North Carolina Newspapers

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VOL. VII. - NO 37.
Jamesville Rob
ber Still at Large
Detective Leggett Pounc
ed Down on Wrong
* Men. Both Negroes
Released.
Detective Legggctt |>ounced
down on the wrong men when he
arrested Thos N. Gray, supposing
"him to be the man who robbed the
post-office at Jamesville, and Jun
ius Rascoe, who he took to t>e the
party wanted in Elizabeth City
charged with a cutting affray.
It will be remembered that De
tective Leggett arrested these ne
groes at Jamesville last week and
brought them here and landed thetu
in jail. Last Friday he took Gray,
whom lie took for the poat-office
robber, to Washington, N. C., for
trial. He case was heard Tues
day of this week, resulting iu the
release of Gray, as there was not
sufficient evidence to hold him 011
the charge.
The authorities at Kli/.al>eth City
did not coiue for Kascoe, as it was
learned by Sheriff Crawford that
he, Rascoe, was not in Elizabeth
City when the cutting affray took
place there, he being employed
and at work elsewhere, was releas
ed by the sheriff
So it turns out that the real post
office robber of the Jamesville |>ost
office is still at large, as is also the
man wanted in Elizalteth City, and
that Detective I«eggeit has Another
trial at capturing the "real thing"
coming to him.
Notice to Teachers.
For the convenience of those
who did not take the examination
on Julv the 12th and 13th I shall
conduct examinations at tue Grad
ed School Buildiug on Thursday
and Eriday, Aug. » and 3 All
those whose certificates are out and
who expect to teach this fall must
present themselves for examination
or renewal. I cannot give private
examinations. Kxaminations will
begin at 9 a. m Come on
time if you expect to do the work.
R. J. PRHL,
Supt. of Schools.
To the Voters of Martin Countv.
It is with profoundest gratitude
1 extend to the voters of this
county my sincere thanks for their
kindness and loval support to me
in the past. You saw fit to elect
me clerk of the court eight years
ago for a term of four years, and
again in 1902 for a second term;
you placed me in a position iu my
declining years where I have been
enabled to make a living without
v 'hard manual labor, and I would be
less than human if I did not feel
gratified to you for the same. I
have endeavored to learn what my
duties were under law and have
tried to discharge the same faith
fully, impartially and honestly?
My nets and deeds have been as
an open book, my records have
been examined by the solicitor lof
your district and vour grand jttr es
of each court, there has been no
complaint so far as I know I may
have been guilty of some errors
and omissions, (and who is there
that has not) for which I implore
your forgivene -. The work of
the office is as I like, and it
takt-s some time to learn the duties
of the clerk's office, where there
are new and intricate matters aris
ing alm«»st every dav The fees
of the office an- not sufficient to af
ford a regr'ar deputy in order
that I might altsent nivselt from
the office ami as I think my first
doty to the people is in being pres
ent to attend to the business of the
office for them. This lieiug the
case it is impossible for me to leave
and visit among you PS much as I
wish. I therefore take this method
of appealing to you, if my record
has been such as to merit your ap
proval I humbly rsk your support
for tlie nomination and election
tor another term, promising that I
w II continue to discharge the dut
i*» »f the office as I have hereto
I ~«e endeavored to do, ami fctye
yon the same faithful attention as
I have iu the past. Humbly thank
ing yon for past favors and wish
ing 10 have your support in the
future I am,
Yours most respectfully,
J. A HOBOS, C. S. C.
TO OURS A COCO IN ONC DAY
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine Tab
let*. Drugjfiat* refund money if it fails
to cam. B. W. GIIOVB'S signature on
thebos. ajc.
BITTER SPEECHES BY
NEORO POLITICIANS
CAUSED TROUBLE
J. Henry johnson on the Political
and Social Equality of the
Races.
To my mind there is nothing
which would cause a greater up
stir between the white and coloicd
races in tlie South than would the'
agitation of the question ot social
equality. Any questiou that will
in any degree, destroy .the* peace
ful relations between the racesis, in
my opinion a dangerous one, and
will, in a very large way, prove
destructive to the prosperity of
both races. Through the ajff.a
tion of social equality, there can
come nothing but strile and trou
ble and indeed the negto has enough
problems to solve without endeav
oring to agitate a question of social
equality out of which there can
come no real abiding good to the
colored race.
