presidents warning note.
In Startling Address to the Senate
President Wilson Says That Neither
Side of Warring Nations Should
Hope To Win a Victory. Says Unit
ed States Must Have a Part in
World Reconstruction. Peace, Mr.
Wilson Declares, Must be Followed
by Definite Concert of Power to
Assure the World That No Such
Catastrophe of War Shall Ever
Overwhelm It Again.
(News and Observer.)
Washington, Jan. 22. ? Whether the
United States shall enter a world
peace league, and, as many contend,
thereby abandon its traditional policy
of isolation and no entangling alli
ances was laid squarely before Con
gress and the country today by Presi
dent Wilson in a personal address to
For the first time in more than a
hundred years a President of the
United States appeared in the Senate
Chamber to discuss the nation's for
eign relations after the manner of
Washington, Adams and Madison. The
e-fect was to leave Congress, all offi
cial quarters and the foreign diplo
mats amazed and bewildered. Imme
diately there arose a sharp division
of opinion over the propriety as well
as the substance of the President's
? anctj vi Wiuiiiciii.
"Startling", "staggering", "as
tounding", "the noblest utterance that
has fallen from human lips since the
Declarations of Independence," were
among the expressions of Senators.
The President, himself, after his ad
dress said: "I have said what every
body has been longing for, but has
thought impossible. Now it appears
to be possible."
The chief points of the President's
That a lasting peace in Europe
cannot be a peace of victory for
That peace must be followed by a
?lifinite concert of power to assure the
world that no catastrophe of war
shall overwhelm it again.
That in such a concert of power the
United States cannot withhold its
participation to guarantee peace and
justice throughout the world.
And that before a peace is made the
| nited States government should
frankly formulate the conditions upon
which it would feel justified in ask
ing the American people for their
formal and solemn adherence.
No Breach of Traditions.
"It is clear to every man who
thinks,' the President told the Senate,
that there is in this promise no
1 'teach in either our traditions or our
Policy as a nation, but a fulfillment
lather of all that we have professed
or striven for.
"I am proposing, as it were, that
the nations should, with one accord,
adopt the doctrine of President Mon
roe as the doctrine of the world; that
no nation should seek to extend its
policy over any other nation or peo
ple, but that every people should be
left free to determine its own policy,
its own way of development, unhin
dered, unthreatened, unafraid, the lit
tle along with the great and powerful.
I am proposing that all nations
henceforth avoid entangling alliances
which would draw them into competi
tions of power, catch them in a net of
intrigue and selfish rivalry, and dis
turb their own affairs with influence
intruded from without. There is no
entangling alliance in a concert of
Power. When all unite to act in the
same sense and witn the same pur
poses, all act in the common interest
and are free to live their own lives
under a common protection.
I am proposing government by the
concert of the governed; that free
?m of the seas, which in interna
tional conference after conference
representatives of the United States,
!,Ue urSred with the eloquence of
' ?se who are the eonvinced disci
P es of liberty; and that moderation
0 armaments, which makes of ar
mies and navies a power for order
nierdy, not an instrument of agres
Sl0n or of selfish violence.
Advocates American Principles.
These are American principles,
nic rican policies. We could stand for
no others. And they are also the prin
ClP es and policies of forward-looking
rn<n and women everywhsre of every
modern nation, of every enlightened
community. They are the principles
of mankind and must prevail."
While the President was speaking
copies of his address had been for
warded to American diplomats in all
the belligerent countries for the in
formation of the foreign offices, and
were being prepared for representa
tives of neutral governments here.
Back of the fundamental proposal
for some sort of international sanc
tion for preservation of the future
peace of the world, now already ac
cepted in in principle by both sets of
belligerents in their replies to Presi
dent Wilson's peace note, lies the pos
sibility, which the President today
openly expressed, that thereby may
be laid the groundwork upon which
an approach may be made to an end
of the present conflict.
GUARDSMEN ORDERED HOME.
