Whole No. in-
Tarfioroiy-fc, JZecorote County, 0. Saturday, December i, 1827.
FoZ. IV. No. 15.
THE "FREE PRESS,"
By Geo. Howard,
Is published weekly, (every Saturday,) at
fll'O DOLLARS per year, (or 52 num
bers,) if paid within one month after Su!
sribcrs commence receiving their papers
Tivo Dollars if Fifty Cents if paid within
i,ix months and Three Hollars at the expi
ration of the year. Subscribers at liberty to
discontinue at any time on paying arrears.
Xtvj Subscribers residing at a distance must
1 invariably pay in advance, or give a respon
i sible reference in this vicinity. No subscrip
tion discontinued unless a notification to that
effect is given.
Advertisements not exceeding 16 lines will
be inserted at 50 cents the first insertion, and
25 cents each continuance. Longer ones at
that rate for every 16 lines.
Letters addressed to the Editor must be
J ;)7Janies Simmons, Esq. postmaster at
I Halifax, and S. M. Nickels, Esq. at Scotland
I Neck, are agents for this office.
Second Class of the
J. I. COHEN, Jr. & HUOTIIEIiS,
Of Ball i more,
Hive the pleasure lo announce the Sec
ond Class of this Lottery, authorised bv
the General Assembly of Maryland, for
the promotion of Science and Literature.
The number of Tickets (unit Tin Thou
ziml) is considerably less than anv Lot
tery for many yeai s, and pves to the
Adventurer an encieascd chance for the
Capital Prizes. THK DRAWING uill
tike place in the City of Baltimore on
Wednesday, the 19th December.
$10,000, $5,000, &c.
1 prize of $ 0,000 is 310,000
I prize of "),000 is 5,000
1 prize of
1 prize of
1 prize of
3 prizes of
10 prizes of
0 prizes of
50 prizes of
100 prizes of
'000 prizes of
nnHE Subscribers inform their friends
and the public, that they have remo
ved their Store to the one lately occu
pied by II. L. Kirtland & Co. and di
rectly opposite Henry Austin, Esq.'s
store, where they would be glad to wait
on those who may favor "them with
All those who arc indebted !o them
are requested to make payment by the
first day of January next.
They are in want of a quantity of good
Lire Geese Feathers. Also, a few bar
rels of good Jlpple. Brandy, (in new
barrels) for which the cash will be paid
on delivery, by
JOILV 1L M.iTIIElVSON S? Co.
Tarboro', 17th Nov. 1827. 13-3
rPIIK Proprietor of the Factory now
in operation at the Falls of Tar Riv
er, respectfully informs his friends and
the public, that he has now on hand a
huge quantity of
Of all the numbers from 4 to 20, but
principally of the coarser numbers;
which he is di.-poed to sell low for
Cash, or in exchange for good Cotton,
tlii machinery N in part new, and all in
thorough repair, and superintended hy
nn experienced and skilful manager: and
he thinks his Yarn may bo recommend
ed as equal to any in the United
Falls of Tar Hirer, J lo
Aug. 30, 1827. 5 .
SltS Piizes, amounting to S38,000
Only 10,000 Tickets in the Scheme!
. Hie whole of them payable in Cash,
which, as usua! at COH EN'S OFFICE,
em he had the moment they ate drawn.
nolo Tickets, : : : : 5
Hlf do : : : : 2 50
Quarter do : : : : 1 25
&htli do : : : : 62)
K3a0rdcrs from any part of the Uni
C(J States, either by mail (post p.'.id) or,
private conveyance, enclosing the Casli
t0! nzf: Tickets in any of the Lotteries
1 ncct the same j)rompt and punctual
Mention as if on personal application.
tST' Jddress lo
J- . CO HEN, Jr. b BRO TITERS,
771 the first class of the Lilcra
iu'Jf)ll(lry d'rawn on the 17 1 h lit to.
JJ 'fll the Great Capitals of 20.000
(lf lO.ooo DOLLS, besides no less
than -SIXTEEN of 2,000 and 1,000
U9s- were alt sold at
Ao- 114, Market-street, Baltimore,
soif? m0r CaI)ital Prizes have bcen
at any other ofiice in America.
toalttmore, Nov. 1, 1827.
'jpIIK Trustees of this Institution wish
A to engage a gentleman to superin
tend the Male d. pai tment of this School,
the ensuing year. It is presumed none
will apply, hut thoso who arc well qua
lified, and can produce the most satisfac
tory evidences of moral character. The
School to commence on the. first of Jan.-
"uary next. Letters addrcsed to the Se
cretary, post paid, will be attended to.
Jjy older ol the Hoard, ,
IIOB'T JOVNER, Scr?.
Tarboro', 21dt Nov. 1S27. 14-fi
VominbUa' Blanks for sale,
Jll this Office,
Ucmedij for Intemperance.
npllr Editor lias received some of this
-- invaluable medicine from Messrs.
Hart. $ Fanning, (successors lo Doctor
Chambers) accompanied with a request
to administer it to some person who
is habitually addicted lo intemperance
and willing to test its efficacy.
