tttE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACONIAN
Methods of Curing Meat
Officials ' Find Victims of Careless Sportsmen
. L. Williams
THURSDAY, JANUARY: S, Itit
Outlined by S
By S. L. WILLIAMS .
a & o a
The curing of meat is a very
I simple process and there are many
. J- A- J . t 1.' t
uiciuuub ui-cu iouay, most OTjwiiicn
vare variations jf , ;o"Aprincjpal
-imuiuus, imt;- urine cure inu ihc
dry "kk, eyre.
The Brine Cure
If .sugar is added this cure is
known as the "Sugar Cure," or
For each 100 lbs. meat use:
12 lbs. salt
2 ozs. Saltpeter
6 gals, water.
Thoroughly mix the salt, pulver
ized .saltpeter, and sugar (brown
preferred) and rub some of this
mixture : into the hams, shoulders
and bacon. Pack tall meat, hams,
shoulders and bacon in the .same
vessel, such as af stone jar or wood
. en barrel. Place the skin side down
except on the top layer ; then put
skin side up. Weight this down so
that none of the pieces will float
' when the brine is poured over the
Boil six gallons of water thor
oughly and while it is still warm
. add the rest of the salt and sugr
mixture, left from rubbing the
pieces of meat. Be sure that all of
the meat is covered with this brine
solution. Set aside in a cool, well
ventilated place to cure tabout three
days per pound for each piece ot
' ham and shoulder. Two days per
pound is sufficient for the bacon.
In-order to insure a uniform cure,
the meat should be repacked on jthe
10th day and remove the bacon on
, the 21st day, repacking the htams
, and shoulders. When the rtieat
comes out of the cure, wasli wipr
oughly in hot water, and them in
cold water. Hang in .smoke htnise
to drip about 24 hours before smok
ing. THE DRY CURE
Here again .salt is the basis but
any of the other ingredients Lmay
be used if a sweet flavor and al red
color are desired,
lixture on the
-jcTtier i above 45
'( is advisable to push
the salt up ' along the
bone and some into the hip
Bryant Furniture Co.
' EVERYTHING FOR
. THE HOME '
AT .REASONABLE PRICES
Phone 106 Franklin, N. C.
Franklin Lodge, No. 452
In Americal Legion Hall
Every Thursday Night
7:30 O'CLOCK . f
Billy Bryson, Secretary
"We Cater to the General
Oysters, Steaks and Fish
Good Tasty Food and
We Appreciate Your Patron. gtt
A. G. CAGLE, Prop.
Atlas Tires Batteries
Hot Water Heaters
Best Grades of Oils and
Franklin, N. C
joint where the bam has "been cut
from the side. This will get some
salt to the inside of the ham he
fore it has a chance to spoil. In
seven days rub the other half of
the Imixture on the meat. Repack
again on the 21,st day of the cure
and remove the bacon. Three days
per pound per piece will be suf
ficient for the hams and shoulders.
Wash the meat with cold water and
hang in the .smoke house to drip
for 24 hours before smoking.
Most other methods of curing
meat are simply a variation of one
of the above methods.
State College Answers
Timely Farm Questions
Q. How can I preserve or save
the extra beef on the farm:
A. All beef left after a killing
and usual distribution may be
corned and put aside for future
use. Cut the meat intoJjive or six
pound chunks andjiw with .salt.
Then pack into "a clean vessel of
hardwood or stone ware and cover
with a pickle made with one and
one-half pounds of salt, one ounce
of saltpeter, one-fourth pound of
sugar or syrup, and one gallon of
pure water. Leave the meat in
cure for about two weeks and then
smoke to improve flavor. The
rounds are usually allowed to hang
for some time to dry out.
Q. What fertilizer do you rec
ommend for tobacco plant bed?
A. The commercial 4-8-3 mixture
is one most generally jused and
gives best results. Apply 200
pounds of this mixture to each 100
square yards of bed space. If a
lower grade fertilizer is used, it
should be supplemented with from
50 to 100 pounds of cottonseed
meal, provided the meal is thor
oughly mixed with the soil. B road
cast the fertilizer on the bed and
thoroughly mix it with the upper
three , or four inches of the soil.
