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SOLDIERS LEAVING MEXICO.
Pershing's Men Begin Long March to
I'nited States. Arrival In Texas to
Kelieve Others. More State Troops
Will be Released When Regulars
Again Take Up Border Duty.
The final act in the entrance into
Mexico of 12,000 American soldiers as
a result of the Villa massacre at Co
lumbus, N. M., on March 191(5, was
written today with official announce
ment by the war department- that
Gen. Pershing had been ordered, and
actually had started to bring his
troops back to the United States, says
a Washington dispatch dated Janua
Secretary Baker issued the follow
ing announcement: ?
"Gen. Pershing has been ordered to
bring his troops out of Mexico. The
movement is to be an immediate one
and is probably already under way."
Later advices to the department
said that the troops already had be
gun the evacuation of Colonia Dub
Ian, 110 miles from the border where
they had been concentrating during
the past few weeks. The last Amer
ican soldier is expected to recross
the border in about a week.
No official information is at hand
as to whether Villa or Carrtwiza troops
will occupy the territory left vacant
by the Americans but the belief is
strong here that the bandit, who is
credited with having at least 8,000
well armed men and who now is at
least four times as strong as when the
American troops went across the bor
der, will make a desperate effort to
take the territory, particularly for its
The two other phases of the Mexi
can problem on which interest cen
tres now are the disposition of the
more than 50,000 militia still on the
border and the sending of Ambassador
Fletcher to his post at Mexico City.
Officials said both these questions are
dependent on the turn of events in
At least a part of the remaining
guardsmen are expected to be order
ed home as soon as the 25,000 now
leaving have been moved out of the
way and Pershing's regulars have
l>een redistributed to provide adequate
protection for the border, perhaps in
three weeks' time. Pershing's with
drawal will permit a much smaller
border guard, as a large support has
been essential to his long line of com
The delay in sending Ambassador
Fletcher is due to the administration's
hesitancy to accord that degree of
recognition to the Carrpnza govern
ment which is felt not only to have
been none too friendly, but also to
be seriously endangered by Villa, Za
pata and other bandit activities, as
well as by an extremely weak eco
The Pershing withdrawal will be
carried out with as much speed as
possible over the rough, arid, water
less section and it is hoped that the
men will cover about 15 miles a day.
Railroads will not be used even for
carrying supplies, as it is desired
neither to run any chance of raids
by Villa, not to incur any obligation
WITHDRAWAL OF PERSHING.
War Department at Washington
Sends Formal Directions for
Movement from Mexico.
Washington, Jan. 27. ? Withdrawal
of the American military expedition
in Mexico was ordered by the war de
partment today, and by the end of an
other week the entire command, after
ten months on Mexican soil, probably
will have crossed into the United
The order went to Gen. Funston
and left to his discretion the exact
time of starting the northward move
ment and the details of carrying it
out. For several weeks he has known
of the administration's determination
to order the troops back to the bor
der and under his direction the ex
pedition has been concentrated for the
long march. Officials here understand
that some advance units already have
started north and that within 48 hours
the whole column will be in motioh.
At the border the regulars will re
lieve a considerable portion, if not all,
?f the National Guardsmen remain
ing on duty there.
The movement of State troops
homeward probably will be under way
l,y the time Pershing's men arrive
on American soil.
RUSSIANS MAKE HOLD STRIKE.
They l'it'rce Teutonic Allies Line On
Front of About Two Miles. Capture
Numerous Prisoners and Consider
able Booty. Teuton Force Retires.
(Greensboro News, 29.)
On the Bukowina-Rumanian front
between the towns of Jacobeni and
Kimpolung the Russians have deliver
ed a vicious attack which resulted in
the piercing of the line of the Teu
tonic allies over a front of nearly two
miles. Numerous prisoners and a con
siderable amount of booty fell into the
hands of the Russians. Berlin admits
the withdrawal of the Teutonic forces
along the Golden Bystriza river in
this region, saying that it was neces
sitated in the face of superior Rus
Between Les Esparges and the Ca
lonne trench, north of Verdun, the
French have carried out a successful
attack against the Germans, taking
elements of trenches from the troops
of the German crown prince. North
of the river Somme, near LeTransloy,
the British in attacks have carried
out successful raids near Neuville St.
