North Carolina Newspapers

    "In taking ovei The Pilot no changes are contemplated. We will *ry to keep this a good
paper. Wc will try to make a little money for all concerned. Wherever there seems to bo
an occasion to use our influence for the public good wc will try to do it. And we will
treat "verybody alike."- James Boyd, May 23, 1941.
The T ress and the Primary Campaign
Attacks on the North Carolina press by I.
Beverly Lake during his unsuccessful cam
paign for the Democratic gubernatorial nom
ination have brough* the press and its fun<
tion?its purpose and its responsibilities?into
the spotlight While some newspapers have
-gnored these attacks, others, feeling they
were entirely undeserved, have taken the op
portunity to review their treatment of the can
didates in the campaign and to reaffirm the
press's freedom in a democracy.
The North Carolina press was almost uni
formly against Lake in the second primary
campaign?a circumstance that should have
given him and his supporters cause to wonder
and worry about ih<-ir campaign, we would
think And apparently it el id cause them to
worry but instead of asking themselves what
it was in then program that so stirred up the
nre'-^ against them, they lashed out at the
press, assuming that there was some sort of
i-< nsr-racy again, t Luke or that : ri/ru 'isw
Terry Santord had managed to intimidate the
do/ens and dozen.- of doily and w eekly new s
i api r editors into supporting hsm.
The press of North Carolina is remarkably
reve'ed to the health and well-being of the
state and has, as noted In a Pilot editorial
during the campaign "for many years helped
to shape, nourish and define the special char
acter of the state "
Tii .-? is a phenomenon that may or may not
be true in other states, but we fee) tiial it is
- pfcially characteristic of North Carolina.
;h: sen si of The State is nmarkably appar
ent, fur instance, when newspapi i folks from
Manteo to Murphy gather for their N C. Prise
Association conventions.
The plain fact was that the vision of the
future, the ideals and aspirations 'or rather,
the lack of vision, idea and aspi: ations) thai
Lake projected during his gloomy, ia.-.-con
? ? *
.scions campaign was in conflict with the
image of the state that Tarheel editors share
with such remarkable unanimity So they op
posed the man they held responsible for this
On the state i? eel, Lake heid ro regular
press conferences md Sanford did?so natur
ally. Sanford appeared to ge getting more at
tention from the pi ess
This newspaper used all the news given it
of Lake activities in Moore County and this
area, yet so silent were the Lake supporter
that The Pilot had to obtain even some of the
major Lake new- items ol interest indirectly.
This newspaper printed a large nuiubet of
endorsements of the Sanford eundldftcy. from
leading citizens "if the county, and it would
have printed similar endorsements of the Lake
candidacy, but nor.e was offered. It -cemed al
most as though Lake supoortei wanted to
keep their names out ot the newspapers
whereas many Sanford barkers eagerly step
pi d forward to endorse tin ir candidate.
The very fact that Lake appeared to dis
trust the press and launched an attack on it
v. a powerful argument against his nomina
tion, in the nii'i's of manv observers v uo
have nothing to do with the riewspapc busi
ness bid who saw in thi-. attitude a potential
authoritarianism that repelled them.
The people of Noilh Carolina car, be proud
of tlu part that the press took in the primary
campaign. With few exceptions, the press pre
? en ted the news of the campaign and the posi
tions of the two candidates fail le and fully.
That an overwhelming proportion of the pn -???.
chose to support Sanford editorially does not
constitute bias. That was the way the editors
?who an as independent and honest as any
such i roup of editors anywhert in the nation
saw the campaign. It was not they that the
Lake forces attacked, but the freedom which
is the.'r constitutional right and privilege
Air Pollution: N<m;s (he Time to Act
The fact that North Car Ii: i ? in an area
with relatively snail air pollution problems is
;.n grgu.ntot no' foi eomplafcency Lit lor
trong ,?r.d effective a-' on before stu i. prob
lems no mount to serious proportions.
