VOLUME 85 SMITHFIELD, N. C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1916. Number 87 TEUTONS want a peace meet. Nations of Central Alliance Favor Calling of Meeting of Representa tives of Warring Powers to Permit Exchange of Views on Question of Ending War. No Word of How Entente Will Take Wilson’s Propo sal for Statement of Objects. Fight ing Now Chiefly Confined to Ru mania. The following is the European war situation for Tuesday, as summarized in the Columbia State of Wednesday: The Teutonic allies are favorable to immediate meetings of delegates from the belligerent States at some neutral point in order that exchange of views with regard to peace may be carried out. This has been declared by the Ger man government in replying to the recent note of President Wilson sug gesting that the belligerent nations make known their basis for peace. It is announced in the note that Ger many is of the opinion that the work of preventing future wars can be be gun only after the end of the pres ent struggle, but that then Germany will be ready to collaborate with the United States “in this exalted task.” Nothing has yet come through to indicate what will be tenor of the re plies of the entente allies to Presi dent Wilson’s suggestion, and so far as is known, none of them has yet given an answer to the announcement made to them is the note of the Teu tonic allies that Germany is prepared to discuss peace. Meantime the premiers of Great Britain’s colonies have been urged to attend at an early date—not later than the end of February—a series of special meetings of the war cabi net. At these meetings, says the Brit ish colonial secretary, “urgent ques tion affecting the prosecution of war, possible conditions in which, in agree ment with our allies, we could as sent to its elimination and problems which would then immediately arise,” are to be discussed. Rumania continues the theatre oi greatest activities. In northern Wal lachia, along the southern Moldavian border, and in Dobrudja the Teutonic allies continue to make gains over the Russians and Rumanians. Thirty miles southeast of Bralia the invaders have captured the town of Filipechti, and west of Himxyk Sarat are on the offensive. In this latter region during the past few days, 5,500 Russians have been made prisoners. In Mesopotamia the British forces still are in quest of Kut-el-Amara, in which sector they have made new ad vances on the right bank of the Ti gris and consolidated and extended their positions south and east of the town. Gassabs fort, 20 miles south east of Kut, a base from which hos tile Arabs had been operating against the British, has been destroyed. The British victory over the Turks at Makhaba, 90 miles east of the Suez canal, was of considerable pro portions. In addition to making pris-, oners of 1,350 men of the Turkish forces of 2,000 seven guns, a large number of rifles much, ammunition and large quantities of war stores were captured. On the other fronts there have been only artillery engagements. The Work of One of Our Big Guns. Mr. Ralph Lane, who visited his father, Mr. Bill Lane, of Smithfield, about two weeks ago, told him much of one of our big cannons on the war ship Oklahoma. This gun can be load ed and shot in twenty-seven seconds. It takes 386 pounds of powder to shoot once. During target practice last November this gun sent a ball which hit a target seven miles away and then went through a house and came near killing a family ten miles away. Mr. Lane is first machinist on the Oklahoma. Big Fire Near .Wilson’s Mills. About y):40 o’clock last Sunday night, there was a big fire in Wilson’s Mills township, when the barn and stables of Mr. W. H. Smith were burned. He lost some cotton and fod der and shucks and his corn, along with a buggy, a wagon and several plows and an automobile worth seven hundred and fifty dollars. With con siderable effort his dwelling was sav ed. The origin of the fire is unknown. It occurred only a few minutes after a member of the family had left the barn. ’! AT THE CAPITAL OF BANNER. Benson, N. C., Dec. 28.—Miss Leola Smith, who holds a position in Louis burg, N. C., as trimmer, spent Christ mas here with relatives. Mr. Jim Boon, of Raleigh, and Mr. Herman Boon, of Wilmington, were here Monday with relatives. Messrs. J. R. Barbour and S. F. Ivey went to Angier yesterday on bus iness. Miss Mildred Parrish, who is at tending College at Winston-Salem, is here with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Parrish. Mr. A. M. Coats, of Smithfield, wras in the city Tuesday for a few hours. Messrs. Hugh Adams, Dalton Lee and G. K. Massengill, of Four Oaks, were here yesterday on business. Mrs. J. E. Wilson and children are visiting Mrs. Wilson’s parents in Sampson County this week. Mr. and Mrs. W. O. Rackley return ed this afternoon from Sampson County, where they have been spend ing the holidays. Mr. J. Robert Barbour left today for Washington, N. C., where he has a position as mail clerk on the Washing ton and Vandemere Railroad. Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Raynor have been to Chapel Hill spending a few days with Mrs. Raynor’s parents. Mr. W. W. Hockaday has opened up an up-to-date grocery on Main Street next door tp the Peacock Drug Store. Miss Mary Lee, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Lee, of this place, lost a diamond ring Tuesday morning valued at near two hunderd dollars. The ring was one that was left her by her un cle who died some years ago. Mr. O. P. Shell, of Dunn, was here Tuesday for several hours on business matters. Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Barbour re turned today from Four Oaks where they have been on a short visit to Mr. K. L. Barbour. Misses Alta and Vada Boon are here this week with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Boon. They have been in Louisburg Female College the past session. Mr. and Mrs. John Hall and little son are here for a few days at the home of Mrs. Hall’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. S. F. Ivey’s. Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Giddens, of Clinton, are here this week with their daughter, Mrs. M. T. Britt, spending the holidays. Rev. and Mrs. J. T. Stanford are spending the holidays in Eastern North Carolina and Virginia, with relatives. Mr. Jesse T. Morgan is home troni the University spending the week with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Morgan.. Mr. and Mrs. Noah Creech and children, of Selma, are here this week with relatives in and near Ben son. Misses Elsie Morgan and Stella Creech are home with their parents this week. They are in college at the State Normal, Greensboro. Mr. W. L. Burns, Cashier of the Citizens Bank & Trust Company, re turned today from a few days visit to relatives in Wilson and Wilming ton, N. C. Mr. H. W. Weeks is here from Rob ersonville, N. C., this week with rela tives and friends. Mr. Jesse Turlington, of Wilson, visited here this week for a few days. Prof, and Mrs. T. T. Lanier are in Harnett County this week at the home of Mrs. Lanier. Misses Swannie Paschel and Vallie Hill are in Sanford, Lee County, for a few days vacation. Mr. Leary Wood is home from Trinity College with his mother, Mrs. J. W. Wood. Mr. R. E. Morris returned recently from John Hopkins Hospital, where he has ben undergoing treatment for some time. Miss Julia Davis, of Wilson’s Mills, was a visitor to the city Wednesday for a few hours. Kenly School to Open. Kenly , Dec. 28.—The State High School of Kenly will open next Mon day morning, January first. The mid year examinations will be held the first week in January. Up to the pres ent time two hundred and fifty-six students have been enrolled. The fall term has consisted of only three months; the spring term, therefore, will be approximately five months. President Woodrow Wilson was sixty years old yesterday. CITIES WITH FARM LOAN BANK. Columbia Selected as Location for Bank, Which Will Serve the Two Carolinas. May Be Ready In 60 Days. Application for Loans Al ready Pouring In From Every Sec tion of the Country. Twelve cities in which are to be lo cated the Federal Farm Loan banks HP?re announced Wednesday by the Farm Loan Board, and it is expected that within 60 days the new system will be in operation, ready to make the loans for which applications al ready are pouring in from every sec tion of the country, says a Washing ton dispatch. The banks will be set up in Spring field, Mass.; Baltimore, Md.; Colum bia, S. C.; New Orleans, La.; Hous ton, Texas; St. Louis, Mo.; Louis ville, Ky.; St. Paul, Minn.; Omaha, Neb.; Witchita, Kansas; Spokane, Wash.; and Berkley, Cal. Virginia will be in the district served by Bal timore, while North and South Car olina will be in the Columbia district. Stock subscription books of the banks will be opened within the next ten days, probably about January 2, to remain open for 30 days. It is ex pected, however, that the government will have to supply most of the $9, 000,000 capital, under that section of of the law which empowers the Sec retary of the Treasury to make up the unsubscribed stock. Temporary directors, five to each bank, will be named, probably within the next three weeks, by the board. As soon as the banks have been or ganized.and borrowers have subscrib ed to $200,000 of the stock of each bank, the temporary directors will surrender their authority to the boards of