As to the political question, 1
do not believe that there is any
thing which has harmed the color
ed race within the past 4 years
more than the plea and endeavor
to obtain political equality.
Through this a very few negroes
have been benefitted, while the
race generally has heeu dishonored,
degraded and suffered untold hor
rors in ways too numerous to
mention. Much of this re
sulted from the manv bit
ter speeches which were made
by negro politicians during
political campaigns held through
out the county, and the race to
day is suffering as a result.
It is quite surprising to know
that there are thousands of our
people to day who are waiting for
some great political party to cham
pion their rights. But the time
has come when the colored nian
can no longer lielieve that his for
tune is to lie found in politics. He
must cease to believe that the white
man who lives next door to him is
his enemy. Because a tuan lives
in the South or because his face is
white is no reason that he is an en
emy to the colored race. The
hardest titne the colored man has
had since the Civil War has been
right among his own race.
The greatest hindrances among
our people to day are those result
ing from idleness, immoral living,
denominational prejudice and in
temperance. Until colored people
get to the place where they will
put down these hindrances, there
will be a sword piercing at the
heart of the race more to he dread
ed that) the attack of any external
enemy.
It is indeed gratifying to know
that many of our white friends,
both North and South', are help
ing us to rid ourse'ves of these
hindrances.
I do not mean that all of the
colored people are guilty of the
charges mentioned al>ove, for it is
a well known fact that we have
thousands of men and women who
stand for true character and
Christian principle, but the trouble
is we have so many who do not
stand for these, until all of 11s are
sometimes apparently counted out
Having considered conditions
and circumstances by which my
race is snrroundi I in this country
today, I have reached the conclus
ion that it is b -t to lay aside all
complaint pertaining to M>cial and
political equality; and renumber
that an inch of progress is worth a
mile of complaint.
We should help our country by
doing our best to blot out r 'l wrong
living among our race, to footer
peace and harmony among all of
the people,to encourage industrial,
material, intellectual and Christ
ian development. And whether
we realize any direct benefit or not
we should leave the result with
God.
J. HKNRY JOHNSON.
Everetts, N. C.
For County Treasurer.
I hereby announce my candidacy
for the office of treasurer of Mar
tin county, subject to the action of
the Democratic convention.
C. D Caxstakphbn.
ffijc dMetprisc.
WILLIAMSTON, N. C., FRIDAY, JULY 20. 1900
Petition to be
Served onA.C.L.
If Refused Commission
Will Qive Hearing. Wil
liamston Citizens De
termined.
Raleigh! if, C., Jul) 17, 1906.
MR. F. F. FAGAN,
Williamson, N C .
Dkak SIK
I am directed by the Commission
to acknowledge receipt of your let
ter, enclosing petition from the
citizens of Wi'liamston, asking for
a passenger train from Weldon to
Plymouth and making con
nection at Panuelc and Hobgood.
This petition will l>e served on
the railroad company, and if they
refuse to grant the relief asked, a
vlay will l>t. fixed for hearing Hi h
place convenient for all parties.
Very respectfully,
H. Ot BROWN, Clerk.
Considering what bus been done
by the citizens along the line con
cerning the subject of the above
letter and judging from what the
letter conveys, it is supposed that
there is something going to be do
iug iu th's matter after all. It will
1*! remembered that the citizens of
the different towns along the Coast
Line from Plymouth to Weldon
some time ago petitions! the road
to put 011 this additional passenger
service and their prayer was re
fused. Though the citizens know
ing they are asking for what they
are justly entitled to, have taken
up the matter with the Cor, juration
Commission
AN ACCIDENT AT PLYMOUTH.
Conductor, Flagman and Mall Clerk
Receive Injuries No Serious
Damage.
In an accident Monday after
noon on the Atlantic Coast Line at
Plymouth, the conductor, ffagmati
and mail clerk received injuries
though neither of the parties were
injured seriously.
