THE FRANkLiN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACON IAN
THURSDAY, AUGUST 11, 141
TVA Contracts To Operate
Aluminum Company System
Alcoa And Fontana Dams
Will Combine Power
The Tennessee Valley Authority
is to operate the five-dam hydro
electric system of the Aluminum
Company of America on the Little
Tennessee River, with the signing
of a contract between the TVA
and the Aluminum company, ac
cording to a .statement released to
the press from the Washington of
fice. TVA will not assume owner
ship of the company's plants, but
will direct and control their opera
tions, and will integrate them with
. its own extensive system of dams
in such a ' way as to obtain the
maximum public usefulness of the
water in the entire Tennessee
River watershed. ,
David E. Lilicnthal, the TVA's
vice-chairman, who .signed the
agreement on behalf of the public
agency, termed the contract "one
of the most important developments
in the relations between Govern
ment and business in our time."
- Mr. Lilienthal pointed out that
such management of a private util
ity system by a public agency,
based upon contract between the
parties reached by negotiations, is
a pioneering .step in. a new kind
of relationship between public and
private enterpises, and the first
such arrangement to be entered
into in this country.
Largest Plant lln World
The manufacture of aluminum
metal requires vast quantities of
electric power. At Alcoa, in east
ern Tennessee, the Company ha.s
the world's largesj aluminum plant.
To meet the requirements for pow
er of this plant the Aluminum
company years ago constructed
three hydroelectric -projects, Che
oah, Calderwbod, and Santeetlah,
which are located in the moun
tains of Tennessee and North Car
olina Qii the Little Tennessee Riv
er, a tributary of the Tennessee.
Two additional dams, . Nantahata
and Glenville, on tributaries of the
Little Tennessee, are under con
struction by, the company and
nearing completion. Construction
of these two dams was initiated a
year ago to meet increasing na
tional defease requirements for
aluminum. To meet the steadily in
creased need for aluminum the
Company has since 1937 purchased
very .large amounts of electricity
from the TVA, and since the de
fense crisis a year ago TVA has
been the major factor in main
taining full aluminum production
for aircraft, the TVA supply to
Alcoa being presently at the rate
of more than a billion kilowatt
hours a year.
Hydro System Coordinated
The contract signed last week
resulted from studies made by
TVA and the Aluminum Company
over a period of years for the
purpose of coordinating the opera
tion of the Alcoa- hydro system
and the publicly owned dams . of
the TVA to produce the maximum
benefits in water control and elec
tric power generation. Engineering
studies established clearly that the
maximum production of power and
maximum flood control benefits
1 tr, ! :
Potts' Burial Ass'n.
Protect. The Whole Family
Fine Solid Oak Casket
Office Over Pendergraas' Store
We have bought froiivRea Auto
Supply a new Allen Unitron 30
minute charger which will charge
and test your battery while we
wash or grease your car.
LET US CHARGE THAT LAZY
BATTERY IN 30 MINUTES
Franklin Service Station
ERWIN PATTON, Mgr.
Franklin, N. C
could not be secured by indepen
dent operation of the two systems.
Both public and private agencies
will benefit from such added ef
Fontana Strategic Site '
The contract further provides for
acquisition by the TVA of the
much discussed Fontana dam , site,
which the Company has owned for
30 years. Upon this site," when
Congress, provides the necessary
funds, the TVA will construct a
dam about 450 feet high which will
require almost 3,000,000 cubic yards
of concrete three times as much
as used in Norris dam. It will pro
vide approximately 1,500,000 acre
feet of flood .storage and will add
approximately 200,000 kilowatts of
installed capacity to the TVA sys
tern, which, with Fontana will total
2,200,000 kilowatts in 1944, Cost of
the dam is estimated at about $50,
000,000. Request for funds for the
beginning of construction, will be
made at once; the project has re
ceived the approval of the Office
of Production Management as a
Fontana is a strategic dam site,
since it is located above two of
the Aluminum Company dams and
above all but one of the nine main-
river dams of the Authority, six
of which are already completed and
three of which are under construc
tion. Construction of the dam by
the Authority as a public project
with public funds will insure real
ization of the full benefits of its
great storage capacity . at all the
As soon as funds are made avail
able by Congress construction .of
the dam will be begun. It is ex
pected that the dam can be in
partial use by 1943 to provide
storage that will substantially in
crease TVA and A'lco power rapa
city in the downstream power
plants, thus relieving , the great
need for defense power in the crit
ical year of 1943. It is estimated
that the structure itself can be
Completed in 30 to 36 months,
when the full amount of power
capacity will become available.
