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0 / 75
VOL. 111. - NO. 34.
Only Two More Weeks of
Tke Great Show at Charleston will
Gose at June Ist—Everybody
Ought to Attend on "Wagener,"
The South Carolina InLr-State
and West Indian Exposition will
have but two more weeks cf stir
ring existence. Born of the far
seeing enterprise of a few patriot!;
men, nursed to maturity by their
unceasing toil and self-sacrifice, in
the face of a thousand obstae'es,
and in spite of doubt and criticism
to those familiar with its broad
scope and minute detail, its archi
tectural grandeur and its infinite
variety of exhibits, its scant treas
ury and its abundant achievement
in all that constitutes an Exposi
tion, it is the marvel of the indus
trial histcry of our country. Even
its projectors dreamed of so great
an achievement. They builded far
better than they knew, but pro
gresseti. step by step to the coinple
tion of what is undoubtedly the
greatest Exposition, the South has
ever known, and considered from,
-the standpoint of money invested
and results accomplished, the great
est the world has ever seen. The
proof is easy/
In a few days exponent
of industrial progress will pass into
history, the exhibits will be scattered
to the quarters of the earth, and the
beautiful buildings removed. Those
who have not seen it should not
miss the opportunity of their lives,
those who have, should see it again.
It cannot be seen to often.
The remaining weeks are full of
Special ''days," conspicious among
them "Wagener Day," May 2a,
designated in honor of the Presi
dent of the Company, who by his
unfaltering zeal and liberality has
given fruition to the plans of his
company. "Every South Carolinian,
every man who loves a good patrio
tic citizen should be on the crposi
tion gronds on "Wagener Day,"
and show at least some faint rec
ognition of the work one man has
The railroads have made the
lowest rates for - Wagener Day'
that has ever been any oc
casion, and all can afford the small
expense of attending the exposition.
.1 ..... » » »
LIKE A DROWNING MAN.
"Five years ago a diccase the doctors
railed dyspepsia took audi liold of 111 c
that I could scarcely go,'writes Ceo. S.
Marsh, well-known attorney of Noconn,
Tex, "I took quantities of pepsin and
other medicines but ncthiuK helped inc.
As a drowning man grabs at a itrnw 1
grabbed at Kodol. I felt r.n improve
ment at once and after a few bottles am
sound and well." Kodol is the only
preparation which exactly reproduces the
natural digestive juices ai.d consequent
ly is the only one wliicji digc-sti; any good
food and cures any firm of stomach
trouble. S. R. Biggs.
"Claud Kitchln's Clerical Appearance.
Mr. Claud Kitchin of North Car
olina tells a story apropos his cleri
"I had been down iu Alabama;"
said he, "and was on my way back
home. I went to Morristown hy I
way of Asheville, N, C., and on
the train happened to hear two men
in earnest conversation. "They -were
speculating as to my profession afid
grew so eager in their convictions
that they laid a wager.
"Pardon us. stranger,' said one
of them, as I was about to leave
the car. "My friend and I here
have become engaged in a contro
versy. 1 judge from your appear
ance you ire a Catholic priest, but
My friend insists that you are a
"They appealed to me to settle
the bet for them. 'You both lose,'
said I. •I am a Presbyterian.
DONT START WRONG.
Doa't start the summer with a linger
ing cough or co!d. We all knew what a
"summer cold" is. It's the hardeit VinJ
to care. Often it "hangs on" through
the entire season. Take it in hand right
now. A few dotes of One Minute Ccrgh
Cue wIU set yon right. Sure cure for
coughs, colds, croup, grip, bronchitis, all
throat and lung troubles. Absolutely,
aala. Acta Lt cnce. Children like it
"One Minute Cough Cue is the bed
coogh medicine I ever need," says J. H.
Bowles, Grove ton, N. H. "I never
found anything elae that acted to safely
Planting Cull Potatoes.
