I : i
THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1940
THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACONIAN
American Canteen Serves a Cup of Tea to Tommy
THE GET READY MONTH
On. The Farm and in The Home
f . s x t . - r--ik a
This marks the beginning of a
new month, a new year, and a
new . decade. Farming depends
. largely on . what the " individual
makes of it, so now is, a good
time to turn over a new leaf and
start improving your agricultural
program, say State college -specialists.
And here are suggestions
which they offer for the month
of January :
First, Dr. R. F. Poole, plant
pathologist, urges that farmers
prepare their tobacco seed beds
on new , sites, locating them where
good soil drainage, good ventila
tion, "and sunshine ' are available
during the entire day: Such pre
cautions will create conditions' less
favorable to blue mold than .shaded,
Then W, H. Rankin, agronomist,
says judicious use of fertilizers,
proper handling of the soil, and
the use of good seed are factors
which every grower should bear
in mind when planning his 1940
farming operations. Keeping the
cost of production "as low as pos
sible may mean the difference be
tween .success and failure.
John Arey, extension dairyman,
says let's begin the -New Year
right by resolving that the care
and feed which we give our dairy
cattle during 1940 will not be re
sponsible for any loss that might
occur in conducting our dairy busi
ness. Uncomfortable cows, fed on
rations deficient both in quality
Beef Cattle Profits
North Carolina's increasing popu
lation of good quality beef cattle
has. brought a warning from Earl
H. Hostetler, professof of animal
husbandry at State college, that
profitable production depends upon
a balanced feeding program.
Ample, feed can be provided in
North Carolina and throughout the
South from May until December
or. January through the use of
pastures and field gleanings. How
ever, too many farmers leave their
weaned calves and cows that are
to freshen the next spring to shift
for themselves' during the winter
months. Such a practice results in
stunted yearlings and heavy cow
and calf losses before grass is
ready for grazing the following
Much of the available' winter
feed, such as corn and soybean
field, gleanings, corn silage, corn
stover, cottonseed hulls, and grass
hay, is low in protein and miner
als. However, Hostetler explained,
it is essential that growing and
pregnant animals be supplied with
these two essentials.
A" good mineral mixture com
posed of equal parts of finely
ground limestone ,(or oyster shell
flour), steamed bone meal, and
salt will give satisfactory, results
if kept before the animals at all
; The protein can usually be sup
plied most economically by furn
ishing feed that r has a high pro
tein content, such as cottonseed
cake or meal, soybean oil meal, or
peanut oil meal. When one of
these ' feeds is fed alone rather
than with some carrier such as
cottonseed hulls or corn silage, i
will be more economical to feed
cakes -or pellets instead of meal
, !If a part of the ration should
consist of good legume hay, the
required amount of cottonseed cake
or similar feed may be reduced
However, young growing animals
. or cows in calf should be fed one
to two pounds daily to facilitate
State College Answers
Timely Farm Questions
Q. How much seed bed should
be provided for planting 10 acres
of tobacco ?
A. It generally requires about
100 square yards of seed bed for
each two acres of tobacco to be
planted. However, due to the prev
alence of blue mold, most growers
have been seeding about one and
one-half times as much bed as is
required in order to be sure of
enough healthy plants. One level
teaspoon ful of seed, if evenly sown
over the bed, will be sufficient for
each 100 square yards.
Q. What is the best method for
ridding rriy cattle of lice ?
A The following remedies have
proven very effective in controlling
cattle lice: (.1) A four per cent
solution of creolin applied with a
spray pump or crush ; (2) cotton
seed oil and kerosene, equal parts;
and '(3) ground sabadilla seed and
flowers of sulphur, equal parts, ap
plied 'in powder form. Oils: .should
'be used in very warm or very
cold weather. They should be ap
plied with a. stiff brush and dis
tributed in a thin even layer over
the surface of the body.. When
the powder is used, the hair should
be clipped from the affected parts
of the body and the powder ap
plied only on the clipped parts. A
second treatment should be given
within 15 days to kill lice which
hatch after the first treatment.