Among Those to Be Sent Away From
the Border Is the First Regiment of
North Carolina Infantry. More
Than 25,000 Troops Will be Re- ^
More than 25,000 National Guards
men now on the Mexican border have
been designated by Maj. Gen. Fun
ston for return home and muster out
of the federal service, under the or
der issued Saturday by the war de
partment, says a Washington City
dispatch published in Monday's dai
All these organizations will be
started homeward as soon as trans
portation facilities can be provided.
Their departure will leave between
45,000 and 50,000 men of the guard
still in the federal service doing bor
The guardsmen designed for re
turn and muster out include:
Louisiana: First battalion field ar
tillery, field hospital No. 1.
South Carolina: Troop A., cavalry,
Company A. engineers, field hospital
Tennessee: Ambulance company
No. 1, field hospital No. 1.
Arkansas: First infantry.
Kentucky: Second infantry, y
North Carolina: First infantry.
War department officials continue
to withhold comment on reports in
dicating that the movement of Gen.
Pershing's regulars out of Mexico is
under way, and the statement an
nouncing the guardsmen designated
for relief does not connect these ord
ers with the withdrawal plans in any
way. The understanding has been,
however, that with the return of the
expedition in Mexico and readjust
ment of the border patrol all of the
State troops gradually would be sent
Two Robberies at Same Store.
Last fall while a carnival was be
ing held in Smithfield a thief broke
a pane of glass and reaching a hand
through the place where the glass was
broken out, unfastened the south
side door of Mr. J. E. Booker's store
and went into the store and robbed
the money drawer. Fortunately there
was but little money in the drawer,
and but little was lost.
Last Sunday, January 21st, between
the hours of 12 M., and 4 P. M., a
thief entered the same door at the
same place and made a richer haul.
He went into the money drawer
again, but did not get much there.
He next took from a paper sack in
Mr. Booker's wardrobe thirty-four
dollars in paper money and three dol
lars in nickels and a check signed by
Mr. W. R. Long and given to Bubber
Sanders, and another check to Mr.
Booker signed by Mr. D. J. Wcllons.
Mr. Booker did not know the exact
amount of his losses until he got
ready to go to the bank to make a de
posit yesterday morning.
PASTOR, WITH BROKEN ARM.
DRIVES AUTO TO CHURCH.
Lumberton, Jan. 20. ? Rev. W. R.
Davis, pastor of the East Lumberton
Baptist Church, fractured his right
arm while cranking his car this aft
ernoon, as he was going to one of his
He drove his car to church with
one hand, preached his sermon and
did not know his arm was broken
until he received medical attention on
his return here.
Earl Henry, thief of the Depart
ment #f Mines, has announced that
375 miners had been killed in the
mines of West Virginia during 1916.
THE GERMANS TAKE NANESTI. I
Russians Lose Heavily in Attack on I
Teutonic Forces in the Moldavian
Region. Many Persons Killed in Ex
plosion in British Munitions Plant
in East London. Ten Killed in Ex
plosion in Prussia.
The following summary of the war
news of Saturday is taken from Sun- 1
day's Wilmington Star: ,
The capture of the town of Nanesti, |
on the Sereth river, by German troops ,
on Friday is the latest important de
velopment on the war fronts. The Rus
sian forces are continuing their coun
ter attacks in the eastern Carpathians
and north of the Suchitza valley on
the Moldavian frontier, but the Berlin
war office announces that the Russian
assaults generally were checked in
hand to hand encounters and that in
one of them the Russians lost several
hundred in killed and 400 made pris
oner. Two attacks delivered by the
Teutonic forces in the course of heavy
fighting at other points on the Molda
vian frontier were repulsed by Rus
There were no important develop
ments on the Russo-German battle
line and patrol attacks and repulses
constituted the chief actions in the
Franco-Belgian war theatre. Quiet
was reported on the Macedonian front.
