THE PILOT, Southern Pines and Abwdeen, North Carolina
Friday, August 16, 1935.
Published each Friday by
THE PILOT, Incorporated,
Southern Fines, N. C.
NELSON C. HYDE, Editor
JAMES BOYD STRl'THERS BURT
One Year $2.00
Six Months $1.00
Three Months -50
Entered at the Postoffice at South
ern Pines, N. C., as second-class mail
FIRST WPA PROJECT
The new federal WPA set up
has adopted as its first project
in North Carolina one which
means much to the Sandhills.
The plan to spend upwards of
$50,000 onthe pulling up of di
seased peach trees in abandon
ed orchards serves a dual pur
pose, the employment of idle and
needy hands and the elimination
from this section of a damaging
pest. Deserted peach trees are
the breeding places for those
parasites which ultimately find
their war to bearing orchards
and wreck havoc to this impor
tant Sandhills cup. Efforts have
been made in the past to force
owners of abandoned orchards
to pull up their trees but aban
doned orchards are pretty much
owned by those who have no fur
ther interest in the community,
in many- cases by persons who
cannot even be reached. So it
becomes a public responsibility.
If the newly created Works
Progress Administration can
find enough projects of a simi
lar nature, it will merit its exis
tence and expense.
BANK OF VASS
The cases against officials of
the defunct Bank of Va^s were
dropped last week when called
on the calendar un Superior
Court in Carthage. As in numer
ous similar cases throughout the
country, directors of the institu
tion had been charged by irate
depositors of the bank with vio
lating banking laws. These de-j
positors proceeded on the theory i
that theyi were the victims of in-'
dividual carelessness, neglect or'
malfeasance rather than of the;
breakdown of the general bank
ing condition in the country.
Where such cases have gone to |
trial, juries have been inclined to i
disagree with the irate deposi-1
tors and charge the condition in ,
which so many financial institu
tions found themselves to
general depression. The Insull
from far beyond the head wa
ters of the Yadkin riv'er to the
sounds and bays of the cqast
was a trail traversed and fash
ioned into a road, first as the
“wagon road,” then as the “Cape
Fear road” by the first settlers
penetrating the wilderness be
yond “Cross-Creeks” now Fay
etteville and into the present
counties of Cumberland, Hoke,
Moore, and Montgomery.
The Moravian settlers at Be-
thebara sent their wagons lad
en with produce to exchange for
salt in Fayetteville, and down its
sandy way marched a large con
tingent raised by Flora Macdon
ald for the battle at Moore’s
Creek Bridge. Following the
years of the Revolution both
old and new settlers used the
road to transport their produce,
wheat, corn, cotton, beeves,
sheep, hogs, honey-, and tallow
to their only market, Fayette
ville. Still later, their tobacco
packed in hogsheads was liter
ally rolled down to the same
market, and with the establish
ment of many post offices in
1832 the Yadkin became a post
road for this vicinity.
Other settlers, principally
Scotch, entering the port of
Charleston, and maktng their
way of the present Cheraw,
turned the Virginia-South Caro
lina trace of the Indians to a
road through Richmond county
to Coleman’s bridge, now Blue’s
bridge, and thence to the cross
ing of the ford of Hector’s
creek, now Powell’s pond, and
through a part of the present
Southern Pines to the Yadkin
road, and on to Avent’s ferry
over the Cape Fear river and to
Raleigh. Down this road in the
years of the Civil War went
many/ a wagon load of com and
meai transported by the local
folks for the troops in South
Roads of the Sandhills, long
time arteries for commerce,
business, and church going on
the Sabbath, the old Peedee link
ing two famous churches, Be-
thesda and Union while the Yad
kin road led to one far more an
cient, the mother church, old
Longstreet. Ancestral roads de
veloped by the forbears of our
population, they deserve to be
remembered for the part they
played in the settlement of this
territory, and to be marked as a
matter of interest to our visi
The Approaching War
and American Policy
By U’ALTER LIPPMANN
By next month we shall have lived
through the fourth year of anxiety
over the prospects of peace. It will be
the anniversary of Japan’s invasion
of Manchuria, and in all likelihood it
will be celebrated by Italy’s invasion
of Ethopia. In these four years there
have been intervals when the threat
of serious war seemed to diminish and
it seemed unduly alarmist to believ^
that a serious war was in the mak
ing. Yet if we survey the four years
as a whole there is no plausible way
of avoiding the grim conclusion that
the danger of war is greater today
than it was four years ago, and that
the forces making for war are in the
ascendant over those making for
No one is sufficiently the prophet
to be more specific than that. It can.
not be said, for example, that if the
Ethiopian war takes place it will
eventually spread to central Europe.
But it has to be said that it might
spread to central Europe, and that, if
it did, the Continental belligerents of
the World War would be involved.
The balance of power in Europe to-
day is delicate and precarious and de
pends in very high degree upon Italy.
