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0 / 75
THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACON! AN
THURSDAY, FEB. 11, 1M7
Babson Outlines Plan for
Solving Labor Problems
Says Forced Arbitration
Can Only Result in
' BY ROGER W. BABSON
(Copyright, 1937 PublUhert
BABSON PARK, MASS. During
the World War, when. I was di
rector general of information of the
labor administration at Washington,
I was asked to give an address up
on the subfect of "Labor Rela
tions" before a' distinguished audi
ence. I thereupon called on the
secretary of labor asking if he had
any suggestions for my address.
He replied: "Yes, Babson, tell the
audience that someone will be
speaking on the same subject a
the same spot one hundred years
hence." The underlying difficulty
is that labor problems always have
been with us, and always will be,
with us, until all groups become
actuated by the spirit of Jesus.
Watch Labor Legislation
The point I wish to make is that
our labor problems are funda
mental, and cannot be solved by
legislation or any other short cuts.
We see much in the newspapers to
day about having congress enact
legislation requiring compulsory - ar
bitration; but neither side will
long stand for such legislation.
Labor conflicts pass through cycles;
like stock market cycles. For a
few years the employers hold the
whip-hand and over-reach, which
results in labor leaders coming in
to power. Then labor leaders over
reach, which results in the employ
ers returning to power.
Labor leaders are wise enough
now to avoid being handicapped by
compulsory ' arbitration later on
under a Republican administration.
Labor leaders know that on a
straight out and out fight employ
ers have a distinct advantage and
usually win. Generally speaking,
labor's only hope is to. arouse
public opinion to a point where
the Government will interfere. In
other words, labor wins usually
only through government interfer
ence. The modern "sit-down
strikes" may , be absolutely illegal
and -should not be tolerated. Never
theless, these strikes are one more
means of hastening government
"mediation" upon which victory
for the strikers depends.
Collective Barganfrif Coming
President Sloan of General Mo
tors probably made a mistake, for
this same reason, in refusing to
go to Washington at the invitation
of Secretary Perkins on January
27. My sympathies are wholly with
Mr. Sloan as to the "sit-down"
strikers; but "two blacks do not
make a white." No man should re
fuse 'a summons of the president
of the United States or a member
of his cabinet. Most of the large
employers with whom I am ac
quainted privately admit that all
industry in this country will be
generally unionized. They admit
that' wage workers, as well as
stockholders, are entitled to bar
gain collectively. They also admit
that workers are entitled to select
their own unions. ;
Employers also justly ask that
labor unions should be legally held
to carry out their agreements the
same as are the corporations. This
latter, however, will come about
naturally after wage workers be
come generally, organized and rec
ognized. England has been through
the same struggle as that in which
we are now engaged. The recogni
tion, of union laborers was fought
hard and bitterly ; but when finally
accepted there -was no . trouble. As
a result of such recognition of the
unions, the British public demand?
ed that the unions be responsible
and liable in connection with their
Criticizes France PerkinM ,
Perhaps the greatest handicap in
the present situation is the fact
that we have such a cold-blooded
secretary of labor in Washington.
Frances Perkins is a very able
woman. She is conscientious, ex
tremely intelligent, and has given
her life to welfare work. Jn my
humble judgment, however,, she is
handicapped in connection with
conciliation work. She thinks that
industry is ruled by figures when
industry really is ruled by feelings.
If William B. Wilson, who was
secretary of labor during the ter
rific conflicts of the World War
were in charge today, both wage
workers and employers would be
far better off. He and most of the
other secretaries of labor preced
ing Miss Perkins have realized that
labor troubles are largely emotion
al I recall attending scores of labor
conferences where employers and
labor leaders were so bitter that
they would not speak one to an
other. Yet I never knew an in
stance where Secretary Wilson
would jiot unite them in common
agreement. The attorneys and ex
perts representing either employ
ers or wage workers would come
armed with tables of figures and
volumes of facts. These papers they
would lay before Secretary Wilson.
But would he look at them? No.
The secretary knew that men are
reached only through their hearts
and not through their heads.
Secretary Wilson would say to
me: "Babson, every side has some
good points ; let's try to bring them
out. Both sides can agree on a
few facts; let's talk about those
few upon which they are agreed.
Wage workers are not fighting for
more wages . or shorter hours so
much as for recognition. Although
they insist on recognition of their
labor unions, they are primarily in
terested in the recognition of them
selves as individuals." In this con
nection let me add that I never
knew the founder of a business to
have any serious labor trouble. The
difficulty comes when the business
descends to the children or grand
children, or is managed by absen
tee stockholders. This is further
evidence that feelings are a far
more important factor than figures.
