1940 Census 1940 Census Population of Macon County 15,880 Population of Franklin ,'- 1,250 PROGRESSIVE LIBERAL fNDEPENDEN T VOL. LV1, NO. 10 FRANKLIN, N. C THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1941 $1.50 PER YEAR FONTANA DAM NOT TO BE BUILT Power Co. Notifies Com. Intention To Abandon Project The Nantahala Power and Light company notified the Federal Pow er Commission on Wednesday that the Aluminum Company of Amer ica subsidiary had abandoned its intention to construct a $35,000,000 hydro-electric project at Fontana, on the Little Tennessee river. The notice was signed by J. E. S. Thorpe, president. In asking for its withdrawal of declaration of intention to con struct this development in Swain and Graham counties, the com pahy asked the commission to dis continue the proceedings "without prejudice." The commission had scheduled arguments to begin next Monday on , the company's motion for a re-hearing following 'a -.ruling, of the commission concerning the navigability of the stream which would require a federal license, for the construction. . The Fontana hearing was ex erted to revolve around a recent ruling of the supreme court that required a - license if the stream could be made navigable within "reasonable costs." ..' The Fontana dam was proposed as an addition to the Nantahala and Glenville dams now under con struction. The commission ruled that these projects did not require a federal license. Random Poll Reveals Almost 1.00 Pr. Ct. For Aid To Britain A random poll taken this week of Macon citizens, verbally in answer to the question, "Are you in favor of the lend-lease bill?" revealed that all who expressed a positive conviction, one way or the other, declared themselves in favor of immediate aid to Britain. Both men and women but a large proportion of men repre senting a variety of professions and groups 'were questioned. Approxi mately ten per cent of these said they had not read or thought enough about the subject to ex press an opinion. One farmer said he had been working too hard on the farm to think about anything .else. Several were vague about the lend-lease bill itself, but wanted to send prompt aid to Britain., One favored immediate aid with a defi nite amount stipulated. Among those polled were doctors, mer chants, lawyers, farmers, mechanics, clerks, business men and, women and housewives, Democrats' and Re- As The World A Brief Survey of Current and Abroad. WAR WEEK Tension mounts on all fronts today as: A great Balkan war is 'expected to break out any moment as Ger inaiii 'iroops concentrate on Bulgar ian Black Sea ports and Greek frontiers, where 150,000 men are collected: and more coming with 1700 aircraft photographing Greek and Turkish frontiers. Greeks reject mounting German pressure for a separate peace with ltlay, declaring she stands with Britain as Foreign Secretary An thony Eden leaves Athens. Great Britain b teaks off rela tions with Bulgaria. Stalin moving to counter Hit ler's move into Bulgaria. . Weygand arrives, from Africa to report to Petain in Vichy. Tension mounts in far east as French fail to reply to Japan's de mand for French Indo China Thailand peace conference. Ethiopians route Italian garrison of 20,000 near Addis Ababa in re volt "spreading like wildfire." British prepare for "the Battle of the Atlantic," which Hitler is about to launch with swarms of the new "suicide submarines" to break the backbone of Britain's jea power and open way for knock out invasion. PANAMA BASES Panama has given permission to the U. S. to establish air bases and air defense stations on Pana ma territory to strengthen the bul warks of the Panama Canal. HITLER IN SOUTH AMERICA Chairman Dies has reported that the house committee on un-Ameri- American Legion To Send Home Paper To Men In Service , The local past of the American Legion has undertaken to see that as many- as possible of the men in military and naval service of the United States receive news from home .through their weekly county newspaper. The Franklin - Press and High lands Maconian is cooperating with members of the Legion in this work by making a special rate-for subscriptions 'to solders and sailors of 90 cents a year. Beginning this week, this rate will be allowed to anyone sending the paper to a boy in service. In June of this year there will be 228 men from Macon county in the service, and in