... ..... .. .. 4pePI
Whole Xo. 200.
Turborough, Edgecombe County, JV. ft Friday, -jwt
FoZ. IK No. 50.
THE "FREE PRESS,"
7?V Gfo. Howard,
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FOR TllT, FREE PRESS.
Cdebration of the 4th July.
A highly respectable number of
tho citizens of Edgecombe coun
ty, convened at the house of Mr.
Figures Philips, on Friday, the
4th of July, for the purpose of ce
lebrating in a becoming mariner,!
the Anniversary of our National
The Committee of Arrange
ment previously formed, met at an
cariv hour to choose officers and
adopt other suitable preparations,
uhen: Mr. Frederick Philips was
appointed President of the Day,
and Gen. L. D. Wilson, Spencer
L. Hart and Joseph S. Battle,
were appointed Vice-Presidents.
The company being seated un
der ix delightful shade, the Presi
dent in a brief but very affecting
and appropriate manner, called
their attention to the object of
Richard 11. Battle read in n
manner highly impressive, the De
claration C Independence.
Richard II. Lewis immediately
arose and delivered an eloquent
and appropriate Oration a copy
of which, by request, has been fur
nished for publication, and is sub
Tho citizens then sat down un
der a large and pleasant arbor, to
an excellent and plentiful repast,
furnished by Figures Philips.
After dinner the cloth was re
moved, and the following toasts
1. The day we celebrate fifty -tvo
years have proved its blessings
Tune American Star.
2. The Signers of the Declara
tion of our Independence, and the
principles it promulgates.
Jefferson and Liberty.
3. Thc-mcmory of Washington
"in war he was the mountain
storm, in peace the gentle gale
of spring." (Drank standing.)
4. The Heroes of the Revolu
tion may the memory of their
(tec.!s and invaluable services be
handed down to posterity, and
embalmed in the hearts of their
countrymen of every age 'till time
Kinll be no more.
Au Id lane svne
5. The memory of Adams and
Jcfierson. Hail to the Chief.
6. The thirteen old States and
their younger sisters the bright
est constellation in the galaxy 0f
'r it., t Star-spangled Banner.
7. lhe Republics of South A
rnerica -may no other principles
than those of 76 be recognized in
the Western hemisphere.
Hark from Southern climes afar.
3. Patrick Henry, "the forest
Demosthenes" among the first
exciters of the Revolution: the able
defender of liis country's rights.
n Hail Columbia.
y. lhe Army and Navy of the
Cheer up, my gallant band.
10. Plie state of North-Carolina
the first to declare her Inde
pendence; she will be the last to
H.OurUn iversify possessing
advantages equal to any similar
institution iu the Union: it de
serves the encouragement of eve
ry patriotic citizen of the State.
12. The rights of the States,
against the present exorbitant
13. The Union of the States
let the warning voice of our vene
rable Senator Nathaniel Macon
be heard: it is vain to preserve tiie
Union of the States by restrictive
By the President. May the
Porte feel in a sensible manner! of Independence.
cient hero Geo. Washington still
A. A. Bellamy. Liberty and
equality in these U. States: may
they never cease to reign while
the earth bears a plant or the sea
rolls a wave.
Saml. Bellamy. United States:
be Americans still, to Americans
tl u.e, 11011 slum niinc sed semper
in remembrance of this glorious
day, turn off a crimson bumper.
. Elias Bryan. The fair of N.
Carolina, who are in favor of An
Edwin L. Moore. Inasmuch
as bur first parent Adam who was
made of Clay was banished from
Paradise for disobeying his sove
reign, so in like manner may Ad
ams the President who was made
by Clay be banished from his
earthly Paradise for his mal
Robt. Bryan. Andrew Jack
son, freedom's strongest advocate:
may he be our next President.
lly. Johnston. Gen. Jackson:
may he be our next President.
Harrison Pittman. Old Hicko
ry: may its branches spread thro'
the Union, and all feel the effects
M. E. Manning. May the he
ro of New-Orleans, the modern
Saviour of our respectable Repub
lic, reign as the next President
for eight successive years.
Robt. Sorey. The young gen
tleman who read the Declaration
the resentment of the Russians,
and may the result be freedom to
the noble and oppressed Greeks.
By L. D. Wilson, (one of the
and Jackson, the heroes of our
first and last war of Independence.
