: THE HERALD'S FARM DEPARTMENT. |
?' - |
Matters of Interest to Those Who Till the Soil.
2 Conducted by .1. M. BEATY.
SAVE YOUR CUT CORN.
I see that much of the corn cut:
this summer umi fall by the new
machines,thecornbinders, is still
in the fields. Some of the shouks
turned over by the winds and are
lying flat on the ground. All
this corn is damaging and thut
lying on the ground is ruining.
Had this been a wet season the
damage would have been far
greater. I'nless the corn is man
aged better the sale of binders
and shredders will not increase.
If the use of a shredder cannot be
secu red thecorn should be housed.
Hetter not have the corn cut un
less you can get a shredder or a
What Farmers Need Most.
The question "What does the
farmer need most?" in brief but j
very comprehensive, and em
braces many needs.
The farmer should be a well |
rounded man, strong in mind j
and body, and possessed of good j
healt h and of a wife equally en-j
dowed, whose every thought and
interest are in unison with his.
They should be possessed of good
executive ability and be capable
of planning and directing their
affairs wisely and intelligently,
and to carry out their plans with
energy and industry. They
should raise their children to
habits of industry, and train and
educate them to a high order of
The next requisite to success is
a good home farm conveniently
located to some city where he is j
easily accessible to churches,
schools and railroad facilities.
The home should be ample in its
accommodat ions tor a comfort
able life, improved with suitable
buildings, with an orchard and |
garden, all located most conven-!
iently for the purposes for which
they are intended. The farm
should be plentifully supplied
with water, with convenient pass
ways to and from the same, with 1
good gates where reasonably re I
quired. The acreage should be!
ample for a rotation of crops j
and to keep a variety of stock.;
It must necessarily lie fertile to
produce good crops and to pro-j
vide an income sufficient to en
able him to live comfortably and j
to be a useful citiz n. It isneces- j
sary to graze and rest our tired
fields, to supply manure as fast
as possible to old sod fields so as
to renew them and tit them for
raising another crop. Farming
cannot be carried on with success
on a few acres; no one can do it
by reason of the necessary ex
penses of living. The necessary
expenses of an ordinary family
are just as great on a farm of
forty acres as they would be on
a farm of one hundred or two
hundred acres. Every business
succeeds by the amount of it, and ;
whether it be a school, a store, a
newspaper or a railroad, the
profit is all in a large business.
"The iixed charges and expenses
of a business do not increase in J
proportion to the profits."
Such lias been my experience, i1
I began life as a farmer on one |1
hundred acresof lard; it required I
economy and hard work to make j'
more than a living. I thentned
two hundred acres, and it was
not until then that 1 began to
accumuluUs 6r to advance, and I
have continued to advance and
to extend operat'ons until I now
have six hundred acres of land
richly improved, !uglily fertile
and productive. It is not profit
able to cultivate any excep i rich
land. Upon a farm of, say, one
hundred acres of rich land, by
cultivating fifty acres of it in I
corn you can raise as much asj
you can on one hundred acres of
1 oor land, end thereby sa> e one
team and one hand and gain fifty
acres for grass orotherpurposes.
You ask what the farmer most
needs. I answer, briefly, good
sense, health, ambition and will
power. These with a good wife
whose energies are united with
his w ill b ing success in life. With
a good home and shelter, corn in
the crib, meat in the meat house,
money in pocket and with the
other qualities to which I have
referred the farmer is a fitting
representative of the highest
order of American citizenship,
Education is not altogether of
books; by experience also we J
lean; much that in of great value
to us. The farmer starting out
with a common school education
can easily become an educated
man, and much of his time can
lie profitably employed in the
study of agricultural chemistry,
thereby enabling him to under
stand better the character of the
soil which he cultivates, and the
elements which it particularly
needs to make it productive. By
a wife employment of his leisure
time in the study of philosophy,
history and the great daily news
papers, he can keep thoroughly j
abreast with the spirit of the)
times and be fully qualified for
the most important duties of
The farmer needs a religion
that sees good in every season
and inspires love and confidence
that bring happiness in life,
whether it be a life of sunshine or
one of clouds and storms, for it
Is by the sunshine and the storms,
the rains and dews, that nature
works out her highest develop
ment. lie needs a religion as
sweet and impartial as the dews
from heaven, inspiring wisdom
and love in all the walks of life,
in family, neighborhood and
good citizenship.?John B. Keu
neday in Tribune Farmer.