nine directors each, six of whom will be named by the farmer borrowers and three by the Farm Loan Board. The permanent direc tors will serve three years and re ceive per diem compensation, as in the case of Federal Reserve bank di rectors. Each borrower must subscribe to stock in the bank from which he bor rows to the extent of five per cent of his loan and the original subscribers to the capital stock are required to surrender their holdings as they may be needed to meet this situation. In designating locations for the banks, the board was guided chiefly by the needs of rural sections. This has resulted in placing only two of the 12 banks in New England and Middle Atlantic States, the chief centers of population. Three go to the South, five to the farming States of the Middle West and West and two to the Pacific coast. ITEMS FROM FOUR OAKS. Four Oaks, Dec. 28.—Mr. Ray Keen, who has a position with the Western U#ion Telegraph Company at Salisbury, N. C., spent Christmas here with his father, Mr. J. W. Keen. Mr. Nathan H. Keen, of Richmond, Va., spent the holidays here with relatives. Mr. W. R. Keen and family spent Monday in Kenly with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Strickland, of Atlanta, Ga., spent Christmas here with Mr. Strickland’s mother, Mrs. E. L. Strickland. Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Sata, of Wash ington, D. C., and Mr. Bige Sata, of Tilery, N. C., are spending some time with Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Wellons. Messrs. Chester and Victor Cole, Barbour Creech and Hunter Strick land, of Buie’s Crek, are at home for the holidays. Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Barbour are spending several days in Raleigh and Durham. Mr. and Mrs. Eudy, of Wade, are visiting friends here. Miss Mary Barbour and Mr. Bill Lee, of Weldon, N. C., were quietly married at the home of the bride Monday morning. Only a few rela tives and friends were invited. The happy couple left immediately for their home under a shower of rice and good wishes. The five-year-old boy of Mr. R. E. Johnson, while traveling the road Thursday morning, by himself, was attacked by an unknown dog and badly bitten in the face. The dog was killed and his head sent to the State Chemist to be analyzed. Farm Life Readers. Miss Kelly asks us to announce that the Farm Life Readers, Four and Five, can now be had at Hood’s Drug Store, Smithfield, N. C. TOBACCO ACREAGE TO BE BIG. Some Think Farmers Will Do Well to Increase the Amount of Land Planted to Tobacco for 1917. The season now closing has seen to bacco selling at very fine prices. Many farmers in Johnston and surrounding counties have been successful in mak ing money on their 1916 tobacco crops. There are those who think that the prices for 1917 will be even better than they have been this year. The tobacco warehousemen and buy ers of Smithfield are greatly encour aged over the outlook for good prices another year and are planning for a large crop. They are expecting to plant 175 acres themselves. Mr. T. S. ragsdale is planning to plant 35 acres in the weed. Mr. Ragsdale tells us that his latest quotations on tobacco from England are from one to five dollars a hundred higher than ever before. Like cotton, there is a great demand for tobacco and all indications now point to the fact that a big crop will be needed in 1917 to meet the world’s demands for American grown tobacco. Death of Mrs. Graham. The death of Mrs. Graham, the wife of President Edward Kidder Graham, of the State University, died at Chapel Hill last Friday after an illness of several weeks. She was born in Goldsboro in 1882 and was a daughter of Supt. E. P. Moses who was at one time at the head of Goldsboro schools. Mrs. Graham was a highly educated and cultured woman and was a general favorite in Chapel jHill. She and President Graham were married in June 1908. She leaves one child, a boy of five years of age. Miss Kelly to Help. The folloing paragraph which is of interest to Johnston County readers, appeared in a recent issue of the Extension Farm News published at the A. & M. College: “In addition to the members of the faculty of the A. & M. Summer School, which have been announced before, Miss Elizabeth Kelly, Rural School Supervisor of Johnston Coun ty; Miss May Davis, of the State In stitute for the Blind, Department of Basketry and Weaving; Mrs. R. E. Ransom, President of the North Carolina Story Tellers’ League, and Mr. R. E. Ransom, Superintendent of the Southport Graded Schools, have been secured to give important courses. Miss Kelly will give a course in rural school work, and Mr. Ransom in civics.” Mrs. Candler Entertains. Mrs. Mamie Candler, of Selma, en