Price On. O.ll.r P.r Y..r "TRUE TO OURSELVES, OUR COUNTRY ANO OUR COO." Slagl. Coplra Flv. M,
VOL. 28. SMITHFIELD. N. C.. FRIDAY. APRIL 16, 19()0. NO. 8
RICHARD ACHILLES BALLINGER
Secretary of the Interior in Presi
dent Taft's Cabinet?As Mayor ol
Seattle, Washington, He Closet* up
the GamblingDens and Gave the
City a Clean Government.
Four States may claim a proprie
tary interest in Richard A. Ballinger,
the new Secretary of the Interior.
He is a native of Iowa, having been
born in Boonsboro in 1859; after
practicing law in Illinois for a while
while he removed to Alabama, and
In 1889 he became a resident of Port
Townsend in Washington State. The
next year he was appointed United
States commissioner at Port Town
send and later was elected judge of
the Superior Court of Jefferson coun
ty. Five years ago Mr. Ballinger was
elected mayor of Seattle, and when
his term as mayor expired President
Roosevelt appointed him Commis
sioner of the General Land Office.
As a practitioner at the bar Mr.
Ballinger made a specialty of the ad
miralty and maritime law, and his
position as Commissioner of the Gen
RICHARD A. BALLINGER.
eral Land Office gave him a wide
knowledge of the land laws and oth
er important problems which will fall
under his jurisdiction as Secretary
of the Interior.
Mr. Ballinger's father studied law
In the office of Abraham Lincoln,
and his ancestors on both sides par
ticipated in the war of the revolution
and the war of 1812. He was pre
pared for college in the public
schools and is a graduate of Williams
College, class of '84. He is the au
thor of "Ballinger's on Community
Property" and of "Ballinger's An
notated Codes and Statute of Wash
ington." Mr. Ballinger is a Repub
lican State committeeman for the
State of Washington, and was a mem
ber of the advisory committee du
ring the last campaign.
The following from James B. Mor
row's article in last Sunday's Phila
delphia Record will serve to show
what kind of man Mr. Ballinger is:
"On being elected mayor of Seat
tle," I asked, "what methods did you
follow in cleaning up that city?"
"I appointed Thomas R. Delaney
chief of police and enforced the law,"
replied Mr. Ballinger. "Seattle had
be?n a wide-open town. The rush
to Alaska for gold, and the return
ing tide of miners, gamblers, and
swindlers, brought us a great many
rough characters, and evil conditions
followed naturally. We not only had
all the wild performances of life on
the frontier, but border ruffianism,
which is the climax of crime, sudden
ly changed a well-ordered community
into one where robbery and violence
became a regular business. Persons
engaged in legitimate trade said that
a puritanical regulation of vice in
variably meant a dull city or town.
Men, they argued, should spend their
money in such ways as they pleased.
I soon showed them, however, that
a larger and fuller dinner pail was.
after all, the only sound and lasting
foundation for growth that was ac
tually profitable, and for prosperity
that was really permanent.
"Representatives of moral element
in the city asked me to be a candi
date for mayor. I had a good law
practice and was unwilling again to
hold office. Assured that I should
be independent of faction, party, or
influence, I gave my consent and
was nominated and elected. Inside
of six months all of the gambling
places were closed. Under the law,
I couldn't stop the sale of liquor.
. but loggers and other workiugmen
who came to Seattle with money in
their pockets, were no longer drug
, ged an robbed. Disreputable hous
es were centralized and controlled.
1 In Bhort, the city was made whole
some and respectable. The work
was both hard and exceedingly dis
agreeably. I was told almost daily
that I would be killed; such fool
information, however, gave me no
| concern. But one term, I thought,
j was enough and 1 refused another
Easter Dance Here.
The Neuse German Club gave
their annual Easter dance at the
Colonial Monday evening. The ger
! man was led by Capt. and Mrs.. H. L.
The following couples participated:
Capt. and Mrs. H. L. Skinner, Mr. an<
Mrs. W. N. Holt, Miss Onie Abell
with W. R. Sanders, Miss Gertrude
Parker with J. A. Campbell, Miss
Rosa Peacock with R. R. Holt, Miss
Annie Pou with J. B. Adams, Miss
Ruth Sanders with L. F. Turlington,
MUs Ruth Young with Dr. A. H. Rose
Miss Corrie Palmer with W. M.