Q. Should vegetable seed be
treated Lefore planting?
A. While eed treatment is not
and in quantity, cannot .' produce
efficiently. , :
And speaking of beginning the
year right, linos Blair, extension
agronomist adds that' January is
the best time to plan crop rota
tions and general farm manage
ment systems, and-to take an inr
ventory so as to keep accurate
records on farming operations.
For the orchardist, . H. R. N.is
Wonger offers these suggestions:
If . the ground is not frozen, fruit
trees', may be planted during Jan
uary ; spraying and pruning fruit
trees, shrubs, and. grape vines may
be done on favorable days ; and
field mice may be destroyed
through, the use of a poisoned bait.
Roy. Dearstyne, head of the
State- college poultry department,
points out that every precaution
should 'be taken to start . only
quality chicks. Cheap chicks, . he
says, are usually the most expen
sive in the long run. Don't over
crowd the chicks. Allow each two
birds 'pile square foot of floor
space in the brooder house.. Watch
temperatures carefully, since more'
chicks are killed by overheating
Finally, H. W. Taylor, extension
swine specialist, says . the entire
breeding herd of hogs should have
access to green feed during the
winter months. If grazing crop
are not available, feed a green
leafy legume hay in a rack. Al
falfa, soybean, or lespedeza hay
is good. If you sell' hogs commer
cially, avoid soft pork. ','-.
a ' cure-all' for plant diseases yet
it is effective in destroying, disease-producing
organisms in and
on the seed. Its great effective
ness becomes apparent when fol
lowed by other methods such as
sanitation; rotation, spraying -and
dusting, and the use of disease
resistant varieties. Methods for the
treatment of various seeds are giv
en in Extension Circular No. 231
"Growing Early Vegetable Plants"
and a copy of this may be had
free upon application to the Agri
cultural Editor at State college.
Slated For Increase
North Carolina is standing on the
threshold . of another great poultry
year, according to C. F. Parrish,
extension poultryman at State col
The output of baby chicks has
been increasing, steadily in the past
few years, resulting in a plentiful
supply of broilers and fryers. Last
year, Tar Heel poultrymen started
approximately 30 million baby
"We must depend on North Car
olina and other nearby markets to
handle the poultry supply produc
ed in this state," .Parrish said. "It
is . not practical, in most cases; to
ship broilers and fryers to dis
tant markets because of shrink
age and competition."
1 At the present time, the State
college poultryman said, there are
markets in this state that can use
more live and dressed " poultry,
since they have encountered trou
ble in establishing steady year
round Supplies. .,
From November until Spring, the
, demand for broilers and fryers is
usually weak due to competition
from fresh pork, hens, and turk
eys. As a result, present low
prices will not begin to pick " up
until "the first part of the spring.
However, the consumption of broil
ers .and fryers is increasing each
year' in North Carolina, and the
market will continue to , take a
reasonable supply of these birds.
Parrish also . explained that as
the egg supply becomes more plen
tiful at this season of the year,
prices begin declining. In order to
make, profits during this period,
careful management and close cul
ling must be practiced. Too many
growers, he said, lose interest
when prices drop and tend to neg
lect their layers.
George Peek is confiend to his
bed with rheumatism.
Miss Bertha Rogers, of Georgia,
is visiting her brother, Will Rog
ers on tvaixs creek.
Miss Dollie Carpenter is now
staying in Franklin.
Miss Ruby Nicholson has re
turned from a short visit to Sylva
Miss Geneva Keener is staying
at Mountain City, Ga.
Lester Vinson, of Hickory, is
visiting relatives here.
Mrs. Sam Hopkins, who has been
sick, is now able to visit her son,
Joe Hopkins, on Franklin Route 1
Shirley Keener has been very ill
with .influenza. .We are glad he
is able to be out again.
Mrs. Hazel Cabe has been very
ill for several days.