tertained at dinner, Christmas even ing, the following ladies: Mesdames A. Vermont and Claude Smith, of Smithfield, and Frederick Archer, George D. Vick and J. B. Person, of Selma. Decorations of the season were in evidence everywhere, but especially beautiful and artistic was the dining room, where lighted candles shown profusely among potted plants, holly and mistletoe. Most attractive was the dinner table. The colors were red and white, relieved by the green plants and soft coloring of the fruit, of which a varied collection in a silver bowl was the center-piece, the place cards being winter scenes mounted on red. It altogether, was a most charm ing dinner, beginning with turkey and so on, ending with Christmas pudding. X. Death of a Colored Preacher. Rev. Hardy D. Sanders, colored, died at a hospital in Wilson Wednes day afternoon, December 28th. He was brought home yesterday and will be buried there this afternoon. Dr. S. H. Witherspoon, of Shaw Univer sity at Raleigh, is to preach the fu neral. He died from being shot by Charley Dent, who tried to rob him some time ago. He leaves seven sons and five daughters. He was a leader among his people and one of the strongest and best men they had in the County. Legislature To Meet. The General Assembly of 1917 will convene in Raleigh on Wednesday January 3rd. A census of the volcanoes in the world shows there are Gl72 in all, ol which 275 are active. THE NEWS IN SELMA. i Selma, Dec. 28.—Mr. M. C. Winston and Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Winston mo tored to Oxford and back to Selma last Sunday. Mrs. T. W. Winston re turned with them. Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Noble and lit tle R. J. Noble, Jr., of Smithfield; Dr. and Mrs. R. P. Noble and' Robert P. Noble, Jr., of Raleigh, spent Sunday and Monday with their parents, Dr. and Mrs. R. J. Noble. We regret very much that Mr. and Mrs. Alphonso Jones and family have left our town for Blackmountain, N. C. They were a valuable addition to our town and will be missed by their church and the town. Mr. Jones has a good position there and it is for that, and his health, that he makes the move. We trust he will be much benefited and that the move will be for his financial good. Miss Norma Pape is on a visit to her brother, Mr. L. D. Debnam. Mr. Hubert Stancil, the clever pharmacist of the Carolina Pharmacy, spent Wednesday in Raleigh. Mr. James Peedin, the son of Mr. Hilbert Peedin, who was in company C of the Second Regiment, North Carolina State Guard, the Selma Company, and who left here with the company some time in the early fall, returned this morning. He weighs more than he ever did and seems to be in perfect health. He says he left El Paso with nine others, but they stopped on the way to see the sights of the big cities, while he kept right on to good old Johnston. Miss Martha Call, of Mocksville, N. C., is on a visit to her brother, W. H. Call, Esq. 1 ms has been what some can a safe and sane Christmas, we have heard of only one accident, that was when a sky rocket struck the Rev. James H. Worley on the left breast near the heart. The rocket struck his spectacle case, which was of steel, bending it nearly double, knocking him unconscious and it was feared for some time that he would die. The last report we have is that he is improv ing very slowly—is now unable to be up. Very little drinking and no fussing here. Dr. and Mrs. A. S. Oliver, of Greensboro, are on a visit to Mrs. Oliver’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Debnam. It is rumored that one of our fair daughters is to be led to the hymeneal altar the last of this week. Mr. and Mrs. S. E. Leonard, of Red Springs, spent a few days with Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Etheredge. Mrs. H. K. Edgerton, of Lebanon, Tenn., is on a visit to Mr. and Mrs. N. E. Edgerton. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Young and family left last Saturday morning for Alabama to visit relatives. They will be away for about two weeks. Mr. Crawford, of Spencer, has charge of Mr. Young’s work in his absence. Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Hood, Jr., Mr. H. A. Hood, Miss Mallie Hood and Mr. and Mrs. Noel spent Christmas with the family of Mr. H. D. Hood. Mrs. R. E. Suber and children are with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Whitley. Mr. Joe W. Whitley, of Parmville, N. C., is also here with Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Whitley. Ogburn-Ogburn. At 2 o’clock, near Smithfield, on Tuesday afternoon, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Ogburn, their beautiful and highly accomplished daughter, Miss Lillie Ogburn, be came the bride of Mr. Ross Ogburn, of Willow Springs. The bride was dressed in white satin, which was trimmed in real pearls. On account of a recent bereavement in the family . only near relatives were present, and , the ceremony, which was performed I by Rev. W. A. Simpkins, of Raleigh, was very simple. Immediately after the ceremony the , couple left for Willow Springs, where , a reception was given in their honor ( by the groom’s mother, Mrs. Delia . Ogburn. At 5 o’clock a wedding sup - per was served. After supper the > young people assembled in the parlor. 