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VOLUME 35 SMITHFIELD, N. C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1916. Number 86
PRESIDENT WILSON MARES AN
APPEAL TO WARRING NATIONS
Asks Them to Make Known Their Terms Upon
Which Peace Negotiations
ACTION a big surprise.
Had Been Supposed That He
Would Not Make Any Move
At This Time.
FOR PEACE CONFERENCE!
Diplomatists Believe Mr. Wilson Must
Have Some Information Not Ap
pearing on the Surface or He Would
Not Have Made the Proposal at
(Washington Dispalch, 20th.)
President Wilson has appealed to
all the belligerents to discuss terms
Without actually proposing peace
or offering mediation, the President
has sent formal notes to the govern
ments of all the warring nations sug
gesting that “an early occasion be
sought to call out from the nations
now at war such an avowal of their
respective views as to the terms upon
which the war might be concluded
and the arrangements which would
be deemed satisfactory as a guaranty
against its renewal or the kindling of
any similar conflict in the future, as
would make it possible frankly to
Wholly without notice and entirely
contrary to what administration of
ficials have described as his course,
the President last night dispatched
notes to all the belligerents and to all
the neutrals for their information.
Summarized in the President’s own
words as contained in the notes, his
attitude is as follows:
“The President is not proposing
peace; he is not even offering media
tion. He is merely proposing that
soundings be taken in order that we
may learn, the neutral nations with
the belligerent, how near the haven
of peace may be for which all man
kind longs with an intense and in
creasing longing. He believes that
the spirit in which he speaks and the
objects which he seeks will be under
stood by all concerned, and he confi
dently hopes for a response which
will bring a new light into the af
fairs of the world.”
Development A Surprise.
This latest development in the rap
idly moving1 world events toward a
discussion of peace was not permitted
to become known until tonight when
the notes were well on their way to
the American Ambassadors in the
belligerent capitals, and probably al
ready in the hands of some of them.
It was a most distinct surprise to
all official Washington which'had been
led to believe that with the formal
transmittal of the proposals of the
Central Powers, the officials of the
United States would await further
moves between the belligerents them
selves and that certainly in view of
the speech of Premier Lloyd-George
and the announcements in Russia,
France and Italy, further action by
neutrals would depend upon the next
careful and delicate moves in the
great diplomatic spectacle before the
The whole tenor of official opinion
throughout Washington when the
President’s action became known was
that it immeasurably improved the
prospects for some sort of exchanges
looking toward an approach to peace
discussions between the belligeicnts,
without impairing the position of the
United States should they finally be
unable to find a ground on which to
approach one another.
At the White House no statement
whatever could be obtained as to
whether any of the powers had in
timated how they would receive the
note and there was every indication
that the san careful secrecy which
prevented i en anything whatever
becoming known about the President’s
action until it had ben taken, would
surround any of the succeeding
Nothing On Surface.
Nowhere on the surface appears
&ny indication of the history making
events which diplomatists generally
are convinced must have transpired
since the German allies brought forth
their proposals to dispel the general
ly prevalent belief that such an ac
tion on the part of President Wilson
would be acceptable to the entente
British Embassy officials declared
[ they wore utterly taken by surprise,
were wholly unable to explain it, and
emphatic in their statement that no
exchanges whatever had passed
through the Embassy here as a pre
The hope of the German powers
that President Wilson would inter
cede in some way has long been well
known and has been conveyed jn va
rious ways to the White House. The
attitude of the entente allies as ex
pressed by their statesmen and cer
tainly until recently, in official ad
vices to the American government has
been that a peace offer by the United
States would be considered almost
the next thing to unfriendly.
All that, however, was before the
German allies brought forward their
proposals for discussion of peace.
President Wilson specifically says in
the' notes he is somewhat embarrassed
in making the suggestion at this par
ticular time “because it may now
seem to have been prompted by a
desire to play a part in connection
with the recept overtures of the Cen
To the Central Powers the Presi
dent says his action was in no way
“suggested” by the Teutonic proposals
while to the entente allies he says
his note is “in no way associated with
them.” To both sets of belligerents, he
says he “would have delayed offering
it until those overtures had been an
swered but for the fact that it also
concerns the question of peace and
nay thus be considered in connection
with other proposals which have the
same end in view.”
