Price On. Doll.r Per V?.r "TRUE TO OURSELVES, OUR COUNTRY *NO OUR OOO." single Cople. PI.. C.nu
VOL. 28. SMITHFIELD. N. C.. FRIDAY. APRIL# J, 1909. NO. 6 '
GOETHAL8 SAILS FOR PANAMA.
Canal Engineer Does Not Sxpeet
Completion Until 1914.?Insists
That Lock Type Is Superior to
Sea-level Plan?No Danger Will
New York, March 27.?Steeled for
fresh endeavor in his gigantic task
of wedding the oceans, Col. George i
W. Goethals, chief engineer of the
board of construction of the Pana
ma Canal, sailed today on the Steam
er Advance for Panama. Two things
serve primarily to buoy up the dig
ger of the Panama Canal in the j
work before him: First, the patriot
ic interest which he has found since i
his return with the Taft party from j
the isthmus; second, the assuran- |
ces of support which he has receiv
ed for his theories as to the work.
According to Col. Goethals, the
excursion season incident to the
completion of the canal will set in
late in 1914 or early in 1915. He j
said it was his best judgment that
the work would require five or six
more years. No change in the pres
ent canal policy is contemplated as
the result of his visit. As to his
sentiment toward the canal work,
Col. Goethals said:
"The first rainy season determin
ed me as to the practicability of the
lock canal plan. I had been a sea
level canal man, but I had never
been able before to look into the
canal proposition so thoroughly. I
was soon convinced that a lock ca
nal, particularly of the size proposed,
was the practical proposition.
vvuiiu lilt: upyuimma ui uic ivla |
plan are concentrating their efforts
In representations against draw
backs which they assert the locks
will present, bo far as actual navi
gation is concerned the locks will
offer no impediments to passage, nor
will they endanger vessels as much
as the narrow channels of the sea
Rev. O. M. Marshall, of Henderson,
preached at the Baptist church Sun
day morning and night.
The Baraca and Philathea class of
the Baptist church will have an Eas
ter picnic at Parrish's pond on Mon
day, April 12. An interesting pro
gram will be rendered.
Quite a large crowd enjoyed the
old maids' conference at the High
School Auditorium on last Friday
night. A handsome sum was real
ized for the improvement of the
The boys of the Benson High
school and the Kenly boys will have
a joint debate at Kenly on Monday
night of Easter. Messrs. Almon
Parker and Arthur Goodrich will
represent the Benson school. A large
number of the Benson people ex
pect to attend this discussion.
Of those visiting out of town re
cently we note as follows: Mrs. Luna
Toler, Mrs. P. O. Driver and Miss
Bertha Johnson at Dunn; Mrs. A. R.
Evett, at Fayetteville; Dr. W. T.
Martin at Oxford; Mrs. M. T. Britt,
at Clinton. Of those visiting in
town are: Miss Zola Duke, of Hen
derson; Rev. and Mrs. W. C. Royal,
of Micro; Mr. Jarvis Stewart, of
Pittsburg, Pa.; Mr. S. J. Stewart, of
Red Springs; Father Irvin, of New
ton Grove, and Mr. Giddings, of
Beginning with May 1st the roads
of Banner township will be worked
by taxation. We hope to have bet
ter roads in the near future. Below
Is a copy of the road law.
An Act to Create a Board of Road
Commissioners for Banner town
ship, Johnston County.
The General Assembly of North
Carolina do enact:
Section 1. That C. T. Johnson, N.
T. Ryals and E. L. Hall be and are
hereby created, declared and con
stituted a board of road commission
ers for Banner township, Johnston
county. The term of the office of
the said commissioners shall be as
follows: C. T. Johnson from the
1st day of May, 1909, one year; N.
T. Ryals from the 1st day of May,
1909, two years. E. L. Hall from the
1st day of May, 1909, three yepfg" '
or until their several
shall be duly eleg^gj and
the dntjfis ^bMheir coffee. It shall
be the duty of the said board of com
missioners of Banner township, John
ston county, to meet on the first
Monday in May In each year and I
elect a successor to the retiring
member who shall hold his office
for three years. Should any vacan
cy occur in said board from death,
resignation or other cause, the re
maining members may at any time
meet and elect some suitable person
to fill such vacancy.
