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0 / 75
ttago b?eb^l ?f?m. including
t?-??CVun*h%V. Jo-Pi V- CoB
12 ? Dominican DC- 3 air- \
liner crash between ,
Santiago and Barce
lona. kills 31 persona.
Including entire San
nollv. partly destroyed by Are. sinks
while being towed to New York
30? Air Marshall Arthur Coningham.
52. and 31 others killed In plane crash.
22 ? Two truckloads of explosives ara
blown up. devastating a three-block
business section in Jerusalem.
27 ? Nineteen persons aboard an Indian
National Airways plane en route from
New Deini to London killed la crash.
12 ? Thirty persons killed when Northwest
Airlines DC-4 crashes on Mt. Sanford.
Alaska, en route from Shanghai to
18? Ten A. F. flyers killed when a B-29
crashes at MacDill field, near Tam
19? At least 42 persons killed and mors
than 300 injured in a series of tor
nadoes which struck nine states from
Texas to central New York.
13? More than 3,000 families are evacu
ated when Ohio river overflows.
15 ? Thirty persons (19 Americans) killed
when PAW plane crashes In Erie.
20 ? Cooper mine explosion near Agual
Calient e. Peru, kills 41 miners.
3 ? Tornadoes kill at least 23 persons tn
30? Flooder. Columbia river claims 23
lives, cr.uses great damage in Oregon.
Washington. Idaho. Devastates van
port City. Ore.
1 ? Series of earthquakes destroy about
70 per cent of the Japanese industrial
city of Fukuk (population 85.000) and
surrounding towns of Honshu.
2 ? Transport plane used by the Mexican
American foot and mouth diseass
commission crashes on Mt Orizaba.
Thirty -cuui IrMinl wbM Swedlsk
DC-6 airliner (32 aboard) collides
% with R.A F York transport (7 aboard)
27? Thirteen coal miners killed in explo
. sion tn Princeton. Ind
11? Thirteen men killed when B-29
crashes after take-off near Roswell.
N. M. A navy wea+her reconnaissance
plane with 12 aboard crashes and
burns same day on Rota Island. SO
miles north of Guam.
10 ? Seventeen U. S. air force men killed
In B-29 crash at Rapid City. S. D.
6 ? Labor Day holiday deaths from ac
cidents in the U. S. over three-day
period to'.al 407.
14 ? Forty U. S. soldiers killed and 60 in
iured in troop train wreck in Korea,
floods in Japan leave 541 dead and
1? Hurricar? causes 11 deaths and 10
million dollars damage in Cuba, then
does great damage in Miami.
f ? A B-29 bomber, struck by lightning. I
explodes over Waycross. Ga. Nine !
30-31 ? Twenty persons died and hundreds
were made ill. apparently as a re- !
suit of smog (blend of smoke and
fog) which blanketed Donora. Pa
10 ? Search abandoned for Air Forces B-29, j
missing since Nov. 6 en route from
Okinawa to Guam.
20? Thanksgiving Day accidents take toll
of 114 lives, compared with 128 in 1947.
1? Bing Crosby named
top money ? making
star for 8th consecu
11? "Best Years of Our
Lives" wins dally film poll as the
best 1947 picture.
24 ? California observes 100th anniversary
of discoverv of gold by Jas. M. Mar*
shall In Coloma.
S6 ? Gen. Omar Bradley formally nomi
nated by President Truman to suc
ceed Gen. Dwight D. Elsenhower as
army chief of staff.
' 17? Bolivia is put In stage of siege be
cause of alleged revolutionary plot
2? Eric Johnson re-elected president at
Association of Motion Picture Di
9 ? President urges congress to continue
for two more years the 500 mlllion-a
year programs of federal aid to states
12? Army reports that World War ? cost
U. S. $353,235,000,000 ($2.460 a second).
23? Pope grants ex-King Michael of Ro
mania dispensation to man? Danish
Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma.
9? House grants $200,000 to un-American
activities committee by a 337-37 vote.
10 ? B-29 drops a 42,000-pound non-explo
slve bomb, largest ever made .in test
at Muroc. Cal.
ft? President Truman names Paul Gray
Hoffman, president of Studebaker
corporation, to supervise ERP.