Some Tarheels were no doubt surprised to
rend in a recent report by the State Hoard of
Health- made after a nine-months' study?
that "air pollution is a matter of increasing
concern in North Carolina.'
The industrialization that North Carolina
st eks brings with it the threat of more air
pollution?though it must be pointed out that
a large proportion of the industries moving
into the state or being set up or expanded here
now us< electricity as a major -ource of power.
This is, happily, true of almost all the indus
tries in this area.
Yet the report lists property damage and
vegetation damage from asphalt paving ma
terial plants, and threats to air purity in vary
ing degrees fram smoke (industrial and mu
nicipal establishments), dust and smoke from
lumbc r and wood plants and odors and proper
ty damage from pulp and paper mills, as well
?: complaint about open dumps and poorly
operated sewage disposal plants in several
From the founding of the Sandhills as a
resort area more than a half century ago?
when the "ozone" of the pine-scented air
hereabouts was credited with miraculous cur
ative properties?to the present when visitors
from smog-stricken areas still breathe deeply
and happily here, good air has been one of
this area's most valuable commodities.
Sandhills residents, therefore, should make
every effort to defend and maintain the purity
of the air here and should support legislation
recommended by the State Board of Health
to prevent air pollution throughout North
We should be thankful in this state that
we are spared th ? almost insurmountable air
pollution problems that plague some areas of
the nation.'s lo all we can to make sure
these problems will never arise in this state.
Moral Aspect ot f ral! ie Accidents
The O' tit r bj a Catholic bishop in Louisiana,
denying Christian burial to person;: found
criminally negligent in highway accidents,
may tie received with varying degrees of ap
proval by Catholics and non-Catholics?but
the action does serve to point out in a dra
matic way the moral factor in operating an
action tiobile
Driving is such a commonplace action and
most drivers violate minor and major traffic
laws with such impunity that operation of an
automobile becomes dissociated from the re
Theatre in the Pines*
The organization or preliminary organiza
tion of the "Theatre in the Pines, ' an amateur
community theatre group, has The Pilot's best
It. has been about 10 years since such a
group was active nere, with the exception of
shows like the annual "Scandals of the Sand
hills" at Pinehun-t which uses amateur talent
with professional direction Success of the
'Scandals," in fact, bodes well for the pro
pc-ed Theatre in the Pine.-- effort.
The folks interested in the theatre group
will meet again. July 18, when further plans
will be made. Mrs Nancy S'amcy. the Raleigh
drnfra specialist whose visit here for three
days under the summer recreation program
sparked and helped organize local interest
in a community theatre, pointed out that such
a theatre would have special significance in a
re soil area wher* it should prove an added
attraction to winter visitors.
Reports indicate plenty of talent, interest
and organizing ability available With commu
nity support, the venture should not lack
for success.
sponsihilitv for kte and death thai is civilized
mail's top item m the moral law.
A person whc would never walk down ?.
stn-it pointing a loaded gun at each person,
he passes will perform acts of equivalent irre
spons .bihtv on the highway and not relate
them to any moral consideration. It is a rare
diiv<- who has tu ver endangered the lives of
himself and others by some action on the high
way vet do any of us feel the shame and
guilt, because of such actions, that we would
feel u we had threatened others w ith a gun
or other weapon?
It is puzzling, but all the more striking, to
the layman to note that the bishop's order
does not apply to persons involved in acci
dent: which result in the death of others, but
only to those guilty of criminal negligence
in aceidt nts in which they themselves die. In
the account of tlm order which w? saw. this
? - not explain -J. Of course, ac ions so nog
1 cent thai a driver is killed would, on the
open highway, almost automatically consti
tute a threat to other persons on the road
The great number of one-cai accidents, and
ihe many such accidents that result in death
of ihr driver seen to mdteafe that people have
even less feeling of moral responsibility wh- n
driving alone than when driving with others
Many such accidents, in fact, might well i>r
listed as suicides, so flagrant has been the
neglect of considerations of sc-lf-preservation.