Kev. Radford Wilson filled his
appointment at Upper Tesenta Bap
tist church Saturday night, Jan
For the club year 1938-39. 287
farm boys were enrolled in Edge
combe county 4-H Qubs and car
ried 419 different projects in a
wide variety of subjects.
LI a Mprv 't fi ?
ml U iT!
i .f -0 Ik7 I'll
Lady Astor, left, is shown serving tea to a British soldier as she Inaugurated the first of the American
canteens in London. These canteens were presented by American women in England. From them free snacks
will be served to soldiers, featuring doughnuts and hamburgers. The latter are slow in gaining favor with the
Tommies, Who claim they are filled amply during regular "mess." Additional canteens, iiw by the same
group, will be opened soon in several convenient points In England.
Credit Association To
Meet January 22
Stockholders of the Asheville
Production Credit Association will
hold their annual meeting in Ashe
ville at the courthouse on Mon
day, January 22, at 10 o'clock, ac
cording to an ' announcement of
John A. Hudgens, president of the
At this meeting, complete and
detailed reports will be made by
the officers of the association on
its operations for the past year,
directors will be elected and other
important business transacted.
In announcing the date of the
annual meeting, Mr. Hudgens said
that it was hoped to make the at
tendance of stockholders at. this
year's meeting the largest in. the
history of the association. He said
that "the annual meetings; of the
association afford the stockholders
an opportunity to learn every de
tail of the Operations of their
The Asheville Production Credit
Association, which makes short
term loans to finance all types of
farm and livestock operations,
serves Buncombe, Burke, Chero
kee, Clay, Graham. Avery, Hay
wood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon,
Madison, McDowell, Mitchell,
Swain, Transylvania and Yancey
counties and in 1939 made loans
totaling approximately $112,000 to
its 500 members.
Is Delicate Progress
The first three weeks of Janu
ary is the best .time for trans
planting deciduous trees, says J.
P. Pillsbury, professor of land
scape architecture at State col'
Unless carried out carefully and
correctly, the transplanting of
these trees will result in failure.
Many people, neglecting a few
minor details when making the
transfer, have watched their work
go for naught as the tree died in
its new location.
Deciduous trees, Pillsbury ex
plained, are those which shed their
leaves during the winter. If the
tree is one which has a tap root,
such as white oak or walnut, or
is over two . inches in trunk di
ameter, it should have had a par
tial root-pruning treatment dur
ing the preceding dormant sea
son. - In the case of the tap-rooted
sorts, this will include digging
down on one side, or on the op
posite side of the tree, to expose
the tap root at a point 18 inches
to two feet below the ground level,
or more according to the size of
the tree or the hall of earth
around the roots to be moved.
When the tap root is exposed,
a section two to three inches long
should be cut with a long-handled
chisel and mallet. The cut at the
top of the section should be made
It is important to wait for fav
orable weather in the transplant
ing process. The day should be
mild to cold and cloudy to , rainy.
Holes should be dug oversize in
all dimensions, and good fertile top
soil should be used in setting the
trees. Manure should never be
used except as ' a mulch over the
top of the soil after the tree has
In digging up the tree, as large
a ball of earth as possible should
be moved with it, and none of
the roots should be ' allowed to
become dry during the period of
their exposure between digging and
After an outbreak of hog chol
era in the Buford township of
Union county, more than 600 hogs
were vaccinated, which, apparently.
has brought the disease under con
Aged Do Not Have To
Pay To Obtain Grants
North Carolina men' and women
over 50 years of age were ad
vised this week by Nathan H.
Yelton, director of public assistance,
not to .spend money in remitting
dues to any old age pension, as
sociation operating throughout the
country on a- chain-letter plan.
