North Carolina Newspapers

    Whole No. 419.
I'arbordugh, (Edgecombe County, X. C.) Tuesday, September 11, 1832. Vol. IX No 3.
The "North Carolina Free Press,19
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Mr. Editor: In language sonorous
and musical, "Civis" has tendered his
congratulations on the political essay
which I had the honor of writing, and
which was published in the columns of
Vour paper, 14th Aug. and in accordance,
with polished etiquette, I reciprocate the
generous sentiment, and condole with the
public, that the brilliant "Civis" should
waste his invaluable time, in writing "so
much against the public good" and will
leave him to the "luxury of its indul
gence," with the additional felicity of be
ing displeased with himself, for the pre
cipitate manner in which lie needled to
gether ''The colorM folds, that float around his sitting
Like crimson drapery o'er a monarch's throne."
".M ine shall be the more ingenious pur
pose" of developing to the enlightened
citizens of Edgecombe, a faithful exhibit
of the high claims Mr. VAN BUREN
has to their disapprobation. Previous to
the year 1811, he exercised himself in
various magical experiments in politics,
preparatory to his grand entree on the
public theatre, and it is said that his skill
in the first rudiments of his science, at
tracted unbounded admiration, from that
portion of politicians, who were ever rea
dy to attach themselves to the fortunes
of the successful. In 1811, Mr. Madi
son acted as President of the United
States, n period of gloom and despon
dency, and which demanded the best vir
tue and ability, to meet the approaching
storm. A declaration of war and British
impunity were the general topics of the
day our country was not prepared for
the crisis, but rested her hopes on the
chivalrous spirit and patriotism . of her
sons concert and union in the rcpuhli-!
can ranks, were indispensable. It was
highly important that Mr. Madison should j
be rc-clccled war with its "notes of
preparation," resounded throughout the
land "every American, whether his do
inicil was in the east or the west, in the
north or the south," was expected to ral
ly around the "star-spangled banner"
but, ah! the genius of opposition sudden
ly arose, and held its midnight orgies,
chaunting unhallowed requiems, in the
land of its nativity. Didaper republicans
were seen to glide suddenly and myste
riously from the genuine republican
ranks, and join with recreant revelry the
flag of disunion and under this flag, and
at this critical juncture, did the old oppo
sition band, in conjunction with the di
daper democrats, offer the name of Mr.
Clinton in opposition to Mr. Madison, as
President of the United States. At this
time Mr. Van Buren not only acted as fu
gleman against Mr. Madison and in fa
vor of Dewitt Clinton, but amused him
self in divers mystical tricks, in paralyz
ing and dividing the country at the very
commencement of hostilities. The de
claration of war was declared in 1812 -it
concluded in glory, and Mr. Van Bu
ren became invisible and when lie be
came visible again, we find him in oppo
sition to Mr. Clinton. In 1824, Mr. Van
Buren opposed the election of Gen. Jack
son, and was remarkable and indefatiga
ble in defeating the wishes of the people
his political friends participating large
ly in denouncing Gen. Jackson as emi
nently disqualified for the office of President-
but, oh! funny to relate, he pointed
a moral and adorned a tale, by leaving
his former friends in the lurch, and rally
ing around the standard of Gen. Jackson.
Is it not evident that the man is seeking
for office does he not twist and turn
with every popular breeze! He found
Gen. Jackson to be the man of the peo
ple, and he suddenly altered his compass
and directed his crew to hail for a new
portmany like himself who rend the
air with tariffism, are "birds of passage,"
ori the look out for better quarters. And
when Mr. Van Buren becomes President,
the "little birds" of the South will flock
around the Great Magician, like black
birds do our barn yards.
On the 2d Feb. 1827, a bill was intro
duced into the Senate for the re duct ion
of the duty on imported Salt 5th Feb.
the question was taken on the passage of
the bill, and Mr. Van Buren voted against
a reduction of duty on salt, an article of
prime necessity, an article which is daily
used by every family in Edgecombe.
"Such is one of the evidences" upon which
Lowndes "can sustain his broad allega
tion," "that in supporting Mr. Van Buren
we support taxation and restriction, and
consequently the very evils we so loudly
complain of."
Civis, whose fancy is ever on a cruise,
and whose imagination is bespangled
with "castles in the air," has advised me
to read Mr. Van Buren's "speech at Al
bany," before I again draw inferences, etc.
