Whole No. 10G.
TJf BOROUGH, N.C. TUESDAY, AUGUST 29, 182Q.
Foi. 111. No.
for publishing; in the town of Tarborough,
(NX.) a weekly newspaper, called the
Tun Subscriber respectfully in,
forms the patrons gf the Fva:e
Punss, and the citizens of Edge
combe county and vicinity, that
owing to unexpected difficulties
he found it impracticable to re
move to Tarborough so soon as lie
originally contemplated, and con
sequently was compelled to sus
pend its publication fqr a short
time. Having, however, procur
ed additional materials, stock, &c.
lie purposes issuing the first num
ber of the third volume at Tarbo
rough, on Tuesday, the 22d inst.
being the second day of the Quar
terly Sessions of the County Court
of Halifax, and the week preced
ing that of the County of Edge
combe. As doubtless a number of
me subscription papers which were
formerly issued, have been either
destroyed or mislaid, he has tho't
it advisable to issue new proposals,
requesting a repetition of the
friendly offices of those persons
who kindly exerted their iniluence
in the first instance, and have not
retained the subscription lists.
The paper will be sent to its for
mer patrons, excepting those who
hive signified a wish to the con
trary. Geo. IIowakd.
The Free Press will be issued wcck.lv, at
TWO DOLL.1RS per year, (or 52 num
bers,) if paid within one month after Sub
scribers commence receiving their papers
Tivo Dollars Fifty Cents, if paid within
six months and Three Dollars at thcexpi
raticn of the year. Subscribers at liberty to
discontinue at any time on paying arrears.
Advertisements not exceeding 16 line will
he inserted at 50 cents the first insertion, and
5 cents each continuance. JLc:icr ones at
fhit rate for every 16 lines.
Tarborough, August 11, 1226.
Agency at Halifax.
4 N arrangement having been made
by the Editor of tle Free Press,
with JAMES SIMMONS, Esq. of
Halifax, persons in that vicinity dispo
sed to patronize the establishment by
subscription, advertisements, or job
work, will please apply at the Post-Office,
where Constables' Blanks will
constantly be kept for sale, and orders
received for any kind of work connect
ed with the Printing business. Mr.
Simmons is also authorised to receive
any monies due the etablishment.
Tarborough, Aug. 1826.
Stop the Runaway.'
K ANA WAY from the Sub
'.scriber, near Tarborough, N.C.
on the 5th of June last, negro
TIM, about 25 years of age, of
a lirrht dark color. Tim is stout
and well made, and will weigli about
170 pounds; he once belonged to Mr.
Henry Mason, of Halifax, and jt is pro
vable he is now lurking about Halifax
county. I will give a reward of Twenty-jive
Dollars, to any person who will
Pprehend him and secure him in any
jail in North-Carolina, so that I get him
?ain; or if delivered to me at home, the
above reward and all reasonable expen
ds will be paid.
I will sell Tim, if I get him again, at
;fair price, if application be boon made.
By thai Staton, Jun'r.
Tarborough, ICth Aug. 1S26 1-3
Millinery &? Mantua-mahhi"
IKS. SNEADER respectfully in-
lorms the inhabitants of TT.ili fn y
and vicinity, that she still continues the
Milliner? utd Mantua-making busi
ness in Halifax, and has on hand, as
as usual, a general assortment of Ladies'
fancy goods. Persons indebted to her
are earnestly requested to call and settle
their accounts immediately, as she is de
sirous of laying in her fall supply as
early as possible.
Halifax, Aug. 15, 1S2G.
fplIE Subscriber having established a
- Lottery Office in the Town of Ha
lifax, will at all time be ready to fur
nish Tickets in any of the Lotteries that
are managed by Messrs. Yates & M'ln
tyre or J. I. Cohen, Jr. & H. others. I
am at present unable to boast of haying
sold any great prizes, as my Office has
but recently been established; but it is
possible that there are now many good
prizes in it remaining unsold.
Therefore, if there are any who owe
more than they can conveniently pay,
and whose prospects from the present
year's crops are gloomy, would it not be
well for them to call and obtain a piize.