Within a very short time cold
weather is due, and with the ap
proach of ice preparations wilt
be made for "hog killing." Ten
derloins, brains, spare ribs, sau
sage and pig feet will be for a
season, the annual delicacy of
the most toothsome desire on
farmers' tables all over the
South. Little children will be
made happy broiling the muchly j
coveted melts on hot rocks
around the big log tires at the
hog killing, while thousands of j
bladders will be prepared and
hung up for Christmas guns by
the little fellows who look for
ward to hog killing with as much
or more interest than the older
The city children who are al
ways dressed for looks can never
realize the highest joys of child
life unless they couid be trans
ported to the country and enjoy i
t he unalloyed bliss of a winter's
hogkilling scene, and be enabled
to participate in the occasion
fully. I am often asked by sub
scribers ac this period of the
year for information relative to
the best methods of curing pork,
and am just in receipt of the fol
lowing communication from J.
H. it., of Athens, <ia.:
"1 am a subscriber to the Semi-1
Weekly Journal and would like
for you to answer a few questions
through its columns, if you will
be so kind.
"This cold weather makes us
think about killing hogs, and as
I have a few to kill, I would like
to know the best way in which to
put the meat up. When I was a ,
boy I lived up North and the
Folks there put up their meat in a
barrel and pickled it. No doubt, ,
if you are an old soldier you
have eaten some of that same 11
pickled pork. Now, I would like
to know from start to finish how
to put it up, say in a common [ <
lard barrel. How much salt and ]
saltpetre, and, in fact, the whole |,
process for hams, shoulders, ]
beads, etc." ,
I beg to assure my correspond |
int that I did not commence eat-11
ng pork until after the great i
military struggle he refers to, as i
[ was an infant at that time, but.' 1
Juriug my travels through the 1
N'orth and West in recent years 1
nave many times bad the oppor-; i
[unity of testing the merits of I
pickled pork. I was raised up i
m dry cured porkacd have never ]
cultivated a fondness for the i
pickled kind. The South is the|i
Bnly country in the world, how- j i
>ver, where pickled pork is not i i
jniversally used, if eaten at all. J
The western packing houses al
ways ship cold Htorage cured i
meat to their southern custo-11
mers, but to the balance of their i i
trade the meat noes pickled in I
barrels, both local and abroad, i
A barrel of pickled pork would i
be a curiosity in any merchant's 1
itore where pork is supplied to
southern farmers and their labor, i
\ greater curiosity would be a i
barrel of pickled pork in a Geor-; I
ria farmer's smokehouse,having 1
Been prepared on the premises. ]
I'.ut it is doubtless less expensive [ l
and. safer to pickle pork than to
cure it after the usually long and
tedious met hods ordinarily em
ployed in the South. Smoked,
dry cured bacon, though, im
parts a flavor to our home raised
pork which cannot be equaled bv
any process ever vet discovered.
The only trouble is we don't cure
enough of it every year on the
At the first approach of ice it
is safe to kill hogs. The most
important item is to be sure t fie
animal heat is out of the joints
before the hog is cut up uud pack
ed down. .Meat is oftentimes lost
by hurrying that feature of the
business. Hogs killed one day
should not he packed down until
the next morning, no. matter
what process is to be used in cur
ing If the weather is clear and
freezing, kill and clean the hogs
in the forenoon, arid leave them
hanging until late in the after
noon. Tttey can then be taken
down, and each hog divided in
half, and laid out iu the smoke
house until next morning, liv
that time all the animal heat
will be out, the meat will be firm
and can be nicely cut up and
trimmed closely with a sharp
The hams and shoulders espe
cially should be trimmed close
and all tne surplus fat taken off
arid made up into lard. The
backbones and spareribs can be
lightly salted and laia away un
der close cover for immediate
consumption by the family or
for sa e. If the pork is to be
pickled the following process may
be safely adopted:
Cut the middlings, hams and
shoulders into convenient pieces j
for handling so they can be pack
ed closely. Cover the bottom of
the barrel into which it is to be
kept with a layer of salt half an j
inch thick, l'lace in a layer of J
pork, then another layer of salt j
and so 011 until the barrel is near
ly full. The pieces of pork should
be tightly and neatly fitted in so
that the entire surface is covered,
if this is not doue the opening!
must be filled up with salt.