I have performed that duty, and will sub
join a few extracts which have not beetl
quoted by either of us, by way of illustra
ting the manner Mr. Van Buren would
dispose of his casting vote, provided he!
was Vice President, and had to decide on
any important question, that would affect
the farmers of Edgecombe.
lie commences his speech, with much
art and adroitness, by unfolding the per
plexities which he encountered, in con
vincing himself, that he fulfilled the du
ties of a Senator in Congress, by leaving
his seat, and hastening all the way to Al
bany, to partake of the grand tariff ban
quet which was then before him Mr.
Van Buren said:
"Every American, whether his ctomicil was
in the east or the west, in the north or the south,
wish them (i. e. domestic manufactures) success.
They were closely connected with the welfare
and prosperity of the country, rendering labor
productive, creating and diffusing wealth, afford
ing honest, .if not lucrative, employment, raising
up within ourselves the means of independence,
and opening home markets for the production of
our agriculture. As such they had heen steadily
encouraged hy the State and the nation almost
since the foundation of the Government."
"In regard to it (the question of protection)
there is, in this Stale, with the exception of the
portion of the inhabitants of our chief city, and
others of more limited extent, no diversity of
opinion. The policy of extending a fair and
reasonable protection to the domestic industry of
the country, through legislative enactments, is
and has for many years been, the established
sentiment of the State. Upon that subject the
gentlemen who had preceded him, he said, made
very sensible, and for the most part, judicious
remarks; but here, at least, they related to a by
gone question. But as to the extent to which
that protection ought to go, and the best means
of applying it, we differ among ourselves, and
should probably continue to do so as long as
there were different interests among us. Upon
the general subject, the sentiment of the Slate
now is and long has been in accordance with the
acts of the government."
"He knew that the wool growers had not for
the time being, a good market for their wool; for
he had himself two shearings of no inconsidera
ble amount on hand. He knew, too that the
farmers had not obtained good prices for their
produce, and he could assure them that it should
not be any fault of his if they were not obtained;
but it was nevertheless true, that the attentive
observer could witness every where throughout
the State the smiles of prosperity and plenty.
Is this, he asked, a picture of imagination, or is
it reality; gratifying, consoling, heart cheering
reality. He put" it to the knowledge and obser
vation of every man who heard him, whether
there was any thing more certain than there is no
spot on God's earth more prosperous and happy
than the State of New York. If there wai a ci
tizen of the State who doubted it, let him travel,
and he will be convinced of his error; and if he
can desire to witness a picture of the reverse, let
him pass through the Southern States, of which
so much has been said; and if he did not return
satisfied with the superior prosperity of his own
State, he, Mr. Van Buren, would acknowledge
his incapacity to judge in this matter."
"His situation in reference to the wool grow
ers' interests was well known to the most of
them. He had, at present, invested more than
5520,000 in sheep and farms and which he meant
to devote to that business."
Let us see who composed the Baltimore
Convention viz: advoeates for and a
againsl a latitudinous construction of the
Constitution Hartford Convention men
advocates for and against the Pension
law advoeates fur and against a Na
tional Bank for and against the Tariff,
etc. Such are the materials, and such
was the Convention, that has undertaken
to rule and govern the nation, and to
palm upon the American people a man
of high tariff principles. Mr. Van Bu
ren's "Albany speech" was made in
1827, his instructions by the Legislature
of New York were given in the winter of
the same year- the tariff act became the
law of the land in the spring of 1828
why then instruct a man, who could deli
ver such tariff sentiments as Mr. Van
Buren did at Albany, previous to the in
structions given him by his Legislature?
The fact is, that this was done in order
to place the blame with the New York
Legislature, and to make himself less
odious to the Southern people. Is it not
evident that Mr. Van Buren, in placing
himself in a situation to be blamed and
not to bo blamed, was manoeuvring for
office -the spoils of which would render
him the master spirit of the age. Many
; highly respectable citizens in the State
jof New York, declare that the nomina
tion of Mr. Van Buren by the Baltimore
Convention, will defeat the election of
Gen. Jackson. Mr. Clay and hisfriends
consider the nomination in the same
light this is good evidence. Why then
shall the pattizansof the tariffcandidate,
continue to support a hopeless cause'
divide-and embarrass the republican
ranks let them cease then to urge the
claims of a man who has no principles in
common with the farmers of this ccrunty.
One of Mr. Van's friends said, in a let
ter to a friend, "As to the Vice Presiden
cy, Mr. Van Buren must be the man, no
lens volens -if not we can never make
him President. It is said the Senate
will reject his nomination to England
1 hope so, for then his election as Vice
President, and afterwards President, is
rendered morally certain." Admirable!
here then we have another clue, another
manoeuvre, which will account for the
proceedings of the Baltimore Conven
tion. Me is to be our President it seems
we are then to be governed by a man
who "uttered a roaring philippic," in the
Slate House of New York, in opposition
to our second war of independence.