If the mcehanic'is a little tight in his
business, and would live a little more at
his ease, let him call.
If the merchant has heavy payments
to make, and but little prospect of meet
ing mem by collections and sales, he
houlu certainly call.
Young ladies particularly are invited
to call ami buy a package in the combi
nation anil permutation.
All others wiio think that money
would in any way benefit them, ere re
spectfully invited to call and obtain a
J.1S. SIMMONS, P. M.
No. OS, corner of King Sc Shop streets.
1 1th Auc 1S26.
P. S. The Virginia Slate Lottery
will be drawn the 27th of next month,
the prizes returnable to October Supe
rior Court. Money will certainly be
acceptable about that time. J. S.
Thirty Dallam Reward.
C?. IiAN AWAY from the Sub
vsciiber. on Sundav nipht. the
liith of March last, a negro wo
man, named POLLY, about 2S
years old, nearly five feet high,
yellow complexion, spare made, has a
mild look aid genteel appearance, (for
a negro,) when well dressed; she is an
expert hand at roguery, and is well cal
culated to deceive unless tightly and
closely examined. She was seduced a
way by a black free negro, Carter New
born by name, a shoemaker by trade,
.ho is about 30 years of age, 5 feet G or
8 inches high, thick set, has a pleasant
countenance and very white teeth,
which he shews very much when speak
ing or laughing: he is strongly suspect
ed of being a runaway slave. In my
former advertisement, I stated that from
threats which the wench made prior to
her elopement, they would, by chang
ing their names, and getting forged free
paper?, endeavor to make their escape
lo some free state: since that time, they
have been lurking about Halifax town,
in the vicinity of which, they probably
are at this time. All-persons are for
warned from harboring or carrying off
said negro under the penalty of the law.
The above reward, with, all reasonable
charges, will be paid for securing said
woman in any jail, so that I get her
again, or for her delivery to me.
Lunsford IV. Scott.
Halifax co. N. C.
- August 15, 1S26. 1-tf
Blank Warrants for sale.
Extract of an Address, "to the Citizens of
the third Congressional District of N.C.
by Thos. H. Hall, formerly member of
Congress, and a candidate for the same
office at the ensuing election.
"If the power exists in Congress to
carry on a system of internal im
provement, it must be because it
has been specifically granted by the
people jn the Constitution, or that it
is incidental or necessarily subordinate
to some power specifically granted.
Examine the specific grants of power;
you will not find it among them. It
has only been claimed by its advocates,!
as incidental to certain cardinal powers'
directly given. They shew, I think!
most clearly, by claiming it from so!
many, that they cannot justly claim it
from any; and consequently, have it not;
in any shape. The sources from whicl'v
they pretend to derive it, are in number
six; From the right to establish post
ofiices and post roads. From the right
to declare war. To regulate commerce.
To pay the debts, and provide for the
commpn defence and general welfare.
From the power to make all laws neces
sary and proper, for carrying into exe-
cutiou all powers vested by the Consti
tution in the government of the United
States, or any department or officer
thereof. Ami lastly, from the power to
dispose of and male all needful rules re
specting the territory, and other proper
ty, of the United States. I think it
would require great logical powers, to
shew that the power claimed is a neces
sary incident to either of the above.
Hut if belonging to either, then it was
worse than useless to press them all into
the service. It must be of a varierated
and singular character indeed, if belong
ing to neither, it still belongs to all.
Hut the new doctrine upon this subject.
laying aside the idea of obtain'ms it
Irom these sources, clearly and unequi
; vocally admits that no such power does
'exist, and that consequently the general
government cannot constitutionally car
ry it into effect : And yet most wonder
ful to be told, allows that it may still be
accomplished bv the application of mo
ney, under the power given to Congress
to appropriate money lor carrying into
effect the given powers of the govern-
! ment. I had always supposed that.