order to send The Press to each of these the Legion is asking all who are interested in keeping the boys in touch with what is going on at home to help in this work. Fam ilies and friends of men in the service are asked to supplement the efforts of the Legion and The Press' to see that every man rev ceives the paper.' Subscriptions J may be left with the post adjutant, A. R.' Higdon, post officer, C. Tom Bryson, post commander, Gilmer A. Jones or at the Press office. The boy may be designated by the donor, or the Legion will furnish his name. Crop And Feed Loans For Flood Victims Macon county farmers who suf fered from the flood last summer, along with others, can now ar range to secure Emergency Crop Loans at the office of S. R. Grif fin, Jr., supervisor, in the court house. Mr. Griffin's office is in position to make loans up to $400 for seed, feed and fertilizer and the interest rate is only four per cent. The only extra fee charged is $1.50 to take care of notary fee, acknowl edgment by the clerk and regis tration of the papers. The loan is not due until October. 31 Mr. Griffin says that the loan program has been1 liberalized to take care of farmers suffering from the flood, and that more money is being loaned ' per acre in this section than last year. He says that a lien is taken on the growing crop, and that there is absolutely no mortgage executed on land, livestock or equipment. Those desiring loans should file their applications at once, he stat ed.' Mr. Griffin, who is also in charge of Jackson, Graham, Swain, Cherokee, and Clay counties, has annointed receiving agents at each county seat, for the convenience of farmers living in earh of these counties. Turns r Events In State, Nation v can activities has information that Hitler already has German busi ness men and others in' South America organized into military units, arid that there are "more than 1,000,000 Germans there upon which the Reich can absolutely de pend." U. S. AND MEXICO The U. S. and Mexico govern ments have begun conversations on mutual defense against aggression. LEND-LEASE AMENDMENTS The Senate ended debate on the Lcnd-Lease bill, andvoted to tigh ten congressional control over ex penditures under the bill, and bit terly debated amendment opposing use of American troops outside the Western hemisphere. The ad ministration opposed this proposal on the ground that it would be a blow to British morale and en courage Japan in aggression ' in Pacific HOLLY RIDGE STRIKE ENDED Work was resumed Wednesday after a two-day strike of from 4, 000 to 6,000 craftsmen walked off their jobs on the $13,000,000 anti aircraft firing center at Holy Ridge on the eastern seaboard of the state. RECORD TRAVEL IN SMOKIES A total of 1JL394 persons travel ing in 6350 cars broke the record for winter travel in the Great Smokies during February, is re ported by pork officials. Winter sports are given credit for a large part of the increase. SPENDING BILL WINS APPROVAL Favorable Committee Re port On Liquor Refer endum Received The general Assembly in' Raleigh has started a big push towards final adjournment. A favorable report on the com promise $166,000,000 spending bill was given Wednesday by the joint appropriation committee by a rousing voice vote. The bill calls for record-breaking expenditures for $11,000,000 more than the current budget. However it is a million less than the original more than 167,000,000. The compromise, endorsed with out qualification by Governor Broughton, was effected by a sub committee. Broughton said he was convinced that the bill would result in a bal anced budget, and that no high-, way funds would have to be di verted to the general fund. The bill provides for the diversion, if needed, of $1,150,119. A liquor referendum bill receiv at a favorable committee report on Tuesday but indications are said to be against chances to pass be cause the state is counting on the taxes on liquor to furnish nearly $5,000,000 towards next biennium's budget. It was referred to the house finance committee. . Many local bills have been pass ed. . . ... ; FEDERAL FUNDS BENEFIT MACON Social Security Payments Under Four Divisions Reported Funds distributed in North Car olina through four divisions of the Social Security Act in three and one half years and unemployment' compensation in three years total ed $34,902,030.74, at the end of De cember 