North Carolina Newspapers

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Miijhlnuita ^acunian
Published every Thursday by the Franklin Press
At Franklin, North Carolina
VOL. LX1 Number forty
WEIMAR JONES , Editor-Publisher
Entered at the Past Olllce, Franklin, N. C., as second class matter
Telephone No. 24
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Macon County Board of Education
Dear Mr. Moore:
It is no secret thai there is widespread and grow
ing dissatisfaction with our Macon County schools.
How much of the criticism is justified I do not
pretend to know. No doubt some ol it is based
upon prejudice and ignorance of the true situation.
It .seems highly improbable, however, that such a
chorus of criticism is entirely groundless.
But whatever the facts may be about the quality
of our schools, it certainly is true that the attitude
of a large section of the Macon County public is
highly critical. And that is extremely unfortunate ?
tragic for the children: because the schools can do
their best work only when they have the respect
and whole-hearted support of the public, and par
ticularly of the parents.
1 am convinced that the situation, whatever the
cause, can be remedied, and I believe the members
of the board of education are the ones to remedy
it. This letter is addressed to you. therefore, in your
capacity as chairman of that board, to suggest
that what .we need is facts.
If the dissatisfaction is unwarranted, facts, and
facts alone, will prove the point : convince the pub
lic: and thus make possible the vitally necessary
cooperation of the schools and the people. If there
is basis for the criticism, facts will show us what
and where the trouble is. so that .something can be
done about it.
Mv suggestion is that von and the other mem
bers of the school board learn, first-hand, what our
schools are like; that you then compare them with
the schools elsewhere: and, finally, that you report,
your findings to the people.
I suggest that vou visit ? as a board or individu
ally ? every school in this county, and ?
1. See for yourselves what the physical facilities
are ? whether the rooms are crowded, and how bad
ly ; what the playground conditions are: whether
there are lunchrooms, and what kind of lunches
they serve: whether there are enough toilets, and
if they are kept clean : etc.
2. Learn, by visiting the classrooms, something
about the quality of the instruction our children
are receiving.
3. Talk to school patrons in t lie various school
communities and find out if they are pleased with
their schools ? and if not, why not.
Since all intelligent appraisal is based largely up
on comparison, such a survey would he of little val
ue unless you took the second step and compared
our schoolfc with others. Parents who recently have
moved to Macon County undoubtedly could offer
some worth-while comparisons, criticisms, and sug
gestions. and interviews, with them would prove
j helpful. Hut there is nothing like seeing for your
selves. and surely visits to schools of similar size in
other counties would prove invaluable to you.
After such a study, you would be in position to
make an authoritative, letailed report- ? preferably
a school-by-school report ? tot he people of this
county. (The columns of this newspaper will be
open to vou. as a matter of course, for any reports,
comments, and recommendations you may wish to
You and other members of the board arc busy
men. and I appreciate the further fact that your
pay as board members is nominal and that your
work all too often is thankless.* But I am sure that
each of you accepted membership 011 the board
solely in order to serve, and that you are keenly
conscious of the heavv responsibility that is yours.
And 1 am convinced that a serious, careful study
by the board, followed by a report to the people, is
an essential first step toward the better schools the
people of Macon County are demanding.
Th' unconquerable Mind, and Freedom's holy flame? Gray
Behind the clouds Is the sun still shining? Longfellow.
To admit poverty U no disgrace to a man, but to make no
effort to eicape It i? indeed dUfraeeful.? Thuoydldes.
Dear Sir:
It was heartening to note that your issue of September 19th
reported the lindings of the North Carolina State Planning
Board with reference to the percentage of homes without run
ning water, without private toilets, without private bath facu
lties and without electricity ? for Macon county and the State
as a whole.
However, your editorial, which admits that "the figures have
value and are worth considering", generally pooh-poohs the
relationship between *bathtubs and culture.