Orator of the Day. The prin
ciples of the free institutions of!
our country, founded in nature:
may they descend unimpaired to
our latest posterity.
S. L. Dart, (another ot the V.
Presidents.) Tho Navy of the
Exuni Lewis. The Patriots ofj
70: may the blood and treasure
which purchased for. us the liber
ties and blessings we now enjoy
never be forgotten or abused, but
ever kept in mind while time shall
Reddin Pittman. John C. Cal
houn: an inflexible republican, a
successful legislator, and a pro
found statesman worthy of the
There were about 120 persons
present, and the utmost harmony
and friendship was manifested
until late in the evening, &c
Fellow-Citizens: The day we
have assembled to commemorate,
is fraught with the deepest inte
test to American liberty, and
should ever be celebrated with
a dignity and solemnity suited to
the great national epocha which
it is intended to perpetuate. It
was proposed on this occasion,
simply to read to you the Decla
ration ot our Independence, as be
ing sufficiently adequate to the
purposes ot the day and compri
sing, within its scope, by far the
most instructive lesson, on record,
touching the eventful period of
that revolutionary struggle which
severed the bonds of Union be
tween Great Britain and her Co
lonies in North America. But as
Ihere may be some, in this assem
highest office within the gift of bly, on whom fortune has not so
the American people.
J no. N. 'Philips. Charles Car
roll of Carrolton: he alone of that
patriotic few survives the wreck
Jos. Bell. The soil we live on:
may it produce an abundance, and
the surplus after supporting our
families command a good price
R.ni. Wilkinson, buccess to
Hy. Pittman. The Orator of
the Day: may lie meet witn an
L. R. Cherry. May our an-
propitiously smiled, as to bless
them with the invaluable benefits
of an education and a consequent
knowledge of the history of our
common country, a deviation from
the original design, has been
urged as absolutely necessary.
Trusting, therefore, to the indul
gence of this very respectable au
dience, its attention is humblyso-
licited lor a tew moments.
A little more than two centu
ries ago, fellow-citizens, our fore
fathers, exhausted by the perse
cutions of religious fanaticism and
its concomitant scourge a civil
war, emigrating from their native
country Britain, sought an asy
lum, from their cruel and unre
lenting fury, in this western hem
isphere, where they might enjoy
the rights of conscience and the
blessings of civil liberty, free and
unmolested. The vast tract of
country, extending from the At
lantic ocean on the east to the
Pacific on the west, from the
lakes of the north to the Gulf of
Mexico, and which now comes un
der the jurisdiction of the Repub
lic of the UNITED STATES,
was at that time, little less than
a boundless waste of wilderness,
tenanted only by the savage beasts
of the forest and the still more
savage Indian, whose natural ele
ment, next to the chase, consisted
in war and plunder. Undismay
ed by these appaling circumstan
ces, they established themselves,
at different periods, in distinct co
lonies, along the shores of the At
lantic. United to the parent state
by the most fervent attachment,
flowing from a national pride and
the less extensive though' more
deep-rooted ties of domestic affec
tion, which are so closely inter
woven in the nature of man, and
give to life its peculiar zest, they
brought over with them, in their
emigrations, charters from their
sovereigns, by which they fondly
hoped to maintain a connexion
with the mother country, to se
cure to themselves the rights of
British citizens and the protec
tion of British arras. But they
were soon destined to experience
the frailty of hopes having for
their support no other nucleus
than the written obligations of
kings, b or scarcely had they dis
embarked from the vessels which
transported them to this conti
nent, when, in defiance of all
sense of human equity, and in dis
regard of those great principles
by which the conduct of nations
as well as individuals should be
regulated, their charters were
openly violated, their commerce
restricted and themselves treated
with indignity and contempt, as
though mere vassals of the Brit
ish crown. Too weak, in this
early stage of their career, to sup
port, by arms, the riffhts and pri
vileges guaranteed to them by
their charters, their only remedy
rested in petition, which generally
proved or little or no avail. Not
withstanding the difficulties at
tendant on the first settlement of
a distant and unknown region and
in spite of the oppressions with
which they were loaded by the
mother coantry, the colonies con
tinued to flourish and prosper to
such a degree, that by the lapse
of a century and a half they had
attained to the number of THIR
TEEN, peopling the hitherto in
hospitable wilds of America Tith
two millions of freemen. As yet
fellowT-citizens, contrary to what
you would naturally suppose, theijg
attachment to the land of their