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0 / 75
THURSDAY. JUNE 15, 1839
The following is a partial reprint
, of a booklet recently issued by
t' F. C Harrington; administrator of
' the works progress administration
As a governmental unit the
WPA cooperates with States, coun
ties, cities, and towns, and with
various other public agencies, de
payments, and bureaus. As ;
work-relief program it is geared to
meet the changing conditions of un
It is fpr the purpose of answer
; ing inquiries, and of informing the
American people about the WPA
and-answer 'booklet has been pre-
What is the WPA?
The Works Progress Administration-
is a Federal agency which co
operates with State and local gov
ernments, in carrying out needed
public improvements and services,
in order to provide work and wages
for the needy able-bodied unem
ployed. The local governments plan
and sponsor the projects, and the
WPA helps to operate them.
What other Federal agencies pro
vide emergency employment ?
The Civilian Conservation Corps
(CCC) ; tlie National Youth Admin
istration (NY A) ; the' Public Works
Administration (PWA) ; and those
agencies which operate emergency
projects in addition to their regular
Does the WPA give relief with
out work ?
Nn I )irfrr rplipf ie nrrivilf1 Iw
States and localities and is intended
primarily for the care of unemploy
Why does the Federal Govern
ment give work to the able-bodied
needy unemployed, instead of direct
This policy was adopted in the
conviction that work is better than
airect reJiet because work pre
serves the. skills and . self-respect of
the workers and makes them fit
to return to private industry; be
cause our communities are greatly
in need of the public projects on
L ' I- A.I j
which Hie uneinpioyeu are set 10
work ; and because work projects
bring a valuable return to the com
munities and the Nation for money
' expended in assisting the .unemployed-
I What is a WPA project?
It is any useful public work on
which the Federal Government and
some tax-supported public body
have agreed to cooperate, through
the WPA, in order to provide
work for the needy unemployed. The
project ,is a community or State
enterprise which the WPA helps to
carry out;, the completed project
ciubs -kj i"c cuniuiuiiiiy or oiaie.
What it thp civincnr j-f o WPA
The sponsor of a WPA project is
a State, municipal, or other gov
ernmental agency which proposes
that the WPA assist it in carrying
out a local public improvement or
public service. Plans and scecifica
tions for the work are submitted
by the sponsor. The proposed work
must be one which the sponsor ha
legal authority to do. - Since the
WPA must use its funds largely
tor wages, the sponsor must aerce
to provide most of the materials
and equipment necessary.
On what basis does the WPA
approve a proposed project?
Our Service tothe Living
emblem identifies a mortuary
service that protect bereaved
families' and guarantee! that
this organization provided.
' "Complete rreedom of
choice as to furnishings
and price,, '
An impartial service that
respects the rights of
every family to an ap
propriate funeral of on'
The full benefits of our'
personal attendance and
facilities for all people
regardless of their faiths'
PHONE 106 NIGHT PHONE 10
THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACONIAN
rThere must be needy unemployed
workers in the Ideality with the
skills required for doing the work.
The project must be on public
property. It must be .socially use
ful. It must not be a part of the
regular work of ; the sponsoring
agency, such as .should be wholly
financed out of its own regular
funds. And most of the Federal
funds requested must be used for
the wages of project workers.
Does work begin on a WPA
project as soon as it is approved?
Not neecssarily. Communities are
encouraged to maintain a reserve
of approved projects, so that there
will be no delay in starting a new
project when it is needed to pro
vide employment. ' -
Who is eligible for WPA em
ployment? Any American citizen, or other
person owing allegiance to the
United States, who is 18 years of
age or older, able-bodied, unem
ployed, and currently certified as
What agency certifies that a
worker is in heed?
A local public relief agency ap
proved by the WPA, or, in lieu
thereof, the local WPA.
Must an .unemployed worker be
a resident of a State or locality to
be eligible for WPA employment
State, and local practice generally
requires legal residence; the WPA
itself makes no restrictions.
