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Oct. 31, 1935, edition 1 /
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THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACON IAN
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1935
by A. B. Chapin
Published every Thursday by The Franklin Press
At Franklin, North Carolina
Telephone No. 24
VOL. L Number 44
BLACKBURN W. JOHNSON EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
Entered at the Post Office, Franklin, N. C, as second Class matter
One Year $1-50
Six Months 75
Eight Months $100
Single Copy , &
Obituary notices, cards of thanks, tributes of respect, by individuals,
lodges, churches, organizations or societies, will be regarded as adver
tising and inserted at regular classified advertising rates. Such notices
will be marked "adv." in compliance with the postal regulations.
A Conviction Nailed Down
'THERE may be some folks who still believe
Bruno Hauptmann is not guilty of the kidnap
ping and killing of the Lindbergh baby, even though
the High Court of Appeals of New jersey has af
firmed his conviction. Apparently in the hope that
the orderly processes of law can be stayed in their
course, a great effort has been made and still per
sists to create doubt. .
One can hardly blame a man under sentence of
death for resorting to any means to save his neck'.
But if there still were any reasonable doubt of
Hauptmann's guilt, the last vestige of that doubt
seems to have been removed by the disclosure that
even the very nails with which the kidnap ladder
was put together came from the identical keg of
nails he bought to build his own garage.
The tracing of the wood from which the ladder
was made, to the floorboards of Hauptmann's at
tic, was a most remarkable feat of scientific detec
tion. Now it appears that this was matched by
painstaking work of another scientific investigator,
who found that all the 45 nails in the ladder match
ed in every detail the unused nails in a keg m the'
Hauptmann garage, but also some 275 rtails Which
had been Used in building the garage, even, to minor
There would seem to be no way for a criminal
to escape detection, if sufficient skill aftd "patience
is devoted to his pursuit. Human beings may give
false evidence, intentionally or by inadvertence, but
boards and nails, tool-marks and fingerprints; tell
nothing but the truth. They cannot lie. Selected.
IT IS gratifying to learn from the National Board
on Geographic Names that the right way to pro
nounce the name of Addis Ababa, the capital of
Ethiopia, is as if it were spelled "Ahdis Awawa,"
with the accent on the first syllable of each word.
That goes to show how little most of us know
or care about the right way to pronounce the
names of foreign places. Practically every Ameri
can pronounces "Paris" the way it is spelled, in
stead of calling it "Paree," as the French do. Any
body talking about "Mathreeth" would be regarded
in these parts as a sissy, but that's how Spaniards
pronounce the name of their capital city, Madrid.
As far as that goes, most of us are as careless with
Italian names as we are with those of Ethiopia.
If we've got to say "Ahdis Awawa," why aren't we
under equal compulsion to say "Roma," "Napoli,"
"Firenze" and "Genpva" instead of our slipshod
American way of pronouncing Rome, Naples, Flor
ence and Genoa the way we spell them?
Most of us, anyhow, feel like pronouncing this
whole Italian-Ethiopian war a mistake. Selected.
'6 Caleb Johnson
XV. FINAL: THE CONSTITUTION, TO DATE
The recent Supreme Court de
cisions that the National Recovery
Act was unconstitutional set in mo
tion a nation-wide discussion of the
situation' which made this series of
"The Story of the Constitution," a
most timely subject.
The Supreme Court's decision
was, in effect, based upon the
fundamental principle that the Fed
eral Government is one of delegat
ed powers. ,
Under the Constitution, all pow
er rests in the Congress, which re
ceives its authority from the peo
ple and the States. The Executive
power is to see to the enforcement
of the Acts of Congress. The
power of the Judiciary is that of
I determining whether or not the
I Congress has, in any given ease,
' sought to exercise power which has
not been delegated to it.
In the NRA case the Supreme
Court held that Congress had re
ceived no power from the people
to delegate any part of its law
making function to the President;
that the States x had granted the
Congress no power to regulate
commerce or industry except as
they are in the stream of inter
I Within the limits of its delegat
ed authority, Congress has' usually'
been upheld in its efforts to legis
late within the. nepds of an ex
panding national economy. The
Supiroe Court is expected" to take
a realistic ; view f current condi
tions and recognize the necessities
of the times when this could be
done without infringing upon the
powers reserved to the' States or
the people, under the Tenth
Aniepdment, By this process, the
Constitution has operated ' for 148
The flexibility of the Constitu
tion to meet new conditions has
been testified to by generations of
statesmen. In the few instances,
during recent years, when the con
sidered will of the people could
not be executed under the powers
already granted to the Congress,
amendment has proved to be a
simple and speedy process, once
public sentiment has become crys
tallized. The 20th Amendment is an apt
illustration. This Amendment
changed the terms of office of the
President and Vice-President and
of all Senators and Representatives.