What is culture? "The word 'culture' properly includes . . .
both the material culture and also such parts of culture as
knowledge, beliefs, morals, law, and custom " (Ogburn, William
F., Social Change, p 4. New York: B. W. Huebsch, 1922.1
Another definition: "Culture contains the following essential
elements: tli It is man made, as distinct from creations of
nature, unmodified by the hand of man. (2i It includes the
products of the mind which are intangible and non-material
as well as those material forms which are piade by his hands
< 3 1 It is preservable and accumulative, and increases in com
plexity and quality through the building up of new accretions.
? 4 1 It is psychically transmissable from person to person, from
group to group and from generation to generation." (Eubank,
Earl E The Concepts of Sociology, p. 339, New York: D. C.
Heath and Co. 1932).
Hence by definition bathtubs, miles of paved highways, tele
phones, etc.. constitute culture They are the maierial aspects
of culture, it is true, but they are nevertheless aspects. If
they are not often responsible for the non-material compon
ents of culture, at least they influence them.
I do not mean to place the material phases of culture on a
pedestal and bow down to them in holy worship. But a social
heritage worthy of America in the 20th century cannot be de
veloped until minimum levels of health, decency, communica
tion, etc., are established for all.
Highlands, N. C.
September 23, 1946
(Editor's Note: Webster defines "culture": "The state of be
ing cultivated: especially the enlightenment and refinement of
taste acquired by intellectual and aesthetic training; the in
tellectual content of civilization; refinement in manners, taste,
thought, etc. ... A particular state or stage of advancement
in civilization or the characteristic features of such a stage
or state.")
? Others* Opinions ?
The government's housing program has been a miserable
flop Its failure was predicted by Senator O'Daniel and by The
W. Lee O'Daniel News months ago. Naw comes the National
Home and Property Owners foundation demanding abolish
ment of the bureau and the immediate removal o{ Wilson W.
Wyatt, expediter, from office. The demand is made by the
trustees of the foundation composed of citizens from every
state of the Union, who met in Washington last week.
While Housing Administrator Wilson Wyatt, say foundation
trustees, is telling Americans the Veterans' emergency housing
program has shown results "that only the most optimistic have
dared to hone for," actual figures prove that construction is
bogging down because of the failure of government "expediters"
to assure a flow of materials.
Mr. Wyatt has pointed to the 2.700,000 units scheduled to be
started by the end of 1947 as evidence of the success of his
program. He ignored the fact that regardless of how many
houses are started, the rate of completion is becoming critically
small An investigation by the National foundation indicates
that construction time has increased from the normal of ohree
months to nine months or more A survey made among build
ers in dozens of cities shows a little more than 10 per cent of
the veterans' houses begun have actually been completed.
These figures are confirmed by Mr. Wyatt himself. In a re
cent report, he claimed only 12 per cent of the units begun
this year as actually completed. He admitted also that of the
225,000 units made available for occupancy since January 1,
only 163,000 were permanent homea and apartments, and more
than 50 per cent were started before his housing program
Further evidence of the bungled housing situation comes
from another government office, the bureau of labor statistics,
which reports that housing for which permits were issued in
! March shows a completion rate of about 8 per cent. The bureau
; also found that *45 per cent of the unfinished housing units
i have been under construction for seven months or more, with
I one third of this group in such an uncertain state that com
l pletion is designated as "indefinite."
To make matters more serious, the rate at which new housing
is being started is declining because of the natural reluctance
of home builders to begin new construction which they cannot
possibly complete. Joseph M. Stack, commander in chief of the
Veterans of Foreign Wars, described the situation as "almost
I a complete breakdown in the veterans' housing program." The
magazine "Nation's Business" points out that "material short
! ages have slowed emergency housing program to a creeping
pace." ? The W. Lee O'Daniel News, organ of Senator Lee ID.,
i Texas i .
Last week we carried an editorial relative to the pollution of
the water of the Tuckaseegee River, one of the prettiest streams
in Western North Carolina. Since we are heartily in favor of
doing something to force the owners of the manufacturing
establishments responsible for this outrageous practice of
emptying their refuse into the river, to do something to correct
this, we feel that we should carry out our policy of bringing
the facts before the public.