Are farmers eligible for WPA
Yes; and there are other Federal
programs '. for the s .special benefit
How many members of a family
are eligible for WPA employment
Only one, usually the head of
the family. The mother or a grown
son or daughter is regarded as the
economic head of the family if the
father is unable 'to work.
If two families live together, is a
member of each family eligible for
Yes, if both families are in need
and otherwise eligible.
How are workers assigned to
The local publiq relief agency
certifies, to the WPA, workers in
need and eligible for WPA em
ployment ; and from this group of
persons the WPA Division of Em
ployment selects, according to their
previous experience or training, the
workers who can be placed at work
on the various local projects. '
Are workers assigned to WPA i
projects in any order of prefer- )
Congress has directed that eligible
war veterans must be given first
preference in assignments.
Does the WPA ever employ pro
ject workers who have not 'been
certified as in need ?
Yes. Noncertified workers with
special skill or training necessary
to the conduct of a project may be
employed if qualified relief work
ers are not available. Such non-
relief workers are secured through
the United States Employment Of
fice in the State. At least 95 per
cent of all project workers, how
ever, must be certified as in need
How many workers in all has the
About seven million individuals,
at one time or another, since the
start of the program in 1935.
How many workers are employed
at one time by the WPA?
The number has fluctuated, from
as low as 1,350,000 in October 1937
to as high as 3,250,000 in November
1938. There were about 3,000,000
WPA workers in March 1939.
( What percentage of WPA work
ers are men? Women?
Men, 87 per cent; women, 13
per cent (December 1938.)
Wages and Hours
What is the average ' WPA
The average monthly WPA wage
is about $52.50.
Do all WPA workers receive the
same monthly wage?
No. The monthly earnings vary
according .to, the degree of skill" re
quired by the job, and also accord
ing to the region and size of com
munity in which the work is done.
.In large Northern cities the wages
run from $55 a month for unskilled
work to $94 for professinal and
technical work, while in Northern
rural districts the range is from
in large cities is from $10 to $79,
in rural districts from $26 to $48.
Do WPA workers get the same
wages as workers in private in
They are paid at approximately
the same rate per hour, but their
monthly earnings are below the
general level of private industry.
'How many hours do WPA work
ers work ? .'
Ihey average about 110 hours of
work a month. Each employee
works a sufficient number of hours
each month (at the prevailing
hourly rate for the occupation in
the locality) to permit him to earn
his. monthly security wage. WPA
workers are not permitted to work
more than 8 hours in any day, 40
hours in any week, or 140 hours in
any month, except to make up lost
time or in emergencies involving
the public welfare or the protection
of work already done.
Can a WPA worker's job classi
fication be changed ?
Yes, if on the basis of experience
and ability he is qualified to do
work in a different classification,
and if such work is available.
Are WPA workers eligible for
Yes. On the basis of occupational
qualifications and ability they can
be promoted to foreman, supervisor,
or administrative .employee, where
such positions are available.
Safety and Compensation
What provisions are made for the
safety of WPA workers?
It is the foreman's duty, to main
tain safe working conditions on a
project.. In addition, safety inspect-.'
ors make regular inspections of all
Is equipment provided to protect
WPA workers fnotri injury?
Yes. Either the WPA or the
sponsor of the project provides
goggles, safety, belts, lifelines, or
wnaiever equipment is necessary
to protect the workers against in
juries. Also there is a first-aid kit
available on every project.
How does the injury rate on
WPA projects compare with the
general rate of private industry?
It is considerably lower.
Is. a WPA worker entitled to
Compensation for injuries received
on the job ? . "... .
Yes, and for illness resulting
from such injuries.
What compensation does a WPA
Vacuum Buster hppltt
Ug sltksSUIUng Elsrt
NEW BODIES BY FISHER
VALVE IN HEAD SIX
worker get for injuries received on
his -job ?'..
.Beginning on the fourth day of
his disability he draws a compen
sation equal u two-thirds of his
monthly wage but not .exceeding
$50 a month. The maximum amount
allowed by the U. S. Employees'
Compensation Confinis,s.ion for death
or injury is $4,000, payable at a
rate not to exceed $50 a mouth. In
addition, he receives all necessary
medical and hospital treatment.