No Cash Sale
The dam site is not to be paid
for in cash. Under the contract,
consideration for the transfer of
the site is a waiver by the TVA
of any claim the Authority might
have - under the Federal Water
Power Act for compensation for
the benefits which the Company
will receive through use of Fon
tana storage at its other dams
downstream on the Little Tennes
Staff members of the TVA who
participated in the negotiations of
the contract were G. O. Wessen
auer, acting manager of power; R.
A. Kampmeire, chief, power eco
nomics division ; and Joseph C.
Swidler, TVA solicitor.
Representatives of the world's
greatest wheat-producing .nations,
Argentina, Australia, Canada, Great
Britain and the United States, have
recessed their session in Washing
ton until August 18 and report
"progress" in the move for an in
ternational wheat pool for post
war use.'-'- 'v
' . ', -
mps t"' (arm commodities continue
goodv'tne tJ. ;S1 Deparfoent;'oi
Agriculture reports.- .-.
A million-pine farm, operated by
a. Negro near Log Calbin Center,
Ga., has more than 1,000,000 pine
trees on 866 acres,.
Deferred Men Urged To
Offer Full Assistance
For Civilian Defense
All Selective Service registrants
who have been deferred from mil
itary service today were .urged by
General J. Van B. Metts, state
director of selective service, to of
fer their full assistance to - state
and local civilian defense agencies.
Many young men have been
granted deferment because of their
occupations, because they have de
pendents or because they are not
physically! capable of undergoing
service in the armed forces. Never
the less, they are qualified to per
form some work in connection
with civilian defense activities and
should offer their services to ex
isting agencies or those which are
By granting Certain men defer
ment, Congress, when it adopted
the Selective Training and Service
Act of 1940, gave - no indication
that it intended to excuse these
men from the obligation which
rests upon every young nun
that of helping his country in
times of emergency, General Metts
declared. Each man Is expected to
do his share, in one way or an
other, when a crisis threatens the
national security, he said. ,
General Metts quoted from a
recent statement of Brig. Gen.
Lewis B. Hershey, 'director' of se
lective service, as follows:
"Many of our young men have
entered' the armed forces, leaving
at home others who for one rea
son or another have had their mil
itary training deferred. Those who
remain owe it to those who have
been called and owe it to their
country to help in its defense
whe,n they are needed. '
"They can do their part by of
fering their services in the inter
ests of civilian defense."
Pointing' out that the Office, of
Civilian Defense is coordinating
civilian defense activities of the
State and expanding them to: com
munities where they are hot . or
ganized as yet, the State Director
said that in the very near future
the vast majority of deferred reg
istrants should . be able to find a
civilian defense activity where
their services can be used. Such
activities cover a wide .range and
should include, a task for almost
every young man who is deferred
from military training for one rea
son or another.
By HAZEL AMMONS
r ..... -
Alex Moore and Mr. and Mrs.
Jack Moore of Franklin, made
some very interesting talks at the
Ellijay church Sunday, August 17.
A large crowd attended.
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Allen and
family of Cowee, brought the news
to Mrs.. Vance Jennings that Mrs.
Jennings' sister was critically ill
at her home at Cowee. Mr. and
Mrs. Windell Moore and family
of Cullasaja accompanied Mr. and
Several people of this community
attended the Peek-Henderson re
union at Pine Grove last Saturday.
Brinton Bowman and Weaver
Fox were drafted by the Army last
Monday. .. '.. ' .
Mr. ' and Mrs. , Kermit"" . Rogers
and familyYspeot.Jast weekend with'
family and"; Mr. and Mrs. "Xdd
Adams ' were visiting Mrs. Henry
and Mrs. Adams' grandmother of
M isses Hazel and Sara Amnions
spent the weekend witr Mr. and
Mrs. Fred Higdon of Higdonville.
, 'Mr. and Mrs. Robert Rogers
and daughter, Martha, of High
lands, were visiting Mr. Rogers'
brothers, Charlie and Albert Rog
ers and Mrs. Rogers.
Mr. and Mrs. Eldon Coutrins and
family spent the weekend with
Mrs. Coggins' parents, Mr. and
Mrs. John Franks of Erastus.
Miss Nina Mashburn has return
ed home after spending three
weeks at Franklin.
Next Saturday and Sunday, Aug
ust 23 and 24, is the reeular meet
ing days for Rev. William Breed-
love, preacher of the Ellijay Bap
Every Wednesday night, begin
ning at 8 o'clock, a prayer meet
ing will be held at the Ellijay
,Mrs. Will Ammons of Sylva, vis
ited her sister, Mrs. Alex Ammons
Mrs. Carrie Henry is visiting her
grandson, tmpry McCoy and Mrs
McCoy of Glenville this week.
Abaraham Young has returned
to his home with his daughter,
Mrs. Fronia Dunn after spending
tnree days with Mr. and Mrs.
Alex Ammons and family. Mr.
Young is very feeble.