SO? Walter P. Reuther. president of CIO
United Auto Workers, badly wounded
w~ unidentified assailant.
m mission of the Churches of In
ternational Affairs Is established In
New York City.
S? Columbia breaks off diplomatic rsla
tions with Russia.
5? Gov Dewey of New York stumps
IS? President Truman invokes Taft-Hart
ley law to avert long-dlatanse tele*
m ? Phrytoer ends Its IT -day strike.
Grants 13c hourly rslss.
S-fr? Sens tor Taft of Ohio tours North
Carolina la election campaign,
ft- George Evan Roberts 90. director of
U S mint. 1898 ! 907. 11 10 1?j14
10? Lewis Schwellenbach. 53. sccittaiy
of labor sine* 1945
ft? Richard Gerard Husch. 72 author of
Sweet Adeline's lyrics
ft? Film actress Carole Landts. 39. sul
clde In her Hollywood home.
lft? Gen. John J. Pershing. 87. command
er-in-chief of the AEF in World War
I and only man holding rank of fed
eral of the Armies.
2ft ? David Wark Griffith. 72. pioneer Him
producer, and producer of "Birth of
24? Mrs Eleanor Medill Patterson. 63.
editor-publisher of Washington Times
8 ? May DeSousa. 66. former light opera
13 ? Geo. r. Shafer. 59. Rep. governor of
16 -George Herman (Babe) Ruth. 53. the
'Sultan of Swat." who aet or tied 76
17 ? Char lea Evans Hughes. 86. former
chief justice of U. S.
I ? Charles A. Beard. 73. historian, au
thor of more than 30 books on Amer?
II? Mohammed AH Jlnnah. 71. founder
of Moslem Pakistan.
IS Jacques Gordon. 49. vtolinlst and con
ductor. former child prodigy.
30 Mrs. Edith Kermit Cftrow Roosevelt,
87. widow of President Theodure
3 ? Thomas Augustine Daly. 77. poet, hu
morist. lecturer and Journalist
10- -Mary Eaton. 46. former New York
musical comedy star
31-' Mary Nolan. 42. film actress and
ZJegfeM Follies beauty who won
fame as Imogene (Bubbles) Wilson.
0- -Edgar Kennedy. 58. film comedian,
one of the original "Keystone Kuu*.
of cancer. In San Fernando. Calif
2* Lewis R. (Hack) Wilson. 48. all-time
National league home run king. (56
for Chicago in 1930). in Baltimore.
3 ? Carl Lorenz Hagenbeck. 40. head of
leading German circus family, in
1 ? Bowl football gamei
? Rose Bowl: Mich
49. USC 0: Suttar
Bowl: Tex 27, Ala
7; Cotton Bowl: SMU
13. Penn. State 13; Orange Bowl:
Ga. Tech. 20. Kans. 13. Shrine All
Star. East 40. West 9.
??Joe Louis signs with 20th Century
? ? 0 ivrtiag to dcfm? his heavy
weight title In New York bout June
23 against Joe Walcott.
12? Detroit Lions sold for about $200,000
to a Detroit syndicate.
7 ? Gilbert Dodds runs fastest Indoor
mile ever timed in Boston (4 08 1)
24 ? Featherweight title is retained by
Willie Pep. who knocks out Humbert
Sierra of Cuba in Miami.
27 ? Jersey Joe Walcott signs for a re
turn Joe Louis bout June 23.
7 ? Willie Hoppe. 80. of Chicago retains
world's three-cushion billiard litio de
fcatlng EzequieJ Navarra in a chal
23- Guy Lombardo sets U. S goirtcup
speedboat record of 113 23a MPH at
2-3 -Joe Verdeur of Philadelphia seta new
world swimming record of two m>ns.
30 5 sees in the 220-yd breaststroke
at AAU indoor championships in New
Haven. Conn. I
17- Harrison DiHard sets worid secord of I
13.6 sees, in 120-yard high hurdles and I
Charles Fonville a world shotput mark
of 58 ft. V?-lnch in Kansas Relays, in
10 Major league baseball season opens.
15-- Preakness Stakes (72nd annual. $134,
870) Is won by Calumet Farms "Cita
tion" in Baltimore.