Diplomatists consider it incredible
that the President would bring for
ward such a proposal at such a time
unless he had reason to believe it
would receive respectful consideration
at the hands of all the belligerents
and above all would not prejudice the
position of the United States as a
SLAYERS DIE AT SING SING.
Charles Kumrow, Twenty, and Stan
ley J. Millstein, Nineteen. Meet
Death Earlier, as Requested.
Sing Sing, N. Y., 1360. 21.—Stanley
J. Millstein, nineteen, and Charles
Kumrow, twenty, were put to death
in the electric chair in the Death
House this morning, having petitioned
Warden Moyer that he execute the
death sentences upon them to-day in
stead of -waiting until the end of the
week. They did that in consideration
for their relatives and their compan
ions in the Death House, saying that
their deaths on Friday would only add
to the gloom of Christmas.
Warden Moyer attended both exe
cutions, explaining that he did not de
sire to do so, but that the law spe
cially stated that the Warden should
Kumrow, who killed a tug boat
captain in Buffalo, went to his death
without knowing that his father, after
riding all night in a day car from
Buffalo, was in the prison. Kumrow
believed his family and friends had
deserted him. When his father ar
rived, half an hour before the time
set for the death, he earned a letter
from the boy’s old schoolmates.
Prison-attendants, however, would
not let the father see his son, and did
not tell the boy his father had ar
rived. They believed a meeting would
have unnerved Kumrow and caused a
death house scene such as the attend
ants wished to avoid.
Millstein, who shot and killed a po
liceman in Utica, and Kupirow both
went to their deaths bravely. Efforts
of the Humanitarian Cult to save
Koochiching is the name of one of
PEACE PARLEYS OPPOSED.
Lloyd-George Says Complete
MR. ASQUITH WITH PREMIER.
Peace Conference in Absence of
Terms Would Be Putting Heads
of Allies in a German Noose.
An Associated Press dispatch from
London to W’ednesday’s daily papers
The announcement in the House of
Commons today by David Lloyd
George, the new Prime Minister, that
the first act of his administration
was the rejection of the proposal of
the Central Powers for a peace con
ference constituted one of the most
momentous scenes which the oldest
parliamentry veterans had never
The new Premier declared that be
fore the allies could give favorable
consideration to such an invitation,
they must know that Germany was
prepared to accede to the allies’ terms,
giving “complete restitution, full re
parations and effectual guarantees”
and to enter a conference upon the
invitation of Germany, proclaiming
herself victorious, without any knowl
edge of her proposals would be put
ting our heads into a noose with the
end of the rope in German’s hands.”
Mr. Lloyd-George asserted that at
the moment Germany was penning
the note, assuring her convictions as
to the rights of other nations, she was
dragging Belgians into slavery. He
announced that the note presented
through Washington contained no pro
posals of terms, but was a paraphrase
of Chancellor Von Bethmann-Holl
weg’s speech, and that the allies had
separately concluded to reject it, al
though they had informally exchanged
views, and would within a few days
present a joint reply.
Mr. Asquith, the former Premier,
seconded Mr. Lloyd-Gcorge’s decis
ion with even stronger words, and
almost at the same moment Earl
Curzon was informing Lords that the
government would enter no confer
ence that did not guarantee for Eu
rope the free and independent exist
ence of nations, great and small. The
Marquis of Crewe affirmed the ap
proval of the members of the late
The day was a doubly important
one for the commons because the new
Premier unfolded his program for
widereaching war measures and Mr.
Asquith closed the last chapter as his
nine years of leadership with an
accounting of his war stewardship.
The principal feature of Mr. Lloyd
George’s program is a measure for na
tional service, matching Germany’s
latest scheme whereby every citizen
will be liable for enrollment, to per
form work for which the authorities
consider him best equipped.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain, May
or of Birmingham, and a member of
the famous family, will be director of
the National service with civil and
military directors responsible to him.