Vaast and rtortheast of Festubert.
Considerable aerial activity has again
taken place on the western front,
London reporting the destruction of
four German airplanes and the driv
ing down of another.
In northwest Russia on the Riga
sector considerable fighting contin
ues. Here both Berlin and Petrograd
record the repulse of attacks.
Artillery activity prevails in the
Austro-Italian theaters and duels
with the big guns and operations by
small raiding parties are in progress
on the front in Macedonia.
The British auxiliary cruiser Lau
rentic, formerly in the White Star
line's Canadian service has been sunk
off the Irish coast by either a mine
or a torpedo. Twelve officers and 109
men on board the vessel were saved.
In Mesopotamia the British and Ot
toman troops continue their fight for
the possession of Kut-el-Amara. The
London v/ar office reports the recap
ture by the British of trenches which
the Turks took from them recently
MILLIONS LOST IN BIG BLAZE.
Heavy Walls Checked Fire Which
Threatened Full Block in
Pittsburgh, Pa., January 27. ? Fire
which swept through a section of the
retail business district here today de
troyed the Frank and Sedar Depart
ment Store, the Grand Opera House,
the Hilton Clothing Company and a
dozen or more smaller buildings with
a loss estimated at from $2,000,000
to $3,000,000. Four firemen were se
riously hurt and a dozen or more so
badly injured that they were removed
to hospitals. It appeared for a time
as though the fire would sweep the
entire square, but heavy fire walls,
built in anticipation of such an even
tuality, finally stayed the progress of
the flames which ate through the hun
dreds of tons of merchandise piled
in the stricken buildings.
THREE KILLED AND TWO HURT.
More Than Twenty Injured in a
Rear-End Passenger Train
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 28. ? Three
persons were killed and more than
20 injured, two probably fatally,
when a St. Louis Southwestern rail
road engine collided with the rear
car of a Rock Island passenger train,
eastbound from Little Rock, Ark., to
Memphis, late last night in a dense
fog at Mounds, Ark., noar this city.
Entertains Selma Club.
Selma, Jan. 28. ? The Round Dozen
Literary Club was entertained Thurs
day afternoon by Mrs. J. E. Young.
The president presided over the meet
ing and at the calling of the roll
each member gave a quotation from
Sidney Lanier. Mrs. J. G. Johnson
read a most interesti : pnj er on Sid
ney Lanier and Mrs. Z2. V. Woodard
read a poem written by him. Miss
Richardson then read a paper on the
United States of Venezuela and Mrs.
Debnam one on Latin-America.
At the clofee of the meeting re
freshments of three courses were
served in the parlor on individual ta
The Emperor of Germany was 57
years old last Friday.
TAX SYSTEM REVISION URGED.
Senator Warren Asks Special Com
mission IJe Appointed. Age of Con
sent Limit liaised From 14 to 16 by
Jones Bill, Which Passed Senate.
Raleigh, Jan. 25. ? In the Senate,
Senator Warren put in the hopper a
revised bill for a special commission
to investigate and recommend as to
revision of the State taxing system.
It would have the Governor, the
Chairman of the State Tax Commis
sion and two laymen constitute this
commission to report to the next Leg
Bills by Harding in the Senate and
Pearson in the House would increase
the annual appropriation for the
State Geological Survey from $10,000
to $20,000. Senator Justice put in a
bill to authorize special contracts for
the payment of 8 per cent interest
but leaving 6 per cent the legal rate.
Senator Oates offered a bill to appro
priate $50,000 for a woman's build
ing at the A. & M. College for wom
en and girls taking special courses
and taking advantage of extension
The Senate passed the bill by Sen
ator Jones, of 'Buncombe, to raise
the age of consent from 14 to 16
years after much discussion and re
jection of a number of amendments.
The House spent much time discuss
ing a bill by Clarke, of Pitt, to amend
the law as to appeals, being a change
proposed by the special commission
on judicial reform, the vote being 71
to 23 against the measure.
There was a long and spirited dis
cussion of an amendment to the State
law against killing calves, certain
others wanting amendments that
would allow the killing of bull calves
for veal. The bill was reached late
and the contest went over to Friday.
A bill was introduced by Winston,
of Forsyth, to co-ordinate the judicial
system of the State.
