
ficers last week at Asheville and
made bond of $4,000 pending trial
Held for 1903 Murder
Mitchell county is sending to
Columbia, Mo., for George Pres-
nell, wanted at Bakersville since
1903 for the murder of Lewis
Buchanan.
Churches Observe World
Day of Prayer for Peace
The women of Franklin observed
the World Day. of Prayer on Feb
ruary 12 with a service in St.
Agnes Episcopal church attended
by women of all the churches in
town.
The meeting was led by Mrs. N.
C. Duncan, who conducted devo
tional exercises. - Mrs. O. P. Ader
and Mrs. , Eugene R. Eller were
the speakers. - Mrs. Ader spoke
on -the value ot prayer in remedy-
irg the conditions of the world
todav. Mrs. Eller outlined the ex
isting conditions of the world and
suggested measures for bringing
peace to torn and distracted
world. Both speakers stressed the
need of: understanding between na
tioiis and international cooperation
toward peace. In the creation of
understanding prayer is a valuable
and effective factor;
Mrs. Callaltari made 'the closing
prayer. . . . ;
A similar service was conducted
at the church of the Incarnation at
Highlands, by the Rectof, thi Rev.
ft C Dufidn, Miiittd by tfct Rtv.
NATIONAL NEWS
' Cardozo Supreme Judge
. Nathan Cardozo, 61, Dem
ocrat, chiefs. justice of the tt:
Y. court of appealf, wat named
by Pretident Hoover, Monday,
to the Supreme court teat va
cated by Oliver Wendell Holm
et. The appointment wat giv
en wide approval. ,"'
Hindenburg To Run Again .
Pail von Hindenburg, war "lead
er and president of the Gerrnan
republic for eight years, wiH 'rflii
for another term, he announced
Monday.
Irish Election Killing t
On eve of a general election, two
government, speakers werfe killed at
Foxhill, Ireland, Monday, amt-an-
other was fired on from ambush-
13 Theater Managers Held
Their Sunday charity shows not
interrupted, 13 theater manager's
were arrested in .Atlanta, Sunday,
for blue' law violations, ' vl
Approve ureaii diii
House and tenat banking
committSM on Friday, approved
the tneature permitting reterve
bankt to ditcount certain paper
hitherto noeligible and to free
$750,000,000 in gold for Currency
ittue. The bills it expected to
release $10,000,000,000 in .dew
credit .
Cripple Huge Rum Ring
A huge rum ring formed by Ca-
pone gangsters to run Canadian
liquor in through gijjf ports, was
crippled Friday wthJ4 arrests at
New Orleans. """"
Kentucky Reign of . Terror
A reign of terror in the Ken
tuckv coaT fields wis described to
U. S. senators on Friday by Laldo
Frank, New York writer, and Al
len Taub, lawyer, who claim they
weW-beaten ' and run out of Pine
ville, Ky., wheff they went there
to distribute food to striking nun
ers.
Ford Gives Auto Plan
Determined Ao "get pricea of
automobile down to where the
public can buy them," Henry.
Ford hat announced 'new four
and eight cylmdermodelt to
Jailed for Maatlaughter
For Aie automobile slaying of
Frank Ruff, prison sentence of
five to seven years was given'Tom
Cope, 45, at Waynesville, Feb
ruary 11.
Roosevelt FighttBack I
Franklin D. Rootevelt, New
York governor leading Jfh the
pre-conventioft fight fqr Demo
cratic pretidential nomination,
on Saturday fought back
- againtt Jouett Shoute, national
party tecretary, who had atkad
for uninttructedj delegated to
the national convention. Roote
veltaaid rank and file of party
ahould expreta preference for a
, candidate.
Mr. Potts, pastor of the Baptist
church, who led .with the opening
prayer. Mr. Duncan spoke of the
world conditions existing today,
and of the need of a new sense of
values as a basis for our rebuild
ing the world. . In a meditation on
the narable of the prodigal son he
pointed out that the worlds like the
prodigal son, had gone out with a
material sense of values, , and that
the structure built theredn had
crumbled. Now that we are com
ing to- ourselves we are realizing
the need spiritual sense of
values, yfewwe are turning to
God. Hwlso .poinfediut the fact
that wcsowd not carry Christ to
other countries until we: had 'let
Him " jnto our own life, and our
own affairs, and- called the eon
grcgatiori to penitence for our own
shortcomings. Prayers were 1 of
fered . for vou-ountry, : for China,
for all missionaries, and that peace
might come to the world.