25? Ben Hcgan. 35. of Hershey, Pa., de
feats Mike Turnesa of White Plains.
N. Y.. 7 and 6. In the finals of the
Professional Golfers ass'n. champion
ship In St. Louis.
10 ? Tony Zale, 34. regains world middle
weight title by knocking out Rocky
12 Ben Hogari wins national open golf
championships In Los Angeles, with
278 strokes, tourney record.
25 -Joe Louis. 34. retains world's heavy
weight title by knocking out Jersey
Joe Walcott in 11th round.
3 ? Princeton's 150-pound crew wins the
Thames Challenge Cup at the Henley
Royal Regatta on Henley -on Thames,
11 Lloyd Mangrum wins the $10,000 Co
lumbus open golf championship.
25- King George VI formally opens
Olympic games In London's Wembley
9? Home pro Lloyd Mancrum rins
$22,500 fa prizes In winning the All
American tourney Aug 6. a world
championship event Aug 7 and Tam
O'Shanter professional tournament
Aug 9. In Chicago.
14? Summer games of the 14th modern
Olympiad end tn London after a 16
4? Paul Mantz wins Bendlx trophy third
time In air race from Long Beach,
Calif., to Cleveland, averaging 447.80
13? Holland R. Free of Hollywood seta
world's motorcycle speea record of
150.885 MPH on Bonneville salt flats,
t? ' Three-year old "Citation" wins the
8108,800 "Gold Cup" race at Belmont
Park. N Y.
11? A 4-3 victory In Boston gives the
Cleveland Indians the 1948 world
series championship over the Boston
11? National hockey season opens.
18? Rocky Grazlano. former middleweight
boxing champion, suspended by rfa*
tional Boxing association after tie
withdrew from scheduled fight with
17? Undefeated Army and consistently de?
* feeted Hevv feught le St-Sl tie In mm
nual football classie.
Top Ten Spot News
Stories of 1948
(As selected by nation's weekly
editors in Publishers' Auxiliary
President Try man and Demo
cratic p orty ico re upset election
Russians blockade Berlin, caus
ing inauguration of airlift, height
ening the ' cold war."
Count Bernadotte assassinated
during U N. mission in Pales'ine.
Southern Democrats rebel to
form slates rights or Dixiec rat"
V/ar in China nears climax with
, Ccmmunist troops marching to ap
parent victory and U. S. officials
refusing to grant additional aid
to Chiang Kai-shek.
High cost of living plagues
Americans and their business with
'ourth round o f wage boosts seen
O k'.ana Kasenkina leaps from
Russian consulate window in des
perate effort to escape impending
return to native land, creating in
te national episode.
Mohandas Gandhi assassinated
by Hindu extremist, terminating
life of service to India and cause
United Nations proceedings
bring into open many interna
tional problems and emphasize
conflict between East and West.
Eightieth congress sets legisla
tive background for party posi
tions during election campaign.
1? President Truman appoints three
man displaced persons commission
to administrate the DP act. under
which 200,000 persons are to be ad
mitted to the u. S.
7? Congress adjourns Its two-week ex
19 U S demands ouster of Jacob Loma
kin. Soviet consul general in New
2? W*?st coast ports paralyzed when CIO
Intl longshoremen's union go on
6? President Truman launches his re
18 Sen Alben W Barkley, President
Truman's running mate, begins two
week 13-speech tour of eight eastern
^--Population of the U S as of July 1
was estimated at 146.114.000 by U. 8.
4? Railroads grant !0-cent hourly wage
increase to railway conductors and
11 ? Former Interior secretary. Harold L.
Ickes. and Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt
endorse President Truman for re
16- President Truman orders reserves
brought up to full strength
2? President Harry S. Truman. 64.
Democrat, astounded the political
world by defeating Gov Thomas |B.