Both houses passed numbers of lo
cal bills. The Senate made the bill
providing for the examination of
books of county officers by the Cor
poration Commission a special order
for next Friday and Senator Breni
zer's bill for sanitary inspection for
hotels and restaurants and for protec
tion against fire special order for
The Senate committee on appro
priations heard pleas for a $15,000 ap
propriation to the Confederate Wo
men's Home at Fayeteville this af
ternoon and left the matter open for
action later. George Rose, T. T.
Thorne, Mrs. Little and others told
the committee of the development of
the home, which is now taking care of
17 Confederate women and has ca
pacity for 35, if only there was a
There was a special committee
hearing this afternoon on the bill by
Ray, of Macon, to abolish the State
board of internal improvement with
the result that there was unanimous
decision to report unfavorably. E. T.
Cansler, of Charlotte, addressed the
committee in opposition to the bill,
insisting that the board of internal
improvements has accomplished much
and that if anything was done it
should be the extension of the pow
ers of the board. Mrs. Little, Mrs.
Chas. Lee Smith and other women of
the Daughters of the Confederacy ap
peared and insisted that the stir that
the board made as to the soldiers'
home had done much- good. Alexan
der Webb, of the commission, gave
the committee a review of the work
and the methods of the board.
CARRANZA TO CALL ELECTION.
Constitutional Assembly Authorizes
Him to Name Last Sunday in
February as Date.
Queretaro, Mexico, Jan. 28. ? The
constitutional assembly has adopted
an article wherdby General Carranza
is authorized to issue a call and pro
vide regulations for the election of
members of congress, to be held the
last Sunday in February. Congress
will meet in extraordinary session on
April 15. Congress also will act as a
sort of electoral college, passing upon
the presidential election and officially
declaring the president elected. No
mention is made as to the date for
holding the presidential election, but
it probably will be the last Sunday
in March and it is expected that the
president will take his seat May 1.
Four degrees below zero, the cold
est day this year was registered at
DOUGHTON MAY BE IX HACK.
Boom Is Launched For "Farmer Hob"
for Governor. One Prominent Dem
ocrat From the State Does a Little
Talking in Washington.
Washington, Jan. 2(>. ? Friends of
Representative Robert L. Doughton
have started a good sized campaign in
his behalf for governor four years
hence. Several Democrats who have
been in Washington recently predict
that Mr. Doughton will be the next
Democratic nominee for governor of
A prominent Democrat here today
who does not care to have his name
mentioned just now gave the follow
ing statement to the Daily News:
"It is entirely too early to begin
to talk North Carolina politics for
1920 and no man should be inflicting
on the people a candidacy for any of
fice so far ahead. However, I notice
that one or two men have been hint
ing that they might be candidates
for governor in 1920. The west is en
titled to the nomination and it is well
to remember that "there may be other
candidates" before pledging to any
one. If his friends can induce him to
become a candidate Bob Doughton
will be asked by a great many people
to run and to run as the candidate of
no faction and with no political ma
chine to build up but simply to give
the State the very best kind of a bus
iness administration and accompany
ing the announcement would be a de
claration from his friends that he was
?not expecting to use the governor
ship to step into any other office. Mr.
Doughton is a man of unlimited en
ergy, very successful in all undertak
ings, plain and unassuming and yet
strong with those who know him best.
The part of the State from which he
hails has had no governor, the nearest
was Glenn of Forsyth, so it will be
well indeed to keep unpledged and
watch the best business candidate
North Carolina has had in years.v I
want to say that Mr. Doughton has
never in any way stated that he would
run and has no knowledge of the fact
that a great many men have been
talking of him for the nomination." ?
TO IIOLI) 11-HOUR SESSIONS.
Steering Committee of Senate Decides
to Convene in Morning at 11 and
Adjourn at 10 at Night.
Washington, Jan. 28. ? With less
than 30 working days remaining in
the life of the Sixty-fourth Congress,
the Democratic steering committee of
the Senate decided today to hold dai
ly sessions of the Senate from 11
o'clock in the morning until 10 o'clock
at rtight, beginning Thursday, Feb
Overtime exertions were determin
ed upon as the first move in an ef
fort to solve the congested legisla
tion situation, the decision to drive
away as hard fast as possible on es
sential appropriations and the reve
nue bill and to undertake the big
general administration measures one
by one as time permits. Whether any
of the administration bills over which
there is so much dispute could be
passed none of the Democratic leaders
SUFFRAGE SCORES IN S. D.