It has been said over and over that moral
responsibility will he, in the end. the only ef
fective deterrent to traffic accidents, but
never has this point been made with such
conviction and effectiveness as in the Louisi
ana bishop's order. No matter what we think
of the order, it should cause us all to ponder
deeply the mora! issue involved.
"Beware Of False Prophets*'
A Dangerous Jeffersonian
The staid and decorous city of
Baltimore is not in a class with
Tokyo in the mallei of Upro&iioUa
academicians, hut at that it did
pretty well last week when the (
learned Dr H. Bentley Glass, of
the Johns Hopkins University,
took to the warpath. Oh, he didn't
go riot inn ;n ti e streets, nor did
the> have to subdue him with a
tire hose, but lie startled the oa
th es a! 1 ight with an unexpurgat
cd opini- n of thr-t triumph of
Marvlanti statecraft, the Ober law.
The Ober law is among the l'iisl
and among the most vicious of
that flood of hysterical enact
ments precipitated by the epidem
ic of McCarthyism of ten years
ago. It was a paternal effort on
the part of the Maryland legisla
ture to protect the United States
Government which, in the opinion
of the legislature, obviously lack
ed the wisdom and energy to take
care of itself. Eventually, us it -
cards federal employes, <01 un
grateful Supreme Court slapp? d
down such efforts on the theory
that protection of the Union is the
business of Congress, not of the
solons at Annapolis; but it
mains in force as far as the state's
: i:ed hands are concerned
Hit the Ceiling
Dr. Glass is a biologist who for
11. 11 y. years has specialized i; the
study the meets of raoiation
1 n the human organism. In thai
capacity he has been for a long
iimo an adviser to the Atomic
Km rgy CommissiiWi and a mcm
Ixt of the National Acadt ny
stoionces committee on the genetic
effects of atomic radii.' n. Few
if any Americans know more than
Glass about the efforts of radia
lion. so when the slate decided
recently to set up a Radiation
Control Advisory Board. CT ve t
Hr'l I \\ a\e Hiwk
iNcw York Herald-Tribune)
The sight <>1 a dirt road leading
sway frorft black asphalt is an
irresistible invitation to many
chivers and to many walkers too
T n any there still lie. What set lie
of hidden charm lies behind the
?> at'-l i nis?l curves winding away
into the back country? The sin - 1
. ruisi of the ear through the
,: ei s. the whisper of tilt- bunipei '
?..'raring iho wrasces of the lofted
t town, the brush of over-reaching
branches, the crunch of pebble
? --these arc the sounds of peat:
and solitude- Hie prospect aht-id
is never distant: dirt roads do not
: an straight
Peace, solitude?and tirnelcss
ness. If there arc telephone nolcs ,
'hey arc unnoticeablc. This is the ,
real wayside once more, no bar- j
sen -houlders. no ugiv -igns, no ,
pas stations, none of the agitated
boredom of the modern highway
Tnc natural history books used to ;
speak of ?"wayside" flowers and <
wayside" birds Well, here they 1
arc. And if you meet another i
traveler, perhaps a boy coming 1
home from a country school, it is <
quite proper and natural to wav e <
to hi.r. He will wave back. :
nor Tawes a- a matter of course
a ppi tinted I)r. Glass as a member,
and Dr. Glass intended to accept.