The pastors.of the Methodist and
Baptist churches were present, and
members from all the churches in
y FRANXLIN, N. C, THURSDAY, FEB.
Ml EIPERTS
C0nlGS01
Poultry and Livestock
Specialists Slated
To Speak '
G F. Parrish, poultry extension
specialist will be in Macon -county
Friday, Feb. 19, anwill attend
Organized Farm Program meetings
cm that date at Union at 10 a. m.
and Otto , at 2 p. mi to assist
in working out poullry problems
F. S. Sloan, county agent, advises
that Mr. Parrish will conduct prac
tical culling demonstrations at both
of the meetings; showing the scien
tific method of culling flocks for
greatest profit. If is expected that
a large number of farmers and
Ltheir wives will attend these meet
ings to avail themselves of the val
uable information Mr. Parrish will
have on .the subject of pou'try
raising and flock contrql.
Dairy Expert to Attend
Meetings to be held next week
in the following communities will
be attended by F. R. Earnham,
dairy extension specialist, who will
assist in putting into operation the
Macon county Organized Farm
Program. ' Organization meetings
were held in these communities two
weeks ago under the direction of
the county agent . and interest in
the movement has gained consider
ably in the meantime. At the or;
ganization meetings the attention
of those attending was centered
on the farm program as a whole
and as applied in general to com
munities, whereas, at the meetings
to follow, it will be possible to
take up individual problems and ap
ply the principles of the program
to specific cases.
Schedule of Meetings
The schedule of meetings for next
week follows
.Gneiss, Wednesday Feb. 24,. 10
a. m.
Holly SpringsTWednesday, Feb.
24, 2 p. m. -
Cowee, Thursday, Feb. 25, 10 a.
m.
Higdonville, Thursday, Feb. 25
2 p. m.
"Cartoogechayc, Friday, Feb. 26,
10 a. m.
Iotla, Friday, Feb. 26, 2 p. m.
Organization meetings were held
Wednesday and Thursday of last
week at Cartoogechaye, Iotla and
Bethel and the following commit
tees elected: .
. Cartoogechaye
Laddie Crawford,' chairman, Mrs.
Henry Slagle, co-chairman, Jeff
Enloe, Jr., secretary.
Iotla
Lawrence Ramsey, chairman, Mrs.
Bartlett Bennet, co-chairman, Mrs.
Wade Moody, secretary.
Bethel
Robert Fulton, chairman, 'Mrs
. w""'", .uiis.i
Pritchard Peek, co-chairman, Leon -
ard Home, secretary.
E. K. Cunningham Co.
, Store Is Redecorated
E. K, . Cunningham & Company,
have started their spring, clean-up
early thi year.. Already they are
having their store on West Main
street remodeled and redecorated
in preparation for spring business.
The walls of the interior have been
painted in cream-white with sten
ciled decorations in blue. Other
improvements also are being made.
Falling Timber Breaks
Highway Worker's Back
Clyde Kearnes, 26, Salisbury, an
employe of 1 the State Highway
commission, suffered a broken back
when a heavy timber fell from a
rock bin about 10 o clock Tuesday
morning. The accident occurred
on highway No. 28 near Rainbow
Springs. Kearnes was brought to
Angel Brothers' hospital, where it
was reported his condition was se
rious.
Mrs. J. C. Umberger Wins
Newspaper Contest Prize
Mrs. J. C. Umberger, of Frank
lin, Route 2, was among the prize
winners in the featuVe popularity
contest in the Asjjeyille Citizen last
week. The articlerwas on Dorothy
Dix, which was published in the
February 16 issue of the Citizen.
LICENSED TO MARRY
A license to marry , was recently
issued here for Elmer Medford and
Miss Beatrice Byrd,, both from
Bryson City. Miss Byrd is the
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Dock
Byrd, formerly of Oak Grove, Ma
eon county,
18. 1932
Every State, City and f ownCTo
Participate In Nine Months
Bicentennial Celebration
These points should be eniphasiz
ed'with . respect to the Celebration
of the Two Hundredth Anniversary
of the Birth of George Washington
this year: .
1-It is sponsored by the United
States government: Congress creat
ed the United States George Wash
ington Bicentennial Commission
and the president of the United
States is its chairman,
2 -It will not be "a world's fair
or exposition, and it will not be
held in any one place.
3 It will be a nation-wide, even
a-world-wide series of celebrations
in which every state, city and
town every organization and in
stitution, every home and individ
ualin this country, together with
Americans and others in , many
foreign countries, will participate.