Congress haying the authority specific
ally given, to raise revenue for the ex
penses of government, that is to carry
I into effect the civen powers, that the
right to appropriate it necessarily fol
lowed, as the means of effecting this ob
ject; but should never have dreamed of
its extending so far beyond this end, as
to effect a power acknowledged to be
neither cardinal nor incidental. In other
words, that the appropriation of money
used as means could not be carried be
yond its appropriate end. The general
government is an agency, established by
the people, with a specific enumeration
of its powers, to carry .on the business
committed to its care. And the neces
sary and proper means for this end.
(among which is the proper use of the
revenue) follow. Hut it is surely a
perversion of all order, to use a mean or
a subordinate power, given to effect a
cardinal one, so as to make it become it
self a cardinal power; or what is the
same thing, to e ffect one acknowledged
ly no;t given. IX the government has
not this power expressly or incidentally
given in the Constitution, then it fairlj?
follows, that every or any method by
which it effects a work of this kind is
unconstitutional. Hy what other means
than the use of money, (even if , the car
dinal power to execute a system of in
ternal improvement, had plainly been
given,) could it have been accomplish.-
ed? Certainly this is the. principal
means of effecting such works, whether
carried on by the general or state gov
ernment, or companies of individuals.
No one ever supposed, that the persons
carrying on the administration of the
government, were to do the work them
selves; but with the money of the peo
ple collected for revenue, they would
hire men to superintend and have eve.
cuted a system of works, by making
roads and canals, and wprkipg on the
water courses as public hiehwavs. Had
the right plainly existed, contracts
would have been made with individul
als, to execute particular iobs. the monev
advanced from the treasury, and with it
the contractors would pay laborers to do
the work. But every cent of the ex
pense must come from the pockets of
the people; the government never spends
one dollar that comes from any other
source. Every cent is obtained by a
tax or contribution of some sort, what
ever name or epithet is given to it; but
the new doctrine, though admitting that
the right is not given, arrives at the ob
ject in an indirect way, though the ac
tual means are the same: the applica
tion and use of money, to aid in the
completion of such works, carried on or
commenced by s.ate authorities, or com
panies of individuals. Hut every body
must see that the result is the same, and
that it is a mere evasion of the Consti
tution. If I were to follow out this sub
ject into all its ramifications, it would
carry me tar beyond the proper length
ol a communication like this. ' The new
method of construing the Constitution
by which the tariff, and plan of internal
improvement have been foisted upon us,
and by which any thing else may be, is
in my opinion improper, and if perseve
red in, will ultimately change the nature
of the government. These are my sin
cere and real sentiments; if I am in an
error, it is not a wilful one. If leaving
the plain indications of the Constitution,
which is the authority or power cf attor
ney, given by the people to all their
public functionaries, they insist on doing
whatever may suit their fancy, where
will they stop? What rule, what guide
have they? Or, sanctioning such doc
trines, what check, what control have
the people over them? Literally . none.
They give up their rights, they bow
down their necks, to the yoke to be go
verned by a constructive assumption of
irresponsible power, which will become
just as effectual, as the most explicit prac
tical monarchy or despotism. In a repub
lican government, with a written Consti
tution as a rule for legislation, by which
the representatives of the people are to
be guided, their conduct should be
squared as nearly as possible by the
plain and obvious .meaning of the char
ter. If they are allowed to make its
meaning, they can of course make it
rvjan any thing; and are no longer un
der rules prescribed by the people.
The Declaration of Rights of North-Carolina,
which is a part of the Constitu
tion, declares ."that the people of this
Slate ought to have the sole and exclu
sive right' of regulating the infernal go
vernment and police thereof." What.
Montesquieu has said of the judges in a
republican government, should be con
sidered as far as possible, a governing
maxim in all its departments: "In re
publics the very nature of the Consti
tution requires the judges to keep to the
letter of the law." Let us apply this to
every public functionary in our repub
lic, ihey all have prescribed rules,
constitutional or statutory, to cuide
them, , If they had not, they would not
be responsible agents.
Jlmhcv. -A specimen of amber has
been found in the deep cut of the Chesa
peake and Delaware canal, near where
several large fossil bones were lately