Grantham, Miss May Moore with D^
W. Parrish, Miss Crecy Morgan with
N. M. Lawrence, Miss Minnie Lunce
ford with B. A. Washburn, Miss Lil
ly Star with D. W. Tomlinson. Cha
perones: Mr. and Mrs. F. K. Broad
hurst, Mrs. E. S. Abell, Mrs. F. H.
Brooks, Mrs. W. M. Sanders, Mrs.
H. P. Stevens, and Mrs. E. W. Pou.
SAND HILL SCHOOL HOUSE DOTS
The people of this section are
very busy planting corn.
Miss Effie Stafford, of the SandtiJ
Chapel section, spent last Saturday
night and Sunday with Miss Nellie
Mr. Jesse Alford spent last Sat
urday night with Mr. Alphonso Phil
There will be Sunday school at
the school house every Sunday morn
ing at 10 o'clock. Everybody is in
There was prayermeeting at Mr. J.
Pilkington's last Sunday night.
Mr. D. A. Bizell is very sick. We
hope for him a speedy recovery.
Master Edwin Denning and his lit
tle brother Johnnie, spent last Sun
day with Willie and Walter Hill.
Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Starling and
little daughters, Annie and Mattie,
spent last Sunday afternoon with
Mr. and Mrs. G. M. Phillips.
We are expecting a marriage in
our section soon.
There will be prayermeeting at Mr.
G. M. Phillips' next Sunday night at
8 o'clock. Everybody is invited.
Mr. and Mrs. Clifton Whitley spent
last Sunday with Mrs. Whitley's pa
rents, Mr. and Mrs. Preston Tiner.
Mrs. Sophronia Alford and son,
Gardner, spent last Saturday night
and Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Pink
Woodall, of the Sanders Chapel sec
tion. N. V. P.
THE JOHNSON NEWS.
Miss Mattie Byrd, of near Benson,
who has been visiting in this sec
tion, returned home Saturday.
Mrs. Sarah Johnson is right sick.
Hope she will soon be up again.
Mr. Barnes, of the Little Creek
section, spent Sunday in our burg.
Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Griffis, of the
Bethesda section, spent Wdenesday
with their nelce, Mrs. Amos Johnson.
Mr. Walter Johnson spent Satur
day with his daughter, Mrs. C. V.
Byrd, near Benson.
Our young people went fishing
Easter Monday. They report a pleas
Messrs. David Price and Avery
Godwin, of the Bethesda section,
spent Sunday afternoon In our burg.
J. A. M.
Clayton, April 10.?On Tuesday j
night at the home of the bride's pa
rents near Clayton, Mr. Arthur Vic
tor Gulley and Miss Viola Jones
were happily united in the holy bonds
of matrimdny. The ceremony was
performed by Rev. J. W. Smith. The j
bridal party entered the parlor with
Mr. Tom Cook, of Clayton, as best
man. followed by the bride, leaning
on the arm of her sister. Miss Ber
tie Jones. Other attendants were
Mr. Norman Jones with Miss Nor
ma Gulley. Mr. Garner Smith with
Miss Myrtle Jones, and others.
? A DELIGHTFUL EVENING.
A Surprise Jlirthday Party at Greens
boro Female College.
Tuesday evening at 10:30 in the
room of Misses Julia Mayo and Mae
Ayers was a scene of great delight
when Misses Lucy Hood and Margar
et Jordan were escorted in, to find
a great surprise awaiting them in
honor of their eighteenth birthday.
The jolly party, seated upon the
beds, floor, table, etc., wefe . first
served with salad course. Next am.
brosia and nabiscoes were served.
The third course was del^ious ices
and cake, and last, but not least, was
the school girls fate "Old Maid Tea"
of which all participated. While the
tea was being enjoyed, one of our
old maid hostesses, Miss Annie Wood
ley, arose from her seat upon an
ice-cream freezer and gave this toast.
"Here's to Margaret and Lucy,
both eighteen years today, may they
always abide by the old maid's ad
vice, and never answer 'Nay.' "
The response, as follows, was giv
en by Miss Hood:
"Here's to*'Shadow,' 'Jule,' 'Tom'
and 'Annie Wee,' may the advice of
tonight prove satisfactory to me. If
perchance fate should go against me,
I hope we shall always good friends
After this Miss Jordan arose and
responded with his toast:
"Here's to the 'Old Maid's Club,'
so kind and true to each member,
your kindness and advice we always
After this the entire rarty gave
the following toast: ?