But it appears that membership
;>n the board is an office within
the meaning of the statute, so to
qualify each member must tako
an oath that he is not a spiritual
heir of Judas Iscariot. Benedict
Arnold and Vidkung Quisling and
when given that information the
J< ; ns Hopkins scholar bit the
' ening. If he had to take any such
insulting and ridiculous oath, said
Dr. Glass in effect, the Governor
could get himself another boy
Triply Suspect
1' e wrath of Dr. Glass merely
as a gentleman and a scholar is
understandable, but it does sug
gt -I that he ha- spent so much
time in the laboratory that he is
ait ol' touch w ith what has been
going on in this country. By the
standards now prevailing in
American public life, he. far from
being above suspicion, is triply
For h< is by training a scientist,
by political affiliation a Democrat,
t. lid by religious persuasion a Bap
list. Well, ,i scientist is supposed
to know something, and in these
lays anybody who knows any
thing is presumed to be highly
isciptible to Communist wiles
Then we have the word of the
Heir Apparent for it thai the
D< . 1...1 per"peti tted twenty
years ? f treason; and wasn't it the
Dt mocrat, VV lisun. who lost Russia
I the Communists m 1918? Fin
ally . the Baptists ? or at least
'lit Southern Baptist;. much the
finger group arc so violently
opposed to having their con
-? -rr-ees n und that liny will not
s'fil atc even with the Federal
C <U#vi! <it Choichi - U-t alom the
Eisenhower Admittistration
Under the law as it stands in
Maryland a man who is learned
u-p< cted; a man who is learned
:.d liberal is indicted; and a man
c ho ts learned, liberal and indc
pendent is for all practical pur
poses convicted of being a Com
munist agent. In theory he might
be acquitted il he could get a
panel of Ku Kluxers to testify
thut he is one of their own; but
the Kluxers arc certainlj not go
ing to testify for such a man.
Patriotic Duty
To cap it all Dr. Glass eonvict
( i himself of being miles beyond
Communism. He said that it any
administration, duly elected, after
gaining power should proceed to
rlt stror civil liberty and substitute
intolerance and suppression as its
policy, "1 snail regard it as my
highest patriotic duty to be sub
versive of the recognized consti
tutional government . and to
undertake to overthrow it by
whatever means are necessary in
order to ft-tore our civil liber
But this makes the ordinary
Communist look like an original
Nixon man. This is nothing short
o( "hostility against every form
of tyranny over the mind of
man." hostility to Khrushchev as
violent as hostility to Hitler. This
man isn't a Communist, he is a
Jt ffersonian, the one political type
that is more terrible than the
Gorgon's head to Communist and
Fascist alike.
Oaths and Honesty
Oh. UiU, Governor Tawes un
doubtedly will find somebody
else to go on the Radiation Con
trol Advisory Board even under
the Ober law. for. as Dr. Glass
observed, "the loyal need no
?ath; the dh loyal will swear any
way." They ma\ not know any
thing about radiation, th< v may
not know anything about self
respect: they may not know any
thing about loyalty but how
they can swear! And if oaths are
more important than honesty,
what more should you ask?
?Reprinted from The New
Republic. June 27.
I lie Public Speaking
Will Man Use the Atom
Selfishly or for Others?
To the Editor:
A oomph te new horizon of un
limited wide ties r has been open
?d to mankind by the smallest
known particle of an element, the
atom 1 have often wondered how
j particle oi : ubsfancc so small
is able to possess so much pot en
tial energy; energy which ma\
r.ake or break the very world on
hieh we reside
Hew dees man intend to use the
.torn" Will he use it selfishly, for
the enrichment of his own mater
ial wealth during his short reign
rn Earth" Or will he use it for
enriching the health and suste
nance of his fellow man. that he
may live in peace and prosperity
with all? lxt us hop* that man
will overcome his selfish, sinful,
attitude and nourish instead of
iemolish the goose who hatched
Ihe golden egg. for we are merely
renting this home on which wo
lve. and it, nor anything in it, is
>urs to destroy. But instead, as
fid the man with five talents who
ncreascd the five to ten, we
should make the Earth yield forth
:ts best for the go>.d of our Ma
ter, who said. "For inasmuch as
you have done it unto the least
of these, you have done it also un
to mo."
If all the money on the research
of the atom was put. into the en
richment of man's life instead of
the small portion being spent, the
rest being spent on a mad useless
raee against never ending space
and tinn . mankind would be Bear
ing ihe horizon of perfectness.
which the Master intended in the
beginning. In a few years then
would bo little or no disease and
the cost of Living would be split
manv times, thus enabling us to
feed the hungry', and cart- for
those who are unable to care for
themselves. With this we would
be able to set the example for the
entire world and win all of hu
manity for the Master.
