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0 / 75
THURSDAY, DEC. 14. U39
THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACON IAN
N. C. Parents And Teachers
Cooperate In Saf ety Program
.The. North Carolina Congress, of
Parents and Teachers is now cooperating-
in a nation wide Family
Accident Survey conducted by the
Traffic Safety Project of the Na
tional Congress of Parent and
Teachers in an effort to determine
the direct resjionsibility of the
Parent-Teacher safety program to
ward the whole accident situation.
.One hundred and twenty-five re
port blanks have been distributed
to as many North Carolina fami
lies by Mrs. I). U. Hocutt of Hen
derson, state ' safety chairman of
the North Carolina Congress of
Parents and Teachers, through the
10 district directors. These par
ticipating families scattered
throughout the state will assist by
keeping a week by week record of
. all types of accidents occurring in
the family. For a period of three
months, November 1, 1939, to Jan
uary -31, 1940, every accident must
be recorded whether it be Father's
f nger chopped along with the fire
wood, -Mother's arm burned -on the
oven door, or baby siMer run over
by an automobile.. '
Statistics will be compiled and
made available to the public at the
end of the study by the National
Committee on Safety of which
Miss Marian Telford is chairman.
Five thousand families are expect
ed to part cipate in the survey '
which was planned at regional con
ferences during the past summer,
attended by representatives of 46
state branches of the National
Parent-Teacher Congress. .
Corn Belt Hybrids
Hybrid corn, as now available,
. cannot be grown economically in
this state, says Dr. Paul H. Harv
ey of the agricultural experiment
station of State college, who is in
charge of the corn , breeding .pro
gram intended to develop corn
hybrids adapted to North Carolina
He advised farmers to wait un
til research work is completed and
hybrids suited to the soil and cli
mate of this state are developed.
This, he said, should . be accom
plished by 1942 when the first
North Carolina hybrid seed will
be available to farmers on a limit
"Commercial and experimental
hybrids from out-of-state sources
were grown in yield tests at five
locations in the state in" 1939", Dr.
Harvey reported. "Ire four loca
tions, the standard varieties now
in use were equally as good as the
best hybrid in yield. At the Up
per Coastal Plain station at Rocky
' ALount, .several hybrids did out
yield the varieties, but were lackr
" ing in quality,, weevil resistance,
and earworm resistance.
"From results obtained this year,
and from similac tests in 1938, it
is quite definite that none of the
corn belt or northern- hybrids can
be grown economically in North
Carolina. There may be exceptions
to. this generalization, such as spe
cial uses' as an early crop for
hogging off in August, and late
jilantings following a truck crop,"
the agronomist stated.
Dr. Harvey said that much pro
gress is being made in the experi
mental program to develop a
North Carolina-adapted cory hy
brid through crossing and inbreed
ing with varieties obtained from
experiment stations in other states.
State College Answers
Timely Farm Questions
Q. What trees should-! tilt foY
A. In cutting limber for pulp
wood, remember that you can get
from two to four times more mo
ney for saw timber than for pulp
wood. So select for pulp the crookJ
ed or poorly formed trees, the
weaker-crowned trees in dense
stands, heavy-crowned 'Hvolf" trees
overtopping young growth, and
overmatured, diseased, and fire
scarred trees. It is unwise to clear
cut young stands when they are
growing at their fastest rate.
Q. When is the horticultural
short course to be held at State
A. Thjs course opens January 15
and ruus for six weeks, ending
February 23. Intensive instruction
will be offered in the various
fields of fruit growing, truck
crops, flowers and shrubs, and
home beautification. ilii addition,
there will be related courses such
as, agricultural engineering, poultry,
soils, fertilizers, and farm manage
ment. Anyone interested may at
tend this course. Complete details
may be secured from Dan M) Paid,
State college, Raleigh.
Q. What is the outlook for fanm
ing in 1940?