It seems that in shifting cars at
Plymouth the engineer ran his en
gitie back against the cars hard
enough to knock these gentlemen
off their feet and causing the acci
dent. /The worst injured was the
flagman. Mr Grovt-i Andrews,- wb»»
received a ilesh wound ovei one
eye, Capt, Bagley came in contact
with a nail, wlurh punctured' his
.face just aliove one eye,and the mail
clerk's knee was slightly hurt, No
damage resulted to the engine nor
any of the curs, though it is said
things were given a general shak
ing up when the engine struck tlie
cars It is supposed the cause of
the accident was due to
a miscalculation on the ...part of
the engineer when running his en
gine back to the cars for the pur
pose of coupling the cars to the en
gine
kfcMAKKAm.fi HARTIN CO. NE
CIRO.
|M Years old Still Physically
Vigorous and Cultivates a
Crop.
Mr. N. S. Peel, who recently
visited Lake Waccamaw, where he
lived thirty years »gr>, has this in
teresting story to tell of a Martin
county "oldtime" daikey. His
name is Henry Cherry and he left
this county 34 years ago when he
was 70 years old. He had been ar
rested three times for disorderly
conduct on the streets and placed
in jail by the constable of William
ston. He was fond of the dram
and when drunk was noisy. Hen
ry tired of this proceeding, and
sought greater liberty iu other
parts. He.left a family herewith
grandchildren, and noAr he has
grandchildren by an entirely new
on the farm of Mr. Henry Short,
who by the way is a native of Mar
tin county. Mr. Peel says the old
man is vigorous physically and
intellectually, eultivates a crop and
does a full days work. His young
est child is now 13 months old.
The centinarion says there is one I
thins that he has noticed, that in
all his ol»sei (ration he . has never
seen a bald headed negro in jail.
It is not known whether a beid
head indicates honesty or shrew 1
nes*.
Daniels Named
For Solicitor
iHm tln Count} Hrokc the
Record by (laving 134
Delegates in Conven
tion at Rocky Mt.
(l'>oiu the !fqw« and Observer.)
Rocky Mount, N. C>, July 17
The biggest Jndicioial Convention
ever held in this district was held
here to-day l'or some weeks
there has lieeii a hard contest !>i
twee 11 Solicitor Daniels, of Wilson,
Mr, R. A. I'. Coi'lev, of Nash, and
Mr. I'aul Jones, of lidgecotnbe
The interest w.ls great >ui the part
uf the friends of the respective can
didates and brought fffll delega
tions from every county livery
one of the forty three delegates
were present from Franklin. There
were nearly ou» hundred |>resctu
froiu Wilson.
There were 134 delegates in
the convention from Martin The
convention of Martin had made
every Democrat a delegate. Under
the leadership of Col. Wilson G
L,anil>, there was the biggest num
ber present for Daniels, while tin
der the leadership of Senator
Stubbs there was a large delegation
for Jones. After the poll of the
ij4 delegates from Mtrtiti was
taken it gave Daniels 17 and Jones
12 of Martin's vote in the conven
tion.
It was a great sight to see the
1134 delegates get off the Williams
| ton train. It was un earnest
crowd of fire-tned DeliibctatM,
Upon-call of the rrill Dan
iels was nominated 011 tin- first !>ul
lot.
Will Have Entirely New Front
The stole 011 Main street, owned
by Mr. H. T Mailings, of Jsmes
ville, and foi.nerly occupied by
Mr K. R Jackson who Conducted
a furniture storey, and iwliich was
partially burned in Junes is now
undergoing repairs. Iksidcsa hew
roof, a new floor and all new in*
»ulv work ait. rntirrly —new —front
»>ill l>e built of bi i k, plate gi.-iss
windows and doors It is not
known just at this time whether
or not the building Iws Ireeri rented
or who will occupy it when 'com
pleted. The appeal,nice of. the
buildiug will be very much im
proved over what it was la-fore
being burned
The Dog's Disappearance.
lieioutly published rupilnlßi'oncei
| lett by Mmc de fhe'iuy, who lived
hct'ir.; unit dmlng the Kroholr revo
lution, give some (jueor • pictures of
high life In Fiance 10 tbo eighteenth
- She tell#, (or oxainpla, tfto
tragic fate of a small don belonging
to the Comteewi. Blot; - "Attached
to ilie chapel of ">e Palais lloyul was
a very big fat abbe of an Inferior or
der, who was never received on terms
of quality nave on New Year's day.