There are four important prob
lems involved in the labor strug
gles today. The solution . of these
problems depends upon a greater
recognition of these four facts :
(1) Labor difficulties are largely
emotional and must be solved with
out hurting the feelings or pride of
either side. Unless both groups are
satisfied with the settlement, it is
usually of little avail.
(2) Both wage workers and em
ployers are ultimately dependent on
increasing production. Only as
more is produced, is there more to
divide. Unless production is in
creased, increased wages result only
in increased prices. v
(3) Compulsory arbitration is not
the solution of the problem, but re
sults in merely favoring the side
which is temporarily in political
power. The solution of labor dif
ficulties comes only gradually
through conciliation and mediation.
Laws are of little avail.
(4) Wage workers are entitled
to collective bargaining and some
form of insurance and securitity to
the extent that it can be given. In
the last analysis, however, the only
security, either for employers or
wage workers, comes from industry,
justice, and courage. Civilization
has developed through struggle.
When struggle ceases, civilization
'Ramona' Scheduled for
Monday and Tuesday
"Ramona,". photographed in na
tural color, starring Don Ameche
and Loretta Young in Indian roles,
is scheduled for showings at the
Macon Theatre Monday and Tues
day of next week.
For Wednesday only, "The Gen
eral Died at Dawn" is scheduled.,
Gary Cooper, in the role of a spe
cial investigator, is sent to China
to see how ammunition is being
smuggled and is caught by a spy,
Madeline Carroll. Turned over to
smugglers, .plenty of action ensues.
Paramdunt's latest musical hit,
"College Holiday," is slated for
Thursday - and - Friday.; -
Macon Printing Company
Moves to Spindale '
J. J. Moore, proprietor of the
Macon Printing company, moved
his equipment today to Spindale,
Rutherford county, where he in
tends to enter the printing busi
ness. Mr. Moore, who formerly
published The Highlands Macon
ian at Highlands, has operated a
print shop in the Ashear building
for several years.
She's "Best" Girl
NEW YORK . . . Miss Virginia
Castadosi (above), is Hunter col
lege's "best" girl, with .five hon
ors.. She's been voted the most
popular; best personality; most
likely to succeed; best sport; and,
best all around student
TOWSON, Md. . . . Joseph H.
(Toots) Flnkelste.in, 17, has been
missing from his "home here since
Sept. 24th. . . . His parents beg'
Assistance in locating him. Joseph
Is 5 ft. 5 inches tall, weighs 140
pounds, has dark brown curly hair,
olive complexion, freckles and
7 Missionary Societies
The first , zone meeting of the
year for the Woman's Missionary
societies of the Methodist church,
was held in the Franklin 'Metho
dist church Wednesday.
Seven societies were represented
and the attendance was the best on
record for several years.
The meeting opened at 10 o'clock
with Mrs. F E. Branson, of
Waynesville, district secretary,
The Rev. O. E. Croy, of the
Macon circuit, -had charge of the
devotions in the absence of the
Rev. C. C. Herbert. ,
The main object of this particu
lar meetingwas an officers' train
ing day and Mrs. - Stackhouse, who
accompanied Mrs. Branson, gave an
inspirational address on "Efficiency
The Rev. Mr. and vMrs. Beadle,
"of Highlands, were among those
present and Mr. Beadle pronounced
the benediction at the close of the
After the meeting lunch was
served in the Sunday school rooms.
The next zone meeting is to be
held in June and the societies have
been invited to Snow Hill.
WANTED Clean, light cotton
rags. Will pay five cents per pound.
THE FRANKLIN PRESS
FOR SALE Buick sedan in ex
cellent condition $60.00 ( for quick
sale. N. Pennington, East Franklin.
PLANT CLOTH or tobacco can
vas, bnly 4c a square yard at
Sanders' Store, Franklin, N. C.
F4-tc-F2S 11 .
NOTICE TO LOGGERS
Bring in all buckeye logs be
tween now and April 1, as we will
not take any after above date!
Zickgraf Hardwood Co. ,
.. K A
Soil Conserving Crops Check Soil Losses
SOIL CONSERVING CROPS CHECK
On a state experiment station farm, soil was lost 500 times faster
from land lying fallow than from land' planted to grass or alfalfa.