Pour iu enough pureeold water
to fill all spaces and to cover the |
last layer of salt placed above j
the meat. Then for every hun
dred pounds of pork use the fol
lowing recipe: I Mssolve iu pure
water, using just enough to dis
solve the materials, four ounces
of salt petre, two pounds of good
brown sugai, and seven pounds
of salt. When thoroughly dis
solved, boil the mixture and
skim off all the impurities.
When'this is cold pour over the1
meat. Then take a circular board 1
which will fit on the inside of the
barrel, bore a few holds through
t and weigh it down on the meat.
This will keep the meat in pla. e
and prevent it from floating in j
DRY CURED MEAT.
When the hogs have been cut
in half and laid out for the first
night as already referred to, it is
a good idea to sprinkle a little salt
over the bone joints, so as to
bring all surplus blood to the
surface. After trimming close,
the meat should bit well rubbed
with salt, and packed down in
barrels or boxes, p'acing a layer
of salt on the" bottom, covering
each layer with salt. Hogs that
weigh from 150 to 200 pounds
should be thoroughly salted in
from 3 to 4 weeks' time. Very
laige hogs should remain packed
down 5 weeks.
Alter the meat is taken up, the
salt shouhl be krocked off each
piece, and the shoulders, hams
[leads ard jowls l'gh.'y dusked
over with pulverized bo. ax. One
pound of borax is enough for TOO
or 800 pounds of meat. The
meat can then be liuug up, and
either smoked or not smoktd, as
'esired, it will keep without furth
I have tried this plan for seve
ral years and th'nk it superior to
all other methods. Some farmers
lip the hams and shou'ders in
boiling water after taking them
up and sprinkle with red pepper,
lithe *s use a brne of twelve
pounds of salt, 2 quarts of mo
las. js, and oae-half pound of
saltpetre to sprinkle each 150
pounds of the meat, just befo.e
sniok'-'g it. It is needless to
smoke the meat when boiax is
used, neither is tbe*e any neces
sity to sew the hams and shou'd
srs up in bags.
bugs and flies will not get
about borax, and it makes a
sp'erdid preserver of meat. It
iea\es no odor or flavor to the
meat, as it can be easdy washed
off. Saltpetre iuipor?.s an objec
tionable llavor, as it strikes into
I he meat, and I never use it.
fork is easily preserved if killed
at the proper time, when a cold
spell is on, and a northwest wind
blowing. Never kill when the
wind is from the east or south.
Sever pack down until the ani
mal heat is all out, and do not
kill when the weather is told
enough to freeze the meat before
it can be properly packed down
?Harvie Jordan, in Atlanta
The fine fall days, of which we
are ha ii g s"> ir.nuj t'h year,
ought :o b- full, util'zid i.i get
ting hoia to tueburnst ml under
cover all late cropsoiha> , millet,
sorghum, peas an 1 eoj beans as
fast as t h< v are fit to el or T
i farmers of the Sou
too carele*a in attend ' g -a
things, They allot . whiou
have cost labor a i ney '
raise, to remain in Ur i
bleaching, weathering and wast
ing long after they might be
safely under cover if given proper
attention during the curing, and
then in winter and late spring
complain of being short of feed
and compel stock to live on food
containing little or no nourish
ment. There is no excuse for
this in a country where we have
such a laug and usually flue fall.