When seed potatoes arc high the
temptation is to usj cults for plant
ing. In a very rich soil a weak
plant can be nursed hug and
made to yield well—no doubt of it
—but lam sure that it is po .r ec
oncmy to use poor seed. Jn po
. tato growing, a stand of strong
I plants is half the battle. It is best
to put up the money necessary to
get choice seed for a crop that re
quires the labor and expense that
must be put upon the care of a po
As the potato thrives best in a
cold latitude, m_y preference is for
1 Northern seed, or else for the
Southern second crop that mak s
its growth in the late fall. An early
matured enp in a warm latitu-le
, does not make good seed for an
other year. The heat has reduced
the vitality, and the material in the
( cells feeding the sprout is ready to
make growth, and the potato can
not be kept from sprouting too cat
ly in the season, feed from the
North are a vt ry late crop farther
, South is surest of giving good re
. turns, and if it will pay to plaut
, at all next spring it wiU
fWJa get the bu»t seed.
chances are that a big acreage
,uf early varieties will be
planted if the seed can be got. For
such varjeties a richer soil is re
quired than for later varieties. V
It is poor policy to plant the ear
IJr arities in a toil that is Yiot very
fertile, futh varities as a Mile, are!
more subject to the early' blight
than some of the medium or late
v arities, and growth should be
forced. Then, too, an early crop
: should be very arly to get the
best market, and tert lity aids. It
is also true that the plant food be
come! more rap'dly available in
hot weathir, and an early crop gets
the last advantage from thisrource.
David, in Farm and lirosido.
Comparatively speaking, nothing
at the Charleston Exposition has at
tracted more attention —attention
from which results may be expect
ed—than hns the display of pecan
nuts by various growers. The
pecan of to-city resembles the peca;i
of twenty years ago about as much
as docs a choice Klberta correspond
to the old field pea en. T licy used
to be a small hard nnt, filled partly
with a corky substance, and partly
a strong oily meat. The new order
of pecan is large, one is equivalent
to two or three of the old —thin
shelled —they can be crushed l>e
tween the finger and thumb and
full of elelicate meat. These nuts
are worth from $3 to $5 per bushel,
and are not plentiful by' aiiy means.
The average fanner is 'deterred
from planting pocafls by the fact
that the tree mu.'it grow for nine or
tQn years before jt comes into bear
ing, whereas the peach only requires
three to four years before it In -
gins to be profitable. This dillcr
cnce, however, is more -111011 bal
anced by. the long life of the pecan
and the sliurt,juration of usefulness
shown by the peach. The man who
plants an orchard of pecans, plants
not only for himself, but for several
generations of bin posterity. A
story is told of a couple, «e\yly
married soata twenty j,cars ago,
in lieu of life insurance as a
provision for thejr old age or their
children, devoted the annual prem
ium that Would have been required
by the insuiance company to plant
ing and cultivation of pecans. They
arc now in middle rge enjoying a
handsome competency from their
orchard and will do so as long as
they live, leaving it undiminished
to their children. Land* now
worth from two to ten dofiars per
arce, if planted in pecan trees, will
in ten years be worth easily, sico
* POUTER FOR IKVENTQRS
* If you wish your patent business prop
erly and proinpUy done send it to SWIFT
& CO., PATENT LAWYERS, opposite
V. S. Patent Office, Washington, D. C.
they have no dissatisfied clients. Write
them for their confidential letter; apcc
tal card will bring it, and it may be worth
mcny to yta. Sen their advcitirectcnt
(hewhoe is tillspaper.
WILLIAMSTON, N. C., FRIDAY, MAY 16,1902.
Can You Name These North Caro
The Asheboro Courier prints the
following excellent-puzzle arranged
by Mrs. liugene Little and other
members of one of the Wadesboro
book clubs. Kaeh of the numbers
suggests the name of a North Car
1. King Solomon.
2. A popular vehicle.
3. Monday's woik and a ton.
4. "Old Hickory."
5. "Keap your bones from —"
6. Tor their mother country.
7. Our last state.
8. A shaft and a kiss.
9. An adjective for cowards.
10. A great war Governor.
11. Suggests a mystery.
12. One deceived and a waterfall.
13. An inflammable substance
and 20 cwt.
15. An English Admiral. ,
16 "In it there is strength."
" 17. Suggests Mrs, Noah in the
trarwry.. _ u ; . j
18. A tropical fruit.
19. We hope the baby won't —at
20. An English stfttesmaa.
21. ?'A farjy to Cherokee.
22. One of the "last words" of
aj. A favor is its capital. *
24. Good grapes.
25. Named for a German Prin
* 26. An Euglislv river and the
lion's hpmc. , •
27. An ante belluiu cake, , ,
»fi. A city 011 the James.