Do not use tobacco trash or ma
nure containing tobacco leaves,
stalks or rootson the beds..
Q. Should I feed roughage td my
dairy cows before ' or while the
cow zs being milked ?
A. Neither. fed before or dur
ing milking the air will be filled
with dust which will get into the
milk and impair the quality. Rough
age and highly flavored feeds, such
as turnips or rye, should always be
fed after milking. The highly flav
ored feeds will impart an objec
tionable flavor to the milk , if fed
during or a short time before milk
ing. Clean air, clean utensils, .and
above all. a clean cow is necessary
for the production of clean, good
quality milk or cream.
Liberal Winter Feeding
Essential For Turkeys
Breeding turkeys lose weight
during , the laying season. They .can
stand thisv loss if they are fed lib
erally through the winter, says C.
F. Parrish, poultry specialist of the
State college extension service.
Now is the time to .start feeding
tMfk'eJ'- hens mash, Parrish says.
Some flocks in the state have al
ready started laying.
Too, most poultrymen select
young hens and young toms from
tht spring flock to hold over as
breeders. Only by liberal feeding
do they reach full growth by the
time they start laying, the special
ist, added. . ' .
Breeding birds will keep in good
condition with green feed such as
clover, Italian rye -grass or alfalfa,
plenty of sunshine, a good grow
ing mash, scratch grain, plenty of
water and gravel or .some other
A recommended mash is: Bran,
12 parts; middlings, 12 parts;
ground oats, 12 parts; ground yel
low' corn, 33 parts ; alfalfa leaf
meal, 6 parts; meat scraps, 13
parts ; dried milk, 10 parts; and
salt, 1 part. ' . ..
This ration, together with scratch
grain, water, and grit, should be
continued until at least one month
before the hens are .expected to
start laying, after which time a lay
ing ration should be provided.
When winter weather is severe
and birds must be confined, the
growing mash should contain 2
per cent cod liver oil. To preserve
the Vitamin A of the cod liver oil,
it .should not be mixed with the
mash for more than two weeTcs in
advance one week -is better.
mm f'iwM mm
Jf - " r
Harry Armstrong, left, member of the New Jersey board of flsh and
Deputy Game Warden M. M. Barrien of Trenton, are shown a number of
Pasadena, N. J. All of these were killed illegally and abandoned in the
One Hit No
... J..v IL 1 , .Llr-: a
Teammates on the baseball field and hunting companions in the field
are Boy Johnson, left, veteran coach of the Chicago Cubs, and Larry
French, one of the team's pitchers. They are untying a wild boar shot
on Santa Catnfna island, where the Cubs hold their pre-season training.
Merit Examinations To
Be Given This Month
DURHAM. January 4. Dr. Frank
T. de Vyver,, supervisor of Merit
Examinations for the North Caro
lina Unemployment Compensation
Commission, has announced that ar
rangements for giving merit exami
nations have been completed. Al
applications will be mailed in a
week or so.
The examinations will be held in
the following centers : Asheville,
Charlotte, Durham, Elizabeth City,
Fayetteville,. Greensboro,- Hickory,
New Bern,' Raleigh. Wilmington,
Winston-Salem and Wilson.
' All the clerical examinations will
be given the afternoon of January
21. Dr. de Vyver explained that the
examinations are so arranged that
an applicant for several clerical ex
aminations can take all the ex
aminations in one day. The .admin
istrative examinations will be given
the following Saturday. Again, Dr.
de Vyver stated, it is possible for
one individual to take several ex
aminations on the same day since
an applicant for several positions is
required to answer only an addi
tional set of questions, on another
Dr. de Vyver urgently requests
that applicants refrain from per
sonal correspondence unless such
correspondence is absolutely nec
essary. There is a tremendous ad
ministrative and clerical task in
volved in giving the examinations,
and every personal letter slows up
the entire program. The merit ex
amination office has not yet suc
ceeded in compiling definite statis
tics as to the number of applicants
and the positions applied for. These
statistics will be forthcoming in a
week' or so.. At present the esti
mate remains 4,500 .eligible indivi
! ;s 3.- v- . S '
V ' S 1
-.At. V, x
Runs No Errors
duals filing applications to take ex
aminations in 7,000 different series
for approximately 15,000 positions.