This man called to wish Mme. do Blot
the compliments qf the season, and sat
•'.own on a folding elifelr that she had
the «oodnonß to offer him. He fancied
on alt tint? down that hp felt a slight
resisting movement, and, feeling with
hip hand, found that ho had sat. down
upon a Utile dog. Being certain that
the mischief was already done, he de
terminated that hie wjaett i*)lley wax
to make an end of It, ana, pressing
down tlrmly with ail the weight >t
his heavy person, he effectually kill
ed the little imlnial. The tall was
sticking out, «•> he twisted It up, and,
cautiously wriggling about, he grad
ually-*!* the body into one of his ulg
curried It off Mine, do
aiot never knew what wae her dogs
fate."
During the year 1904 Sfam oxported
more than 112.000,000 worth of rtce.
Teak wood Is second In value.
«tuning rnUnUli HtUrfrnts.
Many of the 1,600 Russian stu
dents in Parts are said to be starv
ing owing to the stoppage of the re
mittances which they havo been ac
customed to receive from their rela
tives at homo. Most of them have
been receiving |l6 a month, but
many have lived on aa little as 110.
"'Taln't 'null to look a gift hons In
the mouth; better turn him wrong
Bldo out and 800 how's "he lined.—
KM £1 n
Booker T. Washington's Anal
ysts of Existing Conditions.
| WAS FORMERLY CIVILIZED
Patience amd Charity Will I>o Much
to Improve lflm—Change* Wtik-h
lUw M iwV Impressions Must
. lUuualu In the rtouth—luti nse Ho
limine* Sentiments.
Hooker T. Washington, president
of Tusli egoe Institute la dismissing
the. Negro Problem, said; "Within a
feV mot urles tho Amor lean negro
has nxportenoed throo distinct
changes: First, ho was torn from hln
African home; second, ho was Intro
dined Into Aniortean slavery; and
la»tly, was made a full-fledged
American citizen.
"M'*t people ID considering the
American negro, overlook the fact
that he had a civilization before be
ing brought Into America. True, It
niui not a European olvlllzation, but
nevertheless, It was one which was
la a high degree oredltahlo. Those
who have touched tho Afrlean moat
closely toatlfy utmost uniformly that
before he lit touched or unspotted by
i coat 1 act with tho lower element# of
| Western civ I lira (ton, there Is « cer
tain rude hononty practiced among
tlie Interior tribes that demanda at
once the roapect ot all who como tu
! to contact with them. It Is very sel
dom, for exutnplo, that thnro If any
stealing among these untouched and
utiivolli il aborigines. Thero Is a
strict form of government, which
rccog nl7.es tho authority of tho king,
or chlof, and of tho hood ot tho fam
ily Their legal practices, as soon
through the operations of their
courts, would do credit to a much
more highly civilised people. Ortme
Is utrlctly hut legally punished
While In most cases they are a po
lygamous people, at the same time
polygamy Iti strltcly regulated by
law, and every one who violates the
sanctity ot family llfo la punished by
death
"One can scarcely And, anywhere
In tho world, among any class of
i.roplo, thoao who havp moro regard
for tho sacrednens of tho hpmo than
In true of these Africans. Not only
thin, but they are not hoathons Ip
(ho usual sense. Thny recognize and
worship tho same God that we rocojj
ntße and worship, but their methods
of 1 omtng Into contact with tho Di
vine Being are different,
"One element most strongly em
phasized through their religious
teachings la, strict and unquestion
able obedience to thone who are (11
authority, whether It tie authority to
the litnu.or chief, or tho hood of the
family
"Whon I mako those statements,
it Is dlfllcult for tho average Ameri
can to appreciate their truth, bo-
I cause wo who live |q this country
never feel quite pure that another
I Individual tn truly civilized unless
b> HjKuks the njngllub language, oats
American food, wears American
clothing, and worships In tho same
maimer that we worship lllm It
was out of this civilization to which
-f- have re for red that tho American
negro sprang
"For over two hundnrd years,
during the period of Amnrlcan Hlav
ery, he was engaged In unlearning
much that ho had loaruod Iu his na
tive country, and at the same time
li lulling many things which bo was
not taught In Africa At tfie end of
slavery, froodom found him not a
full fledged African, nor a full
fledged American oltlzep.