1 where the evening was most pleas antly spent by every one present. The groom is a son of the late Al fred Ogburn, of Willow Springs. He is a young man of noble traits o! 1 character and is very popular amonf his large circle of friends. Mr. anc Mrs. Ogburn will be at home aftei January 1, 1917, at How Springs B f The world spends about sixty mil lion dollars a year for chewing gum NATIONAL BANK RESOURCES. Grew Greatly During Past Two Years, Aggregating An Increase of Over Four Billion Dollars. West Shows Greatest Percentage of In crease. South Stands Third in Per centage Increase. Resources of National hanks of the United States, Comptroller Williams announced Wednesday, have increas ed more than four billion during the last two years and now aggregate $15,520,000,000, exceeding by about $1,000,000,000 the total resources of the Bank of England, the Bank of France, the Bank of Russia, the Ger man Reichsbank, the Bank of Italy, the Bank of Spain, the Bank of The Netherlands, the Bank of Denmark, the Swiss National Bank, and the Im perial Bank of Japan, combined, says a Washington City dispatch. In a statement based upon returns from the last bank call, November 17, the comptroller calls attention to the fact that the increase has been at the rate of approximately 18 per cent a year during the last two years, as compared with 6 per cent a year for the 10-year period from 1904 to 1914, and that the total resources at present are more than double what they were ten years ago. “The compilation just completed of returns for the last bank call,” the comptroller’s statement reads, “dis closes a condition of strength, prog ress and growth beyond all precedent. Resources of national banks on the date of the last call are greater than the total resources of all reporting State banks, savings banks, private banks and loan and trust companies throughout the United States at the time of the inauguration of the Fed eral Reserve system about two years ago. It is also noteworthy that the re sources of our national banks at this time exceed by $321,000,000 the total resources of all the reporting bank ing institutions in the United States, including State banks, savings banks and loan and trust companies and national banks as well, as late as the year 1904.” The greatest percantage of in crease, the comptroller states, during the two-year period in which the Federal Reserve system has been in operation, was in the Western States. Geographically, the increase was as follows: New England, 22 per cent; Eastern States, 39 per cent; Southern States, 32 per cent; Middle Western States, 31 per cent; Western States, 50 per cent; Pacific States, 33 per cent. Barbour-Burks. “Prof, and Mrs. J. J. Burks an nounce the marriage of their daugh ter, Clara Beatrice, to Mr. William Elbert Barbour, Friday, December twenty-second, nineteen hundred and sixteen, Knoxville, Tennessee. “At home after January fifth, Four Oaks, N. C.” The wedding occurred last evening at nine o’clock at the residence of the bride’s parents at No. 829 Seventh street, Rev. Dr. French, pastor of the Church street M. E. church, South, officiating. There wore no attendants. The wedding music was rendered by the bride’s sister, Miss Jessie Burks. Owing to the serious illness of the groom’s father the wedding plana were changed and instead of a large guest company only the immediate family were present to witness the nuptials. The bride has a wide circle of friends and her departure from Knoxville is much regretted. Mr. Barbour is the son of Mr. K. L. Barbour, of Four Oaks, and is prominent in business and social cir cles. The bride and groom left last night for Four Oaks to attend the marriage of Miss Mary Barbour, who is to be married on Christmas mrning to Mr. William Harry Lee, whose marriage will be very quiet owing to the illness of Mr. Barbour.—Knoxville (Tenn.) Journal and Tribune, Dec. 23. A Big Pig. On Thanksgiving Mr. R. V. Oliver, of Pine Level township, killed an O. I. C. pig which weighed 503 pounds, after being dressed. The pig was on ly twenty months old. Some pig wasn’t it? Two States of the American Union have Jewish Governors—Utah and Idaho.