An official announcement by the
British government concerning the
explosion which destroyed a muni
tions factory located the scene of the
blast more definitely as in East Lon
don, and stated that 30 or 40 bodies
already had been recovered from the
ruins and that 100 persons were re
ported to be seriously injured. The
total number of killed had not been
ascertained when the first official
communication was made public but
the minister of munitions stated that
the disaster would make no practical
difference in the output of war muni
tions. In connection with the failure
of the British authorities to. identify
the factory destroyed, it was reca'
that the great Woolwich arsenal
seven miles east of London on
Thames. About 67,000 persons
said to be employed therein.
Ten persons were killed and 2(
iured by an explosion in a munii
iaboratory at Spadau, I'russia.
MORE CAUTION IN WHE
Fluctuations Narrower, With ?
Traders Deferring Aggressr
There was no repetition of i
wide price changes in domestic ?<
markets, fluctuations being dec
narrower, with many traders d
ing aggressive action. The net
was a moderate advance, thou
every case quotations did not
cate the best levels reached earl
week. Then, the May delivery a
cago touched $1.90 and July
while this week the highest po
attained was $1.90% for Ma;
$1.53% for July. In the case oi
the prevailing price is about 35
above the bottom point establisl
the mid-December slump, wh
comparison with a year ago
appears a gain of nearly 60 cen
many people the statistical sit
is considered one of incr
strength, with indications point
a further sharp reduction in tl
ble supply. Because of this, ai
er reasons, bullish sentiment p
inates in many quarters, but,
moment, at least, there is m>
the spirit of caution abroad an
speculators are holding alool
ing a clearer insight into the fu
Dun's Review, 20.
Squire E. G. Barnes Is Dead.
Wilson, Jan. 21. ? Squire Eli^s G. (
Barnes died at the residence ?f his
son, Mr. R. A. G. Barnes, on ^lorth
Goldsboro street, this morning .\bout ,
nine o'clock of heart failure. He is
survived by one son, R. A. G. Barnes, (
traffic agent of the Atlantic Coast i
Line Railroad; two daughters, Mrs. j
Len G. Broughton, of Knoxville, Ten
nessee, and Mrs. T. A. Hinnant, of
Deceased was 82 years old, a prom- ,
inent Mason and for more than 40
years a justice of the peace in John
ston and Wilson Counties. At one
time he was mayor of Kenly. Rev. i
and Mrs. Len G. Broughton will reach j
this city Monday night to attend the
funeral service Tuesday morning at s
11 o'clock. 1
S1UTISH AND TURKS CLASH
Fighting Goes on Along Tigris River
Near Kut-el-Amara. King George's
Men Control Long Line. Take
Twenty-five Hundred Yards to
Depth of Eleven Hundred Yaids.
The following Associated Press
nummary of Sunday's war news is
taken from Monday'.-? Columbia State:
The British and Turks in Mesopo
tamia have been engaged in vigorous
figthing along the Tigris river in the
vicinity of Kut-el-Amara. Both the
London and Constantinople war of
ces make claims to successes for
their troops. The British official com
munication announces that northeast
of Kut the British troops have driven
the Turks from a small strip of land
they were holding on the right bank
of the Tigris and that King George's
men arc now in control of 2,500 yards
to a depth of 1,100 yards. It adds
that the right bank of the river also
has been cleared of Turks down
stream from Kut-el-Amara and that
southwest of the towns further prog
ress has been made.
Constantinople says east of Kut-el
Amara the British launched three at
tacks against the Ottoman positions
but that none of them was successful,
and that the attackers suffered heavy
In the capture of Nanesti on the
Sereth river in Rumania hard fight
ing of a hand to hand character took
place in the streets. In withdrawing
from the village German batteries
raked the Russians as they made
their way across the bridges over the
Serth, effecting losses on them. With
the fall of Nanesti 555 men and one
officer were captured by the Germans.