Alex Coggins is at home after
undergoing an operation at An eel
hospital. He is getting along well
Mrs. Alex Ammons and daugh
ter, Emma, spent the weekend with
her son, Edison Ammons. and
Save a dime a day and one dol
lar on your birthday. At the tnd
of a year for your $37.50 you can
purchase one $50 (maturity value)
Defense Savings Bond.
Mr.tKGCii j?rents,;.Mr,,and; Mr
pen Rogers.. of ;.pock Creek,',.,; (
;' Mr..' arid "MrsClfpe 'HenW.'swl
f fjb 1l7
iv " r - "
W. Averell Harriman, lend-lease co
ordinator, leaves the White House
after a conference with the Presi
dent Mr, Harriman flew to the U. S.
from London for his first visit since
Blue Ridge Here Sunday
For Final Season Game
Third place will probably be de
cided in the Tri-State League Sun
day when the strong Blue Ridge,
Ga., nine invades Franklin for a
twin-bill starting at '3:30 p. m. on
the local diamond.
Blue Ridge has surprised the
whole league by winning lOstraight
games and jumping from 7th to
3rd place, while Franklin was win
ning eight out of: their last ten
games, and dropping into fourth
This will be Blue Ridge's first
time to ever play in Franklin and
a chance for the fans to see one
of the best balanced ball clubs in
the league. '
This will be the final league
game for Franklin until the play
off starting September 7th. How
ever, Franklin- will play the Knox
ville All-Stars or the Asheville All
Stars here August 31. '
Franklin split a double-header
with Rabbinsville last Sunday
winning 'the first game 4-1 and
dropping the n'ght-cap 4-0. In the
first game Franklin bunched 8
hits behind the pitching of English
and Raynolds. Doug Hoi sanback
struck out 13 men and only allow
ed three hits in the second game.
Four errors with the three hits let
four runs cross the plate.
Defense Savings Bonds can be
registered in the name of children
as well as adults.
Lt-.UA.'.w.-i SijV ,
Next Saturday, Aug. 23
3:00 P. M. Daylight Saving Time
Ruffner Suggests Turnips
As Winter Feed For Cows
The immediate planting of tur
nips to help supply feed for North
Carolina cows is being urged by
R. H. Ruffner, head of the Ani
mal Industry Department of N. C.
Actually, he pointed out,' the
seed should be sow.n before the
end of this week if the farmer is
to get ' highest yields. Sown afer
September 1, turnips fail to make
as good yields.
The successful production of this
vegetable requires" good land in
the best of condition. If possible,
all barnyard manure available
should be scraped up and spread
on the land before the' seed are
sown. . '
In supplying the State college
dairy herd with tur.nips, Ruffner
said more than 400, bushels were
harvested from one acre of land.
Seed were purchased for 40 cents
a pound and sowed broadcast over
the land. , Three pounds to the
acre were used.
Experiments have shown that the
Purple Top variety produces bast
yields. The State college man also
said that 15 pounds of crimson
clover seed per acre have been
sowed with the turnips.
However, he. went An, the grow
er may choose any kind of grass
or cover he desires to sow with
the turnips. He stressed likewise
that turnips will not interfere with'
the stand of clover or grass.
In feeding the turnips, Ruffner
suggested that they be put in a
box and cut up. This may be
done easily through the use of a
shovel, he pointed out.
"It is of utmost ; importance that
the turnips be seeded at once,"
the dairyman re-emphasized, "or
good yields will not be forthcom
ing."..;.' ' , '
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I SAMPLE COPY ON REQUEST f "
For Winter Greens ,
Bountiful supplies of winter veg
etables growing in the garden of
every North Carolina farm family
is the objective of a new campaign .
launched by the State agricultural
workers council, according to John
W. ; Goodman, . assistant director of.
the N. C. State college extension
Blessed with a climate that
makes it possible to grow vege
tables the year around in most
sections, North Carolina could eas
ily grow plenty of greens to keep
its people supplied with these diet
essentials during the fall and winter.-;
H. R. Niswonger, extension hor
ticulturist, has prepared for ; dis
tribution to every farm family in
formation which lists vegetables
suitable for winter gardens, best
varieties, planting dates, amounts
of seed needed, maturity dates,
and seed cost. ' ,
In his grade, the horticulturist
suggests rape and kale for all sec
tions of the state; mustard and
tendergreens for the Eastern and
Piedmont sections; collard plants, -spinach,
and onion sets for the
Eastern and Lower Piedmont
areas; and beets and carrots for
the Tidewater and warmer parts
of the Coastal Plain.
Goodman explained that the win
ter vegetable campaign is being
Conducted in response to a request;
from M. L. Wilson, director of ex
tension for the U. S. department
A Bryant Furniture Co.
AT REASONABLE PRICES
PhorMlOS Franklin, N.C
h - l i.l . '
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