The Missouri question yes, the stum
bling block to the Van Burenites well,
here we have it. Mr. Van Buren was in
the Legislature of New York, he voted
against the admission of Missouri into
the Union here then we find Mr. Van
Buren, contending against the interest of
the South. He was also remarkable for
his activity in electing the Hon. Rufus
King to the Senate of the U. Stales
another politician, who stood against. the
Southern States on the same question.
So far from regarding Mr. Van Buren's
cause identified with the Constitution
and the Union, I regard it as dangerous
to our liberties and pregnant with anar
chy and confusion. That Mr. Van Bu-i
ren will be rejected by the American peo- i
pie, no unprejudiced politician will deny,
which "will furnish another striking and
impressive illustration of that wholesome
truth," that political inconsistency does
not always succeed, when the glitter of
self promotion and the spoils of office
arc the rewards and to the "factious
and designing, will hold out this admo
nition," that when taxation and restric
tion are put in operation to render one
portion of our country a paradise and
the other a region of misery where the
curfew sits in sullen silence, and joins in
a mournful colloquy the pale-faced buz
zard the "very stratagems practised to
accomplish" this state of things, will in
deed, cause the high sheriff of disunion
to "hover around the sanguinary plain,"
and perhaps make the "phrensied imagi
nation" of "A Jacksonman," stand ag
hast, "wrapped up in the solitude" of his
own misconceptions and partizan absur
dities. The politics of Mr. BARBOUR are
honest and consistent, devoted to the U
nion, to the South, and to the rights of
man his career in politics is worthy of
the highest eulogy he has always voted
for every measure which had any tenden
cy to support the interest of the Soutli
and the dignity of the Republic. The
great popularity which he now enjoys in
this State, is the offspring of spontaneous
homage voluntarily bestowed by the '
friends of the Union and constitutional
liberty. His popularity is not of that
slippery kind, which is obtained without
merit it is of that kind which always
accompanies virtuous and enlightened
principles. The "'six plantation" affair,
1 leave to be corrected and improved by
the quizzical genius who in this era of
"strange events" has favored the com
munity with so much political drollery
flashes of wit, and acute deductions on
the political state of the Union. And
before 1 conclude, I recommend the far-'
mers of Rdgecombe to recollect that Mr.
Van Buren voted against the reduction
of the duty on imported Salt. And sure
enough, he cared for nothing in life, save
his anxiety to make the farmers of the.
South pay high for their Salt.
In closing this short sketch of the tar
iffed career of Mr. Van Buren, I will no
tice some additional inconsistencies
which seem to be stalking through the
ranks of the Van Burenites in this dis-
trict. At a conventional meeting held at
Washington, N. C. the proceedings of
which may be seen in the Free Press of
the 28th Aug. last Mr. Joseph B. Hin
ton was called to the Chair and Mr. De
vine appointed Secretary. The meeting
proceeded to nominate a suitable person
as Elector to be placed "upon the ticket
now forming in this State, in favor of An
drew Jackson, as President and Martin
Van Buren as Vice President." Joseph
B. Hinton was first put in nomination,
but withdrawn. Gen. Wilson was then
nominated, and rejected. Gen. Wilson
is an "original Jacksonman," and a warm
partizan of Mr. Van Buren. Mr. Hinton
was again put in nomination and unani
mously elected. The politics of Mr.
Hinton 1 know nothing of, but a friend
at my elbow informs me, that he is not
an "original Jacksonman," but was a
friend to Mr. Adams's election. It ap
pears then, friend "Civis," that you have
in your ranks some of the "loyal adhe
rents of the fallen house of Quincy." If
the "farmers of America are the objects
of Mr. Van Buren's admiration," why did
he load them with high tariff duties, op
pression and other political evils, which
come nigh grinding them to the dust.
Mr. Barbour is the man of the people -they
will elect him in despite of calumny
and detraction. LOWNDES.
Savannahi Aug. 21. We understand
that the four negroes in confinement at
Lexington, charged with aiding and abet
ting the horrid outrage, perpetrated by
the man Hemby about a month since,
were tried last week and found guilty,
and two of them have been sentenced to
receive 75 lashes, be branded and sent
out of the State; the other two to be
hanged on the 1st September. Hemby,
the white man, will be tried in Octo
ber. Appling, the sufferer, is slowly rc;
covering, Georgian,

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