Section 2. That said board of road
commissioners shall have complete
control of the working of all public
roads in Banner township and shall
have power to change the location
of any road or part thereof which
they may deem necessary; to em
ploy a superintendent and fix his
salary; to employ necessary guards
to keep in custody and work on the
said roads all such persons as may
be hereafter sentenced to work on
public roads of Johnston county; to
provide for the working of said con
victs on said roads to the best ad
vantage; to do any and all things
necessary to be done for the main
tenance and betterment of the pub
lic roads in said township.
Section 3. That the said board of
road commissioners shall hold their
meetings at a time and place desig
nated by the chairman, or at the re
quest of any two members of said
board. The said board shall keep
& full and true account of all its
proceedings showing its receipts and
disbursements, the number of per
sons employed and other matters In
any way connected with or relating
to the working of said roads, the
said books shall be left with the
treasurer herein provided for and
shall at all times be subject to the
inspection of any tax payer of Ban
Section 4. That the said board of
commissioners at its first meeting
shall appoint some person or corpo
ration as treasurer of the Banner
township road fund. The person or
corporation so designated shall give
a bond In such form and amount as
shall be required by the said board
payable to the said board for the
faithful performance of his or its
duties as treasurer and for the faith
ful holding and disbursing of the
said funds in accordance with or
ders and directions of the said board.
His compensation for his services
shall not exceed five percentum of
disbursement of the said road funds.
Section 5. That the members of
the said board of road commission
ers shall receive as compensation for
their services not exceeding the sum
of two dollars per day while actually
engaged in the performance of their
Section 6. That for the purpose of
raising funds to carry the provis
ions of this act into effect, the board
of commissioners of Johnston county
shall at its meeting in April, 1909,
and annually thereafter levy a tax
not exceeding twenty-five cents on
each $100 worth of property in said
township and 75 cents on each poll,
said tax to be collected by the Sher
iff of Johnston county as other taxes
are collected and paid by him to
the treasurer of said road fund with
out feijg, for disbursement.
Section 7. That it shall be lawful
for the several Judges of the Superi
or court of the State; for the Jus
tiro nf thp npaoo of Tr?linatnn rntin.
ty, and the Mayor of the town of
Benson to sentence persons convict
ed in their several courts to work
on the public roads of said county,
and when so sentenced such con
victs may be worked on the public
roads of Banner township in said
Section 8. This act shall be in
force from and after its ratification.
In the General Assembly read
three times and ratified this the
fifth day of March. 1909.
April 1, 1909.
OLDEST STEAMER NOW 87.
Built Shortly After Fulton's Origi
nal is Now Oyster Boat.
Providence, R. I., Mar. 25.?Only;
13 years the junior of the Clermont.
Robert Fulton's first steamer "fh3'
steamer James^ rftrffcan has Just
been unfe<jeraj inspection here.
Morgan is the oldest steamer In
the country, having been launched
at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 87 years
ago. She registers 69 tons gross
and hails from New Haven. She is
used as an oyster boat.
You never know what you can do
till you try.?German.
POU SPEAKS ON TARIFF BILL.
Representative From the Fourth Dis
trict Shows Complete Comprehen
sion of His Subject and in Fre
quent Interruptions Displays Per
fect Grasps of the Question.
Washington, D. C., Mar. 2C.?Rep
resentative Pou, a member of the
Ways and Means Committee, spoke
for an hour auu ten minutes in the
House this afternoon, critieally ana
lyzing the Payne tariff bill, which
ho characterized as "the worst tariff
ever submitted for the considera
tion of an American Congress."
The Representative from the
Fourth, who has given nearly all of
his time for the past six months in
the study of the tariff, had the
whole subject at his finger's ends.
He was Interrupted scores of times
such men as Bou telle and Hill, ply
ing him with questions, but he more
than held his own. Much applause
greeted his remarks, and he was
heartily congratulated by the Demo
cratic side when he concluded
Champ Clark declaring that he had
made exactly the right speech. The
North Carolina Senators heard Mr.