"Here's to the jolly party, in Fish
er Avenue we with a vow to be just
as quiet as ever girl could be."
A gentle top at the door reminded
us that th ? time was up and we,
very obediently tip-toed to our rooms.
The hostesses were Misses Mae
Ayers, Julia Mayo, Ruth Adams and
Annie Woodley. The guests wore
Misses Margaret Jordan, Huldah
Hambrick, Ruth Coltrane, Eleanor
Vann and Lucy Hood.
L. E. H.
Greensboro, N. C., April 14, 1909. :
Cutting Affair in Cleveland.
In Cleveland township Monday
night last at a gathering of the col
ored people a row occurred between
several of the colored boys, in which
knives and other weapons were used.
Johnnie Sanders was badly cut in
the breast by Wright Bridge rs. A
warrant was issued for the arrest of
Bridgers by F. T. Booker, J. P., but [
up to Wednesday night he had not
been apprehended. Sanders' wouuds !
though not fatal, are quite serious, j
Box Party Tonight.
There will be a box party given
at the store formerly occupied by
Mr. E. O. Aycock, Friday evening,
April 16th, for the benefit of the
Woman's Home Missionary Society
of the Methodist church. Everybody
is invited to come and bid for a
box, containing a nice lunch, "enough
for two." Ice cream will be sold for
10 cents a saucer. Music will be !
furnished by the Orchestra and dif
ferent musicians of the town.
Young Man Hurt at Saw Mill.
Mr. Hubert Stephenson, a son of
Mr. Dock Stephenson, was badly
hurt at Mr. C. L. Dickerson's saw
mill, seven miles east of Kenly, last
Friday. He was running the cut off
saw which was sawing some out
sides when a belt broke and let the
saw down on one of Mr. Stephen
son's legs. It struck just below the
knee and sawed a gash upward about
a foot long. It is said that sawdust
was made from the bone of the leg.
He was taken to Kenly and from
there sent to Wilson on first train
for treatment. He Is well known
at Smithfield, his home being near
Much in Little.
Friends have received this invita
"Mr. Peter C. Peterson requests
the honor of your presence at the
marriage of his daughter, Ethelynd,
to Mr. Malcolm McKlnne, on Wednes
day evening, April the 28th, 1909, at
eight o'clock, 641 Fullerton Boule-:
New Wealth for the South.
We very greatly hope that the
j cotton stalk paper mill at Cordele,
I Ga., whose construction begins to
I day, will prove an unqualified suc
I cess. If this plant can profitably
I produce newsprint paper from Its
j intended material, the South will be
; come endowed with a new sourco of
wealth. To recall that no important
use was made of cotton seed until
| a comparatively recent period is to
anticipate how succeeding genera
tions will look upon the manner in
which cotton stalks are now treated.
Of the cotton plant's adaptability
for paper-making there can be no
reasonable question. It is simply a
diminutive tree?not so very diuilnu
tive, either, in some countries where
it is native. Cotton stalks are true
wood, and of a proper softness. So
highly fibrous, however, is this soft
wood that the practical difficulties
1 in the way of utilization for paper
making have appeared formidable.
Paper could be made, but could it
be made with success commercially?
The Cordele mill's projectors evi
dently believe that this question now
admits of an answer in the affirma
tive. Whether or not the process
has yet been sufficiently perfected,
it certainly will be before very long.
The modern industrial world, hungry
for material of every kind, often forc
ed _ to seek substitutes for material
approaching exhaustion, cannot neg
lect the cotton stalk indefinitely.
As an important factor In the cot
I ton-stalk paper mill's possibilities
there must not be overlooked the
constant rise in paper prices to keep
pace with forest destruction. Paper
produced under circumstances which
?five years ago would have been high
ly disadvantageous might well earn
good profits now. With this tenden
cy continuing and with the cotton
stalk paper people improving meth
ods as their experience increases, we
may reasonably expect the new in
dustry to establish Itself upon a firm
foundation. Once it becomes so es
tablished the boll weevil will receive
an important check, for all investi
gators agree that complete distruc
tion of the stalks each fall is the
best preventive yet suggested.
Here's to the cotton-stalk paper mill
?the next broadening of Southern
industry.?The Charlotte Observer.
President Eliot's Worth.
What was there "in it" for Prof.
Eliot after half a century of work?