We have found that the refuse, allowed to flow into this
river, Is deposited on rocks, logs and the vegetation in and on
the water's edge, causing scum, and that the waters dashing
upon these rocks and logs, causes a dirty and unsightly foam.
The deposits kill all the vegetation near the water's edge, and
this vegetation harbors the bugs and other insects, that the
fish depend on for their food, and tfyey are driven to cover, and
the fish die or go to another stream that is free from this
pollution. We have also found that the greatest harm is done
to fish beds where the fish lay their eggs during the spawning
season. The refuse is deposited on these beds, consequently
killing the eggs before they have had time to hatch into small
Many people passing through our town have made remarks
about the unsightly appearance of our beautiful stream, and
have wondered why the people tolerate such a thing. They
know that in most of the other manufacturing centers, both
large and small, this practice has long been obliterated and
streams have been cleaned up and made pure, at a very small
cost. In fact, operating expenses are derived from the by
products that come from this refuse.
Copper Hill, Tenn. is a good example of this. Several years
ago sulphuric fumes from the smelting plants there were al
lowed to float out over the country-side, as a result all the
vegetation for miles around was killed and Copper Hill was
made a desolate looking place. Pressure was brought to bear
upon the owners of these plants; filters were installed and the
fumes were changed into by-products that are almost paying
for the entire operation.
Even as far back as 40 years ago the rivers flowing through
the principal manufacturing centers In Germany were clear
and free from pollution. The water could be used for drinking
purposes, made this way because the laws governing pollution
? Continued on Pap Fl*?
Smokey Say a:
WILOf'ftC - M(
Wild fire it a trespasser and thief
that steali growing timber and
keeps young trees from being born.
Umestrained tire roba the wood
land owner o t hia forest income.
With the
First Church, Franklin
The Rey. Charles E. Parker,
9:45 a. m. ? Sunday-school.
11 a. m. ? Worship.
6:30 p. m. ? Training union.
7:30 p. m.? Worship.
7:30 p. m. ? Prayer meeting.
St. Agnes Church, Franklin
The Rev. A. Rufus Morgan,
10 a. m. ? Church school.
11a. m.? First Sunday, Holy
Third Sunday,
Morning prayer.
8 p. m.? Second and fourth
Sundays, evening
Franklin Church
The Rev. W. Jackson Huneycutt,
10 a. m. ? Sunday school.
11 a. m. ? Worship.
6:30 p. m. ? Senior Youth fel
7 p m. ? Intermediate Youth
Maiden's Chapel
The Rev. R. L. Poindexter,
i 10 a. m. ? Sunday school,
E. A. Roper, supt.
11 a. m.? Preaching, third
2 p. m. ? Singing.
3 p. m. ? Preaching, first
Franklin Circuit
j The Rev. D. P. Grant, pastor
' Preaching services as follows:
; First Sunday:
11 a. m.? Bethel church.
3 p. m.? Salem church.
7:30 p. m.? Clark's chapel.
| Second Sunday:
11 a. m. ? Snow Hill church.
3 p. m? Louisa chapel.
7:30 p. m. ? lotla church.
Third Sunday:
11 a. m. ? Clark's chapfel.
3 p. m. ? Salem.
7:30 p. m.? Bethel.
Fourth Sunday:
11 a. m. ? lotla.
3 p. m. ? Louisa chapel.
7:30 p. m.? Snow Hill.
Franklin Church
The Rev. B .Hoyt Evans, pastor.
10 a. m. ? Sunday school.
11 a. m.? Worship.
(In American Legion HalP
The Rev. A. F. Rohrbacher,
Every Sunday:
7:45 a. m. ? Confessions.
8:00 a. m? Mass and com
Sloan ?% Chapel
2 p. m.? Sunday school on the
flrit, second, third, and fifth
2 p. m.? Preaching on the
fourth Sunday.
i p. m? Preaching on thr
7:30 p. m.? Prayer meeting.