Although Mussolini has given assur
ances that his African enterprise will
not altar his European policy or im_
pair his European influence, it is still
true that wars are rarely concluded
according to the plans of those who |
start them. Whether he wins a quick ;
and decisive victory or becomes en. I
tangled in a long colonial struggle, i
the situation -will be critical, because j
the German re-armament is proceed
ing and the internal tension in Ger_
many is manifestly increasing.
icy has become an urgent necessity.
The reason why it is urgent is that if
there is war in Ethopia next month
the government will have to declare
a neutral policy. In itself this would
not be momentous, for there is no
likelihood of our being seriously en-
tangled in a war between Italy and
Ethiopia. Italy controls the seas.
Ethiopa has no navy and no aero-
What makes the matter so urgent
is that the line we take in this war
will establish a precedent in the event
of a much more serious European
war. The precedent would not be abso.
lutely binding, to be sure, but it will
have great weight. It w’ill be embar
rassing not to follow it. It will seem
ver>' unneutral not to follow it. It
will become an important element in
the calculations of all the European
Italy and Ethiopia, the equal rule
would prevent Italy from getting mu
nitions she can get, whereas Ethio
pia would only be prevented from get
ting munitions that she could not
get anyway. If we insist on the right
to ship to both, we have to deal with
the Italian Navy, and we are, in
effect, using our sea power to make
up for Ethopia’s lack of sea power.
The clarification of American pol-
There are a number of reasons why
it is so very difficult to formulate a
satisfactory neutral policy. For Amer.
ican government opinion is in favor of
several objectives that are not easy to
1. We desire not to be drawn into
war to defend our trade or our hon.
2. But we would insist on not be
ing insulted and outraged;
3. And we would not willingly let
our normal export trade be destroyed.
4. We would like to be impartial
as well as neutral;
5. But a policy of equal treatment
for both belligerents would mean eith.
er that we became the tacit ally of
the dominant sea power or came into
conflict with it in defending our neu
tral right to trade with the block
aded power. If, for example, we pro
hibit shipments of munitions to both
Historical experience shows plain
ly that in wars involving naval pow.
ers it is difficult, if not impossible,
to defend trade and honor without
entanglement and to be impartial in
fact as well as neutral In law. For
that reason there is no way of stating
a general rule of neutrality which
will be applicable to all conceivable
wars, will be jvjst to all belligerents,
will be consonant with the national
dignity, will protect legitimate trade,
and will surely keep us out of war.
What, then, is the wise thing to
do? For a beginning, it seems to me,
that the government should not at-
tempt t3 declare a brand new neutral
policy in the Ethiopian war, because
that would establish a precedent
[which may rise to plague it later. It
jwill be better to adhere to the tradi
tional doctrine with only such sim
ple modifications as to have no com.
1 plicated, far-reaching, and unpredic
table consequences. The most obvious
modification of the traditional policy
would be to prohibit the shipment in
American bottoms of munitions to
either belligerent. Possibly that rule
might be extended to prohibit the
j shipment of r^unitions in American
ships outside the Western Hemisphere,
possibly the rule m ght be extended
lurther to prohibit American citizens
from traveling on ships carrying mu-
' nitions outside the Western Hemis.
I Rules of this sort would not be a
I guaranty of immunity in a serious
[war. But they would reduce the dan-
iger of very serious embarrassments
and, above all, of deliberate efforts
to entangle this country. They would
be consistent with the American feel
ing against profiting from war, and
they would not be regarded as an
ignominious surrender of national
rights. To sell arms to those who can
come here and take them away is dif
ferent from carrying munitions under
the protection of the American flag
to a nation at war.
j Except for a simpi# rule against
; carrying munitions in American ships
outside this hemisphere, and for leg.
islation to control the munitions
I trade by license, no other action by
Congress now would be prudent. We
do not know enough to make more
comprehensive laws at this time,
; What we ought to do, however, is to
keep continually in existence a kind
of informal council, composed of the
leaders of both parties in Congress,
the members of the appropriate com.
, mittees, and representatives of the
State Department, to prepare tenta
tive drafts of legislation for serious
situations. The Navy has its paper
war plans for all possible wars. The
State Department and Congress
ought to have neutral plans. Then, if
war comes, a plan should be agreed
I upon and Congress called into special
; session to adopt it.
The obvious disadvantage of this
procedure is that it renders our course
incalcuable to the European nations.
But since their course is incalcuable
to us, it is hard to see how we can
i commit this country definitely in ad.
vance against all eventualities
I (Copyrieht, 1935, for The Pilot)
I I will vaccinate dogs against rab-
i bies at Swinnerton’s Stables in
I Southern Pines next Wednesday, Au.
jgust 21. It is a state law that all dogs
over six months of age are required
i to be vaccinated.
I J. M. Kelly.