On the other battle fronts only
minor operations have been carried
out. The big guns are everywhere
active. On the line in France near
Loos the British in a daylight raid
blew up German dugouts, causing
A lady at Bryan, x e^iao, uao jUjc
finished a demonstration of the value
of a nickel that should prove impres
sive to the boys and girls of that com
munity. As a consequence an auto
mobile agency of that little city is
displaying in its show windows 7912
Buffalo nickels and the lady is driving
around in a brand new flivver. Save
the nickels ? the autos will come as
a matter of course. ? Houston Post.
"FATHER OF AUTO" DEAD.
Amedee Bollee, Sr., Frenchman,
Built Steam Car In 1873.
Paris, Jan. 21. ? Amedee Bollee, Sr.,
the inventor, known in France as "the
father of automobilism," is dead.
M. Bollee was the builder of a
steam car which he first operated in
IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
Raleigh, Jan. 19. ? The Senate to
day passed a resolution directing: the
appointment of a joint committee of
legislators to give special attention to
preparation, introduction and passage
of whatever bills this Legislature
must enact for the proper operation
of the constitutional amendments,
especially those limiting legislation
as to municipal and county af
fairs. The resolution calls for
separate committees to prepare meas
ures as to municipal and as to county
affairs. Senator Brenizer expressed
the sentiment of 'the Senate, when
he declared that whiie the legislators
appreciated the work of the State Bar
Association in preparing such me&s
ures, it was far too important a mat
ter to leave open in that way and
must be taken care of directly by the
Senate and House both adopted res
olutions paying tribute to Admiral
Dewey and asking the North Caro
lina delegation in Congress to offi
cially represent the State at the Dew
The Senate received a notable bill
by Senator Allen of Wayne to abol
ish capital punishment except for
criminal assault proven by more than
one witness. A bill by Senator Long
would give lodging house keepers
liens on baggage of guests.
In the House, Matthews, of Bertie,
offered a bill to prevent increases in
county tax assessments by the Cor
poration Commission without notice.
A number of additional bills were
offered both for State-wide and for
county laws for the election of coun
ty boards of education and superin
tendents of schools. Senate and House
both adjourned in honor of Robert
E. Lee. The speaker's desk in the
House is draped with Confederate and
State flags. ? Charlotte Observer.
If ! 11
Lasl} Thursday an interesting dis
took place in the Senate over
fction of ratifying the action of
Itr Craig in making ten dol
%ents to dependent families of
convicts last Christmas, taking
loney from the funds earned by
jnviets. Several Senators defend
e measure, while a few were
e against it. They claimed that
overnment had no right to take
loney and use it in this way and
iJ Legislature ratified his action
mid be letting the bars down,
measure finally passed by a vote
> to 10.
IT IT IT
e endorsement of the action of
rnor Locke Craig and the North
lina Prison Board in giving as
itmas presents to the dependent
lies of well-behaved inmates of
State Prison, the presentation of
tition from the Methodist Confer
of Western North Carolina for
her regulation of the whiskey
ic, the "personal privileging" of
srs. McRackin, McCrary and Page
.tituted practically the sum total
interesting happenings in yester
's session of the House of Repre
atives. On the resolution to en
;e the action of the Governor and
?.on board, a measure orignating in
Senate and passing that body with
/ ten dissenting votes, there was
?lilderable discussion, but very lit
opposition. It went through its
'.e readings and was adopted 86 to
23 members being absent and not
>ng. ? News and Observer, 21st.
? ? *
'endcr County will continue to live
tier its present stock law. The blue
bon of the stock law crowd licked
,? combined forces of the red and
,ite of the free rangers. Pender is
ived." Yesterday with 156 wearers
4 the red and white combating about
an equal number of those wearing the
blue, met before the Senate Commit
ted on Propositions and Grievances in
th* Senate Chamber. Through much
eloquence spun by J. T. Bland, Sr.,
E. A. Hawes, Jr., and C. E. McCul
len for the blues, and Senator Bur
nett, Rudolph Duffy, Isaac Jones, and
John D. Bellamy for the reds and
wH tes, the committee was finally
con 'inced that the stock law was ab
soluiely necessary to the peace, pros
perity and future good behavior of the
good county of Pender. ? News and
U 11 u
The House took the day Thursday
in an easy way, but few bills being
introduced in that body. They amend
ed the dog law in Rowan, appointed
a few justices of the peace in some
counties, and incorporated a church.