COTTON GINNER’S REPORT
Number of Bales Ginned to December
13 Reaches 10,845,989.
Cotton ginned prior to December
13th amounted to 10,845,989 running
bales, including 183,403 round bales
and 110,448 bales of Sea Island, the
Census Bureau announced Wednes
Last year to December 13th, gin
nings amounted to 10,306,309 bales,
or 93.10 per cent of the entire crop,
and in 1914 they were 13,972,229
bales, or 87.8 per cent of the crop.
Ginnings by States follows:
Alabama, 531,076; Arkansas, 1,045,
582; California, 23,671; Florida, 49,
343; Georgia,' 1,780,499; Louisiana,
432,822; Mississippi, 763,283; Missou
ri, 54,276; North Carolina, 618,946;
Oklahoma, 782,813; South Carolina,
894,090; Tennessee, 348,656; Texas,
3,485,526; Virginia, 25,333. All other
Sea Island ginning by States:
Florida, 34,728; Georgia, 73,395;
South Carolina, 2,325.
Boston Remains* Wet.
The election held in Boston Tuesday
was won by the license advocates,
For license 53,459 votes were cast
Against license the vote was 29,997,
North Adams, Mass., went dry foi
the first time in 29 years.
A recess for carrying a nail set
I features a new hammer handle.
AT THE C APITAL OF BANNER.
Fire Starts in Dwelling of Mr. Alon
zo Parrish. Benson School*Stops
lor the Holidays. Mrs. O. A. Bar
bour Hostess of John Charles Mc
Neill Club. The Air, Men and Mules
Filled With the Christmas Spirit.
Personal Items of Interest.
Benson, Dec. 21.—Messrs. C. F.
Neighbors and Ezra Parker were vis
itors to Smithfield Tuesday.
Mr. C. L. Weeks came home last
night from Angier, where he has been
employed for several months.
Mrs. W. O. Rackley left today for
Mount Olive, where she will spend the
holidays with relatives.
Mr. L. A. Parrish, of Elevation, was
here today on his way from Fayette
ville, where he has been to see M£,
John Parnell, who is in the hospital
Rev. and Mis. ,1. T. Stanford wll
leave to-morrow for Northampton
County, where they will spend several
days with relatives.
Mrs. J. R. Barbour and son, J. R.,
Jr., and Miss Annette Gordon left to
day for Hamlet where they will spend
several days with Capt. and Mrs. J.
A baby boy was born tast Satur
day morning to Mr. and Mrs. Harvey
Mr. Hunter Creech, of Smithfield,
was here Sunday afternon for a short
while with friends.
The Christmas Tree at the Meth
odist church last night was quite a
success, judging from the gladness it
brought to the many children who re
Mr. S. A. Lassiter, of Elevation
township, was here Sunday on a vis
it to his daughter, Mrs. Harvey Ryals.
Mr. L. C. Barbour and Dalton Lee,
of Four Oaks, were in the city Tues
day for a short while.
Miss Stella Creech, who has been
attending the State Normal College,
came home today to spend the holi
days with her parents, Mr. and Mrs.
J. Willis Creech.
Miss Virgie Warren and Cleo "Bau
com, of Dunn, were here last night
the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. W
Mr. J. R. Barbour spent Saturday
and Sunday in Washington, N. C.
Mrs. Jesse McLamb and little
daughter left Sunday for Clayton
where they will spend the Christmas
times with relatives.
Mr. John Parnell was taken to the
Highsmith Hospital at Fayetteville
Monday for an operation. He is get
ting on nicely and hopes to be out
Miss Vara Beasley, of Buie’s Creek
is here on a visit to relative's anc
Misses Alta and Vada Boone are
home from Oxford College to spenc
Miss Oneita Witcher, of Danville
Va., left for her home yesterday, af
ter visiting at the home of Mr. anc
Mrs. Claud Canaday for several days
Mr. and Mrs. Brosia Porter visitec
relatives at Princeton the first of the
Mr. Heber Creech, oi bmithheid
was here Sunday at the home of hit
sister, Mrs. J. H. Rose.
Mr. Walter Massengill, of Elor
College, spent Sunday in town wit!
his father and other relatives.