1940. In Macon countv. individuals have received benefits from these four main ' divisions totaling $105, 208.38 throuch December, 1940, di vided as follows : old aee assistance, $61,331.10; unemployment compen sation, $23,504.28; aid to dependent children, $18,308.00; aid to the blind, $2,065.00. These four major divisions, in cluding .unemployment compensa tion, old age assistance, aid to dependent children and aid to the blind, account for about 82 per cent of the- amount distributed through the 10 social security pro gram divisions to the end of the year. The other six divisions are the five "services", including mat ternal and child health, crippled Children, child welfare, vocational rehabilitation and public health services, and old age and survivors insurance, which isr destined through the years to become one of the more important of the fiv.e major divisions. Broken down bv sources, thi $34,902,030.74 was furnished, $16, 79232020 or 48.11 per cent, bv North Carolina employers; $S,55K, 164.43, or 24.52 per cent, by the Federal Government; , $5,021,683.82, or 14.39 per cent, by the State of North Carolina ; $4,529,362.29, or 12.98 per cent, by the ,100 counties of the State. ' The unemployment figures do not include $378,040.59 paid to former N. C. residents, with wage credits in the State, who received bene fits while living in other states. This information is supplied by the Public Assistance Divisions of the State Board of Charities and Public Welfare, the State Com mission for the Blind and the Re search and Statistics Jivision of the UCC, Mr. Powell said. Macon Baptists Meet Next Thursday The annual Macon County Bap tist associational conference will be held at the Franklin Baptist church. Thursday, March 13, from f4 to 9:30 p. m. Mr. and Mrs. A. V. Washburn of Nashville, Tenn., two of the southwide workers, . will be here, also Nane Starne of Raleigh, who will be speakers at the meetings. All associational officers, pastors and Sunday school workers are especially urged to be present, as this is an important meeting. A larje attendance it expected. HOLD ELECTION Mayor And Six Aldermen Will Be Elected On May 1 6 At the regular meeting last Monday the board of aldermen of the town of Franklin ordered an election to be called for the elec tion of a mayor and board of ald ermen on Monday, May 6. No new registration was ordered, and notice was given that the registration book will be' open in the town office in the Ashcar building oh Saturdays, April 12, 18 and 26. Challenge day will be Saturday, May 3, 1941. R. M. Ledford was appointed registrar and George A'. Mash burn, and Tom Leach judges to hold the election. Mendenhall Addresses Farmers Federation "The Farmer and National De fense" was the subject of an ad dress . delivered by S. W. Men dcnhall, Macon county' farm agent, at .the annual meeting of the Ma con county stockholders of the Farmers Federation in the ware house on Palmer street last Sat urday. Mendenhall emphasized the need for soil conservation during the present period of raising farm prices in order to prepare for skimps later on. He said that all Macon farm families ought to raise plenty of good food at home in order to build the health of their children in this critical year. Jerry. Franklin was renominate by the stockholders as a director 6f the Farmers Federation from Macon county, and Ed Byrd was renominated . as director-at-large. Carl Slagle is also a director of the Federation from Macon, but his term catries over, for another year. . . " Election of an advisory commit tee was part of. the program. The ten members chosen to this board were: Carl Slagle, chairman; Elias Amnions, Ed Byrd, J. R. Hol brook, James Young, J. I. Vinson, J. S. Conley, Jerry Franklin, Rob ert Bennett and Lawrence Ramsey. Robert Bennett was the only new member, the others being reelected. Speeches, were also made by James G. K. McClure, president of the Farmers Federation; Horace Nolen, Federation i manager at Franklin; and Max M. Roberts; educational director of the coopera tive. McClure emphasized the Fed eration's program of quality seeds, quality poultry, and quality live stock for Western North Carolina farms. "And the greatest thing we want," he said, "is quality in our own lives. Christian character in the lives of fathers and mothers will carry, by contagion into the lives of their