Pou, and shared in these congratula
A feature of Mr. Pou's remarks
that attracted much attention was
his prediction that the President
does not favor the schedules in the
pending bill. In this connection the
"If instead of lowering these ridic
ulously high schedules, you permit
them to remain as they are. while
you increase other schedules on the
necessities of life. If you permit
your Standard oil countervailing du
ty to remain. If you decline to
change section 29, which nobody un
derstands, but which may take mil
lions out of the treasury, if you per
mit your direct inheritance tax, ope
rating as a double tax in 08 states,
to remain unchanged, if you insist
upon taxing tea instead of beer, I
predict that your own President will
never sign your bill. Let us put
aside all considerations of party poli
cy and party advantage. It is all
right to be a good Democrat; it is
all right to be a good Republican;
it is better still to be a good Ameri
Declaring that he hoped to see
"the day when no American indus
try will need any protection," Mr.
Pou said that this is a question
which rises or ought to rise above
par v. He thought the question
ou;,lit to be submitted to some non
partisan body of men sworn to ad
just duties in the interest of all the
Concluding Mr. Pou said:
"Shall we legislate, in behalf of
special interests or for all the peo
ple of the nation. This is thej ques
tion now submitted to every mem
ber of the sixty-first Congress.?
Thomas J. Pence, in News and Ob
ELDER HUTCHINSON KILLED.
Primitive Divine Met Death in Un
usual Manner in Wilkes County.
Winston-Salem, N. C., Mar. 27.?At
North Wilkesboro today, Elder J.
Franklin Hutchinson of tho Primi
tive Baptist church, one of Wilkes
county's leading citizens, was killed
by falling 20 feet through the ap
proach to the bridge across the
Two Stills Captured.
Last Friday, five miles east of
Benson, Adams, Holland, Surles and
Downing, United States Revenue of
ficers, captured a 45 gallon copper
still, 26 fermenters and 1500 gallons
of beer. They found two white men
at the still but the made their es
cape. One of the men left his coat
at the still which he can get by
calling on the revenue officers.
On Saturday, near Bentonville,
another large still and 900 gallons of
beer captured Ijv J. P. H. Adams
A. F. Surles, H. M. Barnes sipd K.
W. Merrlt. Four men were found
at this still, two were captured, N.
E. Lee and J. S. Adams, the other
two made their escape. The captur
ed men were brought to Dunn by
Surles and they had a hearing before
United States Commissioner, J. J. j
Wilson, who bound them over to the
May term of the Federal Cou ; - ;
NOTES FROM CHAPEL HILL,
Johnston County Boys at the State
University and What They are [
The Students attending tho Unlver
I sity from Johnston county met on
March 27, and organized a Johnston
County Club. The following officers
President?E. \V. Turlington.
Vlce-l'resident?L. G. Stevens
Secretary and treasurer?J. H.
The following men are attending
tho University from Johnston Coun
ty: C. W. Eason, J. H. Hand, L. G.
Stevens, L. F. Turlington, E. VV.
Turlington E. J. Wellons and G. F.
Whitley from Smlthfleld; H. E. Aus
tin, G. M. Baucom, J. P. Cordon
and V. V. D. Duncan from Clayton;
W. M. Brannan, M. llinnant and J.
H. Standi from Selma, C. W. John
son from Spilona; M. A. Peacock
from Benson; and E. V. Woodard ]
Messrs. Eason, Peacock, Standi,
and Woodard are studying Pharma
cy. Messrs. Austin, Brannan, and
Hinnant are studying Medicine. Mess.
Baucom, Cordon. Duncan. Johnson,
Rand, Stevens,' E. W. and L. F. Tur
lington, Wellons and Whitley are
taking Academic courses.
The Johnston county boys are
doing well and all of them think
highly of the University and of the
great work it is doing in preparing
the young men of the State to be
come useful citizens. Two students
from Johnston county graduated last
year, each with high honor. The
county is represented in Athletics
as well as in other phases of college
life. Duncan is one of the best
players on the baseball team.
J. H. RAND.
Chapel Hill, N. C? Mar. 31.
THE LATE GEO. T. ANGELL.
His Delightful Life Devoted to Bet
tering Condition of Animals.
In the death of George Thorndike
Angell, the friend of our dumb
friends, and publisher, and editor of
a magazine, brought out in their in
terest, the humane world has met
with a great loss. This much belov
ed Bostonian was tli< veteran lead
er in the humane educational work.
He was gathered to his fathers at
the splendid age of 86. In 1866 af
ter seeing two horses run to death
in a race, Mr. Angell became inter
ested in humane work for dumb an
imals and prompted by the action of
Henry Bergh, who in that year start
ed the New York society for the
prevention of cruelty to animals, Mr.