Oh, nothing much. Not as much as
Croker got out of a few years of
political "influence," not nearly as
much as Rockefeller got out of mo
nopoly, and Eliot's whole wealth
wouldn't pay the price of a Harri
man pleasure trip. No, there wasn't
much "in it" for Eliot. But, you
notice, when men speak of him it's
different somehow; and if you com
pare Eliot's face with those of oth
ers, it's different, too, and when you
think of the different life he led, j
you feel different. And you can't j
quite stifle the feeling that he has
accumulated much that he can take
with him when he crosses over to
the other side?you can't feel that
way about the others. Perhaps there
was "something in it," after all.?
Mr. C. S. Fowler and Mr. B. G.
Mooneyham spent Easter with Mr.
Fowler's people near Kaleigh.
The young people in this section
report an enjoyable Easter. There
were several picnics around, among
the best were those at Archer and
The B. C. R. Ball team will re
organize Saturday. We hope the
boys will get about it right and have
a good team this season.
Sunday evening Mr. James D.
Wall and Miss Emma Castleberry
were happily united in matrimony.
Mr. Wall is one of our prominent
young men and Miss Castleberry is
one of the charming young ladies of
this section. We wish them a long i
and happy life.
Miss Carrie Hobbs, of Knigbtsdale,
is a visitor in this community.
Mr. W. A. Newton, of Franklin
county, spent Easter in this section.
Rev. A. A. Pippin filled his regu
lar appointment at White Oak Bap
tist church Sunday.
E. H. R.
Archer, April I*.
INHERITANCE TAX FRUITFUL.
Britain Realizes from $90,000,000 to
$95,000,000 Annually. Gross Capi
tal Values of the Estates Con
tributing to This Revenue Is $1,
British inheritance taxes, drawn
from a population of 44,000,000, yield
$90,000,000 to $95,000,000 annually,
out of a total internal revenue of
$470,000,000 to $480,000,000.
This is the substance of a report
by Charles M. Pepper, who has been
| investigating the subject for the
Hureau of Manufactures, Department
of Commerce and Labor, in connec
tion with the tariff revision.
Revenue from the death duties, Mr.
Pepper says, is a little more than
half that from excise imports and
considerably more than half the
apiount realized from the income
tax. The gross capital value of the
estates contributing to the inheri
tance tax in 1908 was more than $1,
!>u0,000,000, and the net value was
a little below $1,400,000,000. Gross
value of the personalty was $1,113,
000,000, and of the realty, $415,000,
Of various classes of inheritance
taxes the chief sources of revenue
are estates proper, which last year
netted approximately $71,500,000; leg
acies, $19,500,000, and successions,
An indication of the kind of wealth
which is made to contribute to the
revenue through the inheritance du
ties is afforded in a detailed state
ment of the different classifications.
On a little more than $1,000,000,000
gross capital value of personality,
shares or debentures of public coin
anles were valued at $48,000,000;
mortgages, $93,000,000; loans on
sends, notes, etc., $07,000,000; stocks
or fuml3 of the United Kingdom, $45,
000,000; foreign stocks and bonds,
$55,000,000; insurance policies, $41,
000,000; house hold goods, $;<4,000,
Detailed analyses of valuation
show that about 4,000 estates pay
the bulk of the inheritance taxes.
Of the 67,533 estates contributing in
1908, 3,915 were of $50,000 ana up
ward, and aggregated a total net
capital value of approximately $1,000,
000,000, out of the total of $1,400,000,
000. In only two years since 1899
have the estates of this class ex
ceeded 4,000. In 1900 they number
ed 4,227, and in 1907, 4,172. In oth
er years, since 189, they ranged be
tween 3,768 and 3,945.?Washington
BAPTIZED IN ICY WATER.
Eighty Negroes Are Immersed and
Forty-five Back Out.
St. Louis, Mo., April 11.?While
thousands of persons struggled for
points of vantage today, 80 of the
125 recruits for the "Navy of the
Lord," a negro church were im
mersed in the icy waters of the Mis
sissippi river by Kev. J. B. Parker,
who is called "the admiral" by his
The baptized negroes, after run
ning from the water, changed their
garments in a nearby boiler shop.
Forty-five of the recruits turned their
backs on "The Navy" when they
felt the cold water.
Nine years ago in all of North
Carolina there were only eighteen lo
cal school tax districts, all of course
in the larger towns. Now there are
757 public school districts in the
state that levy a special school tax.