Then, and only then, will we he
able to justly say, "Master, you
have given me five talents, be
hold, 1 return you twofold"
Southern Pirn
Grains of Sana j
In A Bud Way
The nation, according to a.
spokesman for the U. S. Chambo
o? Commerce, is in a bad way
Here's how he described these
times, a. quoted in The Chape)
Hit] Weekly:
' it is an age characterized by
moral flabbiness, degenerate in
diligence and rationalized dishon
?->ty, arid countered by eront hu
manuarianism, great generosity
and deep des're for peace."
There's a combination for you'
Flabby humanitarians! Degener
ate pacifists! Dishonest philan
Nice Touch
The speaker went on, says the
Weekly, "to cite the rise in crime,
juvenile delinquency, divorces,
abortion.-, .imcides, insanity, bank
ruptcies, drunkenness, drug addic
tion and the use of tranquilizers."
That's a nice touch at the end
there "the use of tranquilizers
. . " Who wouldn't want a trari
quilizer alter hearing what he had
to say!
What tickles us is all this coin
ing from the U. S. Chamber ot
Comment or rather from its "In
stitute Department," whatever
that may be.
But then the U. S. Chamber of
Commerce never has been the
blue-sky unci sunshine variety, as
most people picture local chain
hers of commerce.
It's been gloomj all along. For
20 years of Democratic adminis
(rations, while the nation contin
ued to grow more and more pros
pprnus t hp I T S ("hamhor of
Commerce was mumbling dirt
warning s : trout government dorr, j
ination of business, socialism and
so forth.
Rut where does all its new in
terest in morality fit in? There
eems to be no explanation but
plain frustration. The Chamber of
Commerce spokesmen, whose
bread is buttered bv big business,
can't criticize the Eisenhower ad
ministration; their predictions
have all fallen flat; so now
thev 're m-t cutting 1< < se and cal'- 1
ing us all a bunch of degenerates
or. to soften the blow, generous
The U S Chamber used to pic
tun tin American people as rug
god individualists who were be
ing corrupted by government
band-outs, beaten senseless by
government regulations and
d ain ; >.! their life blood by gov
( rnment taxes. But degenerate
That line backfired and now
the Chamber is slashing out every
which way.
Please, gentlemen of the U S
C. ot C' don't tell us that thos.
millions of rugged Americans you
used to protect o valiantly have
now become -oft and flabby, been
divorced, gone bankrupt, taken to
drugs or what have you.
Wouldn't it be awful if there
weren't any good. 100 per cent
Americans left for you to protect
any more?
Romance Is Dead
ii >ou arc a maiden harboring
an unrequited love, don't have
yourself delivered t<> the door ot
your dream-boat in a basket:
;t : t's the moral from an actual
occurrence in England recently
Ml other methods failing. Miss
Theodora Fagl< den. -11, spent if!
pounds for the basket and five
pounds (or a van (truck) to be rie
livered to the door of Gerry Bur
row, 37, her beloved.
Thai sort of thing is supposed
to .nrpire any male with one win!
of unagination and humor in.o
a declaration of affection, if no;
a proposal of matrimony
But all Gerry aid was: "Thai
woman has really marie me ill "
Fat swell, romance! Could a
story end worse than that?
Published Every Thursday by
THE PILOT. Incorporated
Southern Pines, North Carolina
1941?JAMES BOYD?1944
Katharine Bevd Editor
C. Benedict Associate Editor
Dan S. Ray Gen. Mgr
C G. Council Advertising
Mary Scott Newton Business
Bessie Cameron Smith Society
Composing Room
Dixie B Rav. Michael Vnlen. Jas
per Swearingen Thomas Mattocks
and James C. Morris.
Subscription Rates;
Ore Year $4 6 mos. $2, 3 mo*. SI
Entered at the Postoffice at South
ern Pines. N C., as second class
mail matter.
Member National Editorial Assn
and N. C Press Assn.

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