Every year, water erosion alone removes 3,000,000,000 tons of soil,
mostly good topsoil, from United States lands. This year, due to the
flood on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, the loss . will be much
p -eater. To carry three billion tons of topsoil in a freight train, enough
cars would be needed to make' a train .475,000 miles long. Such a
train would reach 19 times around the earth at the equator. Most of
this erosion can be stopped by taking better care of the' land, growing
more grassy or leguminous crops, and keeping -more and better forests
growing over the country, said Dean I. O. Schaub, of State College.
(Continued from Page One)
Hays, Miss Rachel Davis, Mr. and
Mrs. C. J. Anderson, Mr. S. Porter
Pierson, Highlands. B. Y. P. Union,
S. E. Potts, Mr. and Mrs. O. F.
Summer, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Cobb,
C. F. Redden, F. C. Hertz, A. B.
Potts, H. E. Shelby, J. E. Potts,
Flora Norton, Mr. and Mrs. W. W.
Edwards, Roy Potts, Mrs. A. C.
Holt, Miss Gertrude Harbison,
Lawrence Crunkleton, Hattie Cara
dini, Raymond Stovall, J. R. Phil
lips, High School Theatre, Sam
Wilson, P. T. Farnsworth, Guy
Paul, George Cathey, Earl Crunk
leton, Mrs. P. E. Crisp, J. A. Ful
ton, Mrs. Keener, W. L. Keener,
Birthday Ball Highlands, $9 ;
Christian Endeavor, $2; Baptist
From Franklin and community
Woman's Auxiliary, American Leg
ion added $11, Post Office em
ployees $29; Forest Service $50;
Buck Creek School $1.00; Otter
Creek School $9.40; $5 contribu
tors : J. C. Ferguson and family,
Mrs. W. H. Sellers, Woman's Aux
iliary, St. Agnes Church, C. L.
Pendergrass, Slagle School, Dr.
Killian. : '
Other contributors Mrs. S. Pol
iakoff, C. F. Moody, A Friend,
Rev. and Mrs. C, C. Herbert, Jr.,
Luther Anderson, Mrs. Luther An
derson, Ray Anderson, Mr. and
Mrs. Chas. W. Stiles, Mrs. D. F.
Howard, Aquone ; Miss Nora Leach,
Mrs. Nobia Murray, Miss Nora
Moody, Lee Poirtdexter, C. H.
Downs, Mrs. J. E. Potts, Helen
Sellers, L. B. Liner, George Dean,
Howard Welch, H. W. Cabe, Mrs.
O. C. Bryant, E. B. Schulman, Mrs.
See Our New Spring Hats
They have just arrived, and how they will
please you. These chic new models are . .
well, the word is "alluring," Come try one on.
We have the hat to please you at the price you
Why worry about receiving a "ticket" for
parking too long on Main Street? ,
Just, leave your automobile with us and we
will park it in our own parking lot. Let it stay
there as long as .you please, and there will be
no charge. , . v
On the Square
TONS PER ACRB
iiniiiliiri n ini ii 4
Corn. WhMt. Clovtf - .
S-Yar Exptrimtnt at Bdhtny. M
ihalby koim, 8 lep
R. M. Hudson, E. E. Sypher, L. H.
Page, J. H. Shook, J. E. Setzer,
P. W. A. and Frank Leach, N. A.
Waldroop . Byrn Waldroop, G. L.
Jacobs, G. W. McGee, Gilmer
Waldroop, Lee Tallent, Roy Wom
ack, Jack Sherrill, Sam Jacobs,
Harve Moore, Mr. Tankersly, I.
G. Stewart, A; J. Crans, Pauline
Hensey, Mr. and Mrs. J. T, Ic
Coy, Mr. Riddkk, C. E. McFalls,
Mamie Moses, Mrs. J. M Carpen
ter, E. M. Ray, Mrs. Callahan,
John Lewis,. Miss Ruth Slagle,
Mack Patton, Senior Class, S. S.
M. E. Church, Wade H. Moody,
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Stewart, Anne
Flanagan, Fifth grade, Franklin
School, $2.36; Third grade, Mrs.
Franks' room, $1.19; Eight grade,
(Continued from Page One)
wurx, aim inc nuspuais to wnicn
the nurses were assigned were very
reluctant , to see them leave. As
this party went under the auspices
of the American Legion, I am
authorized by the commander and
the adjutant of the post to express
the thanks of the post to those who
contributed toward financing the
tour, and to say to anyone who
may feel that their money was not
well spent, to so express them
self to either officer of the post,
and their money will gladly be re
Mr. and Mrs. Sanford E. Manh
announce the birth of a 12 pound
son, Marshall Leonard, at their
home on Route 2, February 3.