chidlren. And they are our finest crop of all." In a .stockholders' drawing Char ley Elliott won 30 baby chicks, G. R..Hnson 20 and J. I. Vinson ten. Music was supplied by the Farm ers Federation string band of Pender Rector, Gaither Robinson and H. A. Parrish. Mrs. Watkins Passes Saturday At Home Mrs. Sarah Angeline Watkins, 82, died at her home at Cullasaja last Saturday afternoon, following an illness of four years. She de veloped pneumonia Wednesday which caused her death. Funeral .services were held Sun day afternoon at 2 :30 o'clock at the Sugarfork Baptist church. The Rev. George W. Davis, pastor, and the Rev. Edward Parks officiated. Interment was in the church cem etery. Mrs. Watkins, widow of P. T. Watkins, was the former Miss Sarah Burnette. She was a mem ber of the Pine Grove Baptist church. Pallbearers were John Bryson, R. L. Holland, Elbert Holland, Lester Reed, Oran Holland and Furman Holland. Surviving are two daughters. Mrs. Frank Holland and Miss Hattie Watkins, of Cullasaja; four sons, G. G. Watkins, of Franklin, and Walter, Arthur, and P. O. Wat kins, of Cullasaja; one brother, Henry Burnette, of Oak Grove ; seven grandchildren and two great grandchildren. Otto P. T. A. To Meet March 13 . The Otto P.-T. A. will meet at Otto school building Thursday, March 13, at 3 o'clock. City Garage To Build On Junaluska Property On Main St. The City ' Garage, operated 'by Roy Mashburn and .'Earl ..English has purchased a Main street front: age of the old Junaluska hotel property and are beginning con struction tin a -modern garage and filling station. The lot has been cleared tlii.v week, and already work has begun under Walter Angel and Jim Swaf ford, foremen, on a one -story building, 40 Jeet by 70 feet, of tile and brick construction. . The own ers state that . they hope to com plete the building in 60 days. They recently purchased the lot from M. L.Dowdle, Jim Perry and the Bank of Franklin, joint owners. The entire investment is estimated to amount to $10,00(1 when ' the building is completed. A Shell service station will be operated by the firm, which handles Plymouth and Chrysler cars and operates an up-to-date ."' garage. Their present location is in -the old Log Cabin garage . at the turn on. lower Main street. Tourist Season Already Beginning Early beginning of the 1941 tour ist season is shown by opening of Gatlinburg hotels. The chamber of commerce of that place reports inquiries from prospective visitors up 115 per cent over this time last year. T. D. Bryson, Jr. Becomes Lions' President AtLast Meeting T. D. Bryson, Jr., vice-president, became president of the Lions Club at , the last meeting, .succeed ing the late Fred M on tony. Vice-presidents of the club are J. A. Sutton, 1st vice-president; Claude Bolton, 2nd vice-president ; Frank Duncan, 3rd vice-president. Home Defence Organized At Court House Tuesday Macon Farm and Home Demonstration Clubs Launch Program More than a hundred members of farm organizations and home demonstration clubs of Macon county met on Tuesday at the court house to take first steps to ward cooperating for local parti cipation in the national defense program. Morning and afternoon sessions were held. Home Defense Committee A farm andhomc demonstration committee for national defense was elected as follows : Harley Stew art, chairman; John. Roane, Carr Bryson, Mrs. Prelo f)ryman and Mrs. Jim Gray. The duties' of the county com mittee and of community commit tess were defined broadly as the responsibility for the growth and development of the farm and home demonstration programs to assist in every way to carry the program to others. Four points were, outlined by Mr. Fagg for community committees as follows: (1) Give the man that needs help' some" assistance; (2) ( See that all record books are fill ed out and reports turned in on time; (3) attend meetings; (4) sec that each . farmer is meeting his responsibility in the proper manner by keeping records of community farming, t Mrs. Sherrill pointed out that national defense is not only a man's ob, and answered the ques tion as to what is national defense as being, within women's scope, the raising of the standard of liv ing, of food production and preser vation, of working toward better homes, better prepared meals for nourishment, and the duty of home demonstration club women to be come leaders in their communities. She referred to Miss Harriet El liott of North Carolina as being on the National Defense commis sion and directing the problems of consumers. Mr.