Every community is expected to
plan and carry out its own pro
gTam of events, in cooperation with
the United States Commission and
the State Commissions.
4 It will last from Washington's
Birthday, February 22, 1932, to
Thanksgiving Day, November 24,
1932, with special local and nation
al celebrations everywhere on all
holidays, anniversaries or other
days, which can be connected with
the life of George Washington.
5 -While the ceremonies on Feb
ruary 22 should be especially elab
orate and impressive, as marking
the actual Two Hundredth Anni
versary of George Washington's
Washington Bicentennial
Celebration Openq Feb. 22
WOODMEN HOLD
SOCIALMEET
Talk on " Witches and
Superstitions" Made
By T. T. Love
Wayah Camp No. 889, Woodmen
of the yofld, met ' for the bi
monthly meeting on Monday night.
This was a social meeting night
and a large crowd attended. Due
to the rain, which had been falling
steadily for two days and a night,
several of the musicians and speak
ers were not present.
After the opening with a Bible
reading and prayer, T. T. Love
made a most interesting talk upon
"Witches and Superstitions." He
turned back the pages of history to
the early days of China and Egypt,
then he covered the witeftcraft field
through the early days, of France
. , . .1... . ,.
1 "u . i-"'a,'u' b . y'
Several games were played, great
ly enjoyed by all.
In "Buried Alive," John W. Ed'
wards read sketches from Poe's
"The Premature Burial ;" Al Jen
nings' "Through The Shadows With
O. Henry" was quoted, with Big
Joe being sent to the dead house,
while still alive. He told of sever-
al instances within the state of men
and women being buried alive a
creepy sensation, but maybe part of
the facts are true.
After eating many cakes, the
gathering sang several of the
Woodmen Songs; following them
with some of the old favorites,
"God Be With You," etc.
The next social meeting of Way
ah camp will be held on March
14. At this ' meeting the wives of
the members of Wayah camp are
to-present the program.
S. H, Lyle, jr., has removed hjs
office from the Bank of Franklin
building to the Higgins building
across Main street.
2 Suffer Knife Wounds
In Main
Harry Shepherd suffered serious
knife wounds about the . face and
neck, Charlie Crawford received a
gash in his back and George El
liott's clothing was almost cut in
shreds but he escaped serious in
jury in a fraca's on East Main
street abotit 8 o'clock Monday
night
Shepherd was taken to Angel
Brothers' hospital, where it was
found that he had Numerous
wounds about his headjr His cheeks
were cut through, k necessitating a
number of stitches, and a cash on
hit neck came dangerously clot to
Birth, arrangements also should
be. made for public gatherings, pag
eants, plays, prolcssions, musical
festivals, tableaux and other events
at various times during the entire
period of more than nine months.
Every program should relate to
the great life apd work of the
First President and Founder of
the Republic. On Memorial Day,
Independence Day, Labor Day,
Thanksgiving JaTtrtd- other na
tional anft local holiday or anni
versaries .there should be special
programs, but the celebrations
should not be confined to these
days.
6 It will take time to prepare
the local programs and arrartge
for flie local celebrations, ithe
United States Commission urgW
mayors and other officials of every"
city and town in the country to
appoint George Washington Bicen
tennial Commissions or Committees
in order to prepare for the events
of the Bicentennial Year.
7 All organizations and institu
tions of whatever character civic,
business, lsor, educational, re
ligious, fratrnal, literary, social
and others ate urged to plan, for
a "George Washington Year" in
1932..
8 The United States George
Washington Bicentennial Commis
sion, Washington Building, Wash
ington, D. C, will send suggestions
for local programs to any com
mittee, organization or group that
will write for them.
Whole Nation To Observe
Fete; Hoover To
; Broadcast
The official opening of the nation-wide
George Washington Bi
centennial Celebration will take
place February 22 at noon, Eastern
Standard Time, wh4n President
Hoover will deliver his . George
Washington address before a joint
meeting of Congress. Members of
the United States Supreme Court,
the Cabinet,, foreign diplomates and
many other distinguished visitors
will also be present. Radio will
carry the address to every corner
of America over a nation wide
hook-up.
Immediately after the address,
the President will give the signal
for the singing of "America" by a
combined chorus of 10,000 singers
assembled on the east stepsf the
bCapitol. The entire nationSlisten-
fmg at its radios, is expected to
join in this singing. The accom
paniment will be played by the
hnited States Army, Navy "and Ma
rine' bands directed by John Philip
Sousa. jWaltcr Damrosch will di
red thlr singing.
