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0 / 75
THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACON IAN
ecfcor P.-T. A.
fie request of the N.
A Parents and 'i each-
summer school students
fntvcrsity of North Carolina
under the direction of Dr. Ucorgc
Howard, tells in 40 concise pages
all anyone could " wish to know
about North Carolina's biggest
business, public education. It is
available to anyone who is inter
ested, and may be ordered from
the University, of North Carolina
Press at Chapel Hill for 25 cents.
, An outline of the contents of the
five chapters in the booklet ap
! I. School Organization
William Thomas L.ong, principal,
Cleveland, N. C, gives ueiai.ed in
formation about the major ooarus
and commissions of the state
school system, headed by the sup
erintendent' of public instruction,
elected every four years Dy popular
vote, the present incumbent being
Hon. Clyde A. Erwin, who is the
ofticial executive of the school
system, and directs the operation
of the schools and enforces laws
II. Public School Finances
Ernest Morgan, principal' of Red
Springs, tracts the history of the
school movement from 1825 when
the first attempt was made to pro
vide schools for the poor by the
establishment , of the literary fund.
Successive legislatures for the past
eight years have sought to equal-
ue educational advantages and to
raise the level of general educa-,
tion through redistribution of tax
sources. In 1933 property taxes or .
schools were abolished (except for
local .debt service); sources of
cvti.uc iu. u.c ..W.M
inheritance, franchise, license and
privilege taxes, and the sales tax.
In addition to . salaries of teach
ers, superintendents and clerical
workers, money raised from these
sources has to' pay operating ex
penses of the schools, such .as
ligkt, water, fuel,, and janitor ser
vice; also included is the opera
tion of rural school busses, con
sisting of drivers' salaries, upkeep
and replacements, or compensation
for accidents. .
Lewis S. : Cannon, of Woodsdale,
.has made an analysis of subjects
taught, stating that the needs of
each generation change as to sub-
ject matter and method of teach-
Roger W. Babson
From a background of 35 years'
Roger W. Babson tells you what he
thinks lies ahead in 1938,
From countless sources in this
country and Europe he has weighed
and measured the uncertainties of
today and gives you a clear cut busi
ness calendar for 1938. 44 Better Times
This is big news from coast to coast.
ead jtsjory in
i" and Gheer Up!
Jooklet oh Schools
ing; it is the duty of the schools
to adapt their curriculum to the
present conditions, rather than to
seek to adapt the pupils to a pat--tern.
Reading, arithmetic, langu
age, and history sti continue as
subjects on which njst time is
spent, with literature, 'art educa
tion, geography, music, and phy
sical education taking secondary
places; spelling, penmanship, ele
mentary science, and citizenship
complete the list of the subjects
taught in the grammar schools.1
In high schools, where children
have more latitude in their choic
of subjects, English, history, mathe
matics, and civics are still required,
with languages or science optional.
Other subjects appear on the op-j
tional list, such as journalism,
public speaking, and dramatics,
with manual training and home
economics dividing interest with
commercial courses and agricul
ture. The purpose behind most sub
jects is to develop clear thinking
rather" than to store up an ac
cumulation 6f facts. Art and music
are naturally receiving more atten
tion where supplements are in
force;. French has become, more
popular than Latin. Since only 10
per cent of high school graduates
in the state go to college, obvious
ly every child needs a well-rounded
education by the time he com
pletes high school.
, ' ct t- . . , , tw th
,wnpat;ftn aru1 fune n tethers
has risen steadily for th white
and coiored schools duHng the past
twQ decadeS( with two-thirds of the
whhe teachers completed
four ,of coJlegc work Sum.
mer school attendance and Cxten,
courses. required to Heep
teaching certificates in good stand-
ing, also show a favorable rise.
V. Extra-Curricular Activities
J. Edgar Morris of Atlanta,
writes from . his experience in a
large boys' technical high school
stating that people are going to
do the things they want to do, and
the school should recognize this
fact arid provide better prepara
tion for life, many angles of which
are untouched by the class-room.
Robert Rogers Dies
At Gneiss Dec. 18
Robert Rogers, well known citi-
zen of Gneiss, died on December
18 at his home. Funeral services
were conducted by the Rev. Tom
Machine Tells Sex of. Eggs
1 ' s
mwHv.w. .,.,.v.w.v. f
t Cv t
? f . I
i. I- ''""JL
i.nnim il -
Dr. Willard P; Funk, (sitting) of Los Angeles and his assistant Jack
Davenport shown demonstrating the operation of his new machine which
can determine immediately whether a newly laid egg will hatch a pallet
or a cockerel. Dr. Funk claims he can change the sex of egg9wlth the
new device. In the past 80 per cent of chickens hatched were roosters.
Su-Lin, only baby giant Panda in
captivity, greets winter at the
Brookfleld (111.) too.
Tilson, of Gneiss, and interment
as in Sugarfork cemetery.