Angell established the publication of
"Our Dumb Animals."
Since that time Mr. Angell has
been actively engaged in the inter
est of his chosen life work. He trav
eled many times throughout the
United States and in scores of other
countries in pursuance of that work
and caused to be established more
than 70,000 bands of mercy in Ameri- j
ca and England. One hopes the
good work will not lag.?Philadelphia j
Lived 109 Years.
Lila Mite hell, a colored woman
who lived at Steele Creek in Meck
lenburg county, died one day last
week at the age of 109 years. Her
memory was active and she recall
ed easily things of long ago. One
of the occurrences which made a.
vivid impression on her mind was
the notable fall of stars in 1833,
when her raco thought the Judg
ment day had surely come?but the
old woman lived 76 years after that
and probably at the close of her ca
reer she had ceased to expect to
witness the dissolution of the ma
terial creation.?Waxhaw Enterprise.
The Laetaere medal which has
been conferred by popes of Rome
since the 13th century upon mem
bers of the laity that have perform
ed signal service to religion and hu
manity, is to be given by Notre
I>amo university this year to Chris
tian Usld, a novelist, whose home '
is at Salisbury. N. C. Christian
Reid Is the penname of F.-ai.ces
Christian Fisher Tlernan. She has I
published 40 novels since 1871.
The man who is always complain- j
ing that life is a grind doesn't fur- ,
lish much of the grist.?Dallas News.
KITCHIN FOR FREE LUMBER.
With His Colleagues Lined Up
Against Him the Tar Heel Repre
sentative Takes the Floor and
Champions the Cause of Free
Lumber?His Speech Forceful and
Washington, March 30. Far and
away ^he best speech of this Con
gress was made by Representative
Claude Kltchin this afternoon. It
was able, clear-cut and entertaining
| from first to last. Newspaper men
and members of the House concede
him first place. The lumber sched
ule of the Payne bill was his sub
ject and he spoke ^or free lumber.
Every man who Interrupted him was
bowled over. Fordney, of Michigan;
Graham, of Pennsylvania; Miller, of
Kansas, and others went down under
his fire. His readiness, his good
natured manner and his assurance
made him formidable.
At the close of Mr. Kltchin's re
marks, which continued through two
hours, Democrats and Republicans
congratulated him. Judge DeArmond
of Missouri, said that it was one of
the ablest speeches made in Con
gress (n a number of years and that
seems to be the consensus of opin
ion. It required courage to do what
Mr. Kitchin has done. He stands
alone in his own delegation for free
lumber. Ue told his Tar Heel col
of ucs lunitt/ i.uni. i lit" i U III Ufl I ill 111
proposition was no better than when
Tilden denounced it as the master
piece of injustice, in equality and in
equity; no better than when the Cle
veland platform of 1892 denounced
it as a fraud and a robbery for the
benefit of a few; no better than when
the Parker platform of 1!?04 denoun
"I desire," declared Mr. Kitchin,
"to remind my Democratic friends
from North Carolina that the proposi
tion to put a duty on lumber Is no
better now than it was when North
Carolina's two immortal statesmen
Vance and Hansom, thundered against
it at the other end of the Capitol, and
voted against it three times. If you
protect your home district you must
protect the other fellows. The
principal is wrong. You won't hold
any protectionist by voting for the
duty on lumber. The man who de
sires protection will go to the pro
tection party, the Republican party,
which is schooled in protection. He
will not turn to a party that is try
ing as it is an experiment."
Mr Kitchin made Mr. Fordney,
the arch-protectionist, admit that
the South would not benefit by the
Payne schedule. Maine and the
Pacific coast, alone would be af
fected.?H. E. C. Bryant, in Char
Algy?"Myrtle, what are your ob
jections to marrying me?" Myrtle?
"I have only one objection, Algy. I'd
have to live with you.".?Chicago
TO REDUCE SALARIES.
Mr. Edwards, of Georgia, Introduces
Bill to Put it at $5,000 a Year.
Washington, March 27.?Represen
tative Edwards of Georgia, is tired
of drawing $7,500 for his services as
a member of Congress. He is will
ing to hold the job for $5,000 a year.
Accordingly he today introduced a
bill to reduce the salaries of mem
bers from $7,500 to $5,000.
Getting Clote to the South Pole.