.Has an independent .appraisal of
Wl'A work 'been made?
Yes. Ten national organizations
cooperated ' in making an indepen
dent appraisal of WPA work. In
reply to. a questionuairs sent out
by these organizations,' the officials
of counties, cities, ami towns iin 42
States made some 8,(XXJ reports
appraising the Works Program in
their communities. The reports
were studied and .summarized by
impartial State committee of ' lead
ing citizens. They expressed pride
in the accomplishments of local
WPA workers, and they declared
that the WPA had been of im
measurable aid both to the com
munities and to the workers. With
out exception, the summarizing re
ports of the State committees fa
vor work relief over a dole.
Bass And Bream Season
Opened Last Saturday
The fishing .season for bass and
bream in this section opened last
Saturday, June 10. These fi'sh are
said to be plentiful and some good
sport i.s expected.
On land where Dave Thomas,
Sylva, Jackson county, applied lime
and triple superphosphate, the
grass and clover are at least 30
per cent larger than where no
phosphate was used.
Lenoir County 4-H club boys are
learning rapidly the value of using
self-feeders in preparing their pigs
for market, " .says Assistant Farm
Agent O. R. Freeman.
The U. S. department of agri
culture's revised estimate of the
1938 cotton crop shows a produc
tion of 11,943,000 bales of 500
pounds gross weight, as compared
with 18,916,000 bales in 1937.
1939 is the first car of the land!
First in sales by a wide margin 650,000 already
sold, and, the demand increasing. First in styling,
first in acceleration, first in hill-climbing, first in
all-round performance with economy, among all
cars in its price range!
See your Chevrolet dealer today and buy the car
that outsells because it out-values all others in
the field Buy a new 1939 Chevrolet!
ACTION RIDING SYSTEM
Mastsi Di Liu aistb Hy)
Rev. J. A. Flanagan, Pastor
Franklin (Each Sunday)
10 a. m. Sunday school.
11 a. m. Worship services.
Morrison (Each Sunday)
2:30 p. m. Sunday school.
(Each 2nd and 4th Sunday)
3:30 p. m. Worship services.
StAgnes Episcopal Church
Tha Rev. Frank Bloxham, Rector
8 p. m. Evening prayer and
Franklin Methodist Church
The Rev. I von L. Roberts, Pastor
10 a. m. Sunday school. '
11 a. m. Worship services.
7:30 p. m. Vesper service.
Reb. C. F. Rogers, Pastor
9:45 a. m. Sunday school.
11 a. in Preaching service.
7 p. m B. T. U.
8:00 p. m. Preaching service.
Wednesday, 8 p. m. Prayer service
St. John's Catholic Parish
Schedule of Masses:
Franklin : .
2nd and 4th Sunday, 8 a. m.
Every 1st Sunday, 7 a. m.
1st Saturday, 8:30 a. m.
Eveiy 3rd Sunday, 8 a. m.
Every Sunday, 11 a. m.
Rev. J. C. Swalm, Pastor
First Sunday, 11 a. m. Union;
2:00 p, m. Hickory Knoll; 7:30
p. m. Asbury. :
Second Sunday, 11:00 a. m. Mt.
Zion; 2:30 p .m., Maiden's; 7:30
p. m. Patton's.
Third Sunday, 11:00 a. m As
bury; 2:00 p. m Mulberry; 3:00
p. m. Dryman's ; 7 :30 p. m. Un
ion. .. .
Fourth Sunday, 11 a. m. Pat
ton's; 2:30 p. m. Maiden's; 7:30
p. m. Mt. Zion.
f very 40 seconds of every day,
Somebody buys a new Chevroleff
pus all fbese ofber
famous fecrf vres
Nw tonaw RJdbio-SaM
Tumi Tap Front-lnd
StaMlln N Draft
Tlpl -Moth Clutch
$40 to $60. In the South the range
Franklin, N. C