Mr. Rogers is survived by' his
nother, Mrs. Lizzie Rogers; two
daughters, Mrs. Eva Bolick and
Mrs. Bertha Tilson, of Gneiss; one
son, Victor Rogers, of Morganton;
two brothers, Will Rogers, " of
Gneiss, and John Rogers, of Sylva;
two sisters, Mrs. Jane Tilson, of
Gneiss, arid Mrs. Lillie Stanfield,
of Franklin ; four . grandchildren
and many other relatives.
Discuss Reason For
Farm Program Goals
(Editor's note: This is the fourth
in a series of articles" in which
two farmers discuss the agricul
tural conservation program.)
Bill Smith : "How do they go
about paying you f6r what you
John Brown: 'They want you
to carry out all the soil-building
practices recommended by the
county AAA committee, but they
don't want you to plant more than
the acreage 6f soil- depleting crops
allowed in your goal.
".If you do all the things recom
mended for building up your soil,
and if you dan t go over 'your soil-
depleting goal, they will give you
the tun amount or. the payment I
that has been figured for your
Smith: "That sounds kinda con
fusing, doesn't it?"
Brown : "No, not if you under
stand what they want to do, and
the reasons why.
"It's like riding a horse through
a 'barn door. You duck your head
to keep it from , getting humped
and the horse has to pick up his
feet to get them over the sill."
Smith: "What do you mean by
Brown : "In the program they
are. asking us to keep down under
the 'soil-depleting goal to keep us
from knocking , our heads off
against overproduction and . low
prices. When we' grow: too much,
the price goes down -in a hurry
Ann we need to step up to keep j
from bumping our shins , on
liand that will soon be wori
if 'we don't take better car.elof it.
This is where those soil-bftilding
practices, tome in." 1
Smith : That's not a bad! idea.
i 1 jv IM
r r I
I'm gonna sign up for 1938. Wish
I had got in last year."
Brown : "I'm 'glad you feel that
way about it. The more farmers
who come , into the .. program, the
more good vw.e can do for our
selves." Dairyman Reviews y
One of the valuable pieces of
work carried on by extension, dairy
men in 1937 was pasture develop
ment, John A. Arey, in charge of
dairy extension at State college;
said in reviewing the past 12
months. ; - ,
At the beginning of the year,
extension dairy specialists, work
ing through county agents, planned
$50 pasture demonstrations, in
cluding both temporary and per
manent .: pasture?. These demon
strations were distributed through
outthe' state. . , '
, .Rep6rts to date. indicate, that this
number has not only been reached,
but, probably : doubled, Arey de
clarf dA This project will be con
tinued and pushed through 1938.
In :. commenting ,, on 4-H club
work 'during 1937, Arey said that
at the beginning .of the year.' it
Was planned to. have 935 calf club
members." This goal was reached
H i -.v.-.v " jw. -v.:
Wrf !? -- -
There's an Ingcrsoll
for every member
of the family
watches for pocket,
wrist or handbag at
prices from $125.
Yon can bur them
at stores right here
I - . a. VAI
. - nn. .
Calls Promptly Answercc
1 VAMJiMVllV jt tlOi5Eni 1
111 ' tSmrZn
At rrices lou Can Afford
llll I n, ' 1 I
Mill I - . Rn h TVFrw imr w : I
1 ; ' . ..... ', 1 a-f
The 4-H calf show,;
state, fair ,was the. ia
in quality : ever show
Arey . said. In adaiti
county and district c;
were held in wmcn
uairymeu' assisted. .
tion was formed,
total to 9. There wer
hds and 406 more
af the close of 1937
beginning. This broug'
cows on test to 4,795..
Afrey also said that ;dl
sion. specialists assisted
cu pureorea animais v
be used in s developing
Poultry Need Extra
Care During January
xie wintry . blasts of January
call on all the resources of th
North Carolina poultryman, . de
clares Roy S. Dearstyne, head of
the State college poultry depart
Careful attention should be paid
to the diet of layers and breeders,
he points out. Usually the birds
are in strict confinement, and even
if allowed range, they can do lit
tle to supplement their diet.
Heating the drinking water,
especially in the early morning, is
a good practice during cold days.
Water is highly essential to the
bird's welfare, especially during
periods of 'high production. .
Dearstyne also cautions growers
to watch the body weight "of "tktin
layers. Any decline in weight is
usually followed by a decline in
production. Weight should be regu
lated through the amount 'of
scratch feed given the birds.
Winter culling is a profitable i
practice, he said. By removing cullv
the poultryman not only reduces
his: feed bill but also decreases thri
number of females per male, thus1
increasing, the chances of fertility
during the breeding,' season. j
Small incubators for .hatching
chicks at home should be checK
over before being, used. Quite W
this operation is postponed until)
last minute at which . time 1
found that replacement part
One of the most import
the poultryman should.
m. cold weather i'
houses. Careful adju?
, rnone 1