Dewey. 42. of New York, for re-eleq*
tion. The Democrats also swept back
Into Cont-ol of both houses of con
gress and won 20 out of 32 governor*
4 ? Rep J Parnell rhumas (R.. N J.I
invoked his constitutional rights and
refused to testify before a federal
grand Jury on charges that he had
padded his congressional office pay
roll and collected kickbacks
7? President Truman arrives in Key
West. Fla . for a two-week post-elee
18 ? First major blizzard of season sweeps
through north central states, killing
29 ? Striking Longshoremen on both coasts
return to work as shipping strike ends.
3? Microfilm copies of secret state, war
and vr>vy department documents
found in hollow pumpkin on Maryland
farm are introduced as evidence In
house un-American activities commit
tee's spy investigation
10 Whittaker Chambers, confessed for
mer Communist courier and key flf
ure in Communist espionage probs,
resigned his position as a senior edi
tor of Time magazine.
14 ? GOP Sen. Arthur Vandenberg Is
mentioned as possible successor to
ailing George C Marshall as seers
tary of state.
?? Dr Robert Ernest
ly known authority
79. publicity director of the Demo
cratic national committee. 1929-43.
15? Josephus Daniels. 85. World War J
30? Mohandas K Gandhi. 78. spiritual
leader of the Hindus: slain by Hindu
nationalist in New Delhi.
30 ? Orville Wright. 76. co-Inventor of
??Burnt Mantle, drama critic. N. *.
Daily News editor of early collection
of best plays.
33--Dr John Robert Gregg, 80. Inventor
of Gregg system of shorthand.
34? Will Irwin. 74. newspaperman, novel
ist and playwright
39? Robert McCowan Harrington Ward.
57. London Times editor since 1941.
?? Mrf John D. Rockefeller. Jr., 71.
7? Rep Orville Zimmerman, 97 ( Dem .
Mo ), member of house since 1933.
15 Manuel Acuna Roxas. 86. first nreal
Alison employes, winning nine-cent
to A r force rc-veals that rocket-powered
Bell X-l has been flown (aster than
speed of so jntf.
5- Ceo 1 Hall, of New York, elected
Grand Hulor of BPOE In Philadel
13- John L. Lewis and It steel companies
s.i;n a contract ending strike of 40.000 j
IE? President Tiuman orders all men be
tV-wn 13 and 25 to register August
30 to September 18 (or military serv
30 -Combined navy, air force shelling,
bombing and torpedoing sinks battle
ship Nevada in Pacific.
31? Idlewild airport ? 4.900 acres?- dedi
cated in New York.
6 First around the world flight by B-29's i
is Completed when two of the bomb
ers land at Davis-Monthan base, near
8- Census bureau estimates U. S. popu
Ip'inn at 143.411 000. as of July 1.
11-17. Pi 9 per cent higher than the 1946 _
17? Yanport. Ore., devastated by flood
May 30. is sold for salvage for $178.
591 Original cost. 26 million.
11? Miss America of 1948 chosen In At
lantic City: Beatrioe Vetia Shopp. 18.
13? Rep Margaret Chase <R.. Me.) elect
ed to U. S. senate by a record ma
ft? UMW announce* beginning of a pro
gram to guarantee all 400.000 mem
beis and families free medical and
12? Capt. Colin P Kelly. Jr., first U. 8.
hero of World War II, U burled In
his home town, Madison. Fla.
14? U. S Judge Luther M. Swygert of
Indianapolis holds the A.rJL Int.
Typo. Union In contempt
4? Profs. Auguste Piccard and Max
Cosyns abandoned plana to make
two and-one-half-mlle deep-sea dives
after their special bathyscaphe was
damaged off the Cape Verde la lands.
e? White House was closed indefinitely
to social engagements and alghtaeers
until extensive repairs to the man
sion could be completed.
11? Trial of 12 top U. S. Communist lead
ers postponed for fourth time because
of illness of William Z. Foster. Com
munist party chairman.
22? U. S. air force ends efforts to make
rain by seeding clouds with dry ice
after nine months of experiments
prove inefficacy of procedure.
7 ? Secretary of State George Marshall
13? Astronomers at Mt. Wilson observa
tory announced discovery of a new
minor planet traveling a route within
140 minion miles of earth.
22 ? Princess Elizabeth's son christened.