"During the years that have
elapsed since freedom, wc have been
engaged In large measure in finding
a better and safer basis for tho no
fiio n development Wo are trying to
Ui c all that was beat In his llfo as a
slave, and all that that Is liest tn hts
surrounding as a froo man.
"Now, as to tho future: During
the last quarter of 0 oontury, a fow
definite things In tho life of my raco,
In my opinion, have boon settled:
First, we have decided as to our fu
ture abode Tho manses of our poo
pl have made up thotr minds that
the) are going to live lo tho South
ern i-ltntoe, and It Is thero that we
sie to work out our salvation. Slnco
M.!K IS true, It becomes part of the
duty, not only of the Southern white
inn, but the Northern white man,
' ■> ! "hi the negro to make of himself
the very highest and best typo ot
citizen. In ordor to do this ho must
be glvon overy opportunity to got up
on IIIR foot that tho Constitution, and
th i lawn pf our country guarantee to
Mm. It Bhould bo a part of tho duty
of every black man, whother living In
the North or the South, through his
patience, his persistence, his cour-
his usefulness to his neighbor,
to make his prosence not only bear
able, hut desirable.
"It should be a part of the duty ot
the white man to constantly bear In
mi ad (hnt tho negro name Into this
country through no fault of hlg own,
and that In proportion as tho negro
rocoivos 111 treatment, in that tamo
degree Is the white man's civiliza
tion weakened and degraded, but In
proportion as ho reaches out his
hnnd and helps to lift tho negro up
Into the highest typo of cltlzonshlp,
that ho Is not only aiding the weaker
race, but Is strengthening himself tn
the byes of tho world."
There are nearly 23,000,000
horses In ESuropoan Russia. No other
country In the world hns so many
horses as Russia.
j
A bee, unladen, will fly 40 mile*
Ml hour, but one returning to the
Men with honey does not trav-
II miles an hoar.
EDUCATING THE INDIAN.
3ace Traditions Entirely Ignored In
Hla Schooling.
An educated Indian ir like a man
who lost hie birthright, he no
longer# understands the magnificent
traditions that belong to the dignity
ot his race and his tribe. A tuu
blooded Oltnh Indian and a gradu
ate of the il ißknll Indian »seho 1 says:
What would hapjvn to the nitric of
the white man's child It he was ia*en
fn»m "hla ■ mother 'before he waf old
tnough to walk, kept among a people
alien to his own race till he grow up,
Mid 11cu.tr to learn u.u.th. 1 languor,
another history, another faith?
And yet, that is Just what the Gov
ernment docs with the Indian twines.
'l'hey are dragged away from the
squaws, and brought up among the
white men to look upon their rate as
inferior, they are mad*' to believe mat
civilization Is something the wmte
men only understands, that the Indian
Is an aborigine, a savage.
NVhaf Is the result of this on
ioned education?
The papoose grows to manhood, re
turns to the reservation with the na
ture of a white man, with the heart
of an Indian spoiled by this educa
tion «
Kverythlng that would tend to Keep
the traditions of the Indian race
twhich are as heroic., as poetic, its iuu
111 One sentiment as the white man's
race)' Is certainly avoided and lett
out. In the education of the Indian.
lie returns to his tribe and hla edicts,
to his mother and his father, lgnoiant
of the history or the fnlth or his "wn
people The chiefs have c»>mteq.i. .itly
tm confidence in tho young men who
inimt! Ivaclt to them full of the white
man's education, entirely Ignorant ot
the Indian's attachments and tiellefs.