House Votes 66 to 27 on Senate Meas
ure for Amendment Plan.
Pierre, S. D., January 26. ? By a
vote of 66 to 27, the Lower House of
the South Dakota Legislature has
passed the resolution which, with the
Governor's signature, will provide for
the submission of an equal-suffrage
amendment to the Constitution in the
1918 general election. The Senate
passed the resolution ten days ago.
An equal-suffrage amendment was
defeated at the election last Novem
TRAIN KILLS MAN IN AUTO.
Will King, of Long Creek, Is the Un
fortunate Victim. Man's Father Is
Probably Fatally Injured. One Ne
gro Killed, Another Hurt.
Charlotte, N. C., Jan. 26. ? Will
King, age 22, of Long Creek, was
killed outright, and his father, Word
King, age 50, was probably fatally
hurt when the automobile in which
they were driving was struck by a
Southern Railway passenger train at
Huntersville, near Charlotte, at 8:30
o'clock tonight. Two negroes, names
unknown, were in rear seats and one
was killed and the other badly hurt.
DR. IlKiH black to lecture.
Eminent Divine to Deliver . McN'air
Lectures at State University. Activ
ities of Professors. 350 Addresses
and 18 Hooks in One Year.
Chapel llill, N. C., Jan. 2i). ? In ad
dition to the regular class-room work
the professors and instructors of the
University of North Carolina last
year delivered 350 addresses before
various learned bodies and to au
diences throughout the State of North
Carolina. Besides these, 88 articles
were contributed to the various schol
arly and popular magazines, not
counting many shorter magazine and
newspaper articles. Also, 18 books by
members of the factulty were pub
lished during the year, covering a
wide range of topics. Among those are
Trees of North Carolina, Latin for
Pharmacists, Chief American Prose
Masters, Literature of the English
'Renaissance, A Syllabus of Latin
American History, two books on law,
and a Guide for Beginners in Geology.
In addition to the three student publi
cations, the University now publishes
nine papers and magazines, five of
which are concerned with problems of
research and scholarship, and have a
wide circulation not only in this
country but in many foreign coun
Dr. Hugh Black the eminent Scot
tish divine, will come to the Univer
sity in February or early in March to
deliver the 1917 series of lectures
each year on problems of religion,
philosophy and science. For several
years Dr. Black has been professor
in the Union Theological Seminary,
New York, and has been regarded as
one of the ablest living preachers. His
fame as an author and writer is equal
ly wide. Before he made New York
his home, he was rector of St.
George's Church, Edinburgh, Scot
land, where he acquired tremendous
renown. This lectureship has brought
to the University some of the leading
thinkers of America, including such
men as Henry Van Dyke, David Starr
Jordan, Pres. A. T. Hadley of Yale,
Prof. John Dewey, and Prof. F. J. E.
Woodbridge of Columbia University,
who delivered the lectures last year.
Prof. William Cain of the Mathemat
ics department has this year been ap
pointed as exchange lecturer to go to
Vanderbilt University in the spring.
Vandferbilt will send one of its pro
fessors to North Carolina.
TO FORCE PEACE WITH SWOIil).
Kaiser Renews His Promise of Vic
tory for Teutonic Arms. Two Sec
tions See Military Activity.
(Columbia State, 28th.)
Emperor William of Germany, re
peated on his 58th birthday anniver
sary yesterday his promise previous
ly made to the German army that
Germany would enforce peace with
the sword. His message was sent to
Berlin from the German general
headquarters in reply to birthday
congratulations, according to German
newspapers. The emperor's declara
tion was made in the face of expecta
tion in some of the entente capitals
that he would make a notable peace
move in an address he was expected
to deliver at a meeting of Teutonic
statesmen, military and naval leaders,
assembled at the headquarters to
celebrate the anniversary.