In tlfe aternoon, President Hoov
er, aofompanied by members of. the
United States George Washington
Bi5ntennial Commission and the
strict of Columbia Bicentennial
kCommission will lay a wreath on
the tomb of the Father of his
Country.
Even before "tkeof ficial opening
of the Celebration however, the
churches . of Miatwm f ill par
ticipate in an "ariofficiaPSflaugnral
of the event in religious services to
be held iif honor of George Wash
ington. These services will com
mence on Friday evening, Feb. 19,
with those groups whose Sabbath
begins at sundown on the. sixth
day of the week. Other groups ob
serving the Sabbath on Saturday
and Sunday will also hold devotion
al services,, so it is probable that
nearly all of the 232,000 churches
in the coun.try will thus honor the
memory of George Washington.
Street Brawl
his jugular vein,
Police Chief. R. F. Henry, Jr.,
placed Shepherd and Elliott under
bond, $300 for the former and
$200 for -the latter, pending a hear
ing before Mayor George Patton
at 10 6 clock Saturday morning
Crawford was not arrested. The
wound in his back required several
stitches but it was not regarded as
ser,ious and did not incapacitate
hurt.
Chief Henry s,aid Shepherd was
under the influence of whiskev.
This was the second serious cut
(Contlnutd n yftft four)
$1.50 PER YEAR .
FARM RELIEF
PliN OUTM
R. W. Henninger Explains
How Crop Loans Will
Be Made
VISITS FRANKLIN
Local Committee To Pass
On Applications
For Loans '
A couniy committee to handle
applications for crop loans under
the federal government's $50,000,000
farm relief fund is expected to
be established in the near future.
How the futteh will be operated
ajfU how applications for yioans
be filed were explained to a
group of Franklin business men
Wednesday afternoon by R. W.
Henninger, secretary of Governor
Gardner's Council on Unemploy
ment Relief.
Tours Western Counties
Mr. Henninger was brought to
Franklin from Murphy by Sheriff
A. B.. Slagle. The unemployment
relief official has been touring
western counties investigating con-
di.ions. He was' informed here
that most of the people in this -section
have sufficient food for
their needs but that the farmers
are faced with a serious lack of
capital to finance this year's crops.
The $50,000,000 farm raief fund,
Mr. Henninger explained, will be
handled somewhat similarly to the
old federal farm loans, except that
loans made under the new fund will
be on a short term basis with crop
liens, instead of mortgages on the
land, as security.
The Local - Committee
All applications for loans first
must be passed upon by a local
committee. Members of this com
mittee, he said, were to be ap
pointed by the county farm dem-
onstration agent, subject to the ap
proval of agricultural extension ser
vice authorities at Raleigh.
Loans sufficient only to finance
crop plantings and production will
be made, Mr. Henninger said, and
no loan applications will be accept
ed unless the applicant is a bona
fide, farmer; that is, unless he
made a crop last year. He also
stated that each farmer to whom
a loan JsAnade would be required
to show evidence that he is "farm
ing tox live at home, growing
enough food crops for homeN
sumption.
The farm relief fund will be
pork barrel, Mr. 4ienninger warn
ed, declaring that local business
men should see to it that the com
mittee selected to pass on applica
tions is composed of unbiased busi
ness men rather than politicians.
As to the general business, in
dustrial and agricultural outlook,
Mr. Henninger said improvement
would be slqw. As 80 per cent of
North. Carolina's income is depen
dent on agriculture, he added, no
permanent relief can be brought
about until the farmers of the statej
have been put on a sound finan
cial basis.
Suits To Collect
Park Pledges Heard
The , Stat Park CommUaion
won a partial victory at a hear
ing before Magistrate George
Carpenter Tueaday afternoon of
a acore of suit a to collect pledgee
of money for the Great Smoky
Moaintaina park project. The
pledges ranged from $25 to $150
$1,700 in total and were to be
paid in four equal installments.
Magistrate Carpenter ruled the
statute of limitations protected
the defendants on the first three
installments, but gave judgment
to the Park Commission for the
last installments. Only ope date
was actually, heard, that of the
Park Commission vs. Henry G.
Robertson, and judgments were
rendered in the other case ac
cordingly. The state is expect
ed to carry the cases before the
superior court on an appeal.
A much larger sum of money
is involved in suits scheduled to
be tried t the spring' term of
the United States district court
at Raleigh. Only -cases involv
ing less than $200 were heard by
Magistrate Carpenter; suits to
collect arreareagea on pledges
of more' than $200 were filed in
the federal court A number of
Macon county resident! are
mong the defendants named.
f
    

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