A: According to the U. S. bu
reau of agricultural economics,
prospects for an increased con
sumer demand for .-farm products
next year are indicated. However,
prospects for foreign demand are
uncertain because' of, the war. In
general, agriculture is finishing
1939 in better condition than it
began. Prices of many farm prod
ucts and total cash income are
higher than in 1938.
How Fast Can You Stop at 20 M. P. II.?
j " iNO CHAINSj
CMOINS REAR WMtELS
ICHAINS ALL WHEE
"JNO CHAINS OB CINDEWSX.
ON PACKED SNOW
""Icinoers ON ice I
J I OS FT. I j
ON GLARE ICE
DISTANCES IN FEET
At ft speed of 20 miles an hour, automobile stopping distance is 22
feet more than actual braking distance because It takes the average
motorist three-quarters of a second to react and apply brakes. At 20 m. p.
h. ft car travels 22 feet in that three-quarters of a second.. The National
Safety council guide shows how weather conditions affect stopping distances.
Plant Disease Work
Effective In Winter
Contrary to . popular opinion, a
large amount of highly effective
work can be done during the wint
er months to control plant diseases,
says Dr. Luther Shaw, extension
plant pathologist of State college.
This is particularly true of fruit
trees which are normally pruned
during the winter period, he stated.
The winter carry-over of many
diseases of apples, including scab,
bitter ret, blotch, and fire blight
can be greatly reduced by system
atic pruning of the trees, using the
latest improved methods and tak
ing special precautions to prune out
as much dead wood a possible,
Dr. Shaw continued. ,
An apple tree pruned so as. to
permit good light and ventilation
is rendered less vulnerable to at
tack by disease-producing - organ
isms, and can be more thoroughly
sprayed and consequently better
protected from the organisms than
a tree with thick growth. Destruc
tion of diseased leaves and fruit
on the ground by discing, plowing,
or other means, is also highly de
sirable. The plant pathologist pointed out
that the1 same practices are equal
ly, effective when applied to
peaches, pears, grapes, and small
fruits such as raspberries, black
berries, and dewberries.
It is especially important to de
stroy the dried or mummified
peaches which were infected with
brown rot the previous season and
left hanging on the tree or on the
ground under the tree, he ' said.
The brown rot parasite spends the
winter in these dried fruits. ,
Dr. Shaw offered to send inter
ested orchardists the latest avail
able bulletins on plant disease con
trol upon ' request to the Agricul
tural Editor at State college, Ral
eigh. ' '.'.-
Pope From Italy
All the popes have been Italians
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Many double - breasted
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also. All sizes.
A S DD IE I1B
1940 AAA Program
Announced By Floyd
Announcement by E. Y. Floyd,
Triple-A "executive officer of State
college, of the 1940 agricultural
conservation program shows im
portant change, in the rates of
performance and soil-building, pay
ments to farmers for cooperation
in the government's efforts to
conserve soil resources and stabil
ize farm commodity prices. .
Revision of the rates of soil
building payments have been made
for the following practices, which
in 1940 will be: Seeding alfalfa,
$1.50 per acre; seeding timothy
andor. red top, 37l3 cents per
acre ; seeding other .specified types
of legumes and grasses, 75 cents
per acre; and turning under inter
planted summer legumes, such as
soybeans, cowpeas, crotalaria, and
velvet beans, 37yi cents per acre.
Floyd also announced that the
rate of credit for application of
ground agricultural limestone has
been made uniform throughout the
state, at $1.50 for each 1,500 pounds
The new rates of payments for
conservation, or performance, pay
ments are: Flue-cured and Burley
tobacco, 1 cent per pound; cotton,
1.6 cents per pound; peanuts,-$2.50
per ton; and wheat on commer
cial farms, 9 cents per bushel. ' '
There was no change from the
1939 program in payments for seed
ing Iespedeza, seedng winter le
gumes, turning under green manure
and cover crops, application of
phosphate,, terracing, thinning and
weeding timber stand, and plant
ing forest trees. .
The rates of performance pay
ments for potatoes and vegetables
in designated -commercial counties
likewise were unchanged. '
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