Under the 12th Amendment all of
these took office on the Fourth of
March following their election. But
Congress was required, under Ar
ticle 1, Section 4, to meet annually
on the first Monday in December.
That resulted in what came to be
known as "lame duck" Congresses,
many of whose members, although
defeated at the November election,
held office until the following
In March, 1932, Congress sub
mitted to the States an amend
ment making the terms of Senators
and Representatives begin on Jan
uary 3rd, and those of the Presi
dent and Vice-President on Jan
uary 20th. The annual meeting
date of the Congress was changed
to January 3. In less than one
year, 39 States had ratified this
20th Amendment, which was pro
claimed as a part of the Constitu
tion on February 6, 1933.
It took even a shorter time to
establish the 21st Amendment, re
pealing the 18th or Prohibition
Amendment. This was submitted
to the States m February, 1933, by
the present administration, and be
came a part of the Constitution on
December 5, 1933.
Both of these amendments had
an overwhelming weight of public
opinion behind them. Such has
proved the rule; than in like man
ner, when a proposal to change
the Federal Government structure
has behind it strong, nation-wide
public opinion, then is our Consti
tution usually amended and chang
ed. (The End)
IMPROVEMENTS AT THE
CHAPEL COLORED SCHOOL
To The Franklin Press
May we publish in your valuable
paper a word about the colored
school of Franklin? In asking this
favor, we wish to thank The Press
tor past favors and its friendly at
titude towards the advancement of
our group along all lines.
The colored school opened early
in August with four teachers and
an unusually heavy enrollment.
The average attendance for the
time taught has been much better
than in previous yeaVs. The pupils
are making much better progress
than in the past. In many ways,
the school is being made over.
Professor M. D. Billings, our
splendid superintendent, is sparing
no pains or expense in readjusting
conditions to new and higher stand
ards. Twenty new desks have been
put in, relieving us of the crowded
conditions with which we. were
handicapped during last term. Home
economics has been added to the
work, and Professor Billings has
gone the full length in supplying
equipment for carrying on. In this
department four classes have been
organized, and Mrs. Bculah Mar
tin, an experienced teacher, is giv
ing lessons daily in cooking, sew
ing, and home-making in general.
She is also teaching night classes
three nights in each week, free to
all who wish to attend.
Another new feature is a work
shop for the boys in which they
will be taught -the care and use of
tools., and how to do many useful
things about the home and prem
ises, such as repairs, ordinary con
struction, making tool handles, re
pairing furniture, making porch
furniture and other articles of use
in the home. The shop is about
completed, and the superintendent
has already sent out a liberal sup
ply of brand new tools for starting
the work. The principal has had
much experience in this kind of
work, and will train the boys in
this .new field of endeavor. Pro
fessor Briscoe Barber, aside from
his work in the -classroom, will
train in athletics. He is well qual
ified, having taken fopr, years of
college work in Teachers College,
Durham, N. C. The school is also
fortunate in having the services of
Mrs. Emma Lillian England as pri
mary teacher for the "beginners."
Ntfw, in view of what is being
done by the superintendent and
the faculty to improve the school,
it is but fair that the patrons give
full co-operation by keeping every
child in school regularly and help
ing to furnish supplies to enable
us to carry on successfully. Thus
we are asking and begging that
every patron and friend will visit
the school and fall in line and help
us carry it to the top. It is your
school, maintained by the .state and
county for the benefit of your
children. Let us make the most of
it. We thank you in advance.
R. B. Watts, Principal.
From the Files
TEN YEARS AGO
Special edition given over to the
Boy Scouts, attracting widespread
comment, published by The Frank
Bob Patton bought 15 acres from
Norman Barnard on the Georgia
Read graveled between Franklin
and Bryson City.
A boat landing completed at the
THIRTY YEARS AGO
John S. Trotter put a .new shingle
roof on his .house.
Charley Franks was at Rome,
Ga., with the Western Union.
Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Bulgin and
daughter, Bessie, left for a visit
in Los Angeles.
Xylophone Old Instrument
Xylophones are one of the earl
iest of the percussion musical in
struments known. The name is
taken fr6tfi. a Greek word meaning
sounding wood, and, Josephus in his
"Antiquities," about A. D. 70,
speaks of a festival of xylophony.
They are also known to have ex
isted in Africa at an exceedingly
In the Orient
In the Orient the gin sling is
considered a native drink, concoct
ed of gin, cherry brandy, fresh
limes, soda water and sugar, all
well mixed with a swizzle stick.
Use for Sugars
Sugars of the glucose group can
be used in making vinegar by fer
menting the sugar with yeast, after
which the resulting alcohol can be
converted to vinegar in the pres
ence of ecetic bacteria.
Ten thousand students at a Los
Angeles relief school are paid to
go to school and docked if thejr
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