The vicinity of Hill 304, in the Ver
dun secton, and the Riga region of
the northern Russo-German front con
tinue to be the chief centers of mili
tary activity. After subjecting the
German defense workB at Eparges
and Hill 304 to an intense bombard
ment, the French attacked the
trenches recently occupied by the Ger
mans, but, according to the Berlin
war office, the attack failed with
Fresh Russian troops nave rein
forced the line east of the River Aa
in the Riga district but were unable
to drive the Germans from ground
they recently captured. On the oth
er hand, German attempts to throw
back the Russian line in the vicinity
of Kalnzem were unsuccessful. The
artillery has been active on the
Franco-Belgian battle line between
the Somme and the Ancre rivers, as
well as in tho vicinity of Riga.
After 11 hours of desperate fight
ing, the Rumanians have forced
backward the Teutonic troops south
of the Kaisina and Suchitza valleys,
Activity on the other fronts is lim
ited mainly to artillery duels, trench
raids and aerial combats.
SATURDAY IN LEGISLATURE.
Senate Would Put Ran on Cures for
"Incurable" Ills. House I'asses Rill
to Al!cw "Absentee Voting," After
Two 1 lours of "Cross Firing."
Raleigh, N. C., Jan. 27.? The bill
by Senator Bennett, of Swain, to pro
hibit the hale or advertising in North
Carolina of proprietary medicines
purporting to cure diseases pronounc
ed by the medical authorities to be
incurable was passed by the Senate
today, without a dissenting vote, as
was also another bill by the same
author to put medicines under the
pure food law to prevent adulteration
The House spent a couple of hours
arguing and cross firing over the
substitute House bill to provide "ab
sentee voting" in this State and final
ly passed it without amendment by a
vyte of (52 to 19, in which the Repub
licans voted practically to a man
against the bill.
Minority Leader McRary had of
fered amendment to strike out the
words "entitled to vote," as giving too
wide discretion to one man, but the
majority disapproved and the amend
ment met defeat along with one by
Haymore, Republican, to require that
the prospective absentee voter must
specify the reason for his absence
when he registers. Under the bill, this
registration can be made at any time
of the year except during the 20 days
prior to the election.
The House and Senate are both get
ting ready to press along the legisla
tion as to counties, cities and towns
made necessary at this session by the
adoption of the constitutional amend
ments. Senator Brenizer, in the Sen
ate, and Representative Dalton, in the
House, pressed these matters this
morning with resolutions for a joint
committee to get busy on these bills
forthwith, and definite- action was
promised Tuesday in both ends of the
The following bills passed final
Prohibit the misbranding and adul
teration of drugs; Regulate civil
terms of court; Prohibit the sale of
advertising of remedies purporting to
cure incurable diseases.
There was received and laid before
the House a petition or memorial
from the Mecklenburg County United
Confederate Veterans Association
complaining of too little pensions to
Confederate veterans and pleading
that there be material increase.
A bill, to prescribe punishment for
persons who drive motor vehicles
when under the influence of liquor or
drugs came from committee with un
There was a favorable report from
committee for the bill of Representa
tive Clark authorizing semi-annual
bond issues of $400,000 each to coun
ties pr townships for road building.
550 LOST IN EARTHQUAKE.
Island of Bali, Dutch East Indies,
London, Jan. 26. ? Five hundred and
fifty persons were killed in the earth
quake on the Island of Bali, according
to an official report received at The
Hague and transmitted by Reuter's
A dispatch from London Thursday
said that news had been received in
Amsterdam that 50 natives had been
killed and 200 others injured in an
earthquake on the Island of Bali, in
the Malay archipelago. More than
1,000 houses were destroyed, it was
added, and the Governor's palace was
Bali, which has a population of
about 700,000, is one of the Dutch
possessions forming the Dutch East
Indies. The island has an area of
about 2,100 square miles.
TO STORE BILLION IN GOLD.
Vaults of Philadelphia Mint Will Be
Philadelphia, Jan. 26. ? The vaults
at the local mint are being enlarged
for the storing of more than a billion
dollars ifi gold bullion. Upwards of
$500,000,000 in gold bricks is already
in the vaults and preparations are
1 being made to relieve the New York
i subtreasury of about $000,000,000.
, None of the bullion will be convert
ed into coins, according to Adam
? Joyce, superintendent of the mint, as
i there already is a surplus of gold in