Friendship (Angel) Tabernacle
2: JO p. m ? Sunday school
Second Sunday:
3:30 p. m.? Preaching service,
conducted by the Rev. V. C.
St. Cyprian's Episcopal
The Rev. James T. Kennedy.
11 a. m.? Third Sunday,
Holy communion.
2 p. m? First and second
Sundays, evening
3 p. m.? Church school.
5 p. m.? Litany.
Franklin Methodist Ctrcalt
(A. M. E. Zion)
The Rev. John O. Williams
Preaching services as followr.
First and third Sundays:
11 a. m ? Oreen Street church.
9:30 p. m.? Cowee church.
? p. m.?Or??n Strut ehurch.
'Ihe deiendant, Victoria Stew
art, will lane notice ilv.1 mi
action entitled as aOJ.e, lioa
been coiiuiiMiced in the murc. -
lor Couit o. Mac?ti
North Carolina, to obtain un
absolute divorce from Uk- ?. u-->
Uant on the giouinu> of i..u
>ears Kcpaiatkni.
Said uefendam will lake no
tice thai she is required to ap
pear at the office of tue CUik
of the Superior Court of Ma^on
County, North Carolina, wi.hni
twenty <20i days a.ter the SKli
day of October, 1948, and an
swer or demur to the complaint
in said action, or the plainlllf
will apply to the Court for the
relief demanded In said com
This the 9th day of Septem
ber, 1946
Cleric, Superior Court.
Macon County, N. C.
312 ? 4tc ? Q3
Having qualified as adminis
tratrix of Lillie Matlock, deceas
ed, late of Macon County, N C..
this Is to notify all persons hav
ing claims against the estate of
said deceased to exhibit them
to the undersigned on or be
fore the 14th day of September,
1947, or this notice will be plead
in bar of their recovery. All per
sons indebted to said estate will
please make immediate settle
This 14th day of September,
S19 ? 6tD ? 024
Vs \
The defendant above named
will take notice that an action
entitled above* has been com
menced in the Superior Court
of Macon County for absolute
divorce; and that said defen
dant will further take notice
that he is required to appear at
the Office of the Clerk of the
Superior Court of said County
at the courthouse in Franklin
on or before the 23rd day of
October, 1946 and answer or
demur to the complaint in said
action or the plaintiff will ap
ply to the court for relief de
manded in said complaint.
This the 16th day of Sep
tember, 1946.
clerk Superior Court
Macon County.
S26 ? 4tc ? 017
The defendant above named
will take Notice that an action
entitled above has been com
menced in the Superior Court
of Macon County for absolute
divorce; and that said defen
dant wlil further take notice
that he is required to appear at
the Office of the Clerk of the
Superior Court of said County
at the courthouse in Franklin
on or before the 23rd day of
October, 1946 and answer or
demur to the complaint in said
action or the plaintiff will apply
to the court for relief demand
ed in said complaint.
This the 16th day of Sep
tember, 1946.
Clerk Superior Court
Macon County.
826-4 tc? 017
Having qualified as adminis
tratrix of J. B. Matlock, deceas
ed, lat? of Macon County, N. C?
this U to notify all persons hav
ing claims against the estate of
said deceased to exhibit them to
the undersigned on or before
the 14th day of September, 1847,
or this notice will be plead In
bar of their recovery. All per
sons Indebted to said estate will
please make Immediate settle
This 14th day of September,
Sift? fltp? 024
Having qualified as adminis
trator of M. E (Mark) Cochran,
deceased, late of Macon County,
N. C? this Is to notify all per
sons having claims against the
estate of said deceased to ex
hibit them to the undersigned
on or before the 2Srd day of
September, 1947, or this netlce
will be plead In bar of their re
covery. All persons Indebted to
said estate will please make Im
mediate settlement
This 3Srd day of September,
8M? 4tp ? OS1

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