Of course the United States tlovern
mwit Is inspired to educate the Indian
lor motives of unaeiilablc good, out
the Indian Is not Improved by this ed
ucation because It alienates him from
his chiefs, his people, and his own.
If thero could be some way by which
the white loan could oducate t tyi In
dian to rospoet his own race, Instead
of Impressing upon him that h is
ttw offspring of savages, 1 believe
that would lie a compromise quite
worth while.
The history of the Indian race nas
beon handed down for generations and
thorn are facts and qualities ntxnit It
that would make the Indian realize
Ms own manhood iuid all the more
appreciate the history of the white
man
The Indian Is not Improved by ed
ucation, because It Is forced upon him,
and because It separates him from
his own.
Then 1 seems to lie an un ons> lous
cruelty In the system that tears the
Infants away from the squaws'
breasts, as It were, and sends them
back to the reservations utterly un
prepared for the point yf view of their
own race. The old chiefs look upon
the educated Indians with suspicion,
with stoical hltternoHH, th«y arc no
longer Indians at heart- they an eft
noatcd parasites of the white man
Kor this reason they are not cor
dially received by their tribes .and
the frequently never return.
They don't want to "go>home."
Ami yet there Is no other home lor
them, since the (lovertimont demands
that they return to the reservations
What hope does education hold out
to tho Indian? Ho sees about him mil
lions of white men, who do not under
stand, him who will not trust his
character because he haR l>ccn rep
resented o,s the child of cruel sav
ages Afl Chief Sitting Hull snld when
he returned from Washington, "the
white men arc as the grass under our
feet," thero arc so many rf them.
Of what use to say to the white man
that tho Indian has virtues as good
Ciu the wblto man's virtue- he don not
believe It, ho does not even care to
look into It.
So, there Is tho new Indian and old
Indian; tho educated Indian that has
the spollod heart, and the old lndlnn
who returns to desert the faith and
beliefs of his own race.
Modern Battleships.
The widespread tendency to build
larger battleships is not a thing of this
year or last year, but has been under
way at least since 1809. in Cnsfiter's
Magazine for March tho following sta
tistics on this subject are given  On
July 1, 1899, thero were built or
building for several naval powerß 77
warships of 12,000 tons displacement
or over, of which 40 belonged to the
British navy. In 1900 the number
had Increased to 94, and in 1905 it
was 153. Iu the latter year 70 of these
vessels were In tho British navy
Tho number of those leviathans
owned by tho United States increased
from 11 In 1899 to 28 In 1905. During
the same six years the average dis
placement of all warships, excluding
torpodd-boats and submarines, Increas
ed from 3,883 to 5,73(1 tons In the
matter of speed the average, again ex
cluding torpedo craft, has increased
from 16.92 knots in 1899 to 18.71 knots
111 1905 Tho fastqst average speed or
the warships of any of the great naval
powers Is tho 19.82 knots of c.reat
Britain's fleet. The United States av
erage Is 18.04 knots. Tho fastest navy
is that of Chill, with eleven ships,
mostly fast cruisers. The mean speed
of her vessels Is 20.71 knots.
The Sahara has civer one-half the
area of the Unlfed States. Its popula
tion 1b very small for its area. The
Libyan and Nubian deserts are only
a continuation of it to the Bed Sea.
ADVERTISING
'
Your money back —Judicious advertis
ing is the kind that pay* liack to you
the money you invest. Space in tbia
paper assures you prompt returns . .
WHOLE NO. 337
I tjm
Gluttony the Great Fault of
the Sioux Indian.
CONDIMENTS IN DEMAND.
From Ten to Twenty Pound* of Msat
Ailened to b« Consumed by a
SinyU Indian at a Peatst—Uncle
Sam to Introduce Cook's Civilis
ing Influence.
Tiie great trlbo of Sioux Indians
ia disappearing. The members, it Is
declnred at* literally oatlng them
bolvoH to death on account of the plen
ty about thorn.
With the new railroad being built
through the White River Valley the
Indians will he enabled to secure sup
piles with greater ease. They are
likely to become greater feeders than
they arc now, and thus to hasten the
time of their disappearance from tIM
reservations In South Dakota.