OUR STATE CAPITAL LKTTER.
Democratic Caucus Called For Wed
nesday Night to Decide the Policy
of Legislature on the Hoard of Edu
cation Question. Stir Up Over Pat
ent Medicine Bill.
Raleigh, Jan. 22. ? The advocates of
direct election of County School
Boards by the voters at the polls are
having some rough sledding, in the
attempt to slide local bills through
the legislature to that effect, and the
chances are that the Democratic
caucus set for Wednesday night, 24th,
instant, will not only settle their fate,
but also the six counties which al
ready have such law in effect ? for
there are only six counties in which
the school boards are not appointed
by legislative act, viz: Iredeli, Meck
lenburg, Edgecombe, Rutharford,
Cleveland and Buncombe.
Several of these local bills were in
process of incubation in the Senate,
conspicuously one for Bertie County,
and it was the insistence on haste by
their progenitors 'that lit the caucus
call light. Now the signs are that the
caucus will declare the State to be
the "unit" in this matter. So, if the
State-wide bill of this character is
defeated (and it looks that way now,
especially in the Senate) the legisla
ture is likely to refuse to pass any
more such county bill, and a new
State-wide law may be enacted that
will include the six counties named
in the general scheme ? in the name *
of pro bono publico.
Senator Wilfred D. Turner (former
Lieut. Governor and one of the most
able and experienced men in the Sen
ate) says his county of Iredell would
surrender its local privilege if nec
essary to the best interests of educa
tional progress in the State. Some of
the other counties may feel like Ire
dell, but the Senators from Meck
lenburg and Edgecombe, Senators
Brenizcr and Holderness, say "they
wouldn't dare to go home and face
their constituents" if the local law
was repealed. It's too bad!
The Bread-Pill Class Appeals.
A man apparently in great distress
and with a countenance about a foot,
a foot-and-a-half or two feet long,
comes in and claims the floor:
"I have a right to be heard," he
declares. So I tell him to cut loose.
When he gets through I gather the
following extracts from his more or
less grandiloquent argument:
He is a graduate of Doctor Pet
lets' Bread Pill Class of Ex-Hyps and
the cause of his disturbance, accord
ing to analysis by an offshot of the
medical fraternity, is the demand now
in the making that Doctors' prescrip
tions be written in plain English
language and pasted on the bottle ?
same as required by the new patent
medicine bill of nostrums of that
character put on sale.
Boiled down to its "last analysis"
(or as nigh to it as I can get with
this feeble lead-pencil, which ought
to be in the Caswell Training School
this minute) the emotion of the man,
who puts it as a motion, is this:
What in thunder is to become of
the faith of the fellows who trust
their Doctors and get well withe .t
real physic ? and, worse still, what's
to became of the exchequer of Dr.
Pellets if he is required to label his
bread pills and aqua pura in "plain
I confess that I am as bereft of a
solution as is the aforesaid "Hyp",
and pass the query on to you.
Gov. Bickett Will Draw.
Attorney-General Manning has ad
vised State Auditor Wood that he
can go ahead and honor the warrant
of the new Governor for that addi
tional pay without any fear of violat
ing the Constitution. So Mr. McMi
chael, of Rockingham, will have to
do his own enjoining if he still har
bors the notion of holding up Gov
ernor Bickett's extra six thousand.
This is probably the last of the agi
tation over this subject.
Daily Papers Double Price.
Philadelphia, Jan. 19. ? Philadelphia
newspapers now selling at one cent
will increase their price to two cents,
beginning January 29.
The high cost of news print paper
and other materials entering into the
making of a newspaper is given as
the cause for the increase.
Three hundred silk weavers em
ployed at the Summit, N. J., silk
mills, went on strike Friday.