6 ? 80th congress con
??Begin hearings on
the Marshall plan.
Principal witness Is
State Secretary George Marshall.
19? Bernard Baruoh presents senate for*
elgn relations committee with his
startling "peace mobilisation" pro
23 ? Gen Dwlght D. Elsenhower. Chlel of
staff, withdraws from Republican
NaUonal Airlines* 149 pilots strike
before midnight over dismissal of
pilot two years ago.
4? Defense secretary Forrestal consoli
dates navy arid air force transport
systems into military air transport
19? Sen. Glen H. Taylor (D.. Ida.) quits
party to become Henry Wallace's
94? MaJ. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers goes on
trial on charges of suborning perjury
In senste investigation.
1? House un-American activities com
mittee accuses Dr. Edward U. Con
don. director of the national bureau
of standards, of being "one erf the
weakest links in our atomic secu
19 ? FBI declares It has cleared 1.088.944
federal employes in loyalty pro
24 ? Geihart Elsier sentenced to one to
three years imprisonment In Wash
ington for passport fraud.
9? Both houses of congress override tax
cut veto, pass omnibus foreign aid
bill and acllourn for week.
10? House speaker Joseph W. Martin. Jr.
intervenes in the 27-day strike of
400.000 soft-coal miners, and soon
sfterwards an Important agreement
90? John L. Lewis Is fined 990.000 and
UMW 91.400.000 for contempt of fed
eral court order.
90- -Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg succeeds
Gen Carl A Spaatx aa air force
%? Gen Dwlfht Elsenhower retires from
??President Truman celebrates tola 04 th
10? Three railroad brotherhoods call off
threatened nation- wide strike after
President Truman orders army to
10? House passes Mundt-Ntxon Commu
nist-control bill. 319-51.
21? N Y Gov. Dewey wins Oregon presi
dential primary over Harold E. Stao
S ? Senate votes to admit SOU.OOO Euro
pean displaced persons to the U. ft.
during next two years.
4? House appropriates V.9M.710JM lot
lO? Senate passes two-year peacetime
21? Twenty -fourth Republican conveatio?
meets in Philadelphia. Gov. Dewejr
of New York nominated for the presi
dency on fourth day, with Gov. Bo ft
Warren, of California, as his running
M- -President Truman signs second
peacetime selective service MIL
5? Gen. Elsenhower
not run for the
8 ? Soft coal prices . _
15? President Harry 8. Trum
Sen Alben W. Berkley, '
tucky. ere nominated U
and vice-president by the
national convention tn Phil
22 The Wallace third party, m
Philadelphia, officially nan
the Profresslve Party, ai
nates Henry Agard Wallace
Sn H Taylor of Idaho as
n mr uresld? I mm 1
2/ Mm ?* mKOk^jeS^* *
S ? 5**? mlHtnn-doll^r nlo
program (or Frhnce
and Italy gets undei
0-^U. S. atd mission in
Athens hands Greek army and na
tional guard an additional 15 million
to raise army to 132.000.
IS? Nationwide strike of 00.000 bank em
Ployees in Italy ends Salaries raised
5 per cent.
IS? Mohandas K. Gandhi ends 121 -hour
fast in New Delhi.
23? Union o( Western nations endorsed by
U. S state department.
30? Gandhi shot in New Delhi by Hindu
1 ? Russia protests that low-flying B-17's
?re making Inspections of Soviet ships
In the Yellow .sea and Sea of Japan
t S? New Italian trade and friendship
treaty signed in Rome.
T? France and Spain agree to re-open
their frontier, officially closed for two
t8 ? Russia gains complete control ovei
Czechoslovakia through Czech Com
munist party in bloodless coup, in one
4? Rep. Gerald W Landls <R., Ind.)
states that strikes cost P20 million in
wages in 1948 and 281 million in 1947
6 ? State Secretary Marshall and Defense
Secretary Forrestal urge authoriza
tlon of additional 275 million dollar
military assistance to Greece and
19? U. S. abandons its support of parti
tlon of the Holy Land
K -President Peron of Argentina say6
that Argentina will not ban Commu
Si? Russia starts battle of blockades
against other allies In Berlin.