See that the crops after being
cut are given irequent attention
and exposed to the sun and wind
until sufficiently cured to keep,
and then at once put them under
cover or into stacks.?Southern
9 the happiness of
motherhood," says the doctor. Some
times he qualifies the statement, and
says: " Impossible without an opera
tion." Yet both these "impossibles"
have been made possibles by the use
of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scriptton. Many times the a
hindrances to mother
hood are to be found in
womanly diseases or
weaknesses, which jjHMj
are perfectly and
vorite Pre- 1 ISfe. '<
ires female weak
ness. It makes weak
r women strong and sick
TSj | f \ "I wish to add my testimony
$, * ' to hundreds of others as to the I
value of Dr. Pierce's medicines,"
writes Mrs. Ida M. De Ford, of Latona, Hubhard
Co., Minn. "Have doctored with a great many (
physicians?some specialists; have twice been
in a hospital for treatment. My case has been |
regarded as a hopeless one. and they knew not I
what the trouble was. Heart was baa ; stomach
all out of orddi; tired out ; t- pains in all
parts of the body ; sinking ; ?>, and nearly
every ailment a womau could have. I took |
many a bottle of 'patent medicines' without j
effect. I began taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription, and ten months afterward I gave
birtn to a ten-pound boy. All physicians had
stated as a fact that / never eoufd hear a child.
Both the baby and myself were strong, and I
got along splendidly?thanks to your medicine."
The Common Sense Medical Adviser,
looS large pages, in paper covers, is sent
free on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to
pay expense of mailing only. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
One Woman's Way.
Mrs. Homer?Howdovou mar -
age to get your carpets so clean?
Do you hire a professional car
iMrs. Neighbors?No, my hus
band beats them, and I always
do something to make him an
gry just before he begins the job.
"Last winter an infant child of
mine had croup in a violent form,"
says Elder John \V. Ropers, a
Christian Evangelist, of Filley,
Mo. "I pave her a tew doses of
Chamberlain's Coupb Remedy
and in a short time all danger
was past and thechild recovered."
This remedy notonly cures croup,
but when given as soon as the
first symptoms anpear, will pre
vent the attack. It contains no
opium or other harmful sub
stance and may be given as con
fidently to a baby as to an adult, j
For sale by Hood Bros., Cave-'
nauph & Benson, Hare & Son.
One-third of the people who go j
mad recover their senses.
One Minute Lough Cure
Is the only harmless cough cure
that gives quick relief. Cur?s
Coughs, Colds, Croup, Bronchitis.
Whooping Cough. I'neumonia,
Asthma, LaGrippeaudallThroat j
j Chest and Lung troubles. I got
i soaked by rain, says Gertrude E.
I Fenner. Muncie, Ind., and con-]
| tracted a severe cold and cough,
j I failed rapidly; lost 48 lbs. My
druggist recommended One Min
ute Cough Cure. The first bottle
brought relief; several cured me.
I am back to my old weight, 148
lbs. One MinuteCoughCure cuts
the phlegm, relieves the cough at
once, draws out inflammation,
cures croup. An ideal remedy for
children. Cavenaugh & Benson,
J. 11. Ledbetter, Hood Bros..
Benson Drug Co., Hare & Son.
Hancock's Liquid Sulphur cures skin trouble
of every nature No home should l?c without i
it. Ask your druggists for a book on Liquid
Sulphur, it will tell you how to treat skin dis
eases of every kind. For sale by Allen Lee. [
| Cont! 33 to maKe Miraculous Cures i
READ THIS LETTER;
ALMOST A MIRACLE. J
? Dillon, S. 0., >nr. Mtb, 1MW. 9
H Gentler" - Tn September, 1899, I took rheum.-. 'ni In a very bad torm. A
h In a month aft?*r the diseuse started I had to ??P m.v voik and ko to 9
y bed. It cont. ... *1 to grow worse until uiy arms anu K .< s w e badly ntwn, ?
^ bo much ?"> t! t. I could not use them. My legs w e drawn back until ray ?
P feet touch* >1 i v hips. I was as helpl?-s as a baoy tor nearly tw* Ive months. M
fa The mu^ . _ay arras and legs wore hard and sh. i\?led up. I buffered death fa
P many times over. Was treated by six different physi. tans in Mo<" >|], Dillon aud P
fa Marion, but none of them could do me any good, until Dr. J. F. Ewing, of Dillon, ^
P came to coe rce. He told me to try your'MtHicr . e ' II .t. one bottle J
^ of the mediMn? and I began to take it and before rb*1 first bottle w.i?* i ?<*(i up I ?