"Old age assistance payments in
North Carolina cost nothing at all
to those who receive them and
payment of a fee to any person or
organization for proffered aid in
obtaining the grants is just money
out of somebody's pocket." Yelton
"It has come to the notice of the
State Welfare department's division
of public assistance that circular
letters are being distributed in
some counties telling "Dear Mem
bers" 'of their acceptance .into a
pension organization and thanking
them for their remittances," the
director said. ,
Along with the acceptance notices
arc sent five "membership regis
tration coupons", for distribution to
friends "anywhere in anv state" to
aid in forwarding "this great re
Statement of Condition
At the Close of Business, December 30, 1939
Cash on hand and due from banks
U. S. Government bonds, direct andor fully guaran
teed State, County and Municipal bonds
Loans and discounts
Banking house and furniture and fixtures
Other real estate owned ;..
Common capital stock $50,000.00
Undivided profits 2,284.94
Total Capital Funds $77,284.94
Reserves for interest, taxes, etc. 6 752 76
TOTAL LIABILITIES $1,075,187.83
The substantial growth of this bank during the past
six years is reflected by the following comparative
Deposits December 31, 1933... $275 651 17
. Deposits December 31, 1934.. 370 38492
Deposits December 31, 1935.. 50047398
Deposits December 31, 1936. 635 743 05
Deposits December 31, 1937.... 669 700 89
Deposits December 31, 1938... 874 271 79
Deposits December 31 1939........ 991,150.13
We Pay 2y2 Interest on Time and Savings Deposits
The Jackson County Bank
Highlands, N. C Sylva, N. C.
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
newed surprise movement , now
sweeping the country with terrific
force while politicians are listening
to foreign wars", was the appeal
made in the letter according to
Claiming the .present social secur
ity act as the direct result of its
original effort and work and prom
ising to Obtain for association mem
bers monthly payments of $50 the
circular letters fails to specify di
rectly the source of the pension
funds to be available, he said.
Original application blanks mail
ed to the association were follow
ed by demands for dues, Melton
said, pointing out the closing para
graph of the letter which stated
the organization was "proceeding
legally and ethically in the devout
hope" that it "would not again be
singled out as the target for unjust
discrimination." n '
"I sincerely hope the people of
the state will not be taken in by
any such scheme. We arc enlarg
ing our public assistance rolls and
raising the grants as the money is
available in accord with the Gov
ernor's admonition to take care of
all the needy old people possible
while still proceeding in a cau
tious manner ito safeguard the
state's finances", Yelton said.
Franklin MothodUt Church,
The Rev. Ivon L. Roberta, Patter
10 a. m. Sunday school.
11 a. m. Worship services. 1
7:30 p. m. Vesper service.
Rev. J. A. Flanagan, Pastor
Franklin (Each Sundsfy)
10 a. m. Sunday school. .
11 a. m. Worship services.
Morrison (Each Sunday)
2:30 p. ra-r-Sunday school.
(Each 2nd and 4th Sunday)
3:30 p. m. Worship services.
Rev. C. F. Rogers, Pastor
9:45 a. m. Bible school.
11 a. m Morning worship.
6l30 p. m B. T. U. and Broth
:30 p.1 m. Evening worship'.
St Agnes Episconsl Church
The Rev. Frank Bloxham, Rector
11 a. m. Holy communion and
1 Macon Circuit
Rev. J. C. Swalm, Pastor
First Sunday, 11 a. m. Union;
2:00 p. m. Hickory Knoll; 7:30
p. m. Asbury.
Second Sunday, 11 :00 a. m. Mt
Zion; 2:30 p .m., Maiden's; 7:30
p. m. Patton's.
Third Sunday, 11:00 a. m. As
bury; 2:00 p. m. Mulberry; 3:00
p. m. Dryman's; 7:30 p. m. Un
Fourth Sunday, 11 a. m. Pat
ton's; 2:30 'p. m. Maiden's; 7:30
p. m. Mt Zion.
St. John's Catholic Parish
Schedule of Masses: y
2nd and 4th Sunday, 8 a.m.
Every 1st Sunday, 7 a. m.
Every 3rd Sunday, 8 a. m.
Every Sunday, 11 a. m.
Every 5th Sunday. 8 a. m.
Seventy of the 72 farms in the
area will cooperate in the Mine
Creek Watershed project, which is
now well underway, reports F. L.
Woodard, farm agent of the State
college extension, service.