I? Secretary Marshall tells ninth inter
national conference of American
states in Bogota that ERP must take
precedence over aid to Latin America. 1
3- -Britain refers Holy Land dispute to
9 ? Outbreak of rioting Interrupts Bogota
12 Bronze statue of Franklin D. Roose
velt Is unveiled In London.
28? Finnish parliament approves Russo
Finnlsh defense treaty.
7? First Congress of Europe is held Id
13 -Arab League proclaims In Damascus
that a "state of war" exists between
its members and the "Jewish rebels
IV -Israel. Arst J ? wish st*tt In the Holy
Land slncc 70 A. D.. 'a proclaimed by
the Jewish Nations Council meeting
In Tel Aviv.
28- Gen. Jan Christian 8muts and his
United Party are defeated in a South
7? Dr. Eduard Benes. 84, elected Czech
president for life in June. 1948. re*
11? Cease-fire order takes effect on Pal
estine's Aghting fronts under four
IS? Senate appropriations committee re
stores 1.011 billion of the 1.258 billion
cut by the house from ERP.
t? ? Soviet occupation forces ban all ship
menta from western Germany to Ber
??Britain. rrance and U. S. demand in
nearly Identical notes that Russia lift
its blockade of Berlin.
??Holy Land truce, which began June
II. expires, and all three principal
fronts again flame into action.
13? British lend-lease account with the
U S is closed out.
27 ? MaJ. Gen. Hershey announces that
the new draft will take 25-year, olds
first and youngest men last.
??--Yugoslav Communists re-elect Mar
shal Tito as head of the politiburo.
30? Envoys of Western Big Three begin
series of official talks in Moscow.
31? Another U. S. tribunal In Nuernberg
sentences 11 of 12 Krupp munitions
directors to prison.
August * '
3 ? Secret plan lor control of Danube wa
terways is presented to the Danube
conference in Belgrade.
7 ? Mrs. Oksana Kasenkina. 52. Russian
chemistry teacher, plunges from
third-floor window, of Russia's New
York consulate to escape Reds.
11? Anglo-U. S. airlift to Berlin achieves
the 4,500-ton-a-day goal.
15? Democratic republic of Korea la for
S? Chile's Communist party to outlawed
under act of congress.
4 ? Queen Wllhelmlpa ends 90-year reign
over Netherlands, In favor of daugh
5? Pope Plus XII broadcasts his first
speech to German Catholics since the
14? Gen. Lucius D. Clay predlcta in Ber
lin that a winter-long siege Is In pros
IT ? Iwedlsh Count Folke Bernadotte.
U. N. mediator for Palestine, assas
St? Third annual session of 98-natlon U.N
feneral assembly opens In Paris.
I? Panama's new president, Domingo
Diaz Arosemena. Is Inaugurated.
I ? Norway. Cuba and Egypt are elected
by the U. N. general assembly In
Parts to replace Belgium. Columbia
and Syria on the security council for
8? Russia's disarmament plan, offered
at the ParM U. N. meeting. Is chal
lenged by U. 8.
i? Chinese Communists completed thelt
rout of the Nationsllsts In Manchu
ria and subdued the last resistance
II? A million men locked In battle on a
200-mile front In the Suchow area In
the Nationalist ? Communist war In
China. . ?
12? Hldeki Toio and six co-defendants in
the principal Japanese war crimes
trial are sentenced to desth by hang
13? Herbert Evatt, president of the U. N
Jeneral assembly, and Trygve Lie.
r. N. secretary-general, appeal di
rectly to the Big Four to settle the
Berlin dispute by direct negotiation.
14? A son is bora to Print- its Elizabeth of
Edliifiu* 4114 Pr,nC< phUlP' Duk* ?f
Si? Mme "cMang Kai-shek announces she
will visit Um U. 8.
1? Mm*. Chiang Kal-ahek arrlvaa In
U. I allegedly to pres. tor three
btlllon dollar military and economic
loan to Chla* during next three year*.
U? United NatUna aaaembly ended Ita It
week Parta aeaalon by endorsing the
a. N. $?SSIOl+.&
THE VICTORS j
fc ^ .11