29. Rough food and something
30. Toward the Artie and a Con
31. An injured crossing.
31. Advises Scotchman to behave
33. Advises the same gontlemau
to proceed.' ~
34. Insane; first person singular;
what a Chinaman most desires.
35. A great astronomer.
36. To deface a metal. •
37. Forward deliberately.
38. The tree of victors, a blow,
39. Prefix three letters and mo-t
trousers need it.
40. What all girls want and a
. 41. A Warrior llislibp.'
42. A rustic lover.
43. To attire a near relation.
44. "Was it . . . . or another Ad
45. A Colonial Governor. I
46. To burden soil.
47. A vehicle and an ancient
48. May they swing wide at last.
49. Anger and a dell.'
' 50. A short conversation and a
hog's hind quarters.
51. A cllieftain at a famous ball.
S3. "Big talk!"
53. Where Joseph's brethren cast
5,4. A boatman said to his wife—
-55. One countryman asked anoth
er at a shallow river, "Will yon
ferry?" "No, I'd "
56. Change a letter and how it
will sting I
57. A Scot would.enjoy drinking
58. An ancient warrior King "who
died. \ - n
"Children," said the teacher,
WhiJe instructing the clans in com-!
pOfeiUou, "you should not attempt
any flights of fancy, but simply be
you. Do not imitate any other per
son's writings jor draw inspiration
As a result o( this advice Johnny
Wise turned in the following com
"We should not attempt any
flites of fancy, but rite what is in
us. In methare is my stummick,
lungs, hart, liver, two apples, one
piece of pie, one stick lemon candy
and my dinner. I ' —Ex.
ncDirffie'a Turpcntfr* ftiluttoa Suet
Lung Plaster is a certain cn re for whoop
ing coueh;easy and comfortable, works
while you sleep. . .
Southern Education Notes.;
GOOD SCHOOLS IN GOOD ]
How a County Superintendent Adap- '
ted the Schools to the Conditions
in His County. (
livery county superintendent and
every member of a county or dis
trict school bonrel iu the mountains
and hill country of the South should
know of the woik of Snpt. S. P.
Vennble, of Buncombe county, N.
C. In this county, as in so ninny 1
others, the public schools hnd for
years been taught in the late fall
and wiuter, when the weather is
bad and the little children cannot
attend without exposure mid dan
ger to health. Two summers ago
Supt. Venablc worked out a plan
for what he calls "duplicate graded
schools" and induced a number of
the districts to give it a trial.
The children were classified in
eight grades, each grade represent
ing the work of a school year.
About the first of June the schools
were opened for childreu of the
first, second, third mid fourth
grades, which inclnded all the chil
dren from six to ten yean old, and
the records show that the average
attendance daily of the children of
these four grades was as large as
the average daily atteudancv of nil
children of all grades the year be
fore. After four months, children
of the higher grades were admitted.
In some instances the first, second
and third grades were discontinued;
in others additional teachers
employed and children of all grades
were taught the next four months.
Iu other cases smaller schools were
combined in central schools.
So satisfactory were the results
that the majority of the schools in
this county have now adopted the
plan. The attendance of the tntall
children,oll acerount of good weath
er in the summer ami fall, has
doubled and some of the teachers
reported last summer that every
child in their district fioin six to
ten years of age was in school. The
progress made by the children was
surprising to the parents and chil
dreu, ar.el was made possible be
cause of the few grades to be
taught. These schools will run
from eight to nine months this
year. The plrfti is econionieal, and
has many advantages which make
it worthy of careful consideration.
The crowded condition of the
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
shows that a good institution with
Industrial training meets the needs
of the limes fltul will be well patro-.
liized Ten years ago the Ins ante
had eighty students. Under Presi-
Mcßrydc'iv guidance it has steadily
grown, at no time being able to ac
comodate all the applicants. In
1398 —'99 there were 300 students;
in 1899 —'00, 343; in 1900 —'ot,
386; ancl 470 you 111, men :.te enroll
ed this session, with dozens turned
away for lack of room. Over 100
students are doing work to help
pay their way.
, If one liumaji being has an In
alienable God-given right to moral
and, intellectual development, so
have all—Dr. J. L. M. Curry.