^ began to a* oc.*.er. 1 used five and a half bottles and T.aa completely cured. ^
fa That was t wo .?rs apo, ?nd my health has been excellent ever since. Have had fa
7 no symptom . rheiu.-u m. I regard "ItHr.L'i u id in by for the !- P
fa remedy for rl imatlsm on ?"> market. I car i< t y too much or It. 1 have
P recommended .. to others since a .* it has cured them. /
m Will say *-d * her, that I began to w?IV In about f.i x day* afle- I heprin to take p
7 "HniuMACTe1 with the aid of crutch' ; in about three months after 1 began /
? to take it, 1 oouui walk as good as anybody, and went back to w.?rk again. ?
Z Very truly, JAMES WILKES, j
g All Druggists, or scut express prepaid on receipt of fi.oo. Z
7 Bobbltt Chemical Co., - - Baltimore, fid. ^
Beautiful Display of Christmas Goods
5/>e CASH RACKET STORE.
Lovely, select line, pleasing the1 eye of the most fastidious, are selling rapidly.
You Will Have to Hurry.
Beautiful presents for your sweethearts and loved ones. Most beautiful line of
DOLLS ever introduced here. Call for them. ASTONISHINGLY CHEAP. Funny
Toys for children. Come and look, and you will get Christmas in your bones.
Best variety of O RANGES, APPLES, RAISINS, COCOA NITS and CANDY,
in Smithfleld, at lowest prices.
High Grade Coffee, lOcts pound.
2 Pounds Prime Boasted Coffee with tea and tablespoon, 25cts.
Cheese 15cts. Snuff, any quantity attd quality.
Complete Line of Crockery, Cheap,
Cil|p All SHOES will be sold at Cost. All sizes. Do not
r fail to ask for them. Chance of your life.
Yours to serve,
W. H. PEACOCK.
the Bowels, Strengthen*
l AS'?V, j- r, . n ? ? i i n?.., the Child and Makes
\ mK/1 Costs Only h cents at Druggists, teething easy.
mail 25 c?t? to C. J. MOFFETT. M. D., ST. LOUIS, MO.
OFFICE OF D. H. HARDY, Secretary of State. Austin. Tex., K<>r. 21, 1900.
I have found Dr. Moffett's TEETII1N A a splendid remedy and aid lor av i??-obi? -kr <? .? ?!?!; n. n mv oldest
boy wag a teething child, every succeeding day warned us that we would inevitably lose him. I happened upon
TEETEIINA, a id betjan at once administering it to him, and his improvement was in a ked in 21 hoars, and from
tiiat day on Lo recti p: rated. I have constantly kept it and used it since with my children, and have taken great
pleasure in sounding its praxes to ail motueis of young children. 1 found it iuvalu.i le even aft r the teething
period was passed. ALitS. D. 11. EiAliDY.
Great Cost Sale.
A Question of Money!
Do you want to save the BIG profits you pay merchants
for your goods ? If so, NOW IS YOUR CHANCE.
From now until Xmas we are going to close out every
SUIT of CLOTIIES, every HAT, every pair of PANTS and
all of our
AT AND BELOW COST.
They will go at some price.
Remember, everything in our store except SHOES, will
go at COST, or at your own price.
We are doing this in order to convert our business into an
Up-to-Date Shoe Store.
It is only a short time until Xmas and these goods mujt go
Get in line and get some of the great bargains. Don't forget"
that everything but SHOES is going at cost, and we can save
you money on them. Hurry up and get your choice. No
Yours for bargains,
Next to Post-Office.
\A/ill Cut Prices.
Don't fail to see BOYETT BROS. & GODWIN, if you
w ant uny thing in
We carry DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, SHOES, HATS, PANTS,
TINWARE AND HEAVY AND FANCY GROCERIES.
Flourand Meat a Specialty.
CALL FOR GOLD MEDAL FLOOR, BEST ON THE MARKET.
Tomatoes at the Old Price, 10 cents.
Remember we carry the best staple goods and make prices ns
low as the lowest. Come to see us.
BOYETT BROS. & GODWIN.
? X ?
B JWbt- m