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?lt2 Jfljrattklitt tyttss
(the Jlighlanite ^nrunian
Published every Thursday by the Fr&nkHn Press
At Franklin, North Carolina
Entered at the Post Office, Franklin, N. C., as second class matter
Telephone No. 24
Obituary notices, cards of thanks, tributes of respect, by in
dividuals, lodges, churches, organizations or societies, will be re
garded as advertising and Inserted at regular classified advertis
ing rates. Such notices will be marked "adv." in compliance
with the postal requirements. ? .
THIRTY-THREE young men of draft age who
* cannot even sign their names! and many more
who can write nothing else, and cannot read at all!
Why are so inanv Macon County adults illit
erate? The answer is obvious: Because they did
not attend school.
For that situation, each one of us must assume
a share of the moral f)lame. Legally, however, the
responsibility is not general, but specific. The law
says that children must attend school, and clearly
fixes responsibility for observance and enforce
ment of the compulsory attendance statute.
It places the first responsibility upon the par
ents, and provides a penalty for their failure to
meet that responsibility. It reads :
Every parent, guardian or other person in the state
having charge or control of fi child between the ages
of seven and sixteen years of age shall cause such
child to attend school continuously for a period equal
to the time which the public school in the district In
which the child resides shall be in session . . . Any
parent, guardian, or other person violating the pro
visions of this article shall be guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction shall be liable to a tine not less
than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars,
* and upon failure or refusal to pay such fine, tihe said
parent, guardian or other person shall be imprisoned not
exceeding thirty days in the county Jail.
Responsibility for enforcement of the compul
sory attendance law is placed upon the chief at
tendance officer, and (unless otherwise provided)
the chief attendance officer is the county super
intendent of public welfare. That official, says the
law, "shall investigate and prosecute all violators
of the provisions of this article".
'nl while most persons would agree that com
pl-anre, rather than prosecution, is the purpose
of the law. the county superintendent of public
welfare appears to be given little discretion about
which cases are to be prosecuted. Because, even
:n cases of poverty, t'he law directs the county
superintendent of public welfare to "inquire clili
ir>*n tV"* matter" and then bring the case
into the juvenile court. And, if that court
shall find, after careful investigation that the parents
have made or are making a bona fide effort to comply
with the compulsory attendance act, and by reason
of illness, lack of earning capacity, or any other cause
which the court may deem valid and sufficient, are
unable to send said cihild to school, then the court shall
find and state what help is needed by the family to
enable the attendance law to be complied with. The
court shall transmit its findings to the county board of
education . . . (and) the county board of education
shall in its dcscretion order aid to be given the family
from the current expense fund of the county school bud
get to an extent not to exceed ten dollars per month tor
such cihild during the continuance of the compulsory
term . . . And the county board of education is hereby
authorized In making out the county budget to provide
a sum to meet the provisions of this article.
That is to say, the county superintendent of
public welfare is responsible for enforcing the
law, and the juvenile court and the county board
of education are required to so act as to prevent
enforcement from working an undue hardship in
But before a case is placed before the county
superintedent of .public welfare in that official's
capacity as chief attendance officer, a responsi
bility rests upon the school authorities.
"Reports of unlawful absence (are) required to be
made by teachers and principals to the chief attend
ance officer" and "the state superintendent of public
instruction shall prepare such rules and procedure and
furnish such blanks for teachers and other school offi
cials as may be necessary for reporting each case of tru
ancy or lack of attendance to the chief attendance of
Prior to reporting nonattendance as truancy,
however, "fhe principal, superintendent or teacher"
is given discretionary power "to excuse the child
temporarily on account of sickness or distance of
residence from the school, or other unavoidable
cause which does not constitute truancy". Fur
thermore, the law specifically ejects that before
parents of children not attending school are re
ported to the chief attendance officer they shall
be notified "in writing . . that the case is to be
reported to tho chief attendance officer unless the
law is immediately complied with". ?
