tbo tolls by penalties, implies aof its sphere of action; and cverv
,p0tVer to adopt and execute al expenditure of a sin-e dollar to
'provemcnt. A right to impose
Muties, to be paid by all persons
"passingta certain road, and on
horses nnu carnages, as is done
by this bill, involves the right to
"take the land from the nronrie-
"tor, on a valuation, and to pass
laws for the protection of the
road from injuries; and, if it ex
ists as to one road, it exists as to
''any other, and to as many roads
as Congress may think proper
"to establish. A right to legislate
"for one of these purposes, is a
"right to legislate for the others.
It is a complete right of jurisdic
tion and sovereignty, for all the
"purposes of Internal Improve
ment, and not merely the right
"of applying money, under the
"power vested in Congress to
"make appropriations; under
"which power, with the consent of
"the fetates through which this
"(the Cumberland) Road passes,
"the work was originally com
"menced, and has been so far ex
ecuted. I am of opinion, that
"Coagress do not possess this
'power; that the States, individu
ally, cannot grant it: for, altho'
'they may assent to the appropri
ation of money within their lim
its for such purposes, they can
"grant no power of jurisdiction or
"sovereignty, by special contract
"with the United States. This
"power can be granted only by an
"amendment of the Constitution,
"and in the mode prescribed by it."
This fashionable doctrine of
appropriation has been thought
something new, but it seems only
to ho a revival of a doctrine to be
found in a certain celebrated Re
poi: on Manufactures, by a very
and justly celebrated individual,
when Secretary of the Treasury.
This doctrine, as well as the
broad construction of the general
welfare, may be seen, page 54, of
the Report alluded to.
In regard to this doctrine of
the appropriating power, I will
only say, that, if Congress has
not, under the Constitution, the
power to execute a system of In
ternal Improvement within the
States, then, it has not the power
to execute any part of such a sys
tem. And if it cannot execute
such a system, either wholly or in
P;irt, then, it cannot do it in any
way, or by any means; and, if it
cannot accomplish this object by
!,ny means, then, surely, it cannot
do so by the only mans by which
"could do so, if the power had
been plainly given in the Consti
tution. Ifow else, I ask, could
Congress exercise this power, than
by the use and application of mo
I ney! This is the principal, al
most the only means, by which it
could do so. This is the subsidi
ury power, the means by which
the legitimate powers of this
government arc carried into cf
Joct a means, without which
jli'ey could not be executed. And
ilerc is the proper limit of this, as
U has been considered, unlimited
IJ0Ver. It. is limit rrl nnrl pnnfinnH
2gated legitimate powers
and enumerated in the
ution. This is the extent
any other purpose, is an im.nn.
stitutional acta usurpation of
. Sir, I rose to make an explana
tion; having done so, and present
ed some views in relation to the
constitutionality of the bill before
the House, I will no longer in
trude upon its time;
FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1828.
ttT'The Proceedings of the "North
Larolma Temperance Society," at their
meeting on the 1st inst. have been recei
ved, and will appear in our next.
Congress. Ve have p.yimntoA r
the National Intelligencer, the remarks
of our representative Dr. T. EI. Hall,
on the Internal Improvement bill, which
recently passed the House of Represen
tatives. The citizens of this district, no
doubt, will be highly gratified in finding
that their opinions on this subject have
heen so ably and so truly represented.
The Select committee on retrench
ment have been empowered to send for
persons and papers, for tho purpose of
Kunming ana completing the exami
tion. The Tariff bill nrosrresses slmvkr ;
has passed the Committee of the Whole.
auu is now neiore Hie House.
jmand of Maj. Clark. The ncces-
""j aim ooject or tins movement
are, of course, not made public;
but it is not a "matter of surprise
that these steps should be taken,
if the complaints of our fellow ci
tizens of Maine are well founded.
Our Government is bound, by a
respect to its dignity, to take
prompt measures when its citi
zens complain of being arrested
and imprisoned by a foreign pow
er, because they will not acknow
ledge its jurisdiction.
"It is also said that a commu
nication to Congress, is daily ex
pected from the President, which
will be received with closed doors.
What may be its import, we do
not undertake to say. We give
these rumors as they reach us,
without pretending to vouch for
On the 10th inst. at his residence in
Halifax countv. Co.Charle.a Rdmnnrlx.
an old and respectable citizen.
University of Pennsylvania.
At a public commencement held
in the city of Philadelphia on the
27th ultimo, the degree of Doc
tor ot Medicine was conferred on
133 graduates, from different parts
of the U. States of these, North-
Carolina furnished the following
each of whom wrote a thesis on
the subject attached totheir names:
George S. Bcttner, Ulceration of the In
testines. Edwin E. Slade. Trachitis.
Arman J. De Rosset, Cynanche Trache
Harwood P. Perry, Acute Rheumatism.
Henry M. Jeter, Mercurial disease.
William G. Hill, Erysipelas Facialis.
Nathaniel M. Comer, Bilious Continu
John L. Wright, Cholera.
Reading S. Long, (Edgecombe County)
Raleigh, April 10. On Friday
last, the trial of Lockley, a free
man of color, came on. He was
arraigned on the charge of disin
terring a dead body a few weeks
I . -I - .1 TT
since, to ootain me leetn. tie
was sentenced to three months'
Enoch Kinchelow, indicted for
passing counterfeit money, remov
ed his trial to Franklin Court, held
this week. Star.