The polar regions are gradually
yielding up their secrets to human
perseverance and determination.
Lieut. Earnest H. Shackle ton, of
tho British nary, who left his per
manent quarters last autumn for ?
dash to the South Pole, has succeed
ed, after an arduous sledge Journey
of 1,708 miles, which occupied 12*
days, in getting within 111 miles of
the pole, or 354 miles nearer than
the point attained by the Discovery
expedition, of which ho was an of
As the expedition was undertaken
rather for"the purpose of geograph
ical survey than with the object of
reaching the pole itself, it may be
said te havo succeeded beyond the
most sanguine expectations.?Lon
Virtue that parleys is near a sur
State News Items.
As the result of the coroner's in
quest and preliminary hearing before
a Justice of the peace in Columbus
county last Friday, Cleveland Huss,
21 years old, said to be a rejected
suitor of Miss Squires, of Bladen
county, was committed to Jail with
out bond at Whiteville, N. C.( for
trial in the State Superior Court
next month on the charge of having
| murdered Jerry Bigford, a well
known young farmer and merchant,
I who was shot to death through a
window in his home, near Freemans,
; Tuesday night of last week and who
was to have married Miss Squires
the night following the finding of
his body in his home, where he re
Prof. Charles Alphonso Smith,
| head of the department of English
at the State University, has been
i elected professor of Teutonic lan
j guages in the University of Virginia
to succeed Jas. A. Harrison, who
has resigned on account of ill health.
President Taft will be the main
[ feature of the 20th of May celebra
1 tion In Charlotte this year. A dele
gation of Charlotte citizens called on
the .President last week and he ac
' cepied the invitation to attend the
Rev. W. M. Curtis, secrc'ary and
treasurer of Greensboro Fernalo Col
lege, who has devoted much time
as financial agent in raising the
$100,000 endowment fund for the
college, says that only $4,000 is now
necessary to reach the point where
the whole amount will be available
by the offer of Mr. Carnegie to give
$25,000 when 75,000 was secured, and
since that offer B. N. Duke has
guaranteed $10,000 when $65,000 was
After seeking in vain for a pardon
I from the Governor, or for his sen
tence of four years in the State
Prison to be changed to four years
on the roads, A. W. Aman, former
Republican sheriff of Sampson coun
ty, convicted of embezzling county
funds, has been taken to the State
Prison. Deputy Sheriff Whitfield
Tart, of Sampson, took the prisoner
to Raleigh and the two walked from
J Union depot to the State's Prison,
i Deputy Tart bid him good-bye at
the entrance, but waited to get
Amau's Citizen's clothes, which he
took back to Clinton with him,
Aman changing to the prison garb.
The new Erwin cotton mill and
j the greatest of the Erwin chain of
mills is to be built In West Durham,
i This was decided at a meeting of
| the directors of the Erwin Mill Com
pany held in Durham last week.
Governor Kitchln has accepted the
j invitation of the J. E. B. Stuart
Chapter, U. D. C., to deliver the
Confederate Memorial address in
i Fayetteville ''May 10th.
Short Items of Interest.
Director North, of the Census Du
\ reau, has withdrawn his request for
an appropriation of $14,117,000 for
! the next census and has substituted
a request for $10,000,000.
The world's commerce was consid
; crably lower in 1908 than in 1907,
according to a statement Issued, by
I the Department of Commerce and
Gen. William Booth, commander-in
| chief of the Salvation Army, is at
j presenf in St. Petersburg, Russia,
and is negotiating with the govern
ment for permission to establish a
branch of the Salvation Army in
Russia. He is being strongly op
posed by the Holy Synod.
Fanny Crosby, the blind hymn
writer, observed her eighty-ninth
birthday when she was a guest at a
reception given in the home of Mrs.
Orville Rector by the Fanny Crosby
Circle of King's Daughters in Bridge
port, Ct., recently.
Senator Shiveley, of Indiana, and
his colleague, Beveridge, are rival#
for the title of the handsomest man
in the Senate.
Martin N. Johnson, the new sena
tor from North Dakota, was three
times a candidate for this place be
fore being elected.
One-cent postage is provided in a
bill which Representative Bennett of
' New York has introduced. The
| measure provides that beginning Jan
uary 1, 1910, the rate of postage on
all letters mailed within the United
States for domestic points, including
drop letters, shall be one cent per
ounce or fraction.