Mr. A. R. Evitt, of Norfolk, wat
here Tuesday on a short ^isit tc
friends and on business.
Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Stephenson, ol
Smithfield, were here Sunday witl
iVJr. and Mrs. Ed. Matthews, ol
Dillon, S. C., were here Sunday witl
relatives spending the day.
The Benson school closed yester
day for the holidays and all the teach
ers left for their respective homes
Prof. Fitzgerald goes to Whitsett
Miss Annie Laurie Wicker to Elor
College; Miss Myrtle Ashcraft t(
Wadesboro; Miss Florence Dixon t<
Raeford; Miss Lena Harwood t<
Mathews; Miss Mabel Kerfees tc
Cooleemee; Miss Mary Bishop to Rox
abel; Miss Somer to Mr. Airy anc
Miss Pearce to Colerain, N. C. The
school will open on January 2nd, aftei
the holidays are over.
Quite a large crowd of people re
sponded to the Benson fire alarm yes
terday afternoon when the residence
of Mr. Alonzo Parrish caught on fire
But for the timely arrival of aid the
building would have been consumed be
the flames. However, very little dam
age was done as the early discover;
of fire brought a sufficient force ti
Messrs. Chas. Johnson and Osca
Johnson returned this morning from
Richmond, where they had been to see
their brother, Mr. Bradley Johnson,
who has been quite sick for several
weeks with malarial fever. They re
port his condition somewhat improved,
and hope that he will soon be able to
be out again.
The John Chas. McNeill Book Club
met with Mrs. O. A. Barbour Tuesday
afternoon of this week. After the roll
call and minutes, business was
quickly disposed of and then the merti
bers got out their sewing and chat
ted pleasantly around the open fire.
While the others continued their sew
ing, the hostess read Van Dyke’s
“Story of the Other Wise Man” which
was greatly enjoyed. After delight
ful refreshments which were very
suggestive of the Christmas season,
the President of the Club presented
each member with a Christmas gift
containing an original verse which
was read aloud by each' member. The
President was in turn presented with
a huge Christmas box by the members
of the Club.
Christmas seems to be in the ad
here, and everyone is either getting
ready to receive company or taking
a trip. Many people are coming in
daily to spend the holidays here, and
quite as many are leaving each day
for other places to spend a few days.
The very air seems impregnated with
the good cheer of the season, as evi
denced this morning by a four-legged
animal commonly known as a mule.
The mule, which belonged to Mr
Willie Beasley, seemed to feel the
Christmas spirit and took a chase
down Main Street at full speed with
a buggy following closely at his
heels. Many people on the street not
knowing that the njule was only feel
ing good and enjoying the spirit o!
the season, took hasty retreat for
.store doors and other places of safetj
to avoid being run over by said ani
mal, which wras finally rounded up ir
the Southern portion of the city
none the worse for his little Christ
A RANGE BACK EXPLODES.
Little Child Blown From Aunt’s
Arms and Killed.
Nancy Shelton Wagner, the little
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Wag
ner, of Newton, N. C., was almost in
stantly killed when the frozen water
back in a r nge at the residence ol
Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Wagner exploder
a few moments after a fire had beer
built in the fire-box Tuesday morning
Mrs. Clyde Wagner, the child’s aunt
was holding her in her arms, and thi
explosion literally blew the girl ou'
of her aunt’s arms, through an oper
doorway and into an adjoining room
Flying metals crushed her skull cm
broke her arms. Mrs. Wagner hersel:
escaped without injury but was stun
ned. The range was wrecked complete,
ly, a kitchen cabinet was broken uj
and a door blown from its hinges
Windows were smashed and the en
tire kitchen made to look as if a tor
nado had hit it.
I)r. W. H. Moore Passes.
Rev. Dr. W. H. Moore died a
Rockingham Tuesday night at thi
home of his daughter, Mrs. J. Le
grand Everett, at the age of 78. Dr
Moore was one of the most promin
ent men of the Methodist conference
having served as presiding elder fu
more than 25 years, in the most prom
inent districts in the State, and wa
held in high esteem by all those win
knew him. He was a Confederate vet
eran, having served the entire fou
years of the war.