A Speck of War. The New York
Gazette of the 4th inst. says:
"It is rumored that an order has
been received from Washington,
directing the company of the XL
States' troops', now at Sacketts
Harbor, to remove forthwith to
tlm disnntfid territory on the north
l,J lho fulfilment and execution of eastern bounclaryoi tne u. states
and to take post upon the lino.
The three companies now at
Hmnn Rav are to ioin the compa-
Snriketts Harbor, and the
(whole arc to be under the corn-
Iron, - - -Molasses,
Sugar, brown, -
Tea, Young Hyson,
Wheat, - - -
Whiskev, - -
lb 7 b
gal. 28 30
bu'h 35 40
lb 8 9i
ton 110 112
gal 35 40
lb 8i 11 A
- 140 150
bu'l 80 83
I gal.- 33 36
fpHE Subscriber, as Executor of Win.'
x Drew, dee'di holds a bond dated the
26th Feb. 1828, payable 26th Feb.lS29,
execuieu oy L,ewjs Layssarcl lor the
sum of four hundred and fortv dollars.
with interest from the date, as security
for the payment of that sum for the pur
chase money for the lots Nr 12.0. 133.
in the town of Halifax, in the present
possession of Lewis Layssard until the
payment thereof, the lots are held liable
L. 1'.. . i .
iQ me lien creaiea by law.
J1.J1.B. STITH, Ex'r.,
April, 1828. 35
Mrs. D. Womble,
AS just returned from the North,
and is opening a most superb and
extensive assortment of
Ladies' Fancy Goods,
Direct from the City of New- York.
Comprising a general assortment in her
line oi business Among them are
Leghorn Flats, different numbers,
Patent summer Bonnets of the latest N.
Straw Bonnets, in great variety,
Children's Leghorn, Straw and Silk
Superb head. dresses,
Plain and figured Silks and Satins, Gros
de Naples, &c. assorted colors,
Wreaths and bunches of artificial flow
ers, a great variety,
White and green eauze Veils.
iBobinett do. of different nrices.
iThule, bobinett and blown Lace,
j White, black and patent Crape,
i Gauze, satin and lutestring Ribands, as-
'Gimps, fancy and silk Cord, &c. &c. .
Mantua-making, in all its variety,
executed with despatch in a superior
style and after the latest N.York fashions.
Halifax, April 14, 1828.
A'orth-Carolina Bank JVotes.
At Petersburg, 8 to 10 per cent, discount.
At New -York, 8 to 12 do.
Drawing on the SOth this Month
Herrings (Jr Shad.
TTTTST RF.r.F.IVP.n nrl for cT u
niv. uuuoliiuwij suiijc pi line
New Herrings & Shad9
Of a superior quality, which can be had
on application to
JOS. L. SIMMONS.
Halifax, April 12, 1S28.
rpO the several Regiments Halifax N.
- C. MilitiaThe Captains and Com
mandants ol companies arc hercbv or
dered to parade their respective com
mands at CrowelPs Cross-Roads, on
Saturday, the 3d day of May next.
1 he Ullicers ot the said Regiment are
ordered to parade on the day previous,
April 10, 1S2S. 35-3
A MOST daring and diabolical at-
1m. frtmrtf tvne molrt rr Tlinnoilur n!r.ki
last, to set hre to the premises occupied
bv the Subscriber. A pile of mixed cot
ton and cotton seed, Iving close under
the roof in the upper story of his work
shop, was set on fire, but was providen
tially discovered between 11 and 12 o'-
1 I I . 1 1 mi r.
ciock anu exunguisnea. me nre must
have been placed under the cotton, as it
burnt the surface of the floor to the ex
tent of about twentv feet in circumfer
ence, and also through the floor had it
kindled into flames the whole premises
must inevitably have been consumed, as
the top of the cotton communicated
with the roof. There can be no doubt
but that it was the work of some vile in
cendiary. The above reward will be
naid to any person, who will grive such
information as will lead to a conviction
of the offender or offenders.
Tarboro', April 14, 1828. 35
Jlpnl 1, 182S.
To be drawn in the city of Baltimore,
under the superintendence of the Com-
jmissioners appointed by the Governor
and Council, on
Wednesday, 20th of April
1 prize of $10,000 is Si 0,000
1 prize of 2,000 is 2,000
1 prize of 1,000 is 1,000
3 prizes of 500 is 1,500
10 prizes of 100 is 1.000
20 prizes of 50 is 1000
100 prizes of 10 is 1,000
100 prizes of 5 is 500
5000 prizes of 4 is 20,000
5236 prizes amounting to S3S,000
QZTMore Frizes than Blanks.
This Scheme will be drawn on the
ODD AND EVEN SYSTEM, by
which the holder of two tickets must
obtain at least one prize, and may
JVholeTickets,$5m I Quarters, $1.25
Halves, ; : 2.50 Eighths, : 62
To be had in the greatest variety of
Lottery and Exchange OJJice,
114, Market-street, Bait.
Where more Capital Prizes have been
sold than at any other office in the Uni
ORDERS either by mail (post
paid) or private conveyance, enclosing
the Cash or Prizes, will meet the same
prompt and punctual attention as if on
personal application. Address to
J. I. COHEN. Jr. $ BRO THER&
Baltimore, April 1, 1828,