"The astonishing success which this
remedy has obtained in restoring habitu
al inebriates to sobriety, has established
its virtues beyond all contradiction, and
supercedes the necessity of any further
comment. The remedy is as innocent
as it is effectual; so much so, that it is
often given to children in febrile com
plaints, and frequently used as a family
medicine for dyspepsia, Sc. All that
is required to ensure its specific effect, is
to abide strictly by the directions."
The strictest secrecy will be observ
ed, and the medicine with the necessary
directions furnished, on application at
- Tarboro', Nov. 1S27.
AN APPRENTICF: to the Printing
Business will be . taken at this Office,
if application is soon made.
Tarbarought Oct- 1627. -
The General Assembly of this
State convened at Raleigh, on
Monday, 19th Nov.
In the Senate, Bartlett Yancy,
Esq. was unanimouslv elected
Speaker; James W. Clark, Prin
cipal Clerk; Samuel R Patterson,
Clerk Assistant; and Thomas B.
Wheeler and Robert Ray, Door
keepers. In the House of Commons, Gen.
James Iredell was unanimously
chosen Speaker; Pleasant Hen
derson, Clerk; Charles Manly,
Clerk Assistant; and John Lums
den and Richard Roberts, Door
keepers. On Tuesday, the two Houses
To the Honorable the General As
sembly of North-Carolina.
Gentlemen: The revolution or
another year has given birth to no
sensible variation in our political
institutions. Under their unim
paired and continued usefulness,
von have airain assembled toge
ther. The general health of our
State, during this period, and the
abundant character of our pro
ductions, arc blessings flowing
from the Author of "every good
and perfect gift," which merit our
grateful and unfeigned thanks.
This general aspect of prospe
rity is gloomily chequered with
the pecuniary embarrassment, so
prevalent in our country. The fa
cility of borrowing money since
the establishment of the Banks, an
uncontrollable thirst of specula
tion, (which may be regarded as
its natural consequence,) and the
depressed slate of our staple com
modities, are assigned by some,
as the causes of this effect. The
peculiar situation of our com
merce, which enables the adjoin
ing States to become cither the
temporary or permanent recepta
cles of our circulating medium,
attended with the vexatious and
losing concomitant of its being
under tiie marketable value, and
the more recent, though perhaps
not 'less burthensome subject of
the Tariff, arc causes assigned by
others. The want of individual
industry and economy have doubt
less had an extensive inlluence.
Uowfar any or all of these causes
come within Legislative control,
and what remedy, if any, should
be applied, can be decided by you
alone. The alteration of the Ta
riff, contemplated by the "Wool
lens Bill," would, from late cir
cumstances, seem to invite pecu
liar and prompt attention. In op
position to the proposed altera
tion, a highly respectable portion
of the talent, learning and experi
ence of an adjoining State has
been exerted.' So completely
identified are our interests, situa
tion and productions, that what is
so interesting'to them cannot surc
lvbe matter of indifference to us.
And the dignity and interest of
the State alike require that North
Carolina should not be silent.
To create and sustain within
our own State, one or more com
mercial depots, which, through
lines of easy, direct and etieap in
tercommunication, should connect
the extremities of the country'to
gethcr; serving to keep the circu
lating medium, the very life-blood
of commerce, in a continual and
healthy flow throughout our own
body politic thereby destroying
that injurious and unfortunate de
pendence upon our sister States,
(one of the principal causes allud
ed to above,) has been the ardent
wish and anxious desire of every
enlightened friend of the State.
In the prosecution of this subject,
much has bcen attempted, much
has been expended, and but little
has hitherto been done. In the
conflict between the prejudices
naturally flowing from sectional
feeling and the correct reason of
the case, the energies of the State
have almost been palsied and her
attempts rendered comparatively
abortive. The want of systematic
arrangement, and the failure to se
lect one or more points, combin
ing the greatest variety of inte
rests, upon which the accumulated
energies of the State might have
been thrown with irresistable ef
fect, has bcen the source of almost
total ruin to our system of Inter
nal Improvements. With ''the in
formation gained by an experience
somewhat dearly purchased, and
which must go far to destroy ma
ny of the theories previously adop
ted, we will be enabled to progress
more steadily and successfully.
So very familiar has this subject
become to your honorable body
and the public at large, and so
frequent has been its discussion,
that little'remains to be said upon
it, in a general view. In another
communication, the details of the
progress made during the past
year, will be presented to you.
Connected with this system, is
a subject, in which it is expected
every sincere friend of his coun
try will take a deep interest. I
refer to the draining and reclaim
ing of our swamp and marsh lands.
This work has already been com
menced, in a manner highly credit
able to your predecessors. They
authorised the Board of Internal
Improvements to employ survey
ors to make the necessary exami
nation of certain swamps, whose
locality was specified, preparatory
to the commencement of this im
portant work. Two gentlemen,
Mr. Nash, highly recommended by
Gov. Clinton for science and skill
in his profession, and Mr. Brazier,
whose qualifications as a surveyor
are well known, have been cnga
gcd during the greater part of f
past Summer and Fall, in
surveys, drafting plats and
ing the information rear
of which will be comm
you more at large. 1
ly desired, that the .