Tt is not less absurd than wicked
to treat mannal labor with con
tempt, since to it we Owe all the
visible results of civilization.—C.
. Y/'e must not close our eyes to
filet that by far the larger num
ber of men in every civilized com
munity are workers to whom a
skilled hand is quite as important
as a well filled head, says Pres.
McAlister, of Drcxel Institute.
Mechanical and industrial train
ing is as important foj the lcarneel
professions as for those whose life's
work is wholly along industrial
avocations. It gives to mental
power practical quality obtained in
no other way, says the National
Printer's Journal. • ,
The gloty and safety of a repub- j
lie lies in the intelligence and iu- i
dependence cf its toilers and wealth
moducers. for from them comes the
tendency to growth or decay. A
higher life for all the people is the
need of the hour.—National Print-,
We go on building mills, and in
steael of placing our young men in
the best pontioiL, in them we are
compelled to scud to northern states
for competent overseers, superin
tendents and designers. This fact
alone shows that industrial edu
cation is the foundation of indus
Public schools are the only in
sti u mentality adapted to the masses
Free Schools are the os«prm?r of
civilization, the outcome of the
teachings of the Nazari.se. It is'as
necessary, a function of the civil
government'to provide schools as
to famish pure water and good
road.v —J. L. M. Curry.
The South can regain pnesitage,
become and remain powerful and
wealthy, not bv juggk-rv and fraud
of partisan politics, but by higher
statesmanship; not by contracted,
mean prejudice; not by keeping
any portion of citizenship in ignor
ance; not by injustice and wrong,
but by proper education, fitting
otir people for life work am! for at
tainable destiny.—J. U- M. Curry.
DANGEROUS IP NKGLECTEp.
Hunts, cut* and e«her wounds often
fail to he.sl ]>roje»ly if MyWlt.l .-nJ be
come trmil>lc!»onte sores. OcWitt's Witch
Hazel Salve picrenl&sceh ccurcjuences.
Hveti whete deltv ho* njyravalfd th«
injury DeWitfs Witch Ujjcl SalveeiftcU
thirty years," says 11. C. Ilattlcy, Van,
kei-towu, Ind. "After ming many reine
■lles, I tried DeWill's Witch Ma. ei Salve.
A few lioxes healed thv Ctires all
skin disease*. Tiles yield t*» il at once.
Dewurc ot counterfeits. S. R. Hij;£S.
An exchange gets off the follow
ing. We publish it for what it i:
An enterprising wotu&u who was
notcel for her economy mixed «w
--tlust with the meal fie fed. hei
chickens, and found that they were
equally as thrifty. Sometime after
wards she set a ben and in the re-g
t: Itr course of time ;be hatched
eteveri woo-', n legged chickens and
No king is rue tenth so powerful
as Morgan, FdwardVll , Emperor
William Nicholas cf l-'.ussla—any
.one of these is a pignty in real pow
er compire'd with Morgan, says an
eastern writer Dy nationality art
American, he is in fact a citizen ol
Almost every kind of man who
labors'works tor .Morgan through
some of his companies.
Radyanl Kipling, Lew Wallace
• —-all the geniuses who in their iinc
frenzy dash -li poetry and w rite
stories fur Harper's, are w.-rking
for MOrgan. The parent scientists
are digging out minute facts for
Morgan to scetter to the world.
The aitist with' penciland luain
draws and paints and Morgan pays
So absolute baS he become that
while he is personally worth per
haps not more than a hur.dred mil
lion of dollars. coi|*>:ati%ns over
which he has control possets more
wealth tb»u there iagohl on the
The total capitalization of all the
companies he controls is $5,110,
9)3 3®5 —and a'l the gold, coined
and uncoined in all the nations,
eluding the populous east is esti
mated at $1,841,000,000.
There arc in ihc whole known
world about 1,310,000,000 human
beings. J. P. Mo.-gan controls
enough to give eachs|.eo.
More than a nr illion men are em
ployed by the companies Mr. Mor
gan controls. This means that five
million men, women ar.d children
arc dependent on hitn for a living
—or rather that five million persons
Contribute to his comfort—Ex.
-7" WAKTS OTHERS TO KXOW.