- Mendenhall reminded the large gathering assembled from every part of the county, "The people who live in the countries at war can't hold a meeting like this without the police, nor can a group get together on the street without police interfering. We are Still living under the Bill of Rights with freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom of the press." He told the farmers, that their SPRING TERM JURORS DRAWN List Of Those Who Will Serve At April Term Superior Court .The following is the list of jurors' for the April term of -Superior Court .as drawn by the county commissioners ;il their regular meeting last Monday, which will convene Monday, April 14: ' Firt Week Don L.. Henry, Franklin; Paul Morgan, Route 4; I.. T. justice, Route 2; M. A. Hicks, Kyle ; J, Ned Teague, Prentiss; Jim Hyatt, Franklin.;. D. V. Loc, Route 1 ; Clyde I ons, Route 4 ; T. M . Kickman, West's .Mill; Kd McCoy, Etna ; ". II. Cabe, Uoute 2;- C. B. Kinsland, Route 4; T, M . Mass, Franklin; M. I.. Dowdle, Franklin; Earl '-English, Franklin ; ' T. E. Brecdlove, Etna;, Fr.il- Henderson, Route 2; Frank' lrwii, Route ? 1 r M slot... I I I Crisp,' Route .5; Floyd .-.M.cC'all, I '-Highlands; I. F. Wilson, Flats; J. i L. Bryson, Highlands; V R. Wat ; kins, Cullasaja; Floyd Jacobs, j Franklin; W. L. Ramsey, Route 3; Joel L. Dalton, ' West's Mill; D. A. Ledford, Route 3; Floyd Houston, Gneiss; R. I). Wells, Route 1; G. R. Henson, Route 2; James E. Taylor, EJlijay ; J. H. Swafford, Route 3; Harvev Games, Stiles; J. E. Bradley, Etna; D. C. Rogers, Route-2. Second Week J. D. Burnette, Scaly;: Robert L. Carpenter, Prentiss; Fred S. Moore, Route 1 ; J. R. Parrish, West's Mill; Lorenz Moses. Elli jay ; Ell Tallent, Franklin; A. R. Higdon, Franklin ; Walter Dean, Franklin; . Robert L. Ledbetter, Route 2; Claude Roper, Route 3; Wiley Clarke, Cullasaja; Zeb McClure, Prentiss; Sam Sweatman, Route 3; Sanford Mann, Route -2; J. M. Emory, Route 1; ' L. B. Liner, Franklin ; E. B. Picklesimer, Route 3; E. B. Byrd, Stiles. work - for national defense could not be expressed in better terms than to make this country a better place to' live by improving their land. "Your children can pay no better tribute to any one of you than to be able to say, "My father was a soil builder." Rev. ' J. L. Stokes 11 addressed the meeting on the need for spir itual as well as physical prepared ness for diversion and relaxation from the daily routine if there are to be strong minds in strong bodies. WPA Hot Lunch , Miss Ethel Hurst, director of WPA lunches in the schools cited the marked improvement of under nourished children after the hot lunches, were put in schools shown from .charts' of weight kept by her. She also noted the effect of home demonstration clubs on can ning and gardening, appealing to women to plan gardens, that will furnish all the jiecds of the family for fresh and canned vegetables. Fred Sloan Outline Needs Fred Sloan, district farm agent, made a strong appeal for a better agricultural program for home ' consumption. He stressed the first need as milk and the second, eggs, in the child's, diet and the nec essity for strengthening our people to take care of their needs from their farms. Mr. Sloan referred 'to the alarmingly high percentage of men turned down by army and navy because of bad health, bad teeth and diseases of malnutrition. He stated that 'Germany is today applying 15 times as much phos phate to land as U. S. farms. Health And Sanitation Dr. E. N. Haller, health officer, gave practical directions tp improve sanitary conditions on tne larm and in the rural schools, towards removing the menace of polluted water supply, flies, disease breed ing spots and the dangers from tuberculosis in man and cows. He urged a higher standard of clean liness in and outside the house. He stated that Walter Hart, county sanitary officer is glad to advise families about their water supply and better sanitation. Among others speaking were Charlie W. Henderson, chairman county AAA committee; Gus Leach, chairman county commis sioners; Mr. Threlkeld, represent ing WPA; Mrs. Margaret Ordway, supervisor NYA; E. J. Whitmire, teacher of agriculture at Franklin high school, Albert Ramsey, farm security supervisor.