The school authorities, in other words, are re
sponsible for knowing which children are not in
school, for knowing something about why, and for
warning the parents before actually reporting the
case as truancy. The spirit of those provisions
would seem to suggest that the schools are respon
sible for doing everything possible to get the child
into school, short of taking the case into court.
Finally, the school authorities in any county
have ample authority to act for themselves, should
the county superintendent of public welfare of
that county be unable or unwi|ling to enforce the
compulsory school attendance law :
The county board of education . . . may employ
special attendance officers to be paid from funds, de
rived from fines, forfeitures and penalties, or other local
funds, and said officers shall have full authority to prose
cute for violations of this article: Provided that . . .
where a special attendance officer is employed, the
duties of the chief attendance officer or truant officer
as provided by law, shall ... be transferred from the
county superintendent of public welfare to the special
How Do You Know You Don't?
It is small counties like Macon that are bene
fitted most by the fact th^it North Carolina has
its own Symphony Orchestra,; because the larger
towns in the state can occasionally attract a
music event, but a privately sponsored first class
musical group or artist rarely if ever would come
to a town as small as Franklin, no matter how
high the admission charge might be.
Furthermore, tickets to the concerts of most
symphony orchestras are about three times as
much as the cost of a general membership in the
North Carolina Symphony Society, the organiza
tion that makes possible the N. C Symphony
Orchestra, and the concerts it gives through this
state. And1 when a person joins the society, he or
she is doing much more than buying admission to a
concert ? for these memberships also make possible
free concerts given for school children.
These are a few of the facts that deserve care
ful consideration as the local Symphone organi
zation prepares to launce the annual membership
campaign in Macon County next week.
"I'll join the Society", you may be sayinp to
vourseii, "but it will be purely so we can have
i the free concert for Macon County^s children. 1
don't care for 'highbrow' music,"
That determination to provide good music for
the school children is highly commendable, of
coirse: and the free concert for the children
would be well worth wh'le, even if there were ho
evening performance for adults.
But are you sure you don't like good music?
What makes you think you don't?
Grown people arc much like children, and child
ren always like the familiar ? ever notice how' they
want the same story, over and over? So most of
us adults like music with which we are familiar.
And while there was a time when most of us
were not familiar with classical and semi-classical
music, that isn't so true today.
Thousands of records have made good music
familiar to millions of Americans. The radio has
had perhaps an even wider influence And a large
proportion of the movies you and I see (anu r..'
radio dramas we hear) have a background of
Most ot us have become familiar with a lot of
good music without realizing it. And many of us,
when we s.iv we don't like goo I music, are simply
repeating, from habit, something we heard some
, one say years ago, and something we haven't
stopped, since, to examine to see if it is true.
INDEX TO GROWING COMMUNITY
Editor, The Press:
Please allow me to compliment you on the Improvement
of The Pi ess. I use It, besides keeping a check on my old
friends find folks, as an index to a prosperous and growing
Fort Worth, Texas
October 18, 1948
Others' Opinions ?
* A CALL TO EVERY PARENT
When little Johnnie or little Janey trots off to school, the
parents' responsibility is (ar from ended.
In fact, through the Parent-Teacher Association, it may be
The P-TA has passed the half-century mark now. More
than 50 years of service to American young 'una.
There are almost 6,000,000 American parent* in the asso
ciation? more than 26,000 of them in San Diego County.
The P-TA is our biggest national and our biggest local
private organization. The size is significant. It tells the story
of able leadership and worthwhile activities.
Does a child need clother, milk or other food, The P-TA
cuts through red tape and provides It.
Does a school need better traffic safety, or Improved physi
cal facilities? The P-TA has helpful Ideas about those things,
Perhaps more Important Is the way that local, state and
national groups fight for better schools. Good pay for teachers,
good buildings, smaller classes, better opportunities for the
kids in low Income areas.
And now the time of year has come for enrollment In
the P-TA. The fall membership campaign is under way thla
No parents are ao busy that they can't find time to join,
San Diego (Calif) Journal
EDITH DEADERICK ERSKINE
Weavervllle, N. C.