If rnrrnborntlve evidence was not
easily obtained, It would scarcely be
pled an true that in the course of
a night of feasting, dancing and story
telling the average Indian will oon
iiu'iie from ten to fifteen pounds ot
meat, ind if he has on abundance oc
tend and ran make his own selection
of the parts to lie eaten, he will swal
low without Inconvenience not leas
llcin twenty pounds of meat in a sin
gle utght
Carloads of canned meats are con
mtned by the overfed Sioux Indiana,
and some canned toods have beooma
almost as* sacred a dish with the rod
men as the fat dog stew of old, for
which the Sioux tribe Is famous.
Among the varieties of canned goods
baton to excess, tho oyster holds first
place A hungry Indian will oat halt
a dozen cans and drink the liquor.
Besides the harm done by eating
•nxcosslvo amounts of food, the tact
that it is not projierly prepared makes
it the mom injurious. There la no va
riety or ptyla about Sioux Indian cook
ery, no French methods, no necessity)
for t imitating appetites already avsr
keen.
A pot full of meat and water Is put
on the flro by the squaw and allow
ed to heat, but there Is no definite
tlntc fur the meal to cook and no
point in the cooking process when
| ft is done. Tine dinner 1b ready when
over her lord itomes in and grunts
about being hungry.
If tho Indian is especially hungry,
he may begin on tho contents of the
kottie by the time tho meat Is fairly
Warm. There Is nover any faultfinding
cbont the way In which the food Is
prepared, and whether It is half raw
or done to rags, no abjoctlon la made
by the hoad of the family.
The Indians know the choicest tld
t-its of every animal and bow to cook
them The hunt at this time of the
' year gives the Hloux Indian the fullest
enjoyment of his appetite, and during
the next throe months the average
buck will devour enough meat to sat
isfy Hour ordinary men. _
Condiments are in groat demand by
thi Indians, and the Sioux Indians
probably consume more block and red
pepp*. per capita than any other peo
ple in the United Statos. Their for
mer favorite condiment was tho gall
of an elk
Tie ,Sioux Indians are responsible
for the reputation which nearly all
tribes have of eating tiog meat, but
there are few other trilies which ever
served dor, meat, even at the feast
of Important ceremonies. Tho Chey
enne*. Shoshone 1 and Arapahoeg nev
er touch dog ment.
To remedy the gluttony of the In
dians and prevent them oatlng them
selves to iiojilh, the Indian flureau is
trying to make good housekeepers ot
the Indian girls. Ten times a# much
wheat flour Is used by the Bious today
as Uftooii years ago. it is sold by ths
agents that, where cereals and wheat
Hour arc used by the Indians, there
is some hope of civilizing and cur
ing them of gluttony.
At the schools, among the Uimt
things In their course, tho girls are
taught to make bread. Hut these ies
souh have not reached the wigwams
on the reservations to any marked
degree. The Indian cares little tot
wheat bread anyway. Cereals don't
interest him. The reservations west
of here are places at least where pat
ent breakfast foods are not fashion
able.
lVm months In the year tho Sioux
Indian prefers meat and the average
meal consists of cot Tee, meat, beans,
dried fruits and corn syrup. Tho last
dish Is a great favorite with the In
dians.
At some time In the post New ifing
landora traded beans for furs or wan- a
pittn, and since that day the naryt
Lean has been a favorite dish with
the rod man. Thoy prefer it to soup,
and as beans are sometimes dear ana
hard to aocure twenty-flvo or thirty
miles from tho railroad, the soup ot
ithe wigwam many times consists ot
"one bean and two soups."
Tho potato has never had a high
rtnndlng with tho Indian. A dish aim.
liar to chop suey may be found In al
most any Indian homo, and a fair
grade of Mexican chill can be secured,
but the delicately baked potato, so
easily prepared In the ashes ot a.
camp Are, Is as little known to ths
Eloux Indian as Saratoga chip* aits t«t
the natives ot Swat (
According to a recent report fron
Tokin, there are 1,786 wholesale and
836,414 retail tobacco dealers la
    

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