You are entitled to
ALL THESE FEATURES
when you buy a low-priced car
FISHER NO DRAFT
Aliss Mary Currie returned home
Friday after a few days’ visit with
friends in Wasiiington, D. C.
The R3v. E. p. Billups of Kerners-
the spent Wednesday in Carthage.
The Rev. and Mrs. W. S. Goiden
case in Chicago is the most pub-| and children are .spending a few
licized example. | weeks in Montreal.
It is unfortunate that these ■ G. Boyette made a business trip
Vass citizens had to be subject- to Bo.ston last week,
ed to criminal charge.s on the Mrs. if. j. McPliail of Sanford and
part of individuals when the Mrs, Pifer Weathersley and daught.
State Banking Department er of Louisville, Ky., spent Sunday in
found no violations of the bank-; Carthage with friends,
illg laws of the .state and the l. ^v. Barlow of Washington, D. C„
Coninils?lon6r of Banks refused the week-end in Carthage with
to become a party in the prose-,family,
cution. As stated by one of the i ^
accused directors after the cases ' * t
had been nol prossed last week. f^t y Jane are attend-
* ’ ; incr TTnttxar-I Cfof/ac? A c-o
the bank was closed by its di
rectors in Septeml>er, 1931, be- i
cause of impairment of the le- j
gal reserves by gradually!"’®^'" Baltimore after spending
shrinking deposit.s, increasing I *’®veral weeks in Carthage with his
withdrawals and failure to real-!
ize on its notes receivable at j W. H. Griffin and family have
that season of the year.” Shrink- | returned from Spring Hope where
ing deposits, increasing with- they spent a few days,
drawals and failure to realize on j Mrs. Dora Seagroves and Miss
receivables was a nation-wide ; Florence Seagroves spent a few’ days
condition, bringing on a nation-1 in Raleigh last week,
al bank holidaj' pei foice. It wa^ j Mrs. W^. H. Cur*'ic and children are
not a local condition properly visiting Mrs. Currie’s parents Mr
chargeable against individual; and Mrs. A, e. Woitz in Gastonia
i jng the United States Bar Associa-
j tion in Nova Scotia.
Dr. D. M. Currie returned last
bankers. The case appears to
The Pilot as having been well
THE ROADS OF THE
PIONEERS A PLEA
Mrs. D. S. Ray of Southern Pines
and Mrs. Lura Ray of Niagara were
Carthage visitors Sunday.
Mi.sses Mary Jackson Yow and
Emma Muse Burns spent a few days
Now that the sum of $10,000 ■ Sanford last week, guests of Mrs.
is to be available for the erec- j Fi- Lynch.
tion of markers of historic sites ■ Eli Ginsberg and sons, David
in North Carolina, permit us to j and Marshall are visiting in Balti-
make a timely plea for the, more.
marking of the crossing of the j Miss Margaret Clegg is visiting her
Southern Pines-Pinehurst dou-' mother in Richmond, Va.
ble road and the old Peedee road, j Mrs. R. g. Frye is spending the
This crossing is the exact inter-! week in Asheboro.
section of the old Yadkin roadj J. a. Davis, b. c. Wallace, Holt
formerly a highway from East: McNeill and John Beasley attended
to West, and the old Peedee, j the American Legion Convention in
the North and South highway of Fayetteville last week.
Possibly Buffalo trails in pre
historic times, they were actua!-
Mrs. Keff Barnett of New Orleans
and Mrs. Jack Wallenstein of Phila
delphia visited their sister, Mrs. John
ly well defined Indian traces j Beasley last week
long in use when found by thej Mrs. Edgar Jenkins and children
roving hunters and trappers pre- bave returned home after a visit
ceeding the settlers. The Yad-|with Mrs. Jenkins’ mother in Laur.
kin, followed by the aborigines inburg.
and you get them only in
The most finely balanced low-priced car ever built
f I ''HE new Master De Luxe Chev-
rolet is the only car in its price
range that brings you all of the
fine car fieatuns pictured here! It
is the only car of its price with
a St^ Turret-Top Fisher Body
—the smartest and safest built. The
only car of its price that gives the
famous gliding Knee-Acdon Ride.
The only car of its price with Bhio-
Flame Valve-in-Head Engine—
Stabilized Front-End CoJistruction—
and Weatherproof Cable-Controlled
Brakes. See and drive the Master
De Luxe Chevrolet and learn by
actual test how much these features
mean in terms of added motoring en
joyment. Do tliis and you will agree
that th^ Master De Luxe is exactly
what its ownaers say it is—the most
finely balanced low-priced car ever
built. Visit your nearest Chevrolet
dealer and drive this car—today!
CHE^ourr MOTOR coMPAPnr. Detroit, m»cb.
Canparm Chevnle^t low ddiveredpritm and9a»y CLM. A. C, term*. A General Moton Valut
MID-SOUTH MOTORS, Inc.
AQERDEEN NORTH CAROL.INA.