Sfomortd by Ashet UIr Hratt.k. Xmliomml Lfut; Mr ?t Auuruim Lfu-ii'umfu
11 ? ? ? . >1
SONG FOR SUSAN
If I could sing the song of summer slumber,
A song with silken swish of scented pine,
or hum with bees in drowsy, droning number.
The slumber song of nature's anodyne;
01 sing the song of palms In rippling rhythm
And roll the drum beats of the waves on sand,
Drowned In the scented warmth of lotus land.
You'd dream, caressed by pine and palm and wavelets,
FRANCES STRAWN LIVINGSTON
Ashevllle, N. C. ?
Having qualified as execu 1
of Zeb McClure, deceased, late
of Macon County, N. C., this Is
to notify all persons ha. lag
claims against the estate of si Id
deceased to exhibit them to tht
undersigned on or before the
21 day of September, 1949, 01
this notice will be plead in bar
of their recovery. All perso- f
indebted to said estate will
please make Immediate settle
ment. . -
This the 21 day of Septem
S30 ? 6tp? N4
Having qualified as adminis
trator of Mary Gaston Curtis
deceased, late of Macon County,
N. C., this I3 to notify all per
sons having claims against the
estate of said deceased to ex
hibit them to the unders gned
on or before the 5 day of Oc
tober, 1949 or this notice wil
plead In bar of their re
covery. All persons Indebted to
said estate will please make im
This 5 day of October, 1948.
GILMER A. jONi,
014? 6tp ? N18
IN THE SUPERIOR COURT
W. B. DOBSON, JR.
R. J. DOBSON, LILLIAN A.
DOBSON, MARY LEE and
MARY ELIZABETH DOBSON
and ETHEL ANN DOBSON
The defendants, R. J. Dobson,
Lillian A. Dobson, Mary Lee and
husband Lee, will
take notice that an action en
titled as above has been com
menced In the Superior Court
of Macon County, North Caro
lina, for the -foreclosure of a
mortgage; and the said defend
ants will further take notice
that they are required to ap
pear at the office of the Clerk
of the Superior Court of said
County in the Courthouse in
Franklin, North Carolina, on
the 15th day of November, 1948,
and answer or demur to the
complaint In said action, or
the plaintiff will apply to the
Court . for the relief demanded
in said complaint.
This 12th day of October, 1948.
J. CLINTON BROOKSHIRE,
Clerk of the Superior Court
Macon County, N. C.
021-4tc? JJ? Nil
Having qualified as executrix
of J. E. Calloway, deceased, late
Macon County, N. C., this is to
notify all persons having claims
against the estate of said de
ceased to exhibit them to the
undersigned on or before the
26 day of October, 1949 or this
notice will be plead in bar of
their recovery. All persons in
debted to said estate will please
make Immediate settlement.
This 26 day of October, 1943.
JULIA E. CALLOWAY
028? 6tp ? D2
Having qualified as adminis
trator of Nannie J. Mlncey de
ceased late of Macon County,
N. C., this Is to notify all per
sons having claims against the
estate of said deceased to ex
hibit them to the undersigned
on or before the 11th day of
October, 1949 or this notice will
be plead In bar of their re
covery. All persons indebted to
said estate will please make Im
This llth day of October, 1948.
L. L. MINCEY,
021? 6tp ? N25
. 2-Roo.u Ho,iso
50 x 350 Fcoi Lot
Cagk's Motor Court
Sacrifice for Quick La'e
BOB DA ,'-I S
Came in and s^Itf try ft
The Frank in P;e ?
Secular SO* Talme |
DM. Blfi 12-wan Mtba!
Whenever you (hop, elweyiV1" home ?i* bit.
BIO 13-ounce, battUe of PepW-Cola for tht -
family t Twelve foil (UaeM? ple>t?r for nil ft
NO F I N* R COLA AT ANY PRJ-CS!
Bottled by: Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co. of Bryson City
Under appointment from Pepel-Cola Company, N. Y.