J t I'. -r
"I have used DeWilt'a Little Early
Risers for an«f torpid liver
and they are all right. I an: jjtad to in
dorse them fcr I think when vre 6nJ a
good thinj» we to kjt others know
it," writes Alfred lleinze, Onincy, 111
Tliey never i;rijie or diMiets, Sure, safe'
l(>ilU. S. R. UiKfia.
; St. Pierre Overwhelmed!
and Its People Perished j
Overtaken by Sudden Calamity ■
I Like Pompeii and Ikrculaneum —!
" Thousands Buried Uuder Lava. I
St. Thomas, Danish West Indies. |
• May 9. —Further advices from St. |
. I'ierre, island of Martinique, regart'-1
. ing the volcanic eruption which'
overwhelmed tlic town, are anxious-'
ly awaited here. The news brought
by the steamer Rodtfam indicates
j that St. Pierre, with nearly al! its
» 5,000 people, Was overwlu.hr.etl as
Pompeii and Ilcrcalancum -sud
, detily buried under vast quantities
of lava and a&hes thrown from
Mount I'elce. Even the shipping
iii the harbor, with probably a few
The steamer Roddani bears silent
' witness to tjsc terrible calamity.
» She managed to escape, but in a
r battered and severely damaged eon
• dition, and with the loss of seven-
K teen of her crew. The Quebec
Steamship Company's steamer
i' Roraima was lost with all on board.
K Cable communication was inter
" rupted suddenly Wednesday isorn
'• iprg, presumable by the volcanic
di sturbances, thus fixing the thne
of the terrible disaster on that day
The disturbance began late last
week, the fust news reaching St.
h Thomas Saturday of last week.
"• It was then announced that Mcunt
• Pelee was in eruption; that St.
I'ierre was covered with ashes to"
, r the depth of a quarter of an inch, I
and that the town looked as if cn
c - veloped in a fog. On Tuesday
II news was received that the flow of
lava had begun; that some factories
located two miles froth St. Pierre
had been destroyed and that 15c
~ persons had lost their lives,
is v . 0
A TAI.li OS ? DISASTER.
St. Thomas, May 9, —The British
.. steamer Roddani, which has arrived
r at St. Lucia fioin St. Pierre, *.lar
c Unique bring!: reports showing the
r _ awful devastation that has been
r . wrought at St. Pierre by the erttp
,l tion of Mount Pelcc. The Roddani
;} sailed Trout St. Lucia for St. Pierr?
and returnej.lo h'.r sailing port fi>
a nearly wrecked condition, she
! having only escajicd destruction I>>
the fact that she had a full pressure
of steam ot! an 1 was able to* run out j
of the harjjor.
She w.is, however, struck I>> i
] ieces of the white hot lava and IRI j
I ringing was burned off. Ilcr e.ip j
tain was s'vrioii ly burned. aiid'uj«>:»
I her arrival at Sti Lucia he was taken j
I* to the hospital where his injuries art 1
Theiroyal mail steamer liik at- ]
tempted to reach St. I'ierrc, but W.L* j
unable to do so,'as'the city \-m j
c blazing. She sent a boat ashore'.
but the crew did s;»t see a living ]
' soul. The darkness, \\htue t;r». j
' Sieved by the bitrning city, was in. j
pent-table. For five miles on the
landward, side of theeity the gremt-ii
Avascbvoffd to a coniiiderahlrdffptlu
with hot ashes, which rendered an 1
1 approach to the city by land impos
The French cruiser Suchet,arrived
1 at Point -a - Pitre, Gandaloupe,
fc confirms the tale of disaster brought
C by the Roddani.
Mr. Campbell, the purser of the
Roddatn, and ten of Iter crew were
j Ipst by j uniping overboard while the
steamer was at St. Pierre.
The Suclset savctl thirty persons
from burning ships in the harbor.
Some of her officers went ashore in
" small lx>ats to attempt to rescue
" snch of the survivors as they could
" find, they were unable, however,
to penetrate into the city.
i From the wharf where they
lauded a large number of dead
" bodies could be seen. Apparently
" the catastrophe fell with little or 110
• wanting, as the inhabitant!* had 110
s time to tlee. The governor of
Martlnque and his family are beleiv
ed to have perished with the other
The French government has
1 ordered that all possible assistance
• be renedcred the survivors, and the
?. French consul is obtainiug provis
-1 ons to be scut.to them. The cable
, steamer Grapplcr was the first ves
i sel to perish in the disaster.
srnscjurTiox TRICE . fi.oo A YEAR.
SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS EACH
CAME XVITHOrr UFAUSING.
London. May 9 —A dispatch to
the Daily Mail from Kingston, Ja
rnica states that after a short period
of activity, which gave no special
ground for suspicion of a disaster.
Mount Pclee, the valcano in Mar-
suddenly belched fotth
burning lava and ashes on the
morning of May 8. The steamer
Roddam was the sole vessal in the
harbor of St. Pierre that escaped,
J she steaming out at full speed and
running the g mullet of a shower
of lava which killed seventeen of
her crew. It is stated that St.
Pierre is another Pompeii, being
covered with ashes and dust.
A dispatch from Point-a-Pitre
say* that the.niG.st violent eruption
of Meant I'clce lasted tliree minu
tes, co!"'p!'_'to!y St.
Picric and the districts within a
four mile radius. The cruiser
Sachet saved eight of the Rorai«
• ma's crew.
THE REFOXT COSI lE«r.D.
. . ItOhdon, Mly 9. —The colonial
. office announces that it has received
confirmation of the report that
"tlitre has been a serious vulcanic
. eruption in the West India Islands"
. The official cablegram mentions an
. eruption at St. Vincent, British
. West Indies, v '
Thejpost serious disturbance ap
pears to have occured on the French
bland of Martinique. The colonial
t office says it is ignorant as to de
tails, as tlie cable interftiped from
y St. Lucia to-.v.ird St. Vineeut and
Martinique. 2nd no information can
be received except by stesmer from
. St. Lucia.
[ The Central News says a private
cablegram was recieved in London
this morning from St. Thomas. It
Was brought by l>yat from St.Lucia
and was at once '-cabled here. It
sa.>.» that Si. Pierre, island of Mar
tinique. has been wipe 1 out and all
1 the shipping destroyed. The tel
' tgrain does not say that ail the
twenty- edd thousand inhabitants
A FEW SCRVIVOUS RIiSCCED.
Paris; May >7—M.-Lri'icF'an.min
' lister of marine, l.as received the
j i 'l'.t wmg telegram the ccm
fsftaiides of the French cruiser
"Have just returned front St.
j Pierre, which has been complotley
J de-troyed by u.:::;euse mass of
j fire,' which u-IJ on the town at
I about So'ii.vl: in the morning,
j 'i'ne entire jx»pu3'tion is supposed
Uj have j-eiUbtd. 1 have brought
; a few iurvivots. aLuut thirty,
j AM the :■-hippi'i:.- in th;. h.uber has
•|fcoe:i destroyed 1 y fire. The'erup-
I t-ou continues."
i • '
i ASlEirrc v: v?:>>Et.S 3AFK..
Washington, May —-An iuves
, at the i:.;vy Department
jto „ whcth«t,;i;y of Uutted
vCm 's vb.re in the
j vicinity ot Martinique when the
übr.slica.s \ disturbances
4 occurred. cuj-iojcd that not 2 single
hip v.::; i:i a position of danger.
The cruiser Cinciimtti is due to
day or tomorrow at Sen Domingo
from Hr.mpton Roads, and the
training ship Prairie left Birba«
does May 2 for Bahia, Brazil;- rq
that neither could have !x;en within
: the sphere of the disturbances. Not
any of the sldps are anywhere near
' the lower end of the West Indies.
THE PODDAM'S NARROW ESCAPE.
London, May 9. —It Is learned
there were probably about a thous
. and whites in St. Pierre, including
half a dozen Englishmen.
It is abo learned that the steam*
er Roddam arrived at St. Louis her
anchors gone, she having only es»
enjed by cutting the cables and
steaming from St. Pierre at full
speed. So narrow was her escape
that her taupaulins and running
gear were Her captain
severely, "burned 'Her"chief engi
neer is dead. It is stated that the
Quebec Steamship Company's
steamer Roraima was not lost,
though her entire crew are report*
ed to have been lost.
ric lAittfe's Ll|tl L-lue Liver Pill maVq
tice |*ople bright, cleanses the system
of ail the deleterious ami unhealthy iuaVt
ter and makes a new person c i jrou.