EDITORIAL WRITER IS DEAD
''Robert E. Gonzales, Serving Witl
South Carolina Troops on Border,
Victim of Pneumonia.
i El Paso, Dec. 20.—Sergeant Rober
1 E. Gonzales, of the machine gun com
pany, second South Carolina infantry
l son of W. E. Gonzales, United State
i minister to Cuba, died at the has
■ hospital last night of pneumonia afte
an illness of four days.
Minister Gonzales is en route fron
Havana to El Paso. A military funeT
al will be held. Sergeant Gonzales
death was the eighth from pneum<jni
to be reported here' among the guar
and the regular army during the pas
) Male and female slaves were sol
publicly in the fairs of England dui
" ing the fourteenth century.
EfcHSi -jifi—i"n i»
AWFUL COST TO ALLIES.
Losses of French and British
GERMANY GIVES THE FIGURES.
Estimate Loss of 800,000 Men on
Sc r;me Front Up to End of No
vember Since First of July.
The losses of the French army to
date have been 3,800,000 and of the
British 1,300,000, according to com
petent military authority, says an
Overseas News Agency statement
from Berlin. On the same authority
the French losses on the Somme up
to the end of November are estimated
at not less than 250,000 and those of
the British at 550,000.
The statement says:
“The total French losses since the
beginning of the war have been 3,
800,000 and the British losses 1,300,
000, or altogether 5,100,000. These
figures are based on most reliable
data. They do not include the losses of
the colored troops of both the French
and British armies, but, as these col
ored auxiliary troops are always us
ed as possible in great attacks, the
total of French and British losses
probably is several hundred thousand
“In the engagements of the Somme
since July 1, 140 French and British
divisions have been employed. These
were drawn from all parts of the
front from the ocean to Switzerland.
The majority of these divisions, after
short rests, returned twice or even
three or four times to the front.
“The French losses on the Somme
up to the end of November are esti
mated as at least 250,000 and th’
British at 550,000 men. Thus the to
tal of French and British losses on
the Somme are conservatively esti
mated as at least 800,000 men. They,
therefore, exceed considerably the
German losses as estimated by Ger
many’s enemies at 090,000 men. As a
matter of fact, the German losses
W'ere much less than 5t)0,000 men. At
the same time it must be taken into
consideration that about 7(5 per cent
of all the German wounded, after a
short time, are able to return to the
front, thanks to the excellent medical
care they receive and the high stand
ing of German surgery.”
GOVERNOR GRANTS PARDONS.
No Further Applications, However
Will Be Considered by Him. Eigh
teen Pardons and One Commuta
(News and Observer, 21st.)
Announcing nineteen pardons and
| commutations, Governor Locke Craig
• yesterday declared that all further ap
. plications for pardon during the re
. maining days of his administration
i will be continued for consideration of
. the next Governor. With these men
released, there are now in the State
. Prison about nine hundred and two
hundred more are located in the va
The Governor, in handing down the
biggest batch of pardons and commu
: tations at any one time during his ad
> ministration, regretted that he coujd
- not feel warranted in granting more
. of petitions, all of which, he said, he
- had carefully considered. Several of
, the pardons granted are for long
:• term prisoners who have faithfully
■ served for many years. Others are
5 for prisoners whose terms would have
> expired shortly after the holidays,
- but most of them are prisoners guilty
• of minor offenses whose terms have
about expired. In all therd were eigh
teen pardons and one commutation.
In each case, Governor Craig made a
full statement for his reasons, and in
i most of them made the pardon con
ditional upon good behavior.
The total number of years to which
the pardoned men were sentenced is
; 126 and, according to the time of their
. conviction, over half of this number
, of years has been served already,
s Seven wfere convicted of murder in the
; second degree and the other offenses
■ ranged the list of house burning, ille
gal possession of liquor, illicit distill
i ing, forgery, retailing, car breaking,.
- carrying concealed weapons.
• Congress may investigate the high
J cost of living, but the beginning point
t to reduce the expenses will have to
be with each individual and in each
home. We may investigate and agi
3 tate, but unless we decapitate some
. of our appetites the high cost of liv
ing will keep up.