The 1938 fall pig crop has been
estimated as 18 per cent larger
than the crop last fall, according
to H. W. Taylor, extension swine
specialist at State college.
J. R. Sherrill of the Vienna
township, Forsyth county, reported
to his farm agent that using 50
pounds of muriate of potash an
acre to cotton as a side applica
tion gave him a '30 per cent in
crease in yield and that earlier and
easier picking was noted.
LEGAL ADVERTISING '
Having qualified as administrators
of H. O. Penkmd, deceased, late of
Macon county, N. C, this is to
notify all persons having claims
against the estate, of .said deceased
to exhibit them to the undersigned
on or before the 14th day of De
cember, 1939, or this notice will be
plead in bar of their recovery. All
persons indebted to said estate will
please make immediate settlement.
This 14th day of December, 1938.
A. C. PATTERSON,
NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE
Under and by virtue of the auth
ority conferred by a Deed of
Trust executed by T. A. May and
wife, Nora May, dated' June 2,
1938, and recorded in Book 35 at
page 539, in the office of the Reg
ister of Deeds for Macon County,
v. ... " ' . f
I' i' -,13
. t 'S3
game commissioners, together with
does and deer shot in one day near
woods by hunters.
North Carolina, I, the undersigned
trustee, will on Wednesday, Janu
ary 18, 1939, at 12 o'clock noon, at
the courthouse door of Macon
County, North Carolina, sell at pub
lic auction to the highest bidder for
cash, the following land:
In the Town or Franklin, North
Carolina, and being the same lands
described in a deed from J. O.
Harrison and wife, to T. A. May
and wife, Nora May, dated Janu
ary 16, 1926, and recorded in Deed
Book M-4 page 464, records of
Macon County. To which record
reference is hereby made.
This sale made on account of de
fault in the payment of the in
debtedness secured by said Deed
of Trust, and demand having been
made .upon said trustee by the
holder of said indebtedness.
This the 17th day of December,
J. H. STOCKTON,
D22 4tc J12
The annual stockholders meet
ing of the Macon County Building
& Loan Association will be held in
the Building & Loan office, Bank of
Franklin Building, at seven-thirty .
o'clock P. M. on Thursday, Janu
ary 19, 1939. Please be present
either in person or by proxy.
, H. W. CABE.
NOTICE OF SALE
Under and by virtue of the pow
er of sale contained in a deed of
trust given by Lula Jane Wiley and
husband, D. W. Wiley, on Decem
ber 9, 1931, and recorded in the
Office of the Register of Deeds for
Macon County, North Carolina, in
Book No. 31, of Mortgages and
Deeds of Trust, Page 382, and de
fault having been made in the pay
ment of the indebtedness secured
by said deed of trust and demand
having been made on the under
signed Trustee to sell the property
described in said deed of trust, the
undersigned Trustee will, on Tues
day, the 31st day 'of January. 1939,
at 12 o'clock, noon, at the court
house, door m the lown of Frank
lin, Macon .County, N. C, sell to
the highest bidder for cash, the fol
lowing described property, to-wit:
In Highlands Township, BEGIN
NING at a stake in the east line of
First Street, said stake being North
22 deg. East 166 min. from the
northeast corner of First and Main
Streets, go with the east line of
First btreet North 22 deg. East 100
min. to stake in .said east line of
First Street; then south 52 deg.
West 101 min. to a stake in the
west line of No. 7 ; then with said
line south 22 deg. West 100 min.
to a .stake; then North 52 deg.
West 101 min. to BEGINNING,
being same property bought of Jo
shua and Nannie Rogers Septem
ber 27th, 1927.
' This December 30, 1938.
S. T. MARETT, Trustee.