Not only have all the towns and vil
lages such a tax, but there are hun
dreds of distinctly rural communities
that have taken upon theraselvse the
work of increasing their school fund
by Increasing their taxes. These
facts speak well for North Carolina.
They show that the people as a
whole are at last waking up to the
importance of the schools and are
going about the work of improving
and bettering them in a way that is
bringing results. Raleigh Times.
Earl Cotton and Tim Holderfield
were taken to the Penitentiary Tues
day to begin serving 30 and 10 years,
respectively, for the murder of Dr.
E. W. Smith, of Richmond, near Ral
eigh on the night of November 14,
1908. They first gave notice of an
appeal but later decided to take
their medl^ne, a new trial, " If
granted might give them even
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Jones spent
Saturday and Sunday in Wake coun
Mr. Paul Whitley spent Sunday af
ternoon near Clayton.
Miss Lillie Higgins is visiting
friends in Smithfield this week.
Messrs. Zeb Atkinson and Rober
son Woodard, of near Kenly, were
in this section Saturday and Sunday.
Mr. Geo. T. Whitley who is a
student at the University, spent Eas
ter with his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
A. J. Whitley.
Messrs, A. G. Jones and R. H.
Higgins visited friends in the Wil
son's Mills section Sunday.
On Sunday night, April 4, one of
Mr. Frank Davis' children died. The
parents have our sympathy.
Mr. Ira Stephenson and sister,
Miss Mattie, from Pleasant Grove,
spent Sunday at Mr. Israel Stephen
There were quite a number of vis
itors in this section Sunday and Mon
day who were off for the Easter holi
Last Sunday, April 11, the members
of Pisgah Sunday school met and
elected the following officers for
this year: Superintendent R. H. Hig
gins; Assistant J. W. Jones, Secre
tary Miss Emily Stephenson; Organ
ist Miss Bessie Higgins; Assistant
Organist Miss Rffie Jones; Teacher
1st Bible class, W. J. Alford, Assis
tant Miss Lillie Higgins; Teacher 2nd
Bible class, A. G. Jones, Assistant
E. W. Massey; Teacher for Primary
class, Miss Effie Jones, Assistant
Mrs. Ophelia Munden. A cordial In
vitation is extended to the whole
community to come out and join In
this noble work. X.
On Wednesday, April 14, at 3 P.
M., at the home of Mr. and Mrs. A.
R. Gilbert near Benson, Mr. Luther
D. Hinton and Miss Hattie Hines
The ceremony was performed by
tflder A. D. Johnson.
The attendants were: Mr. Seth
Woodall with Miss Lillie Turlington,
Mr. George Wheeler with Miss Priila
Gilbert, Mr. Willie Johnson with Miss
Bettie Ryals, Mr. Herbert Ryals
with Miss Ilawley.
The bride is the sister of Mrs.
Gilbert and has many friends whose
best wishes go with her into the
new life. The groom is an energetic
farmer and has many friends who
congratulate him on winning a fair
bride. Immediately after the marri
age the happy couple with a few
friends repaired to the home of the
groom near Peacock's Cross Roads.
We wish them a pleasant Journey
Easter eexercises were conducted
at Baptist chapel at Smithfield Cot
ton Mills Saturday night, April 10th,
consisting of recitations, speaking
and music. Prof. N. M. Easomi direct
ed the music. The exercises lasted
about one and a half hours and were
enjoyed by the large crwd present.
The House, after three weeks con
sideration and discussion, passed the
Payne Tariff Bill last Friday by a
vote of 217 to 161. One Republican
Voted against the measure and four
Democrats?all from Louisiana?vot
ed for it. It is believed that the
Payne Bill, should it pass the Sen
ate in its present form, will be a
more unsatisfactory measure than
the Dingley Bill. Instead of revis
ing downward It has increased the
rates on many of the necessary
things of life. It is also stated that
it will not provide enough revenue
to run the government. Many be
lieve that its passage will give the
Democrats controll of the House in
Swinburne, the Poet, Dead.
London, April 10.?Algeron Charles
Swinburne, the poet, died today. He
was 72 years old. He had been in
good health, and celebrated his 72nd
birthday by taking a six-mile walk.
Next day he had contracted cold, and
pneumonia developed. Swinburne nas
occupied a unique place in the ago
of Victorian literature. For fifty
years his pen has been busy and
some of his poems are accounted
among the most beautiful in the